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For

Examine
rs
Use

5.

Diagram 5 shows a cats eye fixed into a road to help drivers when it is dark or foggy.

Rajah 5 menunjukkan pemantul cahaya dipasang pada permukaan jalan untuk membantu
pemandu di waktu malam atau keadaan berkabus.

Diagram 5
Rajah 5
(a)

What is meant by critical angle?


Tick ( ) the correct answer in the box provided.
Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan sudut genting?
Tanda jawapan ( ) yang betul dalam petak yang disediakan.

The angle of incidence when the angle of refraction is 90o .


Sudut tuju apabila sudut biasan ialah 90o .
The angle of incidence when the incident ray is totally reflected.
Sudut tuju apabila sinar tuju dipantulkan sepenuhnya.
5 (a)
[ 1mark]
1

[1 markah]

(b) (i) Based on diagram 5 how does the cats eye help the driver?
Berdasarkan Rajah 5 bagaimanakah pemantul cahaya membantu pemandu?
...
[ 1 mark]
[ 1 markah]

For
Examiners
Use
5(b) (i)
1

(ii) Complete the path of the ray of light in diagram 5.


Lengkapkan lintasan sinar cahaya pada rajah 5.
5(b) (ii)
[ 1 mark]
[1 markah]

(c) Explain why the light ray does not bend when it enters prism at point A.
Jelaskan mengapa sinar cahaya tidak bengkok semasa memasuki prisma di titik A.
.
[1 mark]
[1 markah]

5(c)
1

(d) Based on diagram 5 what happen to the light ray after passing point B?
Berdasarkan rajah 5, apakah yang berlaku pada sinar cahaya itu selepas melalui titik
B?

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

5(d)
1

For
Examiners
Use

(e) Name the phenomenon shown in Diagram 5.


Namakan fenomenon yang ditunjukkan dalam rajah 5.

5(e)

[1 mark]
[1 markah]

(f)

The critical angle for glass is 38o .


Calculate the refractive index of the glass.
Sudut genting untuk kaca adalah 38o .
Hitungkan indeks biasan untuk kaca.

5 (f)
2

[2 marks]
[2 markah]

Total
A5
8

5(a)
5(b)(i)

The angle of incidence when the angle of refraction is 90o.


State the reason correctly
- Reflection of light from the car headlight back to the driver giving an indication of its
position.

5(b)(ii)

Mark the path correctly


1

5(c)

Explain the statement correctly


-

5(d)

Reflection/total internal reflection//totally reflect//reflect

State the phenomenon of light correctly


-

5(f)

State what happen to the light rays correctly


-

5(e)

The angle of incidence is zero//The incidence ray is parallel to normal

total internal reflection

Calculate the refractive index correctly

11.

n = 1/sin c
=1/ sin 38
=1.62

(a) Diagram 11 shows the structure arrangement of a slide projector and J is


where a projector lens is placed so that the image can be captured on a

screen.

bulb

DIAGRAM 11
(i)

What is meant by a virtual image?


[1 mark]

(ii)

State the characteristics of the image formed on the screen.


[2 marks]

(iii)

Why is the slide has to be placed inverted in the projector?


[1 mark]

Bahagian C
[20 markah]
Jawab mana-mana satu soalan dalam bahagian ini.
Anda dinasihatkan memperuntukkan 30 minit untuk bahagian ini.
11. (a)

Rajah 11 menunjukkan susun atur struktur sebuah projector slaid dan J


adalah di mana kanta projector diletakkan bagi pembentukan imej di atas skrin.

skrin
mentol

J
Cermin cekung Kanta kondenser
Kanta projektor

RAJAH 11

(i)

Apakah yang dimaksudkan dengan imej maya?


[1 markah]

(ii)

Nyatakan ciri-ciri imej yang terbentuk di atas skrin.


[2 markah]

(iii)

Kenapakah slaid perlu diletakkan terbalik dalam projector slaid?

[1 markah]

(b) Table 11 shows the characteristics of the images formed by lenses when placed at J of
the slide projector.
Lenses

Type of lenses

f/cm

Position of lens

Magnification

15

u > 2f

1/20

40

f < u < 2f

10

15

f < u < 2f

50

10

f < u < 2f

1/3

15

u > 2f

1/2

TABLE 11
Explain the suitability of the characteristics of each lens so that it can be
used as the lens at J of the slide projector in Diagram 11.
Then choose the most suitable lens and give your reasons.
[10 marks]
(c) An object is placed at a distance of 30 cm from a concave lens of focal

length 15 cm. Determine


(i)
(ii)
(iii)

the position of the image,


the linear magnification of the object,
the characteristics of the image.
[6 marks]

(ii)
Kanta

Jadual 11 menunjukkan ciri-ciri imej yang dibentuk oleh kanta apabila


diletakkan di J pada sebuah projector slaid.
Jenis kanta

f/cm

Kedudukan kanta
projektor

Pembesaran

15

u > 2f

1/20

40

f < u < 2f

10

15

f < u < 2f

50

10

f < u < 2f

1/3

15

u > 2f

JADUAL 11
Terangkan kesesuaian ciri-ciri bagi setiap kanta tersebut untuk digunakan
sebagai kanta di J sebuah projektor slaid pada Rajah 11.
Kemudian pilih kanta yang paling sesuai dan nyatakan sebab-sebab
pemilihan tersebut.
[10 markah]

(c)

Satu objek diletakkan pada jarak 30 cm dari kanta cekung dengan panjang
fokus 15 cm. Tentukan
(i) kedudukam imej,
(ii) pembesaran linear objek,
(iii) ciri-ciri imej.
[6 markah]

QUESTIO
N

ANSWER
a)

MARKS

(i)

Image that cannot be formed on the screen.

(ii)

Real, upright and magnified

(iii)

To obtain an upright image.

11.

Characteristic
Reason
Convex lens
To obtain real and magnified
(1)
image
(1)
Short focal length High lens power
(1)
(1)
f < u < 2f
To obtain real and magnified
(1)
image
(1)
High
To obtain magnified image
magnification
(1)
(1)
magnification.
(c)
(i)
1 = 1 + 1
f
u
v
1
v
1
v
1
v
v

b)
Lens C is the
most suitable,
because it is a
convex lens, has
a short focal
length, with the
location of f < u
< 2f and has
high

= 1 - 1
f
u
= - 1 - 1
15 30
= - 2- 1
30
= - 10 cm

1
1
1

1
(ii)

(iii)

magnification, m = v
u
= 10
3
= 1/3
virtual, diminished, upright

1
2
20
11 (a) Table 11.1 shows 5 materials which can be used to make an optical fibre.
Jadual 11.1 menunjukkan 5 jenis bahan yang boleh digunakan untuk membina serabut optik.
Material
Bahan

Refractive index
Indeks biasan

P
Q
R
S
T

1.75
1.80
1.70
1.52
1.48

% of light energy absorbed


% tenaga cahaya yang
diserap
2%
10 %
2%
3%
10 %

Rigidity
Ketegaran

Strength
Kekuatan

Strong
Weak
Weak
Strong
Weak

Weak
Strong
Strong
Strong
Weak

TABLE 11.1 / JADUAL 11.1

(i)

Write an equation for finding the refractive index of a material in term of velocity of light?
Tuliskan satu persamaan untuk menentukan indeks biasan satu bahan dalam sebutan
halaju cahaya.
[1 mark]

(ii)

With the help of a diagram, explain the working principle of an optical fibre.
Dengan bantuan gambar rajah, jelaskan prinsip kerja satu serabut optik.
[4 marks]

(iii) You are asked to investigate the characteristics of the materials in Table 11.1 which could
be used to make the optical fibre.
Explain the suitability of each characteristic and hence, determine the most suitable
material to be used to make the optical fibre.
Give a reason for your choice.
Anda ditugaskan untuk mengkaji ciri-ciri bahan dalam Jadual 11.1 untuk digunakan bagi
membuat satu serabut optik.
Terangkan kesesuaian setiap ciri dan seterusnya tentukan bahan yang paling sesuai untuk
membuat serabut optik itu.
Berikan satu sebab untuk pilihan anda.
[10 marks]

(b) Diagram 11.1 shows a coin at the bottom of a tall empty cup.
Diagram 11.2 shows the coin at the bottom of the cup when the cup is filled with water.
Rajah 11.1 menunjukkan satu duit syiling di dasar sebuah cawan kosong yang tinggi.
Rajah 11.2 menunjukkan duit syiling itu di dasar cawan apabila cawan itu diisi dengan air.
Water

DIAGRAM 11.1 / RAJAH 11.1

(i)

DIAGRAM 11.2 / RAJAH 11.2

Compare the size of the coin in Diagram 11.1 and Diagram 11.2, as seen by an observer
above the cup.
State the phenomenon that caused the difference in size of the coin in seen in Diagram 11.1
and Diagram 11.2.
Bandingkan saiz duit syiling di Rajah 11.1 dan Rajah 11.2 sebagaimana dilihat oleh
seorang pemerhati dari atas cawan itu.
Nyatakan fenomena yang menyebabkan perbezaan saiz duit syiling yang dilihat di Rajah
11.1 dan Rajah 11.2
[2 marks]

(ii)

The depth of water in Diagram 11.2 is 16 cm. Calculate the apparent depth of the coin when
viewed directly from above by the observer.
Kedalaman air di Rajah 11.2 ialah 16 cm. Hitungkan dalam ketara duit syiling itu apabila
dilihat tegak dari atas cawan oleh pemerhati itu..

4
3
[Refractive index of water / indeks biasan air =

]
[2 marks]

(c) Suggest one method that will make the coin appear nearer to the observer than in (b)(i).
Cadangkan satu kaedah yang akan menjadikan syiling itu kelihatan lebih dekat dengan
pemerhati berbanding dengan di (b)(i).
[1 mark]

Question 11
1
11(a)

(i)

State the equation correctly


refractive index

(ii)

speed of light in vacuum


speed of light in the mediujm

Diagram shows a curved optical fibre (with outer and


internal layer) with at least two total internal reflection

State the relationship of the refractive index correctly

The refractive index of the internal layer of the optical fibre is


greater than that of the external layer or air
State that the angle of incidence is greater than the critical
angle
Angle of incidence, i > critical angle, c

State the correct phenomenon occur


Total internal reflection occur

10

(iii)

States a suitable refractive index and reason


1

High refractive index

Total internal reflection can occur easily


State a suitable % of light energy absorbed and reason

Small amount of light energy being absorbed by the material

The object under observation can be seen clearly // more light


can be transmitted
State a suitable rigidity of the material and reason

Material with weak rigidity

The optical fibre can be bent easily


State a suitable strength of the material and reason

Material with great strength

The optical fibre can last longer/not easily spoil


Choose the most suitable material and justify the choice

(b)

(i)

Material R

10

High refractive index, low % of light energy absorbed, weak


rigidity and great strength
State the comparison correctly

The coin appears bigger when seen by observer B


2

State the reason correctly


The coin is nearer to the observer B

(ii)

Making a correct substitution


4 16
=
3
x

Correct answer with unit


12 cm

Question 11 (continued)

(c)

State a suggestion correctly


Add in more water//add in some salt solution

20

Question 12
1
12(a)

(i)

Diagram shows the connection correctly


Three resistors are connected one after another

(ii)

10

(b)

State the current through each appliance correctly


The current through each electrical appliance is higher//The
bulbs in the parallel circuit light up brighter compared to the
same bulbs in series circuit// Effective resistance is much
smaller when connected in parallel circuit
State that each electrical appliance is independent of the
other
If any devices/components broke down, others can still be used
State the installation of circuit breaker
The circuit breaker / fuse can be connected to each path for
safety
State that the electrical appliances can be operated
separately
Only certain devices that are not in use can be switched off.
The current can still flow through the other path
State a suitable power and reason

Low power lamp

Safe cost//electric bill


State a suitable efficiency and reason

High efficiency

The room looks brighter//high output power//less power


wastage
State a suitable life span and reason

Long life span

No need to replace often


State a suitable price and reason

Low price

Save money/cost
Choose the most suitable lamp and justify the choice

Long fluorescent

10

Low power with highest efficiency, long hours of life span and
medium price