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DAFTAR ISI

Halaman
HALAMAN JUDUL....................................................................................

HALAMAN PENGESAHAN......................................................................

ii

KATA PENGANTAR...................................................................................

iv

DAFTAR ISI................................................................................................

vi

DAFTAR GAMBAR....................................................................................

xiii

DAFTAR TABEL.........................................................................................

xvii

DAFTAR LAMPIRAN................................................................................

xviii

BAB I PENDAHULUAN
1.1 Latar Belakang.......................................................................................

1.2 Ruang Lingkup.......................................................................................

1.3 Maksud dan Tujuan................................................................................

1.4 Waktu dan Lokasi Kerja Praktek............................................................

1.5 Metode Pengumpulan Data....................................................................

1.6 Sistematika Penulisan Laporan..............................................................

BAB II GAMBARAN UMUM PERUSAHAAN


2.1 Sejarah PT PLN (Persero)......................................................................

2.1.1 Periode Sebelum Tahun 1943..............................................................

2.1.2 Periode Tahun 1943-1945....................................................................

2.1.3 Periode Tahun1945-1950.....................................................................

2.1.4 Periode Tahun 1951-1966....................................................................

2.1.5 Periode Tahun 1967-1985....................................................................

2.1.6 Periode Tahun 1985-1990....................................................................

2.1.7 Periode Tahun 1990-Sekarang.............................................................

2.1.8 Sejarah Singkat Berdirinya PT PLN (Persero) Rayon


Semarang Tengah................................................................................

11

2.2 Dasar Hukum berdirinya PT PLN (Persero)..........................................

13

2.3 Visi, Misi dan Motto PT PLN (Persero).................................................

13

2.4 Nilai-nilai dan pedoman Perilaku PT PLN (Persero) Rayon


Semarang Tengah...................................................................................

15

2.5 Makna Logo PT PLN (Persero)..............................................................

16

2.6 Lokasi PT PLN (Persero) Rayon Semarang Tengah..............................

18

2.7 Cakupan Wilayah Kerja PT PLN (Persero) Rayon


Semarang Tengah...................................................................................

18

2.8 Bidang Usaha dan Wilayah Kerja PT PLN (Persero) Rayon


Semarang Tengah...................................................................................

19

2.9 Struktur Organisasi PT PLN (Persero) Rayon Semarang Tengah..........

20

2.10 Job Description....................................................................................

20

2.11 Prosedur Kerja PT PLN (Persero) Rayon Semarang Tengah...............

22

BAB III SISTEM DISTRIBUSI TENAGA LISTRIK TEGANGAN MENENGAH


20 KV
3.1 Sistem Distribusi Tenaga Listrik............................................................

24

3.2 Klasifikasi Berdasarkan Tegangan Pengenal..........................................

25

3.3 Jaringan Distribusi Primer.....................................................................

25

3.3.1 Jaringan Distribusi Pola Radial...........................................................

25

3.3.2 Jaringan Distribusi Pola Tertutup........................................................

26

3.4 Komponen Utama Pada Sistem Jaringan Distribusi Primer..................

30

3.4.1 Tiang....................................................................................................

31

3.4.2 Isolator.................................................................................................

32

3.4.3 Konduktor (Penghantar)......................................................................

34

3.4.4 Transformator......................................................................................

36

3.4.5 Fuse Cut Out.......................................................................................

37

3.4.6 kWh Meter Export-Import...................................................................

39

3.4.7 Peralatan Hubung................................................................................

39

3.5 Komponen Utama Pada Sistem Jaringan Distribusi Sekunder..............

44

3.5.1 Pengahntar Twisted Cable...................................................................

44

3.5.2 Fixing Collar.......................................................................................

45

3.5.3 Stainless Steel Strip.............................................................................

45

3.5.4 Link......................................................................................................

45

3.5.5 Plastic Strap/Plastic Tie......................................................................

46

3.5.6 Service Wedge Clamp..........................................................................

46

3.5.7 Strain Clamp/Klem Tarik....................................................................

46

3.5.8 Pipa Galvanis.......................................................................................

46

3.5.9 Strain Hook/Klem Tarik......................................................................

46

3.5.10 Penutup Tiang Atap...........................................................................

47

3.5.11 Tule....................................................................................................

47

3.5.12 Pipa PVC...........................................................................................

47

3.5.13 Plastic Conduit (Pipa PVC/Plastic Conduit)....................................

47

3.5.14 Stopping Buckle.................................................................................

47

3.5.15 Papan APP-OK..................................................................................

47

3.5.16 Panel Hubung Bagi............................................................................

47

3.5.17 Plastic Glass/Glass Cover Transparan..............................................

48

3.5.18 Pemutus Beban Mini (Mini Circuit Breaker)....................................

48

3.5.19 Join Sleeve Bimetal...........................................................................

48

3.5.20 Heatshrink dan Coldshrink Sleeve....................................................

48

3.5.21 Sadapan dan Terminasi (Connector Tap)..........................................

48

3.5.22 Material Penunjang............................................................................

48

3.5.23 Meter kWh.........................................................................................

48

3.5.24 Trafo Arus (CT).................................................................................

49

BAB IV MEKANISME PENGERJAAN PERUBAHAN DAYA 41,5 KVA- 131


KVA PADA YAYASAN PENDIDIKAN WIDYA MITRA
4.1 Pelanggan Mengajukan Permohonan Perubahan Tarif/Daya.................

50

4.1.1 Via 123.................................................................................................

51

4.1.2 Via Webmail........................................................................................

52

4.1.3 Via Surat..............................................................................................

53

4.1.4 Via Loket.............................................................................................

53

4.2 Muncul Surat Permohonan dan Nomor Agenda Melalui Aplikasi

Pelayanan Pelanggan Terpusat (AP2T)..................................................

53

4.3 Survey Lapangan....................................................................................

54

4.3.1 Peralatan Survey..................................................................................

55

4.3.2 Penentuan Titik Penanaman Tiang......................................................

55

4.3.3 Melihat Beban Trafo Terpasang ke Pelanggan....................................

56

4.3.4 Jenis Kontruksi Sambungan Listrik Tenaga Menengah......................

61

4.3.5 Jenis Kontruksi Sambungan Listrik Tenaga Rendah...........................

62

4.3.6 Jenis Kabel..........................................................................................

62

4.3.7 Area Pelayanan Sambungan Tenaga Listrik Tegangan Rendah..........

63

4.3.8 Jarak Aman..........................................................................................

63

4.3.9 Kontruksi Sambungan Kabel Udara Jaringan Tegangan Rendah........

64

4.3.10 Instalasi APP......................................................................................

65

4.4 Muncul Gambar Teknik dan Rencana Anggaran Biaya (RAB).............

65

4.4.1 Gambar Teknik....................................................................................

65

4.4.2 Rencana Anggaran Biaya (RAB)........................................................

66

4.5 Persetujuan Hasil Survey........................................................................

66

4.6 Calon Pelanggan Akan Menerima Surat Izin Pemasangan....................

68

4.7 Calon Pelanggan Melakukan Penandatanganan Surat Perjanjian


Jual Beli Tenaga Listrik (SPJBTL).........................................................

68

4.8 Muncul Surat Perintah Kerja dan Berita Acara......................................

68

4.8.1 Perintah Kerja......................................................................................

69

4.8.2 Berita Acara.........................................................................................

69

10

4.9 Bon Material ke Gudang........................................................................

69

4.10 Pemasangan..........................................................................................

70

4.10.1 Peralatan Kerja..................................................................................

70

4.10.2 Membuat Surat Permohonan Pemadaman kepada Area


Semarang............................................................................................

75

4.10.3 Memberikan Surat Pemadaman kepada Pelanggan yang


Terdampak..........................................................................................

75

4.10.4 Manuver Jaringan Tegangan Menengah............................................

75

4.10.5 Lubang Galian Tiang.........................................................................

77

4.10.6 Pondasi Tiang....................................................................................

78

4.10.7 Pendirian Tiang..................................................................................

79

4.10.8 Pemasangan Kontuksi Atas Tiang (Pole Top Contruction)...............

80

4.10.9 Pemasangan Trafo.............................................................................

82

4.10.10 Pemasangan Penghantar..................................................................

83

4.10.11 Penyambungan dan Sadapan Penghantar........................................

85

4.10.12 Pemasangan Pembumian Penghantar Netral...................................

85

4.10.13 Pemasangan Kelengkapan Kontruksi (Pole Accessories)...............

86

4.10.14 Pemasangan Alat Pengukuran dan Pembatas..................................

86

4.10.15 Penyegelan.......................................................................................

88

4.10.15 Penyelesaian Akhir (Finishing).......................................................

90

4.11 Berkas Disimpan di Ruang AIL............................................................

91

5.1 Kesimpulan.............................................................................................

92

11

5.2 Saran.......................................................................................................
DAFTAR PUSTAKA
LAMPIRAN

12

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DAFTAR GAMBAR
Halaman
Gambar 2.1 Bangunan PT PLN Rayon Semarang Tengah...........................

12

Gambar 2.2 Lokasi PT PLN. Rayon Semarang Tengah...............................

13

Gambar 2.3 Logo PT PLN (Persero)............................................................

16

Gambar 3.1 Sistem Tenaga Listrik ..............................................................

24

Gambar 3.2 Jaringan Distribusi Pola Radial................................................

26

Gambar 3.3 Jaringan Distribusi Pola Loop..................................................

27

Gambar 3.4 Konfigurasi Tulang Ikan (Fishbone)........................................

27

Gambar 3.5 Konfigurasi Kluster (Cluster/Leap Frog).................................

28

Gambar 3.6 Konfigurasi Spindel (Spindel Configuration)..........................

28

Gambar 3.7 Konfigurasi Fork......................................................................

29

Gambar 3.8 Konfigurasi Spotload (Parallel Spot Configuration)...............

30

Gamabar 3.9 Konfigurasi Jala jala (Grid, Mesh)......................................

30

Gambar 3.10 Tiang Beton............................................................................

32

Gambar 3.11 Isolator Pin Post.....................................................................

34

Gambar 3.12 Isolator Tarik ..........................................................................

34

Gambar 3.13 Penghantar AAAC .................................................................

35

Gambar 3.14 Penghantar AAACS ...............................................................

35

Gambar 3.15 Transformator Distribusi Satu Fasa .......................................

37

Gambar 3.16 Transformator Distribusi Tiga Fasa .......................................

37

Gambar 3.17 Fuse Cut Out...........................................................................

38

13

Gambar 3.18 Fuse Link................................................................................

38

Gambar 3.19 Kwh Meter Export-Import......................................................

39

Gambar 3.20 Pemutus Tenaga (PMT) .........................................................

39

Gambar 3.21 Disconnecting Switch.............................................................

41

Gambar 3.22 ABSW......................................................................................

41

Gambar 3.23 Handle ABSW ........................................................................

42

Gambar 3.24 Load Break Switch..................................................................

43

Gambar 3.25 Recloser..................................................................................

44

Gambar 4.1 Flow Permohonan Perubahan Daya ........................................

50

Gambar 4.2 Tampilan Webmail PLN...........................................................

52

Gambar 4.3 Kondisi Ketika Suevey Lapangan

54

Gambar 4.4 Garmin Montana......................................................................

55

Gambar 4.5 Walking Measure .....................................................................

55

Gambar 4.6 Kode dana Nama User .............................................................

58

Gambar 4.7 Menu Awal................................................................................

58

Gambar 4.8 Menu Input ..............................................................................

58

Gambar 4.9 Menu ID Pelanggan..................................................................

59

Gambar 4.10 Tampilan Kolom ID Pelanggan .............................................

59

Gambar 4.11 Input ID Pelanggan ................................................................

60

Gambar 4.12 Status Beban Trafo.................................................................

60

Gambar 4.13 Kontruksi DC-C1-1H.............................................................

61

Gambar 4.14 Sambungan Mendatar Tanpa Tiang Atap ...............................

62

14

Gambar 4.15 Pengambilan Trafo di Gudang Krapyak ................................

69

Gambar 4.16 Berbagai macam Alat Pelindung Diri ....................................

70

Gambar 4.17 Berbagai macam Alat Galian..................................................

71

Gambar 4.18 Radio Komunikasi..................................................................

71

Gambar 4.19 Tangga Isolasi ........................................................................

72

Gambar 4.20 Toolkit.....................................................................................

72

Gambar 4.21 Grounding cluster...................................................................

72

Gambar 4.22 Come Along ...........................................................................

73

Gambar 4.23 Telescope Stick .......................................................................

73

Gambar 4.24 Katrol .....................................................................................

73

Gambar 4.25 Truck Crane ...........................................................................

74

Gambar 4.26 Manual Hydraulic Clamp ......................................................

74

Gambar 4.27 Calmp Meter...........................................................................

74

Gambar 4.28 Single Line Diagram SPL03...................................................

76

Gambar 4.29 Single Line Diagram SPL13 ..................................................

77

Gambar 4.30 Pendirian Tiang dengan Mobil Kran......................................

80

Gambar 4.31 Pemasangan Srandang Trafo Dilakukan Minimal oleh 2


Orang .....................................................................................

82

Gambar 4.32 Proses pengangkatan Trafo ke Serandang..............................

82

Gambar 4.33 Comealong 2 ..........................................................................

83

Gambar 4.34 Penarikan LVTC.....................................................................

84

Gambar 4.35 Penghantar Sudah Terpasang pada Kontruksi DC-C1-1H ....

84

15

Gambar 4.36 Pemasangan Grounding pada Tiang.......................................

85

Gambar 4.37 Penampakan Kotak APP 1 Unit..............................................

87

Gambar 4.38 Pembatas yang Digunakan.....................................................

88

Gambar 4.39 Pemasangan LVTC dan Kabel Milik Pelanggan pada APP....

88

Gambar 4.40 Hasil Pengukuran dengan Clamp Meter.................................

89

Gambar 4.41 Penyegelan APP dengan Tang Segel......................................

89

Gambar 4.42 Kotak APP Terpasang.............................................................

91

Gambar 4.43 Fisik Akhir Tiang JTM Sisipan ..............................................

91

16

DAFTAR TABEL
Halaman
Tabel 2.1 Wilayah PT PLN Rayon Semarang Tengah..................................

18

Tabel 2.2 Pelanggan Listrik Prabayar PLN Area Semarang.........................

19

Tabel 3.1 Penghantar Kabel Udara Jenis NFA2X-T untuk Sambungan


Pelayanan Fasa 1 dan Fasa 3, t = 300C, U 1%, Panjang Maksimum
30 Meter Sirkit .............................................................................................

45

Tabel 3.2 Jenis-jenis Stain Hook .................................................................

46

Tabel 4.1 Karakteristik Kabel Twisted TR ...................................................

61

Tabel 4.2 Jarak Aman Smbungan Luar Pelayanan ......................................

63

Tabel 4.3 Ketentuan Pembangunan Jaring untuk Layanan PBPD...............

67

Tabel 4.4 Klasifikasi Tanah untuk Berbagai Macam Pondasi Tiang ...........

78

Tabel 4.5 Penggunaan Tipe Tiang berdasarkan Jenis Tiang.........................

79

Tabel 4.6 Komponen Atas Tiang Seseuai Fungsi Tiang ..............................

80

Tabel 4.7 Komponen Kontruksi FDE, SS, ADE ..........................................

81

Tabel 4.8 Kekuatan Penarikan Penghantar Kabel Pilin ...............................

83

17

DAFTAR LAMPIRAN
Lampiran 1 Surat Permohonan dan Nomor Agenda pada AP2T
Lampiran 2 Gambar Teknik
Lampiran 3 Rencana Anggaran Biaya
Lampiran 4 Persetujuan Hasil Survey
Lampiran 5 Surat Izin Pemasangan
Lampiran 6 Surat Perjanjian Jual Beli Tenaga Listrik
Lampiran 7 Perintah Kerja
Lampiran 8 Berita Acara
Lampiran 9 TUG5
Lampiran 10 Surat Permohonan Padam ke Area Semarang
Lampiran 11 Surat Pemadaman kepada Pelanggan yang Terdampak
Lampiran 12 Perubahan Data Pelanggan
Lampiran 13 Struktur Organisasi PT PLN (Persero) Rayon Semarang Tengah
Lampiran 14 Single Line Diagram Jaringan Tegangan Menengah 20 kV PT PLN
Rayon Semarang Tengah
Lampiran 15 Surat Keterangan Magang
Lampiran 16 Tabel Kegiatan Harian Magang
Lampiran 17 Penilaian Pembimbing dari Industri
Lampiran 18 Penilaian Pembimbing dari Politeknik Negeri Semarang

18

Lampiran 19 Edaran Direksi PT PLN (Persero) Nomor 001.E/DIR/2016 tentang


Prosedur Percepatan Penyambungan Baru dan Perubahan Daya Bagi Pelanggan
Tegangan Rendah dengan Daya 100 s.d 200 kVA
Lampiran

20

Edaran

Direksi

PT

PLN

(Persero)

Nomor

0082/AGA.01.02/DJTY/2016 tentang Ketentuan Percepatan dan Kemudahan


Penyambungan Jaringan Listrik untuk PBPD

19