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# Solve what is being asked for.

1. Copper metal reacts with sulfur to form copper(I)sulfide according to the reaction:
2 Cu + S Cu2S
a) How many moles of S are needed to react with 2.00 moles of Cu?
b) How many grams of S are needed to react with 10.0 g of Cu?
2. Silicon carbide, SiC, is commonly known as carborundum. This hard substance, which is used commercially as an
abrasive, is made by heating SiO2 and C to high temperatures:
SiO2 + 3 C SiC + 2 CO
a) How many grams of SiC are formed by complete reaction of 5.00 g of SiO 2?
b) How many grams of carbon are required to react with 5.00 g of SiO 2?
3. Given the equation:
Mg + 2 HNO3 Mg(NO3)2 + H2
a) If I start this reaction with 40 grams of magnesium and an excess of nitric acid, how many grams of hydrogen
gas will I produce?
b) If 1.7 grams of hydrogen is actually produced, what was my percent yield of hydrogen?
4. Given the equation:
NaHCO3 NaOH + CO2
a) If 25 grams of carbon dioxide gas is produced in this reaction, how many grams of sodium hydroxide should
be produced?
b) If 20 grams of sodium hydroxide are actually produced, what was my percent yield?
5. Using the following equation:
Pb(SO4)2 + 4 LiNO3 Pb(NO3)4 + 2 Li2SO4
a) How many grams of lithium nitrate will be needed to make 250 grams of lithium sulfate, assuming that you
have an adequate amount of lead (IV) sulfate to do the reaction?
b) How many moles of lead (IV) nitrate will be produced if 3 moles of lead (II) sulfate reacts with 5 moles of
lithium nitrate?
c) Which is the limiting reactant?
d) Which is the excess reactant?
6. The reaction of acetic acid with aluminum hydroxide forms water and aluminum acetate:
3 HC2H3O2 + Al(OH)3 3 H2O + Al(C2H3O2)3
a) Determine the mass of aluminum acetate that can be made if I do this reaction with 125 grams of acetic acid
and 275 grams of aluminum hydroxide.
b) Which is the limiting reagent?
c) Which is the excess reactant?
7. Find the percent composition of sodium sulfate: Na2SO4
8. Find the molecular formula of a compound having a simplest formula of CH 2O and a formula mass of 180.16u.
9. Whats the empirical formula of a molecule containing 18.7% lithium, 16.3% carbon, and 65.0% oxygen? If the molar
mass of the compound is 74 grams/mole, whats the molecular formula?
10. How many molecules are there in 122 grams of Cu(NO3)2?
11. How many grams are there in 3.3 x 1023 molecules of N2I6?
12. How many moles are there in 1 x 1024 molecules of BCl3?
13. How many moles are there in 2.3 grams of NH 4SO3?
Solve what is being asked for.
1. Copper metal reacts with sulfur to form copper(I)sulfide according to the reaction:
2 Cu + S Cu2S
a) How many moles of S are needed to react with 2.00 moles of Cu?
b) How many grams of S are needed to react with 10.0 g of Cu?
2. Silicon carbide, SiC, is commonly known as carborundum. This hard substance, which is used commercially as an abrasive, is made
by heating SiO2 and C to high temperatures:
SiO2 + 3 C SiC + 2 CO
a) How many grams of SiC are formed by complete reaction of 5.00 g of SiO2?
b) How many grams of carbon are required to react with 5.00 g of SiO2?
3. Given the equation:
Mg + 2 HNO3 Mg(NO3)2 + H2
a) If I start this reaction with 40 grams of magnesium and an excess of nitric acid, how many grams of hydrogen gas will I
produce?
b) If 1.7 grams of hydrogen is actually produced, what was my percent yield of hydrogen?
4. Given the equation:
NaHCO3 NaOH + CO2
a) If 25 grams of carbon dioxide gas is produced in this reaction, how many grams of sodium hydroxide should be
produced?
b) If 50 grams of sodium hydroxide are actually produced, what was my percent yield?
5. Using the following equation:
Pb(SO4)2 + 4 LiNO3 Pb(NO3)4 + 2 Li2SO4
a) How many grams of lithium nitrate will be needed to make 250 grams of lithium sulfate, assuming that you have an
adequate amount of lead (IV) sulfate to do the reaction?
b) How many moles of lead (IV) nitrate will be produced if 3 moles of lead (II) sulfate reacts with 5 moles of lithium
nitrate?
c) Which is the limiting reactant?

## d) Which is the excess reactant?

6. The reaction of acetic acid with aluminum hydroxide forms water and aluminum acetate:
3 HC2H3O2 + Al(OH)3 3 H2O + Al(C2H3O2)3
a) Determine the mass of aluminum acetate that can be made if I do this reaction with 125 grams of acetic acid and 275
grams of aluminum hydroxide.
b) Which is the limiting reagent?
c) Which is the excess reactant?
7. Find the percent composition of sodium sulfate: Na2SO4
8. Find the molecular formula of a compound having a simplest formula of CH2O and a formula mass of 180.16u.
9. Whats the empirical formula of a molecule containing 18.7% lithium, 16.3% carbon, and 65.0% oxygen? If the molar mass of the
compound is 74 grams/mole, whats the molecular formula?
10. How many molecules are there in 122 grams of Cu(NO3)2?
11. How many grams are there in 3.3 x 1023 molecules of N2I6?
12. How many moles are there in 1 x 1024 molecules of BCl3?
13. How many moles are there in 2.3 grams of NH4SO3?