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DAFTAR ISI

Halaman Judul
Halaman Persetujuan.........................................................................................................i
Halaman Pengesahan........................................................................................................ii
Motto................................................................................................................................iii
Persembahan....................................................................................................................iv
Biodata..............................................................................................................................v
Abstrak.............................................................................................................................vi
Abstract...........................................................................................................................vii
Kata pengantar................................................................................................................viii
Daftar Isi...........................................................................................................................ix
Daftar Tabel......................................................................................................................x
Daftar Gambar..................................................................................................................xi
Daftar Singkatan..............................................................................................................xii
Daftar Lampiran..............................................................................................................xiii

BAB I. PENDAHULUAN.....................................................................................1
1.1 Latar Belakang.................................................................................................1
1.2 Rumusan Masalah............................................................................................3
1.3 Tujuan Penelitian.............................................................................................3
1.3.1
Tujuan
umum.........................................................................................3
1.3.2 Tujuan khuus..........................................................................................3
1.4 Manfaat Penelitian...........................................................................................4
1.4.1
Manfaat
Bagi
Peneliti.............................................................................4
1.4.2 Manfaat Bagi Peneliti Lain....................................................................4
1.4.3 Manfaat Bagi Masyarakat..................4
1.5 Runag Lingkup................................................................................................5
BAB II. TINJAUAN PUSTAKA..........................................................................6
2.1 Anatomi dan Fisiologi Ginjal...........................................................................6
2.1.1 Anatomi...................................................................................................6
2.1.2
Fisiologi...................................................................................................7
2.2 Gagal Ginjal Kronik.........................................................................................8
2.2.1 Definisi...................................................................................................8
2.2.2
Klasifikasi...............................................................................................9
2.2.3
Etiologi
dan
Faktor
Risiko....................................................................10

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2.2.4
Patofisiologi..........................................................................................10
2.2.5
Manifestasi
Klinis.................................................................................12
2.3 Hemodialisis...................................................................................................13
2.3.1
Definisi..................................................................................................13
2.3.2
Proses
Hemodialisis..............................................................................14
2.3.3 Cairan Dialisa......................................................................................15
2.4 Kalsium.........................................................................................................16
2.4.1 Definisi................................................................................................16
2.5 Pengaruh Hemodialisa Terhadap Kadar Kalsium Serum..............................18
2.5.1 Hubungan Ginjal dengan Kadar Kalsium Serum ...............................19
2.6.KerangkaTeori ..............................................................21
2.7 Kerangka Konsep..........................................................................................22
2.8 Hipotesis........................................................................................................22
BAB III. METODOLOGI PENELITIAN..........................................................23
3.1 Desain Penelitian..........................................................................................23
3.2 Tempat dan Waktu Penelitian.......................................................................23
3.3 Populasi dan Sampel.....................................................................................23
3.3.1 Populasi...............................................................................................23
3.3.2 Sampel.................................................................................................24
3.3.3 Kriteria Inklusi.....................................................................................25
3.3.4 Kriteria Ekslusi....................................................................................25
3.4. Variabel Penelitian.......................................................................................25
3.4.1 Variabel Dependen..............................................................................25
3.4.2 Variabel Independen...........................................................................25
3.5Definisi Operasional.......................................................................................26
3.6 Alat Ukur.......................................................................................................26
3.7 Pengolahan dan Analisis Data.......................................................................27
3.7.1 Pengolahan Data...................................................................................27
3.8 Analisis Data..................................................................................................27
3.8.1 Analisis Univariat.................................................................................28
3.8.2 Analisis Bivariat....................................................................................28
3.9 Alur Penelitian...............................................................................................29
BAB IV HASIL PENELITIAN DAN PEMBAHASAN....................................30
4.1 Hasil Penelitian..............................................................................................30
4.1.1 Karakteristik Responden.......................................................................30
4.1.3 Analisis Univariat.................................................................................32
4.1.4 Analisis Bivariat...................................................................................34
4.2 Pembahasan...................................................................................................35
4.3 Keterbatasan Penelitian.................................................................................40

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BAB V KESIMPULAN DAN SARAN..............................................................41


5.1 Kesimpulan....................................................................................................41
5.2 Saran..............................................................................................................41
DAFTAR PUSTAKA
LAMPIRAN

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