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Summary of Shapes
For full details please refer to
SANS 282:2004

Notes
1. Use shape code 99 for all other shapes a dimensioned sketch
of the shape shall be given in the bending schedule.
2. Radii of all bends are standard unless r is given in bending schedule.
3. All dimensions are external (outside) dimensions.

200mm

400mm

600mm

800mm 1000mm 1200mm 1400mm 1600mm 1800mm 2000mm 2200mm 2400mm 2600mm

BAR SPACING, SECTIONAL AREAS PER METER WIDTH (mm2)


Bar

Bar spacing mm

mm

50

75

80

100

125

150

175

200

225

250

275

1010

671

628

503

402

335

287

252

223

201

183

300
167

10

1570

1046

982

785

628

523

448

393

349

314

285

261

12

2260

1506

1414

1130

904

753

645

565

502

452

410

376

16

4020

2679

2512

2010

1608

1339

1148

1005

892

804

730

669

20

6280

4186

3927

3140

2512

2091

1793

1570

1394

1256

1140

1046

25

9820

6545

6136

4910

3928

3270

2804

2455

2180

1964

1782

1635

32

16100

10717

10050

8040

6432

5355

4591

4020

3570

3216

2919

2677

40

25100

16796

15700

12600

10080

8392

7195

6300

5594

5040

4574

4196

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100mm

200mm

300mm

400mm

500mm

600mm

SECTIONAL AREAS OF GROUPS OF BARS (mm2)


Diameter

Number of Bars

of bars (mm)

10

50.3

101

151

201

251

302

352

402

453

503

10

78.5

157

236

314

393

471

550

628

707

785

12

113

226

339

452

565

678

791

905

1017

1130

16

201

402

603

804

1005

1206

1407

1608

1809

2010

20

314

628

942

1256

1570

1884

2198

2512

2826

3140

25

491

982

1473

1964

2455

2946

3437

3928

4419

4910

32

804

1608

2412

3216

4020

4824

5628

6432

7236

8040

40

1260

2520

3780

5040

6300

7560

8820

10080

11340

12600

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TABLE OF SIZES, AREA, PERIMETER AND MASS


Diameter mm

6*1

8*2

10

12

16

20

25

32

40*2

Area mm2

28.3

50.3

78.5

113

201

314

491

804

1260

Perimeter

18.8

25.1

31.4

37.7

50.3

62.9

78.6

100.6

125.7

Mass Kg / m

0.222

0.395

0.617

0.888

1.58

2.47

3.85

6.31

9.86

*1. Normal stock in mild steel grade only


*2. Not a stock item
Non stock items only available subject to a special order, possible delay and additional cost.
STOCK LENGTHS:

9m to 13m in 1 metre increments. Longer lengths are available by special arrangement, subject to possible delay and
additional cost.

TRANSPORTATION: For convenience in transporting bars, dimensions should not exceed the following:

2.2m
13m

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13m

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1:50
0

1m

2m

Fabric

Square Mesh
Fabric

Design Mesh
Fabric

Longitudinal
Mesh Fabric
Special Mesh

Ref No.
888
746
617
500
395
311
245
193
100
1085
943
772
655
517
433
341
289
278
226
133
200
156

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3m

4m

5m

6m

WELDED MESH FABRIC REINFORCEMENT STANDARD FABRICS


Mesh Size
Wire Sizes
Cross Sectional
Nominal
Nominal Pitch of wire
area/m width
mass/m2
Main mm Cross mm Main mm Cross mm Main mm Cross mm
Kg
200
200
12
12
566
566
8.88
200
200
11
11
475
475
7.46
200
200
10
10
393
393
6.17
200
200
9
9
318
318
5.00
200
200
8
8
251
251
3.95
200
200
7.1
7.1
198
198
3.11
200
200
6.3
6.3
156
156
2.45
200
200
5.6
5.6
123
123
1.93
200
200
4.0
4.0
63
63
1.00
100
200
12
8
1131
251
10.85
100
200
11
8
951
251
9.43
100
200
10
7.1
786
198
7.72
100
200
9
7.1
636
198
6.55
100
200
8
6.3
503
156
5.17
100
200
7.1
6.3
396
156
4.33
100
200
6.3
5.6
312
123
3.41
100
200
5.6
5.6
246
123
2.89
100
300
6.3
4.0
312
42
2.78
100
300
5.6
4.0
246
42
2.26
100
300
4.0
4.0
126
42
1.33
100
100
4.0
4.0
126
126
2.00
100
100
3.55
3.55
99
99
1.56

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7m

Supplied in
Sheets
only
6m x 2.4m
Sheets
or rolls

Sheets
only
6m x 2.4m
Sheets only
6m x 2.4m
Sheets or rolls
60m x 2.4m

DIA
mm

12

Area
mm2
113.11

Mass
kg/m
0.888

11

95.05

0.746

10

78.55

0.617

63.63

0.500

50.27

0.395

7.1

39.6

0.311

6.3

31.18

0.245

5.6

24.63

0.193

12.57

0.100

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50
2262
17.76
1901
14.92
1571
12.34
1273
10.00
1005
7.9
792
6.22
624
4.9
493
3.86
251
2.00

STRUCTURAL FABRIC REINFORCEMENT DESIGN DATA


Cross sectional areas at various spacing mm2/m,
MASS AT VARIOUS SPACING KG/M2
Wire Spacing mm
75
100
125
150
175
200
225
1508
1131
905
754
646
566
503
11.84
8.88
7.10
5.92
5.07
4.44
3.95
1267
950
760
634
543
475
422
9.95
7.46
5.97
4.97
4.26
3.73
3.32
1047
786
628
524
449
393
349
8.23
6.17
4.94
4.11
3.53
3.09
2.74
848
636
509
424
364
318
283
6.67
5.00
4.00
3.33
2.86
2.50
2.22
670
503
402
335
287
251
223
5.27
3.95
3.16
2.63
2.26
1.98
1.76
528
396
317
264
226
198
176
4.15
3.11
2.49
2.07
1.78
1.56
1.38
416
312
249
208
178
156
139
3.27
2.45
1.96
1.63
1.40
1.23
1.09
328
246
197
164
141
123
109
2.57
1.93
1.54
1.29
1.10
0.97
0.86
168
126
101
84
72
63
56
1.33
1.00
0.8
0.67
0.57
0.50
0.44

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10

11

250
452
3.55
380
2.98
314
2.47
255
2.00
201
1.58
158
1.24
125
0.98
99
0.77
50
0.40

275
411
3.23
346
2.71
286
2.24
231
1.82
183
1.44
144
1.13
113
0.89
90
0.70
46
0.36

12

13

300
377
2.96
317
2.49
262
2.06
212
1.67
168
1.32
132
1.04
104
0.82
82
0.64
42
0.33

DIA
12
11
10
9
8
7.1
6.3
5.6
4

DETAILERS CHECKLIST OF DRAWINGS AND SCHEDULES


Can the reinforcement as detailed be fixed?
Does the detailing permit sensible location of construction joints, staged construction and scheduling of reinforcing deliveries?
Is the reinforcement congested? Will this affect fixing or proper compaction of concrete?
Would alternative detailing (e.g. staggered laps, bars reversed, two lapped bars replacing a single bar) provide greater flexibility
or ease of fixing?
Is there scope for prefabrication? Is this desirable?
What is the (best) fixing sequence?
Is the reinforcement detailed to provide sufficient rigidity and stability of cages during concreting?
Are set-up bars, bracing bars, chairs, spacers, etc. detailed and scheduled?
Are bars of a weight that can readily be handled?
Do schedules agree with drawings e.g. numbers, types, sizes of bars?
Does reinforcement in one member clash with that in an adjacent member (e.g. at a beam/column junction)?
Do numbers of bars or sheets of fabric allow for two faces and not just one?
Are scheduled bending dimensions compatible with member dimensions and specified concrete cover?
Are starter bars detailed (and scheduled) with the concrete element in which they are first cast?
Starter bars are frequently the last to be fixed to ensure positional accuracy. Does the detailing permit this?
If closed links (or similar) are detailed, do they cause problems by requiring threading through of main bars during fixing?

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PRE-CONCRETING CHECKLIST
Check inherent rigidity of the cage or mat
Check correct numbers of bars have been fixed
Check adequate provision of continuity reinforcement or connection to previous starter bars
Check that all laps are of the correct length and lie in the correct plane
Check that starter bars, starter boxes, void formers, fixing etc. are present and in correct locations
Check correct use of adequate cover blocks, reinforcement spacers, etc. to prevent cage movement during concreting
Check for damaged reinforcement (particularly coated bars); repair or replace as necessary
Check cover to reinforcement is correct at all locations
Check that the cage is in the correct position (either line and level or relative to previously checked formwork)
Check that all twisted ends of ties are bent inwards away from concrete faces
Ensure adequate access for concrete compaction (e.g. by poker vibrator)
Ensure overall cleanliness of formwork (removal of water, tie clippings etc.)
Ensure that harmful chemicals have not been used anywhere.

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Correct use of Reinforcing Cover Devices


Reinforcing Cover Devices for columns
RCDs at centres not
exceeding 50 d

RCDs at centres
not exceeding
d 50 d

Side < 50 d
Side > 50 d

Small columns

Wide columns
RCDs at centres
not exceeding
50 d

d
All RCDs fixed to stirrups at
top, middle and bottom of
each lift and at centres not
exceeding 100D

Plan view of RCD


Side view of RCD
d Stirrup size

Circular columns

D Size of main bars


One TCD per
50 d of bar for
d each facet

RCDs along column

Double stirrups

Multi-faceted columns

Correct use of Reinforcing Cover Devices


Reinforcing Cover Devices for walls

Continuous chairs at centres


not exceeding 1000 mm

Key
Plan view of RCD
Side view of RCD
Plan view of continuous chair
Side view of continuous chair
50 d or
500 mm

Elevation
RCDs at centres not exceeding
50 d but not less than 500 mm
in both direction

End view of continuous chair

Correct use of Reinforcing Cover Devices


Reinforcing Cover Devices for columns
a) Beam elevation
Every bar end should
have a suitable RCD

c) RCDs for the sides


of deep beams
Key
Plan view of RCD

All RCDs fixed to stirrups


at centres not exceeding
1 000 mm

Side view of RCD

d Stirrup size

b) RCDs for the bottom faces beams

RCDs at 50 d
i) Narrom beam less than
iii) Wide beam exceeding 500 mm
ii) Normal beam 250 mm to
250 mm in width, one RCD
in width
500 mm in width, two RCDs

Deep beam
exceeding
100 d
in depth

RCDs at
centres not
exceeding
50 d

Correct use of Reinforcing Cover Devices


Reinforcing Cover Devices for bottom reinforcement in slabs

Section

Section

Not
exceeding
500 mm

All bars supported by


RCDs of 50 d centres
but not exceeding
1 000 mm and staggered
Key
Plan view of RCD
Side view of RCD

Plan
a) Individual bars

Not exceeding 500 mm


Plan
b) Welded fabric

Cutting and bending tolerances


Bend allowance HT

Hook allowance HT

3d

6d

4d

4d

L
Cutting length of bar equals L + h

L
Cutting length of bar equals L + h

Minimum hook, bend the radius allowances for high yield stress steel bars and cold-worked steel bars
that comply with SANS 920
1

10

Nominal size of bar d

61)

81)

10

12

16

20

25

32

40

Hook allowance

100

100

120

160

200

240

300

400

480

Bend allowance

100

100

100

100

120

140

180

220

260

Radius

18

24

30

36

48

60

75

96

120

1) Non-preferred.

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APPLICABLE STANDARDS
SANS 282: 2004: Bending dimensions and scheduling of steel reinforcement for concrete
SANS 10100-1: 2000: The structural use of concrete-Part 1: Design
SANS 10100-2: 1992: The structural use of concrete-Part 2: Materials and execution of work
SANS 0144: 1995: Detailing of steel reinforcement of concrete
SANS 920: 2005: Steel bars for concrete reinforcing
SABS ARP: 040: 1998: The use of reinforcement cover devices for reinforced concrete
SANS 1024: 2006: Welding steel fabric for reinforcement of concrete

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Welkom
Tel 057 355 1363
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