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[CITING REFERENCES]

Citing References
Footnotes
1. The citation of reference is placed at the bottom part of the page. In writing
citation of references, write first the full name of the author then the title of
the reference, place of publication, publishing company, year of publication
and page.
Ex.
3

Jose P. Abletez, Katarungang Pambarangay, Mediators Manual


(Manila: Romco Publishing House, 1996
2. When the reference to be cited is the same reference with the same page
previously cited without intervention, write Ibid.
Ex.
3

Jose P. Abletez, Katarungang Pambarangay, Mediators Manual


(Manila: Romco Publishing House, 1996) p.10.
4

Ibid.

3. Supra is an academic and legal citation signal used when a writer desires to
refer a reader to an earlier-cited authority. For example, an author wanting to
refer to a source in his or her third footnote would cite: See supra note 3. Or
for text in that note: Seesupra text accompanying note 3.
Ex.
3

Jose P. Abletez, Katarungang Pambarangay, Mediators Manual


(Manila: Romco Publishing House, 1996) p.10.
4

Maria C. Chaves, Local Government Code: Annotated (Quezon


City: Rex Book Store, 2000) p. 12
5

Supra Note 3

4. When the reference to be cited is the same reference with the same page
previously cited with the intervention write the last name of the author
and loc. cit.
Ex.

[CITING REFERENCES]
3

Jose P. Abletez, Katarungang Pambarangay, Mediators


Manual (Manila: Romco Publishing House, 1996) p.10.
4

The Local Government Code of 1991, Section 412.

Abletez, loc.cit.

5. When the reference to be cited is the same reference with a different page
from the one previously cited, write the last name of the author then op.cit.
and the page.
Ex.
3

Jose P. Abletez, Katarungang Pambarangay, Mediators


Manual (Manila: Romco Publishing House, 1996) p.10.
4

The Local Government Code of 1991, Section 412.

Abletez, op.cit. p.18.

How to Cite an Internet Source


1. Name the author, first name first. If no author is listed, then skip this step.
2. Put the title of the work next. This is not the title of the website but the title
of the page within the website that you are accessing. Put this information in
quotation marks.
3. Italicize overall website name. Look at the web address or find the link to
the homepage to find the title.
4. List the publication information. If you cannot find the publication
information write, n.p. Most articles (or web pages) have a last updated
date if you cant find an actual date for the specific article you are quoting. If
you cannot find a last updated date, write n.d.
5. Include the date of access. This is the date you accessed the Internet
source.
6. Check your Internet citation for accuracy. The final Internet source citation
should look like this:
Judith Handschuh, Author Profile: Harper Lee. Teen
Reads.com. n.p. 2003. Accessed August 8, 2008. Available from
http://www.teenreads.com/authors/au-lee-harper.asp>.

[CITING REFERENCES]