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IntelLiDrives: Rotary Tables, Linear Actuators, XY Tables, Rotary ...


Rotary table construction

Torque motors are also called "frameless" motors. They don't have housings,
bearings, or feedback devices. In this sense the motor is a kit and meant to be part
of the machine structure. Torque motors are designed as direct drives. They
eliminate the need for gearboxes, worm-gear drives, and other mechanical
transmission elements and directly couple the payload to the drive. This makes
rotary drives with high dynamic responses and no hysteresis possible. The large
inner diameter of a torque motor is a big advantage in machine tool design. Large
hollow shaft allows designers to design rotary table to support bearings, feedback devices and payloads.
Torque motors are available in a wide range of sizes, with diameters from smaller than 100 mm to larger than 1 m.
Motor diameter is similar to frame size for conventional brush-less servomotors. And for a given diameter, several
axial lengths are available.
Torque motors have a large number of magnetic pole-pairs with many permanent magnets on the rotor. Torque
motors can be built as thin rings. They have smooth velocity modulation with low ripple. Eddy-current losses in torque
motors constrains the maximum practical number of pole pairs and speed. As a result, torque motors are primarily
designed for low/mid-speed range applications, generally below 1,000 rpm.
Torque motors produce high torque at stall and can have high dynamic stiffness. However, the motor alone does not
determine dynamic stiffness or precision. To exploit the full benefits of direct-drive, an integrated rotary table must
also contain precision feedback device and high stiffness bearing to provide a high-performance rotary stage.

High-precision, high-resolution feedback is essential for optimal performance of rotary tables. Because loads are
directly coupled to the drives, higher accuracy is possible. Rotary table positioning resolution is also in direct relation
to the feedback's resolution, so it takes an encoder with a high line count and a high resolution interpolation factor.
System resolution below 1 arc-sec is achievable in direct drive rotary stages..
An important difference between direct-drive rotary tables and those driven by conventional dc servomotors and
gearboxes is that torque motors are found inside the rotary table axis and are part of the machine. Most of torque
motors include provision for liquid cooling which effectively increases the continuous torque rating of the motor and
higher power rating of the rotary table. Air cooling, while an option, is much less effective than liquid-based cooling.
A torque motor is only one element in a complete rotary stage. It still needs a mechanical structure with high rigidity
and precision bearings. It is an overall integration of these elements that determines complete rotary stage

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12-03-2012 PM 08:36