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Heat Transfer Engineering

Volume 33, 2012 - Issue 14



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Research article

Simple and Clear Approach to

Industrial Boiler Circulation Analysis
Salamah Al-Anizi
Page 1156-1160 | Accepted author version posted online: 26 Apr 2012, Published online: 26 Apr 2012

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Circulation in the industrial boiler is the continuous supply of water to the
boiler heated tubes in order to sustain steady steam output without
overheating tubes. Adequate circulation occurs when there is su cient
ow of water into tubes for adequate cooling. In the natural circulation
industrial boiler system the rate of ow in the circulation system is
governed by ow resistances and di erences in density between
downcomer tube circuits and heated riser circuits. Control of these
resistances allows adequate ow of water to parallel circuits. Adequate
water ow through the boiler's heat-absorbing circuits is necessary to cool
the tubes. To insure proper boiler circulation, a simple, clear, and
comprehensive approach is described in this article covering all aspects in
boiler circulation analysis. The analysis details all boiler circulation circuits,
explaining all forces imposed on them, including thermosyphon as well as
friction forces.

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