Anda di halaman 1dari 13

CATHOLIC RELIEF SERVICES -PAKISTAN

EA RTH QUA KE RESPONSE PROGRAM

SECTOR: WATER AND SANITATION


RECONSTRUCTION AND REHABILITATION
PC-I/PROJECT PROPOSAL FORM
DISTRICT:

MANSEHRA

TEHSIL:

MANSEHRA

U/C:

SUM ELAHI MANG

COMMUNITY:

ELAHI MANG

BENEFICIARY H.H:

53 No.

BENEFICIARY POPULATION*: 716 PERSONS


*(To be serviced for full designed period)

D R IN K IN G WATER SU PP LY SC HE ME

ELAHI MANG
ESTIMATED COST:
PKR: 777,445/(0.777M)
USD: 12,957/Date of Preparation: 22 October 2006
Date of submission:

November 2006

DOCUMENT CONTROL
Document ID No. CRS/PK/MA/OT/014
1

DRINKING WATER SUPPLY SCHEME- ELAHI MANG


Initial assessment by:
1. Haroon Ur Rasheed

Field Engineer

2. Imtiaz Muhammad

Field Engineer

Social mobilization by:


1. Haroon Ur Rasheed
2.

Field Engineer

Zia Ullah

Field Engineer

Nadeem Ilyas

Senior Field
Engineer

3.

Detailed survey by:


1. Zia ullah

Field Engineer

Designed & prepared by:


Amir Jamal Qureshi

Technical Advisor
CRS-Mansehra

Checked & approved by:


Michelle Neukirchen

Program Manager
CRS-Pakistan

TABLE OF CONTENTS
SR. NO.
1

----

PART- A
PROJECT DESCRIPTION
.
Name of

PAG
E
5

1.1

Project.
Location of

1.2

Project
Introduction

1.3

.
Relation of Project with Umbrella Program

1.4

Document/Plan..
Pre-Earth Quake facilities for drinking

1.5

water
Post-Earth Quake/ Present set up for drinking water

1.6

.
Relation with CRS over all

1.7

program...
Summary and Scope of

1.8

Project..
Gestation

1.9

Period
FUNDING
SOURCE.
JUSTIFICATION AND BENEFITS
ANALYSIS...
Broader objectives of the

3.1

Project
Community participation &

3.2

contribution.
Environmental

3.3

considerations.

----

----

8
8

PART- B
4

----

IMPLEMENTATION
PROVISION..
Sponsoring.

11

4.1

.
Executing

11

4.2

.
Monitoring and

11

4.3

Evaluation

11

----

OPERATION AND
MAINTENANCE..
Post-Completion Monitoring and Evaluation..

5.1

..
Trainings to Water Management

11

5.2
5.3

Committee
O&M Training.
Management

11
11

5.4

Training...
Hygiene

12

5.5

Training

12

PART- C
6

----

DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS, ESTIMATES AND COSTS


OF
MATERIALS.......
...
Summary of

6.1

costs..
Detail of Material Transportation

6.2

costs..
DESIGN
CONSIDERATIONS.
Design

---7.1

Criteria
Design of RCC Roof Slab of storage

7.2

tank.
Hydraulic

7.3

Statement..
DETAIL OF
ESTIMATES
Cut off wall
Catchment

---8.1

11

8.2

Chamber.
Storage

8.3
8.4
8.5

Tank..
Valve Chamber..
Tap Stand
Fittings &

8.6

Fixtures..
Miscellaneous

8.7

Accessories..
DRAWINGS AND X-SECTIONAL
DETAILS
Site Plan..
Cut off wall
Catchment

---9.1
9.2
9.3

Chamber.
Storage
9.4
9.5
9.6

Tank..
Valve Chamber.
Tap Stand

PART-A
1.

PROJECT DESCRIPTION

1.1

NAME OF PROJECT:
This project has been named as DRINKING WATER SUPPLY SCHEME ELAHI

MANG
1.2

LOCATION OF PROJECT:
ELAHI MANG community lies in Union Council Sum Elahi Mang of Siran Valley in
District Mansehra. It is situated at a distance of approximately 30 km North of
Mansehra city. The community is accessed through black-top road which includes
28 km of main Karakuram Highway up to Shinkiari. The black-top road beyond
Shinkiari is not in a very good condition and harsh weather and poor maintenance
have taken their toll. An eroded bumpy road emerging out of Karakuram Highway
then stretches up to nearby to the community. The community is close enough to
the metalled road with almost 10 minutes ride on jeep-able track leading to it.

1.3

INTRODUCTION:
N-W.F.P has one of the lowest human development indicators, as reflected by
areas high infant, child and maternal mortality rates. Even prior to the October 8
earth quake, there was a limited access to safe water and sanitation. The earth
quakes devastation has, therefore, intensified the already-dire situation. The
earth quake disaster has significantly affected the water and sanitation sector in
Siran valley of district Mansehra along with the other districts of N-W.F.P.

Rural drinking water supply schemes in these areas are usually sourced from
natural springs, streams and rivers and, through a lesser extent, through dug
wells and tube wells. Almost 75% of the rural water systems before the earth
quake were gravity schemes. Most of these water supply networks were in a poor
condition, which has been further exacerbated by the disaster. In most cases
existing water infrastructures have been completely destroyed by the earthquake,
aftershocks, and landslides.
ELAHI MANG is one of those communities where there is no effective water
supply infrastructure to service the water needs of its people. This design and
cost estimate has been prepared in order to provide the potable gravity-fed
drinking water supply scheme for the earth quake affected people of ELAHI
MANG.

1.4

RELATION OF PROJECT WITH UMBRELLA PROGRAM DOCUMENT/PLAN:


Rehabilitation of water supply is part of a larger water and sanitation program
being carried out in the Siran and Konch valley by CRS partners and CRS
operational teams.

A key project strategy is to enable affected households to

reduce risk of hygiene-related disease by rehabilitating community water supply,


rebuilding sanitation structures, and increasing knowledge of appropriate hygiene
practices.
Through the CRS emergency response, households in 100+ villages of Siran and
Kontch Valley have received safe, adequate and durable shelter; 50% of villages
have received emergency sanitation facilities; and 29 communities have water
supply schemes rehabilitated. While families enter into the reconstruction phase
of the emergency, they are looking to rebuild household and community-level
infrastructure.

Through assessment and emergency program evaluation,

households have expressed the need for appropriate household-level sanitation


facilities and rehabilitated water supply schemes used for domestic purposes.
This water and sanitation project will focus on five major areas: 1) mapping out
permanent house and sanitation facility sites; 2) provision of permanent
sanitation facilities using a self-build approach; 3) rehabilitation of community
water supply schemes utilizing local skilled and unskilled labor; 4) providing
health and hygiene training for women and children; and 5) providing cash-forwork opportunities to skilled and unskilled labor within the community as well as
households for reconstructing sanitation facilities and water supply schemes.

1.5

PRE- EARTH QUAKE FACILITIES FOR DRINKING WATER

Before the earth quake, there was a water supply scheme in semi- operational
condition, which used to serve the water needs of ELAHI MANG community
partially. The scheme was constructed by TMA during 1980-81. With the passage
of time, it lost it effectiveness because of poor maintenance and negligence and
was in a very poor condition when the earth quake struck.

1.6

POST- EARTH QUAKE/PRESENT SET UP FOR DRINKING WATER


After the Earthquake of 8th October, 2005, the poor-conditioned water supply
scheme got destroyed and soon after the earthquake most of the nearby springs
and sources initially used for water supply had either dried up or their discharges
have become too low to fulfill the increasing demands of growing ELAHI MANG
population. Now-a-days, usually women or children use to go to nearby streams
to bring water which is not potable without sufficient treatment and may cause a
lot of unhygienic conditions among the people.

1.7

RELATION OF PROJECT WITH CRS OVER ALL PROGRAM


Rehabilitation of community infrastructure such as drinking water supply is part of
a larger overall CRS strategy for the earthquake region. The proposed strategy
takes a holistic approach to recovery and rehabilitation, informed by CRS Integral
Human Development conceptual framework.1 Taking into account the existing
livelihood strategies, the local economy, the institutional and policy environment,
and disaster risks, the CRS project strategy intends to help restore individual
household assets and secure community assets to allow livelihoods recovery and
future growth to take place.
The project seeks to contribute to increased social assets by strengthening
community groups capacity to address common needs as well as identify and act
to reduce vulnerabilities to adverse shocks and disasters. In addition, the project
proposes to increase livelihood related human assets strengthening knowledge
and skills on safe construction, erosion prevention and increased savings.
Rehabilitation of drinking water supply will contribute towards restoration of

Adapted from the Sustainable Livelihood framework promoted by DfID and others, CRS IHD conceptual framework was developed by
CRS under an Institutional Capacity Building grant from USAID.

community assets, and will allow families to continue recovery of their livelihoods
and encourage future growth of the community.

1.8

SUMMARY AND SCOPE OF PROJECT


The

project

is

planned

on

need-based

participatory

approach,

involving

community contribution of minimum 15% of total cost of project. An Initial


Assessment was conducted in the community in order to check feasibility of the
project in prevailing circumstances. After the pre-feasibility studies, a Water
Management Committee of the community was formed by involving all
community members. The detailed survey/assessment was then carried out by
the CRS Field Engineers on 15th September, 2006 in the presence of the Water
Management Committee. As per detailed survey, the following are the major
components of the project that would be carried out in accordance with the
approved designs and estimates.
1. Source development and protection by constructing a Cut off wall of 6 ft & a
source tank of 4x4x3 deep (internal dimensions).
2. Laying/installation of 30Rft long supply main of 1 diameter from Cut Off Wall
to Source Tank.
3. Laying/installation of 5400Rft long supply main of 1diameter up to Main
storage tank.
4. Construction of Main storage tank of 4000 Gal (US) capacity with seismic
resistance being incorporated in.
5. Laying/ installation of main distribution lines 450 Rft long of 1 diameter and
880 Rft long 3/4 diameter .
6. Providing secondary branch lines emerging out from main distribution lines
370 Rft long of 1/2 diameter.
7. Installation of 12 No. communal Stand Posts at suitable locations with proper
drainage arrangement for waste water.

The main objective of the project is to ensure sustainable drinking water supply to
the population in required quantity and good quality. The implementation
approach conforms to the ERRAs over all strategy of BUILD BACK BETTER in
general and Reconstruction and Rehabilitation Strategy- WATER AND SANITATION
SECTOR in particular. CRS Water Supply Design Principles, which revolve around
SAFE, ADEQUATE AND DURABLE construction, have served as guide lines for

designing different components of project. The project will bring the following
main benefits to the community.
1. About 716 persons will get benefited directly form the project.
2. The work load of women, being more vulnerable component of community,
would definitely be reduced to a greater extent as, traditionally; they are the
ones mostly responsible for fetching water for their families.
3. It will contribute significantly towards improving the health and hygiene of the
people.
4. Construction of the project will involve local labor as much as possible thus
helping in their capacity building and improving their financial status.
5. The community will be sharing a minimum of 15% of total project cost, by
contributing in one or more of the potential areas. This will create a sense of
ownership among the community, moving one step further ahead towards
sustainability of the project.
6. The Water Management Committee will be imparted three different trainings,
namely O&M Training, Management Training and Hygiene Training in order to
keep the project Safe, Durable and Sustainable.

1.9

GESTATION PERIOD
The estimated time for Implementation of the project and the facilities created
there under is 25 working days, subject to clear weather and favorable work
conditions.

2.

FUNDING SOURCE
All the funds required to complete the project shall be provided by CRS-Pakistan

under its

Earth Quake Response Program.

3.

JUSTIFICATION AND BENEFIT ANALYSIS

3.1

BROADER OBJECTIVES OF THE PROJECT


CRS will strive to provide a water supply scheme that improves the level of
service for households, addresses improved water quality, provides a material
quality that is appropriate for community needs, and has improved earthquakeresistant building standards. With the support of local line departments and ERRA
Islamabad, CRS intends to complete the project by 30 November 2006.

To encourage community participation and sustainability, CRS staff will form a


community water committee that will later on join the community village
development committee.

The water committee will be responsible for: 1)

assisting in mobilization meetings to identify rehabilitated scheme locations; 2)


identifying local skilled and unskilled labor for water supply repair work; and 3)
consulting with households to determine the community contribution to scheme
repair cost. While the project is ongoing, the committee will receive training on
operation and maintenance, and water supply management skills.

3.2

COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION AND CONTRIBUTION


Community involvement in a project is an important way for people to become
aware of and select solutions to their own problems. It is important that a
community itself believes in the improved water supply system. To achieve this,
community would share a minimum of 15% of total project cost as a must,
actively participate during the surveying and design process, and be involved in
the construction and maintenance phases. Community will provide its 15% share
in any of the following potential areas;
1. Procurement and/or transportation of project construction materials, for
example, sand, cement, gravel, stones, steel, pipe materials etc.

2. Providing unskilled and/or unskilled labor.


In addition to this, Water Management Committee will remain involved at each
and every stage of project, from detailed survey to the end of project
implementation. It will also be responsible for O&M of the Project once it is
complete.

3.3

ENVIRONMENTAL AND SOCIAL CONSIDERATIONS


Projects of rural water supply schemes like this for ELAHI MANG generally
comprise small scale infrastructures which normally do not have any significant
negative environmental or social impacts. However, to avoid any adverse impact,
the project has been properly planned, sited and designed. Proper care has been
given to address the environmental issues related to waste water disposal,
amount of agriculture lands disturbed, ensured that proposed water sources being
tapped are unpolluted and adequate measures have been taken so that water
quality

meets

WHO

guidelines

in

characteristics for drinking water.

10

physical,

chemical

and

bacteriological

On the social side, it has been ensured that all the local ethnic and religious
groups are included as beneficiaries, and that their concerns are addressed.

11

PART- B
4.

IMPLEMENTATION PROVISION

4.1

SPONSORING
Catholic Relief Services-Pakistan would be the Sponsoring Agency for this project.

4.2

EXECUTION
Catholic Relief Services-Pakistan would be responsible for the proper execution of
this project.

4.3

MONITORING AND EVALUATION


Monitoring and Evaluation of the project will be carried out by Catholic Relief
Services-Pakistan during the implementation and through follow up visits.

In

addition, CRS and partners intend to continue working with these communities to
further develop household and community livelihood schemes as part of the
larger overall CRS strategy.

OPERATION AND MAINTENACE

5.1

POST- COMPLETION OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE


After the completion of project, it will be handed over to the concerned line
department of government in order to run it. The day to day maintenance and
operation will also be a responsibility of Water Management Committee of ELAHI
MANG community.

5.2

WATER MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE


The success of a community based infrastructure project resides heavily on
interest and participation of the people directly served by it. To achieve this, a
Water Management Committee of ELAHI MANG, comprising of 5 members, has
been constituted jointly by the community and CRS which will work side by side
with CRS to ensure the satisfactory implementation of the project. The committee
will also be responsible for the O&M of the project after its completion. For this,
committee will be imparted different trainings at different times to build its
capacity for successful management of the project.

5.3

O&M TRAINING TO WATER MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE


Adequate provisions are to be made for proper and maintenance of such type of
project at local level and through an action agency back-up. A well-maintained
project needs well-trained people to operate it. The O&M Training will give Water
Management Committee the practical skills needed to care for their community
project and help to instill respect for the people operating the project among the

12

rest of community members.

With the proper training, the community will be

able to make repairs by themselves and develop a feeling of ownership.


5.4

MANAGEMENT TRAINING TO WATER MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE


The purpose of Management Training is to give Water Management Committee
the skills to effectively manage their project. Committees will be given training
on concepts of equitable water management, repair contingency planning, and
community involvement in water supply projects. After the project is complete,
the water committees should be able to exemplify the knowledge gained through
the management training. Activities which would be encouraged are: collecting
household contribution towards a repair and maintenance fund pre or postdamage, holding monthly community meetings to discuss water supply and
community infrastructure, mediating conflicts resolutions between households,
and understand the link between the community infrastructure and the
responsible line department.

5.5

HYGIENE TRAINING TO WATER MANAGEMENT COMMITTEE


The purpose of Hygiene Training is to educate the Water Management Committee
on how to keep their water supply system hygienically clean and safe against the
potential contaminations either by humans, or by animals or by any other factor.
As a result, community committees should be able to identify, prevent, and repair
any areas of the scheme that are at risk for contamination.

In addition,

committees will be encouraged to consider developing community sanitation


schemes or programs in order to reduce health-related diseases.

13