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SOLUTIONS

**1. 100g of liquid a (molar mass 140g mol -1) was dissolved in 1000g of liquid B( molar mass
180g mol-1). The vapour pressure of pure liquid B was found to be 500 torr. Calculate the
vapour pressure of pure liquid A and is vapour pressure in the solution if the total vapour
pressure of the solution is 475 torr.
**2. Benzene and Toluene from ideal solution over the entire range of composition. The vapour
pressure of pure benzene and toluene at 300K are 50.71 mm of Hg and 32.06mm of Hg
respectively. Calculate the mole fraction of benzene in vapour phase if 80g of benzene is
mixed with 100g of toluene.
**3. Heptane and Octane from an ideal solution. At 373K the vapour pressure of the two liquid
components are 105.2kp and 46.8kp respectively. What will be the vapour pressure of a
mixture of 26.0g heptane and 35g of octane?
**4. Two elements A and B from compounds having formula AB2 and AB4 when dissolved in
20g of benzene C6 H 6 .log of AB2 lowers the freezing point by 2.3K where as 1.0g of
AB4 lowers it by 1.3K. The molar depression constant of benzene is 5.1K kg mol1 .
Calculate atomic masses of A and B.
**5. Determine the osmotic pressure of a solution prepared by dissolving 25mg of K 2 SO4 in
two litre of water at 250 C assuming that it is completely dissociated.
**6.

An aqucous solution of 2% non volatile solute exerts pressure of 1.004 bar at the
normal boiling point of the solvent. What is the molecular mass of the solute?

**7.

19.5g of

CH 2 FCOOH is dissolved in 500g of water. The depression in Freezing point of

water observed is 1.00 C . Calculate the vant Hoff factor and dissociation constant of
flouroacetic acid.
ELECTRO CHEMISTRY & CHEMICAL KINETICS
***8.. Give a detailed account of the collsion theory of reaction rates of bimolecular gaseous
reactions.
**9. Explain the following terms with suitable examples.
a). average rate of a reaction
b) slow and fast reaction c) order of a reaction
d) molecularity of a reaction d) activation energy of a reaction.
**10. What are electro chemical cells? How are they constructed? Explain the working of the
different types of galvanic cells.
**11. Give the applications of kohlrauschs law of independent migration of ions.
**12. Give the different types of batteries and explain the construction and working of each
type of battery.
**13. Discuss the effect of temperature on the rate of reaction. Derive necessary equations in
this context.
P-BLOCK ELEMENTS GROUP 15,16,17
***6. How is ammonia manufactured by Habers process? Explain the reactions of ammonia
with. a) ZnSO4(aq)
b) CuSO4(aq) c) AgCl(s)
***7. How is Nitric acid manufactured by Ostwalds process? How does it reacts with the
following. a) Copper
b) Zn
c) S8
d) P4
***9. How is Ozone prepared from Oxygen? Explain its reaction with
a) C2H4
b) KI
c) Hg
d) PbS
***10. Explain in detail the manufacture of sulphuric acid by contact process.
***11. How is ozone prepared from oxygen? Explain its reaction with
a) C2H4
b) KI
c) Hg
d) PbS
***12. How is chlorine prepared in the laboratory? How does it react with the following?
a) Ironb) Hot.con NaOH
c) Acidified FeSO4
d) Iodine
e)H2S
f)Na2S2O3
***13. How is chlorine prepared by electrolytic method? Explain its reaction with (a) NaOH (b)
NH3 under different conditions.
**14. Write the names and formulae of the oxoacids of chlorine explain their structures and
relative acidic nature.
**15. How is ClF3 prepared? How does it react with water? Explain its structure?

d- and f block Elements & Coordination compounds


***16. Explain IUPAC nomenclature of coordination compounds with suitable examples.
***17. Explain different types of isomerism exhibited by coordination compounds, giving suitable
examples.
**18. Discuss the nature of bonding and magnetic behavior in the following coordination entities on
the basis of valence bound theory.
(i) Fe CN 6 (ii)

FeF6

(iii) Co C2O2 3

(iv)

CoF6

**19. What is spectrochemical series? Explain the difference between a weak field ligand and a
strong field ligand.
**20. Explain the applications of coordination compounds in different fields.
HALOALKANES AND HALO ARENES
***21. Write the reactions showing the major and minor products when chlorobenzene is
reacted with

CH 3Cl and CH 3COCl in presence of ALCl3

***22. Explain the mechanism of Nucleophilic bimolecular substitution SN 2 reaction with one
example.
***23. What is the criteria for opltical activity? Give two examples of chiral molecules?
***24. Define the following;
(i) Recemic mixture (ii) Retention of configuration
(iii) Enantiomers.
**25. Explain how the following conversions are carried out:
(i) Propene to propanol
(ii) Ethanol to but-1-yne
(iii) 1-Bromopropane to
**26. Name the following halides according to IUPC system and classify them as primary,
secondary, tertiary, vinyl or aryl halides.
(i)

CH 3CH CH 3 CH Br CH 3 (ii) CH 3C Cl C2 H 5 CH 2CH 3

(ii) m ClCH2CH2C6 H4CH2 CH3 3 (iv) O Br C6 H4CH CH3 CH2CH3


**27.
**28.
i)
ii)

Write the mechanism of dehydro halogenations of 2-bromobutane?


Account for the following statement:
Aryhalides are extremely less reactive towards Nucleophilic substitution reaction.
p-Nitrochlorobenzene and o, p-dinitrochlorobenzene undergo Nucleophilic substitution
readily compared to chlorobenzene.
ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING C,H &O
***29. Explain the following terms. Give an example of the reaction in each case.
(i) Cyanohydrin (ii) Acetal (iii) Semicarbazone
(iv) Aldol
(v) Hemiacetal
(vi) Oxime.
***30. Describe the following
(i) Acetylation
(ii) Cannizaro reaction
(iii) Cross aldol condensation
(iv) Decarboxylation
***31. How do you distinguish the following pairs of compounds?
(i) Propanal and propanone (ii) Acetophenone and benzophenone
(iii) Phenol and benzoic acid(iv) Pentan -2- one and Pentan -3- one
***32. With a suitable example write equations for the following:
(i) Kolbes reaction (ii) Reimer Tiemann reaction
(iii) Williamsons ether synthesis.
***33. Write equations of the below given reactions:
(i) alkylation of anisole
(ii) Nitration of anisole
(iii) Friedel Crafts acetylation of anisole.
***34. Explain why (i) Ortho nitrophenol is more acidic than ortho methoxyphenol.
(ii) OH group attached to benzene ring activates it towards electrophilic substitution.
**35. Write the equation for the preparation of phenol using benzene, cone.

H 2 SO4 and NaOH .

*36.

Illustrate hydroboration oxidation reaction with a suitable example.


ORGANIC COMPOUNDS CONTAINING NITROGEN
***37. Complete the following conversions
(i)
(ii)
(iii)

CH 3 NC HgO
?+

2H 2O CH 3 NH 2 HCOOH

CH 3CN C2 H 5 MgBr

H 2O

Heat
(iv) CH 3CH 2 NH 2 CHCl3 KOH
?

(v)

NH 2 3Br2

***38. Complete the following conversions:


Aniline to
(i) Flurobenzene
(ii) Cyanobenzene
(iii) Benzene
(iv) Phenol
***39. Explain the following name reactions:
(i)
Sandmeyer reaction (ii) Gatterman reaction.
***40. Write the equation involved in the reaction of Nitrous acid with Ethylamine and aniline.
**41. Explain with equation how methylamine, N,N-dimethylamine and N,N,N-trimethylamine
react with benzenesulphonyl chloride and how this reaction is useful to separate these
amines.
*42. Write the steps involved in the coupling of benzene diazonium chloride with aniline and
phenol.
SOLID STATE
***1. Derive Braggs equation.
***2. Describe the two main types of semiconductors and contrast their conduction
mechanism.
***3. Explain similarities and differences between metallic and ionic crystals.
**4. Calculate the efficiency of packing in case of a metal of simple cubic crystal.
**5. Classify each of the following as either a p-type semiconductor.
(i) Ge - doped with In
(ii) Si-doped with B.
**6. Explain why ionis solids are hard brittle.
**7. A cubic solid is made of two elements P and Q. Atoms of Q are at the crners of the cube
and P at the body-centre. What is the formula of the compound? What are the
coordination number of P and Q?
**8. If the radius of the octahedral void is r and radius of the atoms in close packing is R
derive relation between r and R.
*9.
In terms of band theory, what is the difference between a conductor and an insulator?
*10. In terms of band theory, what is the difference between a conductor and a
semiconductor?
SOLUTIONS
***11. What is relative lowering of vapour pressure? How is it useful to determine the molar
mass of a solute?
***12. What is means by positive deviations from Raoults law and how is the sign of Hmix
related to positive deviation from Raoults law?
***13. What is meant by negative deviation from Raoults law and how is the sign of Hmix related to
negative deviation from Raoults law?
**14. A solution of glucose in water is labeled as 10% w.w. What would be the molarity of the
solution?
**15. How is molar mass-related to the elevation in boiling point of a solution.
**16. How is molar mass related to the depression in freezing point of a solution?
**17. How many types of solutions are formed? Give an example for each type of solution.
*18. Define mass percentage, volume percentage and mass to volume percentage solutions.

*19.

Concentrated nitric acid used in the laboratory work is 68% nitric acid by mass in
aqueous solution. What should be the molarity of such a sample of the acid if the
density of the solution is 1.504 g

*20.

How many ml of 0.1M HCl is required to react completely with 1.0g mixture of
and

*21.

mL1 .
Na2CO3

NaHCO3 containing equi-molar amounts of both?

*22.

A solution is obtained by mxing 300g of 25% solution and 400g of 40% solution by
mass. Calculate the mass percentage of the resulting solution.
Why do gases always tend to be less soluble in liquids as the temperature is raised?

*23.

Calculate the mass of non-volatile solute (molar mass 40g

mol 1 ) which should be

dissolved in 114g Octane to reduce its vapour pressure to 80%.


*24.

Vapour pressure of water at 293K when 25g of glucose is dissolved in 450g of water.

*25.

What is an ideal solution?


ELECTRO CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL KINETICS
*** 26. What is electrolysis? Give Faradays first law of electrolysis.
***27. Give the construction and working of a standard hydrogen electrode with a neat
diagram.
***28. Explain the working of different types of Galvanic cells.
**29. What are galvanic cells? Explain the working of a galvanic cell with a neat sketch taking
Daniel cell as example.
**30. What are primary and secondary batteries ? Give examples.
**31. State and explain Nernst equation with the help of a metallic electrode and non metallic
electrode.
**32. Calculate the emf of cell at

250 Cr / Cr 3 0.1M / / Fe 2 0.01M Fe given that

E 0Cr 3 / Cr 0.74v nd E 0 Fe2 / Fe 0.44v


**33. What are fuel cells? How are they different from galvanic cells? Give the construction of
H2, O2 fuel cell.
**34. What is metallic corrosion? Explain it with respect to iron corrosion.
***35. What is molecularity of a reaction? How is it different from the order of a reaction?
Name one bimolecular and one trimolecular gaseous reactions.
**36. Derive an integrated rate equation for a first order reaction.
**37. What is half life (t1/2) of a reaction? Derive the equations of the half-life value of zero
and first order reactions.
***38. Define and explain the order of a reaction. How is it obtained experimentally?
**39. What is Arrhenius equation? Derive an equation which describes the effect of rise of
temperature (T) on the rate constant (k) of a reaction.
**40. Discus the effect of catalyst on the kinetics of a chemical reaction with suitable diagram.
**41. Derive an integrated rate equation in terms of total pressure(P) and the partial pressure

PA , PB , PC for

the gaseous reaction A g B g C g .


**42. Explain the terms
(i)
Activation energy (Ea) (ii) Collision frequency (Z) (iii) Probability factor (P) with
respect to Arrhenius equation.
SURFACE CHEMISTRY
***43. What are different types of adsorption? Give any four differences between characteristics
of these different types?
[March-07, may-07, march2011]
***44. What is catalysis? How is catalysis classified? Give two examples for each type of catalysis.
[March-05,06, May-06,March-2010]
***45. What are emulsions? How are they classified? Describe the applications of emulsions?
[March-05,06,08, May-08]

***46. Name the dispersed phase and dispersion medium in the following colloidal system.
(i)
Fog
(ii) smoke (iii) milk (iv) cloud
(v) blood
(vi) gold sol.
**47. How does the extent of adsorption depend upon
(a) increasing the surface area per unit mass of adsorbent
(b) increasing temperature of the system
(c) increasing pressure of the gas
**48. What do you mean by activity and selectivity of catalyst?
**49. How are colloids classified on the basis of interaction between dispersedphase and dispersion
medium?
**50. What is an adsorption isotherem? Discuss the phenomenon of adsorption of gases on solids with the
help of Freundlich adsorption isotherem.
**51. Explain the following terms.
(i) Electophoresis
(ii) Coagulation
(iii) Tyndall effect
**52. Discuss how a lyophilic colloids protect a lyophobic colloids.
**53. Discuss the use of colloids in
(i) Purification of drinking water (ii) Tanning (iii) Medicines
**54. What are colloidal solutions? How are they classified give examples?
**55. What are micelles? Discuss the mechanism of micelle formation and cleaning action of
soap.
**56. Name the four positively charged sols and negative charged sols.
**57. (i) Name the enzymes obtained from soyabeen and yeast.
(ii) name the enzymes
used in
(a)
Decomposition of urea into ammonia. (b) conversion of proteins into peptides in
stomach.
METALLURGY
***58. Giving examples differentiate roasting and clacination
[March-09,12]
***59. How is alumina separated from silica in the bauxite ore associated with silica?
***60. Explain the purification of sulphide ore by froth floatation method.
***61. Discuss the extraction of zinc from zinc blende.
***62. Explain briefly the extraction of aluminium from bauxite.
***63. Explain smelting process in the extraction of copper.
**64. Outline the principles of refining of metals by the following methods.
a) Zone refining
b) Electrolytic refining
c) Poling
d) Vapour phase refining
***65. Write down the chemical reactions taking place in different zones in the blast furnace
during the extraction of iron.
[March-2011]
***66. Explain Zone refining.
P-BLOCK ELEMENTS GROUP 15,16,17,18
GROUP -15
***67. Explain anamolous nature of Nitrogen in group-15 elements.
**68. Discuss the trends in chemical reactivity of group 15 elements
**69. Comple the following reactions
a)

Ca 3 P2 +H 2 O

d) Mg+N 2 e)
*70.

b) P4 +KOH

NH 4 2 Cr2O7

c)

CuSO4 +NH3

f) Decomposition of Nitrous acid

How does PCl5 reacts with the following


a) Water

b)

C2 H5OH

c)

CH3COOH d) Ag

GROUP -16
***71. How is ozone prepared? How does it react with the following?
a) PbS b) KI
c) Hg
d) Ag
**72. How does SO2 react with the following?
a) Na2SO3(aq) b) Cl2
c) Fe+3 ions d) KMnO4
**73. Complet the following
a) KCl H 2 SO4 (conc )

Conc. H 2SO 4
b) Sucrose

c) Cu H 2 SO2 (conc )

d) C H 2 SO4 (conc )
GROUP -17
***74. How can you prepare Cl 2 from HCl and HCl from Cl 2? Write the reactions?
***75. Explain the structures of (a) BrF5 (b) IF7?
**76. Write balanced equations for the following?
(a) NaCl is heated with cone H2SO4 in the presence of MnO2.
(b) Chlorine is passed into a solution of NaI in water.
***77. What are inter halogen compounds? Give some examples to illustrate the definition how
are they classified?
GROUP -18
***78. How are XeF2 and XeF4 are prepared? Give their structures.
***79. How are XeO3, and XeOF4 prepared?
**80. Give the formulae and describe the structure of a noble gas species, iso electronic with
a) ICl4

c) Bro3

b) IBr2

**81. Explain the structure of a) XeF6


**82. Complete the following
a) XeF2 H 2O
d)

XeF6 ASF5

b)

b) XeOF4

XeF2 PF5

e) XeF4 O2 F2

c)

XeF4 SbF5

f)

NaF XeF6

d-and f-Block Elements & Coordination Compounds


***83. Explain Werners theory of coordination coordination compounds with suitable example
[March-11,June-2010]
***84. Using IUPAC names write the formulae for the following. [May-2012]
(i)
Tetrahydroxozincate(I)
(ii) hexaamminecobalt (III)
(iii).
Potassium tetrachloropalladate (II) and
(iv)
Potassiumtri (oxalate) chromate (III)
***85. What is lanthanoid contraction ? What are the consequences of lanthanoid contraction?
***86. Using IPAC names write the systematic names of the following: [Jun-2011,09]
(i)

Co NH 3 6 Cl3

(iii).

ti H 2O 6

(ii)
(iv)

Pt NH 32 2 Cl NH 2CH 3 Cl

NiCl4

***87. Explain geometrical isomerism in coordination compounds giving suitable examples.


***88. Explain the terms (i) Ligand (ii) Coordination number (iii) Coordination entity (iv)
Central metal atom/ion
***89. What is mean by chelate effect? Give example.
***90. Write the characteristic properties of transition elements?
[June-2009]
***91. Why do the transition metal ions exhibit characteristic colours in aqueous solutions
explain giving examples.
*92.

Predict which of the ions,

Cu , Sc 3 , Mn3 , Fe 2 are coloured in aqueous solution? Givee

reasons.

POLYMERS
Classify the following into addition and condensation polymers:
Terylene, Bakelite, polyvinyl chloride, polythene.
**94. How do you explain the functionality of a polymers.
**95. Distingush between the terms homopolymer and co polymer. Give one example of each.
*96. Explain free radical mechanism for the polymerization of ethane.
*97. what is natural rubber? How does it exhibit elastic properties.
*98. Explain the purpose of vulcanization of rubber.
*99. Explain the difference between natural ruber and synthetic.
*100. What is LDP and HDP? How are they formed?
*93.

BIO MOLECULES

**101. Write a brief note on the structure of glucose.


**102. Write a short notes on sucrose.
**103. What are enzymes? Give examples.
***104.Write note on vitamins.
[Jun-2011]
**105. What are hormones? Give one example for each.
***106.Give the source of the following vitamins and name the diseases caused by their deficiency.
(i) A (ii) D (iii) C (iv) E and
(v) K
[March-2011,12]
***107.Write notes on the functions of different hormones in the body.
[Jun-10,May-12]
CHEMISTRY IN EVERY DAY LIFE
*108. Explain the drug-enzyme interaction.
109. What are the board spectrum and narrow spectrum antibiotic? Give one example for each.
*110. Explain the following terms with suitable examples.
(i) Cationic detergents (ii) anionic detergents (iii) None-ionic detergents
111. What are analgesics? How they classified? Give example.
HALO ALKANES AND HALO ARENES
***112.
Predict the alkenes that would be formed in the following reactions and identify the
major alkene
(i).

(ii)
Br

2-Chloro-2-methyl butane NaOEt / EtOH

CH 3

NaOEt / EtOH

***113.How will you carry out the following conversions?


(i)
Ethane to bromomethene (ii) Toluene to benzyl aleohol
***114.Write the mechanism of the following reaction
n-Butylbromide +

EtOH . H 2O
KCN
n butyleyanide

*115. A hydro carbon C5 H10 does not react with chlorine in dark but gives a single monolchloro
compound

C5 H 9Cl in bright sunlight. Identify the hydrocarbon.

*116. Explain why the dipolemoment of chlorobenzene is lower than that of


cyclohexylcholoride.
ORGANI COMPOUNDS CONTAINING C, H & O
**117. Explain the role of electron with drawing and electron releasing groups on the acidity of
carboxylic acids.
**118. Arrange the following in the increasing order of their acidic strength: Benzoic acid, 4Methoxybenzoic acid, 4-Nitrobenzoic acid and 4-Methylbenzoic acid.
**119. Write the equations of any aldehyde with Fehlings reagent.
**120. What is Tollens reagent? Explain its reaction with Aldehydes.
**121. Write the mechanism of hydration of ethane to yield ethanol.
**122. Explain the acidic nature of phenols and compare with that of alcohols.
**123. Write the products formed by the reeducation and oxidation of phenol.
*124. ethanol with

H 2 SO4 at 443K forms ethane while at 413K it forms ethoxy ethane.

Explain the mechanism.


Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen
***125. Explain the following name reactions:
(i) Sandmeyer reaction
(ii) Gatterman reaction

***126. Write the steps involved in the coupling of Benzene diazoniumchloride with aniline and
phenol.
***127.Write the reactions of (i) aromatic and (ii) aliphatic primary amines with nitrous acid
**128. Explain with a suitable example how benzene sulphonylchloride can distinguish primary,
secondary and tertiary amines.
**129. Compare the basicity of the following in gaseous and in aqueous state and arrange
them in increasing order of basicity.

CH 3 NH 2 , CH 3 2 NH , CH 3 3 N and NH 3

***130.Account for the following:


(i) pKb of aniline is more than that of methylamine.
(ii) Reduction of alkylcanide forms primary amine whereas alkyl isocyanide forms
secondary amine.
**131. Give one chemical test to distinguish between the following pairs of compounds.
(i) Methylamine and dimethylamine
(ii) Aniline and N methylaniline
(iii) Ethylamine and aniline
**132. How do you prepare Ethyl cyanide and Ethyl isocyanide from a common alkylhalide?
**133. Write the IUPAC names of the following compounds.
(i)

CH 3CH 2 NHCH 2CH 2CH 3

(ii)

phCH 2CN
CH 2 NC

NH 2

(iii)

(iv)
Br

Br

**134. How do you prepare the following?


(i) N,N-Dimethylpropanamine from ammonia.
(ii) Propanamine from chloroethane.
**135. How do you carryout the following conversion?
(i) N- Ethyl propanamine to N,N-Diethyl propanamine
(ii) Aniline to Benzenesulphonamide.
VERY SHORT ANSWER QUESTIONS
SOLID STATE
1.
How many lattice points are there in one unit cell of face-centered cubic lattice?
2.
How many lattice points are there in one unit cell of face-centered tetragonal lattice?
3.
How many lattice points are there in one unit cell of body centered cubic lattice?
4.
What is Scotty defect?
5.
What is Frenkel defect?
6.
What is interstitial defect?
7.
What are f-centers?
8.
Explain Ferromagnetism with suitable example.
9.
Classify each of the following as either a p-type or a n-type semiconductor.
1. Ge doped with In
2. Si doped with B
SOLUTIONS
10.
Define molality
11.
Define molarity
12.
Define mole fraction
13.
What is ppm of solution?
14.
State Raoults law
15.
State Henrys law
16.
What is Ebullioscopy constant?
17.
What is Cryoscopy constant?
18.
What are isotonic solutions?
19.
Calculate the mole fraction if H2SO4 in a solution constaining 98% H2SO4 by mass.

39.
40.
41.
42.
43.

ELECTRO CHEMISTRY AND CHEMICAL KINETICS


Write the chemical reaction used in the construction of the Daniel cell together with the
half-cell reactions.
What is standard hydrogen electrode?
What is Nernst equation? Write the equation for an electrode with electrode reaction
Mn+(aq)+neM(s)
How is Gibbs energy (G) related to the cell emf (E) mathematically?
What is cell constant of a conductivity cell?
State Faradays first law of electrolysis
State Faradays second law of Electrolysis.
Define the speed (or) rate of reaction.
What are the units of rate of reaction?
What is rate law? Illustrate with an example.
Define order of a reaction. Illustrate your answer with an example.
Give the units of rate constants for Zero and first order reaction.
Give two examples for zero order reactions.
What are pseudo first order reactions? Give one example.
What is the effect of temperature on the rate constant?
Surface Chemistry
Give any two applications of adsorption
Define Promoters and poisions in the phenomenon of catalyst
Name any two enzymes catalyzed reactions. Give the reactions.
Name the enzymes used in
a) Decomposition of urea into ammonia
b) Conversion of proteins into peptides in stomach.
Explain the terms with sutiable examples (i) aerosol (ii) hydrosol
What is peptization?
What is tyndall effect?
What is Brownian movement?
What is elelctrokinetic potential or zeta potential?

44.

Give the order of coagulating power of

45.
46.
47.
48.
49.
50.
51.

amongst Na+, Ba2+, Al3+ which coagulates negative sol readily and why?
What is coagulation?
Define flocculation value.
State Hardy-Schulze rule.
What is an emulsifying agent?
Bleeding from fresh cut can be stopped by applying alum. Give reasons.
Name any two applications of colloidal solutions
Metallurgy
What is the role of depressant in froth floatation process?
Explain poling
What is the difference between a mineral and an ore?
How is cast iron different from pig iron?
Give composition of the following alloys a) Brass b) Bronze
c) German silver
Explain the terms gangue and slag.
What is matte. Give its composition?
What is blister copper? Why is it called so?
What is flux. Give an example?
p- Block Elements (group 15,16,17&18)
GROUP-15 ELEMENTS
Nitrogen exists as diatomic molecule and phosphorus as P 4 why?
Nitrogen molecule is highly stable why?
What is allotropy? Explain the different allotropic forms of phosphorus
What is inert pair effect?

20.
21.
22.
23.
24.
25.
26.
27.
28.
29.
30.
31.
32.
33.
34.
35.
36.
37.
38.

52.
53.
54.
55.
56.
57.
58.
59.
60.
61.
62.
63.
64.

Cl- ,SO2-4 ,PO3-4 in the coagulation of positive sols.

65.
66.
67.

Arrange the hydrides of group-15 elements in the increasing order of basic strength and
decreasing order of reducing character.
PH3 is a weaker base than NH3 explain.
NH3 forms hydrogen bonds but PH3 does not why?

68.

A mixture of

69.
70.
71.
72.
73.

Give the resonating structures of NO2 and N2O5.


NO is paramagnetic in gaseous state but diamagnetic in liquid and solid states why?
Iron becomes passive in conc.HNO3. Why?
Give the disproportination reaction of H3PO3.
Draw the structures of
a) Hypophosphoric acid
b) Cyclic meta phosphoric acid
GROUP-16 ELEMENTS
What happens when
a) KClO3 is heated with MnO2 b) O3 is passed through KI solution
Give two examples each for amphoteric oxides and neutral oxides
Why is H2O a liquid while H2S is a gas
Give the hybridization of sulphur in the following.
a) SO2
b) SO3
c) SF4
d) SF6
Give one example each for
a) neutral oxide
b) peroxide
c) super oxide
What is tailing of mercury? How is it removed?
GROUP-17 ELEMENTS
Which halogen produces O2 and O3 on passing through water?
Compare the bleaching action of Cl 2 and SO2?
What happens when Cl 2 react with dry slaked lime?
Bond dissociation enthalpy of F2 is less than that of Cl2 explain?
Electron gain enthalpy of fluorine is less than that of Cl 2 explain?
GROUP-18 ELEMENTS
List out the uses of Neon?
Write any two uses of argon?
In modern diving apparatus, a mixture of He & O2 is used Why?
How is XeO3 prepared?
Give the preparation of a) XeOF4
& b) XeO2F2
Explain the structure of XeO3?
Write the name & formula of the first noble gas compound prepared by Bertlet?
Why do noble gases form compounds with fluorine and oxygen only?
Noble gases are inert explain?
d and f- Block Elements
Among the first transition series (3d series) Chromium has highest melting point. Why?
In its fluoride (or) oxide, in which a transition metal exhibits highest oxidation state and
why?
Why Zn2+ is diamagnetic where as Mn2+ is paramagnetic?
Aqueous Cu2+ ions are blue in colour where as aqueous Zn 2+ ions are colourless. Why?
How do transition metals exhibit catalytic activity?
give two reactions in which transition metals (or) their compounds acts as catalysts.
Why do the transition metals readily form alloys?
Why do transition elements exhibit more than one oxidation state (variable oxidation
states)
What is lanthanoid contraction.
What are the coordination compounds? Gvie two examples?
What is the difference between a double salt and a complex compound?
What is an ambidentate ligand? Give example.
Why do transition elements exhibits characteristic properties.
What is and alloy ? Give example.
Write the electronic configuration of chromium (Cr) and copper (Cu)
What is a chelate ligond given example.

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108.
109.

Ca3 P2 and CaC2 is used in making Holmes signal, explain.

110.

Calculate the spin only magnetic of

Fe 2 aq ion.

111.

Why do the transition metals readily form alloys.


POLYMERS
112.*** Mention the type of polymerization involved in the formation of the following polymers
(March 07, 09)
i) Bakelite
b) PVC c) Polythene d) Teflon
113.*** What is PHBV? How is it useful to man?
114.*** What are the units of M n and M w
115.*** Define an elastomer.
116.** Mention the structures and names of the monomers used for preparing the following
polymers.
a. Bakelite
b. Nylon
c. Terylene
d. Neoprene
117.** What is vulcanization. (May 07 & March 08)
118.** What do you mean by polydispersity index ?
119.** What is Bio-degradable polymer ? Give two examples.
120.** Which of the following polymer is copolymer ?
a. Polythene b. Buna S c. Nylon 6,6 d. Polyvinyl chloride
121.* Give an example of an addition polymer.
122.* What is cross linking agent used in vulcanization .
123.* Is [ HN .CHR CO ] n a homopolymer or a copolymer ?
124.

Give two examples for Semi-synthetic polymer?

125.

What is Ziegler-natta catalyst.

125.

Give the structure of Nylon-2-Nylon-6

126.

what are the monomer repeating units of Nylon-6-and Nylon-6,6.

127.

Name the different types of molecular masses of polymers.

128.

what is the difference between Buna-N and Buna-S?

129.

What are fibers? Give example.

130.

what are thermoplastic polymers? Give example?

131.

what are thermosetting polymers? Give example?


BIO-MOLECULES

*132. Name the vitamin responsible for the coagulation of blood.


133.

why are vitamin A and vitamin C essential to us? Give their important sources
[Mar,June-09,Mar-10]

134.

Define Carbohydrates?

135.

What are anomers?

136.

What is Zwitter ion? Give an example.

137.

What are essential and non-essential amino acids? Give one example for each.

138.

why cannot vitamin C be stored in our body?

139.

What is the difference between nucleoside and nucleotide?

140.

Name the different types of carbohydrates on the basis of their hydrolysis. Give one
example for each.

141.

what do you understand from the names (a) aldo pentose and (b) Keto heptose?

142.

What do you understand by invert sugars?

143.

What type of bonding helps in stabilizing the

144.

Temperature and pH effect the native proteins. Explain.

-helix structure of proteins?

145.***
146.***
147.***
148.***
149.***
150.***
151.***
152.***
156.***

CHEMISTRY IN EVERDAY LIFE


What are narcotic drugs? Give an example.
What are non-narcotic drugs? Give an example.
What are analgesics? Give two examples.
Define antipyretics. Give two examples.
Define antiseptics. Give examples.
Explain antimicrobials. Give examples.
What are anti fertility drugs? Give examples.
Define antibiotics. Give examples.
What are antacids? Give examples.

157.*** What difference do you find between antacid and antihistamine?


158.*** What are food preservatives? Give examples.
159.*** What are artificial sweetening agents? Give examples.
160

What are antihistamines? Give example.

161.

What are tranquilizers? Give example.

162.

What are narcotic analgesies? Give example.

163.

What are antimicrobials?

164.

What are disinfectants ? Give examples.

165.

What are the main constituents of dettol/

166.

What is tineture of iodine? What is its use?

167.

Name two most familiar antioxidants used as food additives?

168.

What is the difference between a soap and a synthetic detergent?

169.

Name the macromolecules that are choosen as drug targets?


HALO ALKANES AND HALO ARENES

*170. Write the structures of the following compounds.


(i) 2-chloro-3-methylpentane
(ii) 1-Bromo-4-sec-butyl-2-methylbenzene.
171.

which one of the following has higher dipole moment?

172.

What are the ambident nucloephiles.

173.

Write the isomers of the compound having molecular formula

174.

Explain why the alkyl halides though polar are immiscible with water.

175.

What is stereochemical result of

176.

What type of isomerism is exhibited by o,m, and p-dichlorobenzene.

177.

What are Enantiomers?

(i)

CH 2Cl2

(ii)

CHCl3

(iii)

CCl4
C4 H 9 Br

SN 1 and SN 2 reactions.

Organic Compounds Containing C, H and O


178.

Arrange the following compounds in increasing order of their property indicated


(i) Acetaldehyde, acetone, Methyl t.butyl ketone reactivity towards HCN.
(ii) Floroacetic acid, monochloroacetic acid, Acetic acid and dichloroacetic acid (acid strength)

179.

Write the reaction showing halogenations of carboxylic acid and give its name.

180.

How do you distinguish acetophenone and benzophenone?

181.

Write equations showing the conversion of


(i) Acetic acid to Acetyl chloride
(ii) Benzoic acid to Benzamide

182.

Write the mechanism of esterification.


Organic Compounds Containing Nitrogen

183.

Gabriel phthalimide synthesis exclusively forms primary amines only. Explain.

184.

Explain why ethylamine is more soluble in water whereas aniline is not soluble.

185.

Write equations for Carbylamine reaction of any one aliphatic amine

186.

Accomplish the following conversions:


(i) Benzoic acid to benzamide
(ii) Aniline to P-bromoaniline

187.

Give structures of A, B and C in the following reaction.

NH3 ,
H 2O / H
CuCN
C2 H 5 N 2Cl
A
B
C

ALL THE BEST