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UNIVERSIDAD NACIONAL MAYOR DE

SAN MARCOS
FACULTAD DE QUMICA E INGENIERA QUMICA
E.A.P DE INGENIERIA QUIMICA
DEPARTAMENTO ACADMICO DE
CALCULOS ECONOMICOS EN INGENIERIA QUMICA

ESTIMACIN DE LA INVERSIN FIJA


PLANTA DRYING OIL PRODUCTION
PROFESOR

:
PORLESS

REFERENCIA

APENDICE B, LIBRO TURTON, 3ERA EDICIN


EQUIPO DE TRABAJO

FECHA

ALVARADO HUANCA, MANUEL AUGUSTO

13070026

ESPINAL SAMANIEGO, JEAN JORGUE

13070171

ORTIZ AVALLE, ALEJANDRO BRAYAN

13070186

Enero 27, 2016

Lima-Per
2016

TABLA DE CONTENIDO

1) OBJETIVO_______________________________________________________3
2) CAPACIDAD DE PLANTA________________________________________4
3) DESCRIPCIN DEL DIAGRAMA DE FLUJO DE PROCESO ( PFD)
5
4) DESARROLLO DEL CLCULO DE INVERSIN FIJA_____________7

1)

OBJETIVO

Estimar la inversin fija de la planta Drying Oil Production a nivel preliminar,


usando la ingeniera conceptual.

2)

CAPACIDAD DE PLANTA

3)

DESCRIPCIN DEL DIAGRAMA DE FLUJO DE PROCESO (PFD)

4)

V -5 0 1
R e c y c le
M ix in g
Ve ssel

P - 5 0 1 A /B
Feed
P um p

H
F
F
H

-5 0 1
eed
ir e d
e a te r

R
D
O
R

-5 0 1
r y in g
il
e a c to r

E
R
E
C

-5 0 1
e a c to r
fflu e n t
o o le r

V -5 0 2 A /B
G um
F i lt e r
H o ld in g
Vessel

T -5 0 1
A C O
R e c y c le
Tow e r

E -5 0 2
R e c y le
Tow e r
R e b o ile r

E -5 0 3
R e c y le
Tow e r
C ondenser

V -5 0 3
R e cycl
Tow e r
R e flu x
D ru m

P - 5 0 2 A /B
R e c y c le
Tow e r
R e flu x
P um p

a c e ty la t e d
c a s to r o il
1

H -5 0 1

F IC

V -5 0 1

P - 5 0 1 A /B

V -5 0 2 A /B

a ir n g
T -5 0 1
7

R -5 0 1

E -5 0 2

14
5

D o w th e r
fro m H -5

lp s

E -5 0 1

lp s

13

P - 5 0 4 A /B

F ig u r e 1 : D r y in g O il P r o d u
DESARROLLO DEL CLCULO DE
INVERSIN FIJA
BOMBAS:

Ecuaciones para hallar la IF de bombas:

log 10 C p=K 1+ K 2 log 10 A + K 3 [log 10 ( A )]

(A.1)

BM =C pF BM =C p (B 1+ B2 F M F P )
C

(A.2)

log 10 F P C 1+C 2 log10 P+C 3[log 10 (P)]2

(A.3)

P-503A/B
CUADRO 1: DATOSDatos
DE BOMBAS
Pumps

Centrifugal/ electric
:
drive
P-501 A/B
Stainless
steel
Centrifugal/
electric drive
Power= 0.8 kW
Carbon steel
80% efficient
Power= 0.9 kW
P-504 A/B
80% efficient
Stainless steel / electric drive
NPSHr at design flow = 14 ft of liquid
Power= 0.3kW
P-502 A/B
80% efficient
Centrifugal/ electric drive
NPSHr at design flow = 12 ft of liquid
Stainless steel
Power= 1 kW
80% efficient

CUADRO 2 : Constantes de costos de equipo para la ecuacin A.1

Constantes:
3,3892
Constants
for 0,0536
Bare 0,1538
Module
Factor :
1,89
1,35

CUADRO 3: Contantes de Bare Module factor para ser usado en la ecuacin A.2

K1
K2
K3

B1
B2

CUADRO 4 : Factores de presin para procesos de equipo para ser usado en la ecuacin A.3

C1

C2
0
-0,3935

Rango
de
C3
Presin
0
0
P<10
10<P<1
0,3957
-0,00226
00

Ejemplo de clculo de inversin fija de bombas:


P-501

(barg)

De la ecuacin A.1:
O

log C p =0.3935+0.3957 log 10 A +0.00226[ log 10 ( A)]


COp =2438.200505

Especificando las presiones de trabajo, calculamos un

FP

log 10 F P 0+ 0 log 10 0.675+ 0[log 10 (0.675)]2


F P=1
Para el

F BM

F BM =1.89+1.3511.5=3.915
Finalmente
C BM ( 2001 )=CpF BM =9545.55498 $
Para el presente ao
C BM ( 2016 )=

P-501
P-502
P-503
P-504

9545.55498660.4242
=15879.38416 $
397

CP:
FP
2438.200
505
2450.191
337
2429.126
007
2530.596
802

CUADRO 5. Resultados

FM

Identificatio
n Number

Presio
POTENC n
IA KW:
(barg)

1.5

38

0.9

0.675

2.3

39

0.05

2.3

39

0.8

0.25

2.3

39

0.3

Materi Cbm
Cbm
al
(2001)
(2016)
9545.554 15879
C steel
98
S
12238.70 20359
Steel
57
S
12133.48 20184
Steel
44
S
12640.33 21027
Steel
1

Intercambiadores de calor:
CUADRO X : DATOS DE INTERCAMBIADORES DE CALOR

E-501
A= 26.2
1-2exchanger, floating
head
Stainless
steel
Process stream in tubes
Q= 6329
E-502
A= 57.5
1-2exchanger, floating
head
Stainless
steel
Process stream in shell
Q= 5569
E-503
A= 2.95
1-2exchanger, floating
head
Stainless
steel
Process stream in shell
Q= 1029
E-504
A= 64.8
1-2exchanger, floating
head
Stainless
steel
Process stream in shell
Q= 719

E-505
A= 0.58
1-2exchanger, floating
head
Stainless steel
Process stream in shell
Q= 230
E-506
A= 919
1-2exchanger, floating
head
Stainless steel
Process stream in tubes
Q= 4962

CUADRO 5 : Constantes de costos de equipo para la ecuacin A.1

Constants
for

Pressure
Factors
for

Presure Range
(Barg)

process
equipme
nt
Bare
Module
Factor :

E-501
E-502
E-503
E-504
E-505
E-506

C1
0

B1
B2

1.63
1.66

C1
C2
C3

Constante
s:
4.8306
-0.8509
0.3187

CP:
FP
18401.68
18
20899.27
24
31708.51
96
21629.26
51
112133.5
53
128143.2
23

C2

0.03881

Identification
Number

FM

0
0.11272

AREA:

2.9

12

26.2

2.7

57.5

2.7

2.95

2.7

64.8

2.7

0.58

2.7

919

H-501
Stainless steel
sieve trays plus
56
reboiler and
condenser
25% efficient trays
Total condenser
Feed on tray
32
Reflux
ratio
0.15
12-in tray spacing, 2.2-in weirs
column height
17 m
diameter
2.1 m
below feed and
0.65 m
above

C3
0 P<5
0.08183 5<P<140

Presio
n
Materi Cbm
(barg) al
(2001)
118580.4
0.83 S steel
374
S
127736.3
0.36 Steel
528
S
193802.4
0.25 Steel
719
S
132198.0
0.25 Steel
681
S
685360.2
0.05 Steel
782
S
783211.3
0 Steel
796

Cbm
(2013)
169447.5
62
182531.0
65
276937.3
86
188906.7
1
979357.3
95
1119183.
41

H-501
Stainless steel
sieve trays plus
35
reboiler and
condenser
52% efficient trays
Total condenser
Feed on tray
23
Reflux
ratio
0.52
12-in tray spacing, 2.8-in weirs
column height
11 m
diameter
0.45 m

feed

Cp (tabla)
T-501
T-502

$/m2

rea
T-501
T-502

m2

2500
1800

0.32
0.45

Pressure Factors for process


equipment
C1
C2
C3
0.4771
0.08516
Ft
1

CP:

FQ

FBM

0.3473 N<20
N>20

Identification
Number
Presion (barg) Material

T-501

800

1.8

61

0.00136 SS

T-502

810

1.8

61

0.00125 SS

Cbm
Cbm (2001) (201
134
80640
848
51030

DIAMETRO
VOLUMEN

V-501
horizontal
carbon
steel
0.9919
2.3

DIAMETRO
VOLUMEN

V-503
horizontal
stainless
steel
0.9919
2.3

DIAMETRoO
VOLUMEN

V-502
vertical
stainless
steel
0.9142
3
V-504
horizontal

DIAMETRO
VOLUMEN

carbon steel
0.5031
0.3

EJEMPLO DE CLCULO VESSELS:


CUADRO x Caractersticas de vessels

CUADRO x. Constantes de costo de equipo

CS
Constantes: (horizontal)

SS(vertical)

K1

3.5565

3.4974

K2

0.3776

0.4485

K3

0.0905

0.1074

CUADRO x. Constantes bare module factor

Constants
Bare
Module for
Factor :
B1
B2

V-501
Para hallar los

Cp

CS
(horizontal) SS(vertical)
1.49
2.25
1.52
1.82

O
2
log Cp ( 2001 )=K 1 + K 2 log P+ K 3 (log P)

Luego
2.3
log()2

Cp O ( 2001 )=3.5565+0.3776 log(2.3)+0.0905


log
Finalmente
O

C p =539506.8084 $
F BM

Para hallar el

F BM =B 1+ B2 F M F P
Luego, el

Fp

siendo P la presin de trabajo y D el dimetro

( P+1 )D
+0.00315
29440.91.2(P+1)
F p , vessels=
0.0063
Despus
F p =0.69254747
Volviendo al

F BM

F BM =1.49+1.5210.69254747=2.5425
Finalmente para el
C BM ( 2001 )=CpF BM =1371788.94
Para el presente ao:
C BM ( 2016 )=C BM

( 2001 )660.4747
=2282021.7 $
397

CUADRO x. Resultados

CP:

FP

FM

Identificatio Presion Materia Cbm


n Number (barg) l
(2001)

Cbm
(2016)

V-501
V-502
V-503
V-504

539506.8
084
5442.994
84
5069.090
99
2419.936
016

0.692547
47

18

1.075 C steel

0.707021
0.713460
08

3.11

20

1.42 S Steel

3.11

20

1.3 S Steel

0.601197

18

1.15 C steel

1371788.9
4
34028.951
9
24649.309
1
5817.0892
5

2282021.
7
56608.42
15
41005.03
84
9676.943
35

H-501
total heat duty

13219 MJ/h
3672 kW
4000 kW

Design capacity
Carbon steel tubes
85% thermal
efficiency
Constantes:
K1
K2
K3

6.9617
-1.48
0.3161

Pressure
Factors for
process
equipment
Presure Range (Barg)
C1
C2
C3
0
0
0 P<20
2.894072
-4.23476
1.722404 20<P<40

CP:
H50
1

539506.80
84

R-501
Stainless steel
vessel

F
P
1

Ft
1.245642
85

FB
M
2.2

Identificati
on
POTENC Presion
Number IA KW
(barg)
53

4000

Materi
al

0.00425 C steel

Cbm
(2001)
1478472.1
59

C
(

volumen
5.3m
long
0.53 diameter

3672
1.15 m3

K1
K2
K3

Constantes:
4.7116
-0.5521
0.0004

Presin

kPa
4
5

P-501

195
183

CP:
FBM
47652.99
442
4

Presion
(barg)

Materia Cbm
l
(2001)
Cbm (2016)
190611.97 317090.082
0.00189 SS
77
8

H-501
Stainless
steel
sieve trays plus reboiler and
condenser
25% efficient trays
Total
condenser
Feed on
tray
Reflux
ratio
12-in tray spacing, 2.2-in
weirs
column
height
diameter
below feed
and
above feed

H-501
Stainless steel
56

sieve trays plus


reboiler and condenser
52% efficient trays

35

Total condenser
32
0.15

17 m
2.1 m
0.65 m

Feed on tray
Reflux
ratio
12-in tray spacing, 2.8in weirs
column height
diamet
er

23

0.52

11

0.45

C3
0.3473 N<20
N>20

CP:
T501

742.9251
564

T502

772.1381
159

FQ

FBM AREA

1.8

1.8

0.32

0.45

Identificati Presio
on
n
Materi Cbm
Number (barg) al
(2001)

Cbm
(2016)

61

0.001
36 SS

74886.85
58

124577.0
575

61

0.001
25 SS

48644.70
13

80922.26
182