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MAPA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY

CHM12-3
A YGC Member
Solids,
Liquids and Solutions
School of Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Problem Set No. 2

NAME:_____________________________________________________SECTION:____ DATE:________ SCORE:________

Place your solutions on the space provided. Encircle/box your final answers.
1. The solubility of CO2 in water at 25C and 1 atm is 0.034 mol/L. What is its solubility under atmospheric
conditions? The partial pressure of CO2 in air is 0.0003 atm. Assume that CO2 obeys the Henrys Law.

2. Silver is a metal commonly used in jewelry and photography. It crystallizes with a face-centered cubic (FCC)
unit cell 0.407 nm on an edge.
a) What is the atomic radius of silver in cm? (1 nm = 10-7 cm)

b) What is the volume of a single silver atom? (The volume of a spherical ball of radius r is

4
V = r 3 .)
3

c) What is the density of a single silver atom?

3. What are the boiling point and freezing point of a 2.47 m solution of naphthalene in benzene? The boiling
point and freezing point of benzene are 80.1C and 5.5C, respectively.

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MAPA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY


CHM12-3
A YGC Member
Solids,
Liquids and Solutions
School of Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Problem Set No. 2

4. A solution of 6.85 g of a carbohydrate in 100.0g of water has a density of 1.024 g/mL and an osmotic
pressure of 4.61 atm and 20.0C. Calculate the molar mass of the carbohydrate.

5. A solution is prepared by dissolving 396 g of sucrose (C 12H22O11) in 624 g of water. What is the vapor
pressure of this solution at 30C? The vapor pressure of water is 31.8 mm Hg at 30C.

6. Calculate the molarity and molality of NH 3 for a solution of 30.0 g of NH 3 in 70.0 g of water. The density of
the solution is 0.982 g/mL.

7. Calculate the percent by mass of the solute in each of these aqueous solutions:
(a) 5.50 g of NaBr in 78.2 g of solution

(b) 31.0 g of KCl in 152 g of water

(c) 4.5 g of toluene in 29 g of benzene

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MAPA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY


CHM12-3
A YGC Member
Solids,
Liquids and Solutions
School of Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Problem Set No. 2

8. Iron crystallizes with a face-centered cubic unit cell. The density of iron is 7.86 g/cm 3. Calculate the
volume of the cubic lattice.

9. Silver crystallizes with a body-centered cubic lattice. The radius of a silver atom is 0.144 nm. Calculate the
volume of solid silver.

10. A solution of 0.72% wt HCl freezes at -0.706C. Calculate the apparent molecular weight of HCl.

11. A 100-mL solution contains 4.7 g MgCl 2 (MM=94). The density of the solution is 1.03 g/mL. Express the
concentration of the solution in:
a) % by mass

b) molarity

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MAPA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY


CHM12-3
A YGC Member
Solids,
Liquids and Solutions
School of Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Problem Set No. 2

c) normality

12. A 37.0 g sample of a new covalent compound, a non-electrolyte, was dissolved in 2.00 x 10 2 g of water.
The resulting solution froze at -5.58C. What is the molecular weight of the compound?

13. How much ethyl alcohol in mL can be distilled from 1.5 L of a 90 proof wine?

14. To what volume must 30 mL of a 2.5 M NaOH solution be diluted to make a 0.4 M solution?

15. 58.8 g H2SO4 (MM=98) is added to H2O to make 500 mL solution. If the density of the solution is 1.2
g/mL, calculate the molality of the solution.

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MAPA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY


CHM12-3
A YGC Member
Solids,
Liquids and Solutions
School of Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Problem Set No. 2

16. The vapor pressure of pure water at 26C is 25.21 mm Hg. What is the vapour pressure of a solution
which contains 20 g glucose, C6H12O6 (MM=180) in 70 g water at the same temperature?

17. How many grams of benzoic acid, C7H8O2 (MM=122) must be dissolved in 78.1 g of ethanol to raise the
boiling point by 4.00C?

18. The molar mass of codeine is 317 g/mol. The osmotic pressure of a saturated solution of codeine in water
is 0.641 atm at 25C. How many grams of codeine are dissolved in one liter of the saturated solution?

19. What is the osmotic pressure of 2 liter solution in which 50 g of sucrose, C 12H22O11 is dissolved in 150 g of
water at 21C?

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MAPA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY


CHM12-3
A YGC Member
Solids,
Liquids and Solutions
School of Chemical Engineering and Chemistry Problem Set No. 2

20. The osmotic pressure of a 0.010 M potassium iodide (KI) solution at 25C is 0.465 atm. Calculate the vant
Hoff factor for KI at this concentration.

21. In Denver the normal atmospheric pressure is 630 torr. At what temperature does water boil in Denver?
Use the Clausius-Clapeyron equation. Hvap = 40.7 kJ/mol

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