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Kuwait Insulating Material Manufacturing Company (KIMMCO) - Technical Information

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KIMMCO
Products
Important Terms and Symbols
- Thermal Conductivity
- Thermal Resistance
- Thermal Conductance (C)
- Thermal Resistance (R value calculation)
- Thermal Transmittance (U value calculation)
Thermal Conductivity (K value) of Fiber Glass Products
Standard Compliance
Conversion Factors

Important Terms and Symbols used in thermal Insulations


Thermal Conductivity ()

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This defines a material's ability to transmit heat, being measured in watts per square metre
of surface area for a temperature gradient of one kelvin (K) per unit thickness of one metre.
It is expressed as: W/m.K
Thermal Resistance (R)
It is both appropriate and convenient to measure insulation materials performance directly
in terms of material's thermal resistance, which is obtained by dividing thickness (T)
expressed in meters by thermal conductivity () expressed in W/m.k:

T
R = ---
It is expressed as m2 .K/W

Thermal Conductance (C)


This defines a material's ability to transmit heat measured in watts per square metre of
surface area for a temperature gradient of one kelvin (K) in terms of a SPECIFIC
THICKNESS expressed in metre.
It is expressed as: W/m2.K
It is to be noted that, where a structure incorporates a number of component materials, air
spaces, etc, individual thermal conductance values cannot be added directly for a purpose
of calculating an overall rate of heat transfer without the necessity for first deriving
reciprocal values.
Thermal Conductance (C) and Thermal Resistance (R) are reciprocals of one another.
Thermal Transmittance (U)
This defines the ability of an element of structure, consisting of given thicknesses of
material, air spaces, etc, to transmit heat under steady state conditions.
It is a measure of the quantity of heat that will flow through unit area in unit time per unit

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Kuwait Insulating Material Manufacturing Company (KIMMCO) - Technical Information

Page 2 of 6

difference of temperature of the individual environments between which the structure


intervences.
This value can be obtained as reciprocal of sum of all the respective thermal resistances
(R) of the component materials and the internal and external surfaces resistances:

1
------------------------------------------ R1 + R2 + R3 + ......Rm

It is expressed as: W / m2.K


Thermal Resistance (R value) Calculation
For example, the following table shows the THERMAL RESISTANCE (R) of KIMMCO 12 &
48 kg/m3 insulation for each standard thickness at 25C (77 F), according to S.I. and
IMPERIAL Units System.

Thickness
in(mm)

Thermal Conductivity
In W / m.K

Thermal Resistance
(m2.K / W)

for 12 kg/m3

for 48 kg/m3

for 12 kg/m3

for 48 kg/m3

0.041
0.041
0.041
0.041

0.031
0.031
0.031
0.031

0.610
1.220
1.830
2.440

0.806
1.613
2.419
3.225

25
50
75
100
Thickness
(inch.)

Thermal Conductivity

Thermal Resistance

In (Btu.in / ft2.hF)
for 12

1
2
3
4

kg/m3

ft2.hF / Btu

for 48

0.29
0.29
0.29
0.29

kg/m3

0.22
0.22
0.22
0.22

for 12

kg/m3

for 48 kg/m3

3.448
6.897
10.345
13.793

4.545
9.091
13.636
18.182

Thermal Transmittance (U value Calculation)


1
U = -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------Sum of the different elements' R value of the structure

RSO
RSI
R1
R2
R3
R4

=
=
=
=
=
=

External Surface Resistance


Internal Surface Resistance
Facing bricks 5.5 cms
KIMMCO Buildingslab 5cm 48kg/m3
Blocks work 15 cm
Plaster 1.5 cm

Imperial System

S.I.
Elements of structure

Facing bricks 5.5 cm


Kimmco 48 kg/m3
5 cm at 40C
Block work 15 cm
Plaster 1.5 cm
RSO
RSI

value
in W / m.K

R value

value in

R value in

in m2.K / W

Btu.in / ft2.hF

ft2.h.F / Btu

0.700
0.033

0.079
1.515

4.85
0.23

0.446
8.559

0.900
0.58
-

0.167
0.026
0.049
0.123

6.24
4.0
-

0.946
0.148
0.278
0.689

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1.959

11.066

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Kuwait Insulating Material Manufacturing Company (KIMMCO) - Technical Information

0.510 W / m2 K

U Value

Page 3 of 6

0.090 Btu / ft2.h.F

RSO and RSI depends on some climatic conditions (wind speeds for example) the thermal
exchange ways (from top to bottom, the bottom to the top), if the wall to be insulated is
vertical or horizontal.
Fiberglass Products Characteristics
Thermal Conductivity
The low thermal conductivity of fiberglass products is due to the fact that they consist of
more than 95% air which is trapped and kept stationary by the thin fibers.
The dependencies of Thermal Conductivity of KIMMCO TEL process products on the
mean temperature and density, according to BS 874, ASTM C177, C518 or DIN 52612 are
presented in the tables below.
Mean

Thermal Conductivity in W / m.K for the below densities in kg / m3

Temp
C

10

12

16

18

20

24

30

32

36

0.038

0.036

0.034

0.033

0.032

0.031

0.030

0.030

0.029

10

0.040

0.038

0.036

0.035

0.034

0.032

0.032

0.031

0.030

25

0.044

0.041

0.039

0.038

0.036

0.035

0.034

0.033

0.032

50

0.055

0.048

0.044

0.043

0.041

0.039

0.037

0.037

0.036

75

0.064

0.059

0.051

0.048

0.046

0.043

0.041

0.04

0.039

100

0.074

0.065

0.057

0.053

0.051

0.047

0.045

0.044

0.043

INTERNATIONAL SYSTEM UNITS: W / m.K

Mean
Temp
C

48

60

64

80

96

100

110

115

120

0.029

0.03

0.031

0.031

0.031

0.031

0.031

0.031

0.031

10

0.030

0.031

0.033

0.033

0.033

0.033

0.033

0.033

0.033

25

0.031

0.032

0.033

0.035

0.035

0.035

0.035

0.035

0.035

50

0.035

0.036

0.037

0.037

0.037

0.037

0.037

0.037

0.037

75

0.037

0.038

0.040

0.040

0.040

0.040

0.040

0.040

0.040

100

0.041

0.042

0.043

0.043

0.043

0.043

0.043

0.043

0.043

Thermal Conductivity in W / m.K for the below densities in kg / m3

SYSTEM UNITS: W / m.K

Mean Temp F

THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY IN Btu.in / ft2.hF for the below densities in Lbs / ft3
0.625

0.75

1.125

1.25

1.5

1.875

2.25

32

0.26

0.25

0.23

0.23

0.22

0.21

0.21

0.2

0.2

50

0.28

0.27

0.25

0.24

0.23

0.22

0.22

0.22

0.21

77

0.31

0.29

0.27

0.26

0.25

0.24

0.23

0.23

0.22

122

0.38

0.34

0.31

0.3

0.28

0.27

0.26

0.25

0.25

167

0.45

0.41

0.35

0.34

0.32

0.3

0.28

0.27

0.27

212

0.51

0.45

0.4

0.37

0.36

0.33

0.31

0.3

0.3

IMPERIAL SYSTEM UNITS: W / m.K

Mean Temp F

THERMAL CONDUCTIVITY IN Btu.in / ft2.hF for the below densities in Lbs / ft3
3

3.75

6.25

6.875

7.1875

7.5

32

0.2

0.21

0.21

0.21

0.21

0.21

0.21

0.21

0.21

50

0.21

0.21

0.23

0.23

0.23

0.23

0.23

0.23

0.23

77

0.22

0.23

0.23

0.24

0.24

0.24

0.24

0.24

0.24

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Kuwait Insulating Material Manufacturing Company (KIMMCO) - Technical Information

122

0.24

0.24

0.25

0.26

0.26

0.26

0.26

0.26

0.26

167

0.26

0.26

0.27

0.28

0.28

0.28

0.28

0.28

0.28

212

0.29

0.29

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

0.3

Page 4 of 6

IMPERIAL SYSTEM UNITS: W / m.K

Thermal Resistance:
Compliance of KIMMCO Products with the following

KIMMCO PRODUCTS

STANDARDS
COMPLIANCE
KBR

KBS

KDI

KDL

KGD

KCL

K450

KLI

KAP

KKL36

American Standards
ASTM
C 165
C 167
C 168
C 177

C 302
C 303

C 335

C 356
C 411
C 423
C 518

C 612 (class 1 to 3)

C 665

C 680

C 1045

C 1071
C 1101/1101M
C 1104/1104M
C 1136 (type 1 & 2)

C 1290 (type III)


C 1335

C 1338
E 84
E 96
E 136
E 336

E 477
E 795

C 871
C 991

C 665 # 13.8 &13.9

C 686

C 585

C 653

C 547 (class 1)
C 553

E 1264 (type XII)


E 1376

UL 181
UL 181A
UL 723

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Kuwait Insulating Material Manufacturing Company (KIMMCO) - Technical Information

Page 5 of 6

Federal Standards
HH-B-100B (Type I)
HH-I-521F

HH-I-545B
HH-I-558B

SS-S-118B (Type XI)


NFPA 255
NFPA 90A/B Codes
BAIMA Standards
ASHARE 90.1 requirements
ASHARE 90.2 requirements
SMACNA Standards

British Standards
476 (part 4)
476 (part 6)
476 (part 7)
874

1387
2871
2972
3533
3600
3958 (part 4)
3958 (part 5)

5234

5422
5643
5720

5970

6676 (part 1)

8290 (parts 1 & 2)

German Standards

DIN 18165
DIN 52612

ISO

161 (part 1)
274

354

4200
8301
8302

8407
8779
8791

Conversion Factors
Reference: ASTM E 380

Length
Area

1 in
1 ft

= 25.4 mm
= 0.3048 m

1 in2

= 645.16 mm2

in2

1 in3

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= 0.0929 m2

= 16387 mm3

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Kuwait Insulating Material Manufacturing Company (KIMMCO) - Technical Information

Volume

Mass

Density

Force

1 ft3
1 UK gallon (liquid)
1 US gallon (liquid)

= 0.0283 mm3
= 4.546 litre
= 3.785 litre

1 ounce (av)
1 gr (grain)
1 lb

= 28.3 (gramme)
= 0.0648 g
= 0.4536 kg

1 lb/ft3 /pcf

= 16.018 kg/m3

1 lbf

= 0.4536 kp

1 lbf

= 0.00445 kN

1 kp

= 0.00981 kN

Page 6 of 6

F = 9/5 C + 32

Temperature

F = 9/5 (K - 273) + 32
C = K - 273
C = 9/5 (F - 32)
1 perm (grain/ft2 h in Hg)
1 perm

Permeability

Energy

(grain/ft2

h in Hg)

= 0.00021 grammeNh

1 perm in (grain in/ft2 h in Hg)

= 17 gramme mm/m2 h mm Hg

1 perm in (grain in/ft2 h in Hg)

= 0.0007 gramme/m h mm Hg

1 perm in (grain in/ft2 h in Hg)


1 gramme/m h mm Hg

= 0.000005 m/Nh
= 0.0075 gramme m/Nh

1 m2h mm H2O

= 0.1 m4/Nh
Btu

kcal

JK

kWh

1 Btu =
1 kcal =

1
3.968

.252
1

1.055
4.187

0.00029307
0.001163

1 KJ =

0.9478
3410

0.2398
860

1
3600

0.000278
1

1 kWh =

Heat Flow

= 0.028 gramme/m2 h mm Hg

1 Btu/ft h

= 0.8268 kcal/m

1 Btu/ft h
1 kcal/m h

= 0.9615W/m
= 1.163 W/m

1 Btu/ft2 h

= 2.712 kcal/m2 h

1 Btu/ft2 h

= 3.155 W/m2

1 kcal/m2 h

= 1.163 W/m2
Btu/ft. h.F

Btu in/ft2.h.F

kcal/m.h.K

12

1.4882

1.7307

0.0833
0.672
0.578

1
8.064
6.933

0.124
1
0.860

0.1442
1.163
1

1 Btu/ft.h.F =

Thermal
conductivity

Thermal
conductance

1 Btu in/ft2.h.F =
1 kcal/m.h.K =
1 W/m.K =

1 Btu/ft.h.F =
1 kcal/m.h.K =
1 W/m.K =

1lbf/in2 =

Pressure

W/m.K

Btu/ft2.h.F

kcal/m2.h.K

W/m2.K

1
0.00142
0.00122

4.882
1
0.860

5.678
1.163
1

lbf/in2

lbf/ft2

kp/m2

144

703

KPa = KN/m2 Torr = mm Hg


6.895

51.71

1lbf/ft2 (psf) =

0.00694

4.882

0.04788

0.36

1 kp/m2 =

0.00142

0.2048

0.00981

0.0736

1 kPa= 1 kN/m2 =

0.145

20.556

102

7.50

1 Torr = 1 mm Hg =

0.0193

2.78

13.59

0.133

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