Anda di halaman 1dari 14

HANG CHEONG

Project:

MACHINERY ENGINEERING (HK) CO., LTD


Subject:

Design Calculatin for Hoisting Lifting Frame

Date:

D & C of

Revision:

Re-provisioning of WSD
Utilities and Infrastructure

No. of Page:

for Centennial Campus, HKUPrepared by:

HANG CHEONG

MACHINERY ENGINEERING (HK) CO. LTD.


()

PROJECT
Re-provisioning of WSD Utilities and Infrastructure
Utilities and Infrastructure
for Centennial Campus, HKU

SUBJECT
Design Calculatin for Hoisting Lifting Frame

19-Oct-09
0
1

13

HANG CHEONG

Project:

MACHINERY ENGINEERING (HK) CO., LTD

D & C of

Re-provisioning of WSD

Subject: Design Calculatin for Hoisting Lifting Frame

Utilities and Infrastructure

Date:
Revision:
Sheet:

19-Oct-09
0
1 of 13

for Centennial Campus, HKU Prepared by:

1.0

Introduction
This design calculation is to check the stability of the temporary lifting platform.
The adopted mjaximum weight of loads to be lifted is 500kg with 25% excess load
when testing.

2.0

Design Standards & References


- Hong Kong Building (Construction) Regulations (1990)
- Structural use of steelwork in Building: BS5950 Part 1
- Guide to BS5950: Section Properties and Member Capacity
- Code of Practice on Wind Effects, HK 2004

HANG CHEONG

Project:

MACHINERY ENGINEERING (HK) CO., LTD


Subject: Design Calculatin for Hoisting Lifting Frame

D & C of

Re-provisioning of WSD
Utilities and Infrastructure

Date:

19-Oct-09

Revision:
Sheet:

0
2 of 13

for Centennial Campus, HKU Prepared by:

3.0

Design Notes and Data


- All structural steelworks shall be designed and constructed in accordance with
BS5950: Part 1 : 1990, Structural Use of Steelwork in Building and Hong Kong
Building (Construction) Regulations 1990.
- All stainless steelworks shall be Grade 316 complying with BS970: Part 1: 1990 an
BS1449: Part 2: 1983. Steel sections to be compiled with BS4: Part 1.
- Welding of stainless steel shall be in accordance with BS EN 1011: Part 3: 2000.
- Unless otherwise specified, all weldings to be 6mm continuous fillet welds.
- Material prpperties:
Stainless Steel
All structural stainless steel to be Grade 316 in accordance with BS970: Part 1: 1
and BS 1449: Part 2
Density

8000

kg/m3

0.2% proof stress

Y0.2

205

N/mm2

Ultimate tensile strength

Us

510

N/mm2

Densign strength

Py

205

N/mm2

Shear strength

Pv

123

N/mm2 (0.6Py)

200000

Modulus of elasticity

N/mm2

Welds
For stainless steel electrode to BS EN 1600: 1997
Design strength of weld

Pw

210

N/mm2

Bolts and Nuts


Design strength of structural steel bolts and nuts of Grade 8.8 to BS 4190 in
conformance to BS5950 area as follows:
Shear strength
Bearing strength
Tensile strength

Ps

375

N/mm2

Pbb =

1035

N/mm2

450

N/mm2

Pt

HANG CHEONG

Project:

MACHINERY ENGINEERING (HK) CO., LTD

D & C of

Re-provisioning of WSD

Subject: Design Calculatin for Hoisting Lifting Frame

Utilities and Infrastructure

19-Oct-09

Date:

Revision:

3 of 13

Sheet:

for Centennial Campus, HKU Prepared by:

Design for lifting post and beam


Height of post =

2000

mm

Max. eccentricity of loading


e

1630.2

1630.2

mm

2000

4.0

Design Loads

1. Dead Loads
Weight of the post
=

16.8

0.165

x 9.81 x

10

-3

kN/m

2. Live Loads
Weight of Lifting Loading (W) (with 25% exceess working load)
=

500

kg
g

6.13

kN

1.25

So, factored design dead load=

0.165

1.4 =

0.231

kN/m

factored design live load =

6.131

1.6 =

9.810

kN

HANG CHEONG

Project:

MACHINERY ENGINEERING (HK) CO., LTD

D & C of

Re-provisioning of WSD

Subject: Design Calculatin for Hoisting Lifting Frame

19-Oct-09

Date:

Revision:

Utilities and Infrastructure

4 of 13

Sheet:

for Centennial Campus, HKU Prepared by:

5.0

Check

Post

D139.7x6.3 CHS

For

Grade 316 S.S.

D139.7x6.3 CHS

Maximum bending moment


Maximum shear force

M =

9.81

15.99

kNm

Fv =

0.00

kN

Maximum axial compression loadN

For

9.810

10.27

kN

kNm

MT =

Maximum torsional moment

1.63

0.231

D139.7x6.3 CHS

Ix =

261

Iy =

rx =

3.32

cm

ry =

3.32

cm

A =

23.74

cm

cm

261

cm

Zx =

84.3

cm

Sx =

112.0

cm

Zy =

84.3

cm

Sy =

112.0

cm3

3
3

5.1 Check section of

D139.7x6.3 CHS

Post

Check bending moment and co-existent shear force


Shear capacity of section, Pv is given by:
Pv = 0.6PyAv
=

0.6

175.2

Av =
205

0.6

x A =

14.24

cm

-1

10

14.24

kN

Maximum design shear force


0.0

Fv =

kN

< Pv =

175.2

kN

OK!!

(Moment Capacity with low shear load)


Moment capacity of the section
Mcx = PySx

but

PySx =

205

23.0

kNm

1.2PyZx =
=
Mcx =

Mcx 1.2PyZx

20.7

1.2
20.7
kNm

112.00
205

kNm

10

84.30

x
10

10
3

-6

10

-6

HANG CHEONG

Project:

MACHINERY ENGINEERING (HK) CO., LTD

D & C of

Date:

Re-provisioning of WSD

Subject: Design Calculatin for Hoisting Lifting Frame

19-Oct-09

Revision:

Utilities and Infrastructure

Sheet:

0
5 of 13

for Centennial Campus, HKU Prepared by:

Maximum design bending moment


Mx

15.99

20.7

kNm < Mcx =

kNm

OK!!

Check compression force


LE

2000

LE/ry =

60.3

Effective length
Slenderness ratio

mm

Refer to table 27(a), BS5950, Part 1


60.3

For =
Pc

pc

223.6

N/mm2

= Agpc
=

23.7

530.7

223.55

10

-1

kN
10.27

> N =

kN

OK!!

Check overall buckling


g
N
Agpc

Mx
Mb

N =

10.27

Mb

= Mcx
=

N
Agpc

Mb

PyZy

kN

20.7
Mx

My

Mx

15.99

kNm

10.27

10

237.4

223.6

0.96

<

1.0

My

0.00

kNm

My
PyZy

=
=

15.99
20.74
OK!!

kNm

HANG CHEONG

Project:

MACHINERY ENGINEERING (HK) CO., LTD

D & C of

Date:

Re-provisioning of WSD

Subject: Design Calculatin for Hoisting Lifting Frame

19-Oct-09
0

Revision:

Utilities and Infrastructure

Sheet:

6 of 13

for Centennial Campus, HKU Prepared by:

6.0

Check
For

D1139.7x6.3 CHS

Beam
Grade 316 S.S.

D1139.7x6.3 CHS

Maximum bending moment


Maximum shear force

Mx =

9.81

15.99

kNm

Fv =

9.810

kN

0.00

kN

kNm

Maximum axial compression loadN

MT =

Maximum torsional moment


For

x 1.6302

D1139.7x6.3 CHS

Ix =

261

Iy =

rx =

3.32

cm

ry =

3.32

cm

A =

23.74

cm

cm

261

cm

Zx =

84.3

cm

Sx =

112.0

cm

Zy =

84.3

cm

Sy =

112.0

cm

3
3
3

6.1 Check section of

D1139.7x6.3 CHS

Beam

Check bending moment and co-existent shear force


Shear capacity of section, Pv is given by:
Pv = 0.6PyAv
=

0.6

175.2

Av =
205

0.6

x A =

14.24

cm

-1

10

14.24

kN

Maximum design shear force


9.8

Fv =

kN

< Pv =

175.2

kN

OK!!

(Moment Capacity with low shear load)


Moment capacity of the section
Mcx = PySx

but

PySx =

205

23.0

kNm

1.2PyZx =
=
Mcx =

Mcx 1.2PyZx

20.7

> Mx =

1.2
20.7

112.00
205

10

84.30

x
10

10
3

-6

10

kNm

kNm
16 0
16.0

kNm

OK!!

-6

HANG CHEONG

Project:

MACHINERY ENGINEERING (HK) CO., LTD

D & C of

Date:

Re-provisioning of WSD

Subject: Design Calculatin for Hoisting Lifting Frame

19-Oct-09
0

Revision:

Utilities and Infrastructure

7 of 13

Sheet:

for Centennial Campus, HKU Prepared by:

7.0 Welding between member

D139.7x6.3 CHS

Post and steel base plate

Maximum bending moment at connectionM =

16.0

kNm

Maximum vertical load at connection

10.3

kN

Maximum shear force at connection

0.0

kN

Maximum torsional moment at connectionMT =

0.0

kNm

For

D139.7x6.3 CHS

Weld length

thickness of the membe t =

8.08

mm

L = D

Inertia of weld I

929.2

mm

1.931

10

mm

Load on weld due to shear


Fs =

0.0

929.2

0 00
0.00

N/mm

Load on weld due to moment & vertical load


FT =
=
=

M*y

Ix
15.99

N
L
x

10

1.931
431.7

x
10

50.80
6

10.3
0.929

N/mm

Resultant load on weld


FR =

431.7

Provide

N/mm
mm fillet weld, strength =

210

1171

> FR =

x 929.19

N/mm
431.7 N/mm
OK!!

HANG CHEONG

Project:

MACHINERY ENGINEERING (HK) CO., LTD

D & C of

Re-provisioning of WSD

Subject: Design Calculatin for Hoisting Lifting Frame

19-Oct-09

Date:

Revision:

Utilities and Infrastructure

8 of 13

Sheet:

for Centennial Campus, HKU Prepared by:

7.1

Column Base Design

For the moment about major axis,


eN =

Maximum member axial load (Compression) N =

10.27 kN

Maximum bending moment

M =

15.99 kNm

6.3

mm

Member size
520

Provide
6

139.7

Nos.

520

20

20

mm dia. Grade

mm

CHS

mm thick M.S. base plate and

8.8 steel bolts as holding


209

101.6

209

Assume that the maximum permissible


30

stresses occur simultaneously in the

concrete and steel.

M
eN

From the elastic theory of reinforced

concrete design,
g , the depth
p to the neutral

e
C

axis is given by
la
dn = (

mpc

d1

) d1

mpc + pst

m = modular ratio =

dn/3

520

15

pst = permissible stress in holding down bolt

150

N/mm

pc = permissible stress of concrete (Grade 30D/2=

7.5

N/mm

d1 =

490

So,

dn = (

mm
15
15

x
7.5

7.5

210.00

150

490

= 210.00 mm
The level arm

la = d1 - dn/3
=

490

= 420.00 mm

HANG CHEONG

Project:

MACHINERY ENGINEERING (HK) CO., LTD

D & C of

Re-provisioning of WSD

Subject: Design Calculatin for Hoisting Lifting Frame

Date:
Revision:

Utilities and Infrastructure

Sheet:

for Centennial Campus, HKU Prepared by:

Take moments about the centreline of bolts in tension:


Cla = M + Na
C =
=

15.9918 + 10.2715 x

0.230

0.420
43.70

Since

kN

C =

So

=
=

x dn x b x

2 x C
dn x b
43.70

2 x
210.00

N/mm2

0.80

520

< pc =

7.5

N/mm2

OK!!
The tensile force in holding down bolts is
T = C - N
=

43.70

33.43

kN

10.27

Tensile force per bolt =

33.43

16.71

/ 2
kN

The moment in the base slab due to compressive force


Consider a cantilever strip 1 x

209 mm

Base pressure at section xx


fcx = (

210.00
0.00

209.20

210.00

0.80

N/mm2

Mx = (

0.00

209.20

69.73

/ 2 +

0.80

209.20

139.47

/ 2

= 0.0117 kNm/mm

19-Oct-09
0
9 of 13

HANG CHEONG

Project:

MACHINERY ENGINEERING (HK) CO., LTD

D & C of

Re-provisioning of WSD

Subject: Design Calculatin for Hoisting Lifting Frame

19-Oct-09

Date:

Revision:

Utilities and Infrastructure

10 of 13

Sheet:

for Centennial Campus, HKU Prepared by:

Vx = (
x

0.80

0.00

209

1.0 mm thick

cantilever strip

= 0.0840 kN/mm
209
The moment in the base slab due to bolt
tension
Bolt Load

M =

33

16.71

33.43

kN

179

= 2

0.80 N/mm2

520

= 0.01152 kNm/mm
fcx = 0.00 N/mm2
V =
=

33
0.064

520

139

kNm/mm
/

Therefore,
Design bending moment on base plate

11.70

kNm/m

Design shear force on base plate

84.04

kN/m

69.7

HANG CHEONG

Project:

MACHINERY ENGINEERING (HK) CO., LTD

D & C of

Date:

Re-provisioning of WSD

Subject: Design Calculatin for Hoisting Lifting Frame

19-Oct-09
0

Revision:

Utilities and Infrastructure

Sheet:

11 of 13

for Centennial Campus, HKU Prepared by:

7.2

Checking of Base Plate


Maximum tensile force

T =

33.43

10

kN

Check the plate thickness by BS5950


Assume the thickness of the plate

t = [

2.5w
pyp

where

t = [

t =
Provide

2.5

2
2
a - 0.3b

w =

33.43

a =

209.2

mm

x
205

6.8
20

0.12

209

<

520

b =
2

mm

) = 0.12 N/mm2

520

209.2 mm
0.3

209.2

mm
mm thick base plate

OK!!

0.5

HANG CHEONG

Project:

MACHINERY ENGINEERING (HK) CO., LTD

D & C of

Date:

Re-provisioning of WSD

Subject: Design Calculatin for Hoisting Lifting Frame

19-Oct-09
0

Revision:

Utilities and Infrastructure

Sheet:

12 of 13

for Centennial Campus, HKU Prepared by:

7.3

Anchor Bolt Design

Maximum Tensile Load per bo =

16.71

kN

Maximum Shear Load per bolt =

0.00

kN

Provide

Nos.

20

mm dia. Grade

8.8 steel bolts as holding

down bolts for fixing the base plate


Ps

Shear strength
Bearing strength

375

N/mm2

Pbb =

1035

N/mm2

450

N/mm2

Pt

Tensile strength

ft = Ft / At

Design tensile stress


on bolt:

68.22

N/mm2

<

450

N/mm2

fs = Fs / As

Design shear stress


on bolt:

where

where

0.00

N/mm2

<

375

N/mm2

At =

245

mm2

At =

314

mm2

Combined tensile and shear


fs
Ps

ft
Pt

0.152

<

1.4

OK!!

HANG CHEONG

Project:

MACHINERY ENGINEERING (HK) CO., LTD

D & C of

Date:

Re-provisioning of WSD

Subject: Design Calculatin for Hoisting Lifting Frame

Revision:

Utilities and Infrastructure

Sheet:

19-Oct-09
0
13 of 13

for Centennial Campus, HKU Prepared by:

8.0

Check Bearing Capacity of Lifting Eye


Pbs

dtpbs

60

330.0

10

550

10

10

550

-3

kN

AND
Pbs

0.5etpbs
0.5

Take
8.1

20

55

kN

Pbs

55.0

10

-3

(Governing)
9.8

kN >

kN

(the max. resultant force) OK!

Check shear capacity of lifting eye


p
Pv = Avpv
=

0.9

py
where Av = 0.9tD,, p
pv = 0.6py
x

10

35

0.6

340

64.3

kN

>

9.8

kN (the max. resultant force)

OK!