Anda di halaman 1dari 6


No. 14-1607


A Block; MR. MURICK, Unit Manager; RICKY WHITE; MR. WATERS (Teamster);
On Appeal from the United States District Court
for the Middle District of Pennsylvania
(D.C. Civil No. 12-cv-01539)
District Judge: Honorable Christopher C. Conner
Submitted for Possible Dismissal Pursuant to 28 U.S.C. 1915(e)(2)(B)
or Summary Action Pursuant to Third Circuit LAR 27.4 and I.O.P. 10.6
July 31, 2014
Before: FUENTES, JORDAN and SHWARTZ, Circuit Judges
(Opinion filed: August 18, 2014)
Plaintiff Robbie Thomas appeals the District Courts order dismissing the
complaint he filed pursuant to 42 U.S.C. 1983. Because this appeal presents no

substantial question, we will summarily affirm the District Courts judgment pursuant to
3d Cir. LAR 27.4 and I.O.P. 10.6.
Thomas, an inmate who was formerly housed at the State Correctional Institution
at Mahanoy (SCI-Mahanoy), filed this suit in 2012 alleging that the defendants
engaged in numerous acts of retaliation in response to a state court civil suit that he filed
in 2001 and that was settled in 2003. That lawsuit was lodged against medical staff at
SCI-Huntington and was related to personal injuries that he sustained while in custody.
None of the defendants from the 2001 lawsuit is accused of acts of retaliation. Rather,
Thomas alleged that he suffered verbal harassment, interference with legal mail, the
issuance of a false misconduct report, denial of stationery, unjustified placement in
restrictive housing, and psychological torture at the hands of others in an ongoing scheme
of retaliation that spanned multiple actors and institutions.1
Defendants filed two separate motions to dismiss under Fed. R. Civ. P. 12(b)(6)
for failure to state a claimone on behalf of defendants who were collectively
represented by the Pennsylvania Department of Corrections (the Corrections
Defendants), and one on behalf of a physician, Dr. Ahner, to whom Thomas referred at
times as Dr. Honor. The District Court dismissed the claims against the Corrections

Thomas has been pursuing these allegations of retaliation in one form or another for years, expanding the scope of
his claims as additional perceived acts of retaliation accrue. See, e.g., Thomas v. Beard, No. 9-000328, 2010 WL
324415 (W.D. Pa. Jan. 14, 2010), affd, 389 F. Appx 86 (3d Cir. Aug. 5, 2010); Thomas v. McCoy, No. 10-01639,
2011 WL 4401977 (M.D. Pa. Sept. 22, 2011), affd, 467 F. Appx 94, 96-97 (3d Cir. 2012), cert denied, 132 S. Ct.
2752 (U.S. Jun. 11, 2012); Thomas v. Vuksta, No. 11-1089, 2012 WL 1902551 (M.D. Pa. May 25, 2012), affd, 481
F. Appx 33, 34 (3d Cir. 2012).

Defendants after a determination that the claims of general verbal harassment did not
constitute an actionable adverse action and the remaining allegations failed to present a
retaliatory motiveboth of which are necessary elements of a 1983 retaliation claim.
Because Thomas prior actions were dismissed on similar deficiencies after multiple
opportunities to amend, the District Court determined that amendment would be futile.
The District Court dismissed claims against Ahner in a separate memorandum and
accompanying order on the basis that Thomas failed to exhaust administrative remedies.
The District Court found that amendment would also be futile as to the claims against Dr.
Ahner, reasoning that Thomas would not be able to overcome his failure to exhaust.
Thomas appealed. For the reasons stated below, we will summarily affirm.
We have jurisdiction under 28 U.S.C. 1291. Our review of the District Courts
order dismissing the complaint is plenary. Tourscher v. McCullough, 184 F.3d 236, 240
(3d Cir. 1999). To survive a motion to dismiss under Rule 12(b)(6), a plaintiff must
present facts that, if true, show a facially plausible right to relief. Fleisher v. Standard
Ins. Co., 679 F.3d 116 (3d Cir. 2012). Although the court is generally limited in its
review to the facts contained in the complaint, it may also consider matters of public
record, orders, exhibits attached to the complaint and items appearing in the record of the
case. Oshiver v. Levin, Fishbein, Sedran & Berman, 38 F.3d 1380, 1384 n.2 (3d Cir.
1994). We may summarily affirm if an appeal presents no substantial question. LAR
27.4; I.O.P. 10.6. We may affirm the district court on any ground supported by the
record. Tourscher, 184 F.3d at 240.

The District Courts disposition as to Dr. Ahner was premised on exhaustion. See
42 U.S.C. 1997e(a). Thomas, however, was not required to affirmatively plead
exhaustion in order to state a claim under 1983. See Ray v. Kertes, 285 F.3d 287,
292-97 (3d Cir. 2002). While the failure to exhaust administrative remedies may form a
basis for a dismissal for failure to state a claim, dismissal on that ground is appropriate
only in those circumstances where the complaint reveals the exhaustion defense on its
face. See Jones v. Bock, 549 U.S. 199, 215-16 (2007). In this instance, the complaint
did not, on its face, reveal an exhaustion defense that would support a 12(b)(6) dismissal.
To the contrary, the complaint stated that Thomas exhausted available administrative
remedies and referred to multiple grievances that were denied.2
Nonetheless, we will affirm the District Courts judgment as to Dr. Ahner because
the complaint failed to state a plausible claim as to him. See Ashcroft v. Iqbal, 556 U.S.
662, 678-79 (2009); Bell Atl. Corp. v. Twombly, 550 U.S. 544, 555 (2007). A
1983 plaintiff must set forth specific allegations of participation or actual knowledge
and acquiescence in the deprivation of a constitutionally protected right. Rode v.
Dellarciprete, 845 F.2d 1195, 1207 (3d Cir. 1988). Thomas claims against Dr. Ahner
consist of conclusory and somewhat cryptic allegations that Dr. Ahner took Thomas off

In addition, Thomas submitted multiple grievances to this Court in support of his appeal. Among these were an
unnumbered and unsigned grievance form regarding defendant Doctor Honor and grievance 389716, which also
referred to Dr. Honor, albeit with a clouded and confused presentation. Thomas appears to be alleging that Dr.
Ahner refused to give or order Thomas antidepressant medication on or about November 10, 2011. Thomas also
attached grievance 390901, dated November 25, 2011, which does not refer to Dr. Ahner but does contain cryptic
general references to retaliations and a psychologist and psychiatrist teaming up to remove him from his
medications. Neither of these documents was before the District Court when the District Court issued its order
dismissing the case against Dr. Ahner.

medication, directed others to do the same, and ordered others to create an extreme and
stressful prison environment in retaliation for his 2001 lawsuit. The complaint lacks all
detail as to the time, place, or manner surrounding the alleged deprivation and it is
entirely unclear from the allegations what level of involvement, if any, Dr. Ahner had in
Thomas care.
Moreover, the claims against Dr. Ahner suffer from the same deficiencies as the
claims against the Corrections Defendants: the pleadings fail to set forth any plausible
causal connection between the 2001 lawsuit and the alleged treatment Thomas received
from Dr. Ahner many years later. This action targets activities that, as best can be
determined on the face of the complaint, are alleged to have occurred primarily between
2007 and 2011. The temporal distance between those alleged adverse actions and
Thomas 2001 litigation is too vast to permit the Court to infer plausible retaliatory
motive, and there are no alternative specific allegations upon which Thomas claims of
retaliation could rest. See Estate of Smith v. Marasco, 318 F.3d 497, 512 (3d Cir. 2003).
Thomas thus failed to satisfy the critical element of retaliatory motive in his claims
against any of the defendants. Dismissal pursuant to Rule 12(b)(6) was appropriate. See
Rauser v. Horn, 241 F.3d 330, 333 (3d Cir. 2001).3

The District Court found that amendment of Thomas complaint would be futile. Given the extensive
opportunities that Thomas has had, and has utilized, to express the nature of his claims, the District Court need not
have given Thomas leave to amend his complaint. See Grayson v. Mayview State Hosp., 293 F.3d 103, 108 (3d Cir.

For the foregoing reasons, we will affirm the District Courts judgment. Thomas
motion for appointment of counsel is denied. See Tabron v. Grace, 6 F.3d 147, 155 (3d
Cir. 1993).