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ENGINEERING DESIGN CALCULATION - DENNIS KIRK

MECHANICAL COIL SPRING CALCULATION


For linear springs where F = ky.
Based on method of Mechanical Engineering Design, Shigley.

v 1.000

CLIENT:
PROJECT:
TITLE:
SPRING PROPERTIES
Do Coil Outer Diameter
Dmean Coil Mean Diameter
d
Wire Diameter
C = Dmean / d
C

24.75

mm

22.25
2.5

mm
mm

8.90

(Normally between 6 and 12)

Ntotal

Total Number of Coils

18

Ndead

Number of Dead Coils


Number of Coils

2
16

Free Length

90

mm

P
Ks

Minimum length (fully compressed)


Pitch
Ks = 1 + 0.5 / C

45
5.2

mm
mm

Spring Constant, k = d4G/(8D3N)

1.056
2197

N/m

79.3

GPa

1585

MPa

1189.0
686.0

MPa
MPa

98.9

N
Lfree
Lmin

MATERIAL PROPERTIES (Table 10-2 and A-5)


G
Shear Modulus of Elasticity
Sut Tensile Strength Sut = A/dm
Sy
Ssy

Yield Strength
Shear Yield

Sy = 0.75Sut
Ssy = 0.577Sy

FULL COMPRESSION
Fmax Max. Force

0.2240 kg/mm

4.47

mm/kg

Material

(Equivalent to 10.08 kg weight)

ymax

Max. Deflection
Max. Shear Stress = 8kFD/(d3)

45.0
378.6

mm
MPa

F
y
l
L-y

Force F
Deflection (y = 8FD3N/(d4G))
Compressed Length
Remaining Travel
Shear Stress = 8kFD/(d3)
Calculation Check, F = ky

45.3
20.62
69.38
24.38
173.5
45.3

N
(Equivalent to 4.62 kg weight)
mm
46%
mm
mm
MPa
25%
N

0.00
90.00
45.00
0.0
0.0

N
(Equivalent to 0 kg weight)
mm
0%
mm
mm
MPa
0%
N
denniskb@ozemail.com.au

F
Force F
Deflection (y = 8FD3N/(d4G))
y
l
Compressed Length
L - y Remaining Travel

Shear Stress = 8kFD/(d3)


Calculation Check, F = ky
www.ozemail.com.au/~denniskb

325521392.xls

Spring Calculation / (1 of 1)

55%

Printed on: 08/02/2016