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NAME : .. CLASS:..

1. [MRSM10-03]
Diagram 3.1 and 3.2 shows the set-up of apparatus to investigate the electrolysis of
molten lead(II) oxide and silver nitrate solution.

Diagram 3.1

Diagram 3.2

(a) What is meant by electrolyte? [1M]


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(b) Based on Diagram 3.1,
(i) Name the product formed at electrode G. [1M]
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(ii) Write the half equation for the reaction that occurs at electrode F. [1M]
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(c ) Based on Diagram 3.2,
(i) State the ions present in silver nitrate solution. [1M]
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(ii) What would you observe at carbon electrode M? [1M]
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(iii) Explain your answer in (c)(ii). [2M]
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(iv) Describe how you can verify the product formed at carbon electrode L. [2M]
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(d) State one application of electrolysis in industries. [1M]
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2. [SBPdiag08-04]
Diagram 4 shows the setup of the apparatus for the electrolysis of copper(II)
sulphate solution using copper as electrodes.

copper(II) sulphate
solution
Diagram 4
(a) State which electrode acts as the anode? [1M]
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(b) Name all the ions present in the solution. [1M]
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(c) (i) State the observation at electrode T. [1M]
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(ii) Write the half equation for the reaction at electrode T. [1M]
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(d) (i) State the colour change (if any) to the copper (II) sulphate solution. [1M]

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(ii) Explain your answer in (d)(i) [2M]
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(f) The above experiment is repeated by using carbon electrodes to replace the copper
electrodes.
(i) Name the product formed at electrode U. [1M]
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(ii) Describe how you could verify the product formed in f(i) [2M]
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3. [MRSM09-03]
Diagram 3 shows the apparatus set up to investigate the electrolysis of 1.0 moldm -3
sodium chloride solution using carbon electrodes.

Diagram 3
(a) State all ions present in sodium chloride solution. [1M]
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(b) (i) State the ion that will be discharged at electrode X. [1M]
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.
(ii) Explain your answer in b(i). [1M]
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(c) (i) Name the product formed at electrode Y. [1M]
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(ii) Write the half equation for the reaction at electrode Y. [1M]
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(iii) 0.1 mol of gas is released at electrode Y. Calculate the volume of gas released. [1M]
[Molar volume of gas = 24 dm3 mol-1 at room temperature and pressure]

(d) The experiment is repeated using 0.0001 mol dm-3 sodium chloride solution as the
electrolyte.
(i) Name the gas produced at electrode X. [1M]
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(ii) Write the half equation for the reaction in d(i).

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(iii) Describe a chemical test to confirm the presence of gas named in d(i). [2M]
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