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253 MA

CHARACTERISTICS
253 MA is a Nitrogen alloyed heat
resistant Cr-Ni austenitic stainless steel.
Optimal performance is achieved at 8501100 C, and the scaling temperature is
1150 C.
Its specific characteristics are:
Austenitic micro structure.
High mechanical strength at elevated
temperatures.
Low sensitivity to form sigma phase.
High resistance to:
oxidation.
high temperature corrosion.
Good ductility and weldability.
DIMENSIONS
AST 253 MA is manufactured to
minimum quantites in most standard sizes
within Outokumpu Stainless Tubular
Products product range.
Pipe
OD: 16-1026 mm
Wall thickness: 1.0-25.0 mm
Length: 4-12 m
Heat exchanger tubes
OD: 6-114.3 mm
Wall thickness: 0.5-4.0 mm
Length: 2-16 m
Strip stock
Cold rolled coils in thicknesses 1.55 to
4.0 mm
EXECUTIONS
Pipe
With or without filler metal
Not heat treated and pickled or
Solution annealed and pickled
Heat exchanger tubes
Cold worked weld
Not heat treated and pickled or
Solution annealed and pickled

HEAT AND CORROSION


RESISTANCE
For details see AvestaWorks brochure
about High Temperature Stainless Steels
and Outokumpu Stainless Tubular
Products brochure about Heat-resistant
welded stainless tubes and pipes, or use
our website.
INSPECTION STANDARDS
Europe
EN 10296-2 Welded SS tubes for general
purposes
USA
ASTM A 249 Welded Austenitic SS Heat
Exchanger Tubes
ASTM A 312 Welded and seamless
Austenitic SS Pipes
ASTM A 358 EF Welded Austenitic Pipe
with filler metal
ASTM A 409 Large Diameter Welded
Pipes
PRESSURE VESSEL APPROVALS
Europe
No approvals for welded tubes at present.
USA
Pressure vessel regulations are authorized
to ASME.
ASME Section VIII, Division 1, Table
UHA-23, shows design values for tube
and pipe manufactured and tested
according to ASME SA-249, SA-312 and
SA-358 respectively.
Creep strength values for 253 MA are
shown in the table on next page.

Technical and other data in this


publication are typical and may not be
regarded as guaranteed maximum or
minimum values unless this is specifically
stated.

CHEMICAL COMPOSITION, %
Grade
253 MA
EN 1.4835
UNS S30815

Cr

Ni

Si

Ce

0.05-0.10
0.05-0.12
0.05-0.10

20.0-22.0
20.0-22.0
20.0-22.0

10.0-12.0
10.0-12.0
10.0-12.0

1.4-2.0
1.4-2.5
1.4-2.0

0.14-0.20
0.12-0.20
0.14-0.20

0.03-0.08
0.03-0.08
0.03-0.08

DESIGN
The creep strength is much higher
than those for common high
temperature austenitic steels.
This means that the possibility of
designing thinner walls can save cost.
Lower cost for material, transport,
welding and maintenance.

additions of 2-3% Hydrogen, in order to


get optimal penetration and corrosion
resistance.
For more information see also
AvestaWorks brochure How to weld
Avesta 253 MA.

FABRICATION
Welding
Recommended welding methods for tube
and pipe are GTAW, PAW and MMA.
Filler metal of type Avesta 253 MA or
similar should be used.
Welding without filler metal not followed
by post weld heat treatment, will reduce
the corrosion resistance of the weld, and is
therefore not recommended.
The base of the shielding and welding
gases should consist of pure Ar with

Cold forming
Excellent cold forming properties. The
same properties as for other standard
austenitic stainless steels.
Hot forming
253 MA is slightly harder at higher
temperatures than austenitic standard
grades. Forming at temperatures in the
range 900-1150 C does not require any
post heat treatment, if the operation is
followed by a reasonable fast cooling.
(>600 C/min).

Heat treatment
1020-1100 C followed by rapid
cooling.
APPLICATIONS
Heat exchanger tubes and pipes in
processes for
Exhaust system
Furnace rolls
Furnaces for drying
Heat recovery, carbon black
Hydrocarbon gases. Painting.
Flue gas and synthetic graphite
Production of Aluminium Sulphate
Production of mineral wool
Pyrometer
Recuperators
Waste combustion
Waste incineration

DESIGN
Temp.
C
50
100
200
300
400
500
550
600
650
700
750
800
850
900
950
1000
1050
1100

Rp1.0
MPa
315
265
215
200
190
180
175
170
162
155

min

Rm
MPa
630
585
545
535
530
495
470
445
400
360

Rkm 10 000
MPa

250
157
98
63
41
27
18
13
9.5
7
5.5
4

EN 10095
Rkm 100 000
MPa

RA1 10 000
MPa

160
88
55
35
22
15
11
8
5.5
4
3
2.3

RA1 100 000


MPa

230
126
74
45
28
19
14
10
7
5
3.5
2.5

150
80
45
26
16
11
8
6
4.5
3
2
1.2

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES
At 20 C
min Rp0.2 (Mpa)
min Rp1.0 (Mpa)
min Rm (Mpa)
Elongation A5 %
Hardness HB max

EN 1.4835

ASTM
UNS S30815

310
350

310
-

650
40
210

600
35
RB 95

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Density
Modulus of elasticiy
Linear expansion
Thermal conductivity
Thermal capacity
Electric resistivity

Temperature C

20

kg/dm
GPa
(20-t)x10-6/C
W/m.C
J/kg.C

7.8
200
15.0
500
0.85

600

800

1000

155
18.5
22.5
600
1.37

135
19.0
25.5
630
1.43

120
19.5
29.0
660
1.45

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1210 EN-GB

Outokumpu Stainless Tubular Products


Box 510, SE-737 25 FAGERSTA, Sweden
Tel: +46 (0)223 451 00, Fax +46 (0)223 10094