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Universidad Nacional Experimental

rea: Tecnologa
Programa: ___________________
Departamento de Idiomas
Complejo Acadmico Docente El Sabino
Unidad Curricular: Ingls I - Lapso Acadmico:

Asignacin del Corte III (15%)

Nombres y Apellidos:
_______________________________________________________________________________ N C.I:
________________________________________________ Programa y seccin: ___________________________
Fecha: ___________________ Firmas:

1. Lee los siguientes enunciados e indica con una X cules son Verdaderos (V) y
Falsos (F). En caso de ser Falso, explique: (1 pt c/u)
a) Instead of: Indica la existencia de otra opcin y/0 idea dentro del texto

escrito, significa; En lugar de.

b) And: Indica adicin, su significado equivale a y
c) Thus: Su relacin denota un orden de ideas y significa; Tal como
d) While: Se utiliza para indicar alguna relacin cronolgica en las ideas
plasmada en el texto, significa; En primer lugar

2. Identifica los conectores subrayados en el texto anexo y especifica la

relacin que establecen en l. (2 pts c/u)

3. COMPRENSIN. Lee detenidamente el texto y responda: (2 pts. c/u)

a) Cul es la idea general?
b) Cules son los factores que conducen a los ingenieros qumicos a desarrollar
estrategias rentables que reduzcan la dependencia de la sociedad hacia los
combustibles fsiles?
4. Reflexin: Qu beneficios aporta el conocimiento de los conectores y su
relacin en la interpretacin de textos escritos en ingls? (2 pts.)

Chemical engineers with diverse technical skills
Because chemical engineers are well versed in chemistry, physics, mathematics,
and engineering, they are suited to meet the challenges of all types of energy production
and have long contributed to the discovery and commercial-scale exploitation of
traditional sources of energy, such as coal, crude oil, natural gas, shale, and tar sands.
The widely used fuel sources, called fossil fuels, all derived from the organic remains of
prehistoric plants and animals. Because their origins (and the time horizons and
conditions required to produce them) cannot be reproduced in our lifetimes, thus they
are also called nonrenewable fuel sources. Recently, chemical engineers have also
concentrated their efforts on such renewable fuels as those derived from biomass
feedstocks, hydroelectric power, geothermal sources, solar radiation, and wind.
Using a vast array of chemical engineering principles, both renewable and
nonrenewable feedstocks can be employed to generate electricity, produce various fuels
for transportation and for industrial and residential purposes, and produce intermediate
chemical products and feedstocks, as well as such high-value finished products as
polymers, fertilizers, and paints. In the U.S., fossil fuels account for about 85% of all the
energy produced today. Of the remaining 15%, 8% is produced in nuclear reactors and
7% is renewable (with biomass gasification and hydroelectric power being the most
widely used renewable).
Energy usage is fairly equally divided among industry and manufacturing
applications (33%), transportation (28%), residential use (21%), and commercial use
(18%) (Oct. 2006 data, While all
known energy sources will likely continue to be used, efforts are under way to help
society increase the use of promising new renewable sources of energy to reduce
dependence on fossil fuels and the environmental impact associated with burning coal,
natural gas, and petroleum-derived fuels. Considerable efforts are also being made to
commercialize promising new technologies producing electricity and liquid fuels from coal
and natural gas using gasification, instead of combustion.
Several factors are driving chemical engineers efforts to develop cost-effective
strategies to help society reduce its dependence on crude oil, natural gas, and coal.
Combustion of fossil fuels contributes many pollutants to the atmosphere.
Domestic supplies and new discoveries of natural gas and crude oil are dwindling.
Crude oil from foreign sources is subject to persistent geopolitical instability in many of
the worlds oil-producing regions creating significant volatility in supply and price for
imported fossil fuels.

Chemical engineers are also at the forefront of developing the engineering tools
and techniques needed to improve the conservation of energy and reduce the routine
production of pollutants during the combustion of fossil fuels. Emission of such pollutants
as CO2, SO2, NOx, and particulate matter contributes to health problems, urban smog,
acid rain, and global climate change.