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Table 1: Human Development Index and its components

Human Development
Index (HDI)
HDI rank

Country

Value

2014
1
2
3
4
5
6
6
8
9
9
11
12
13
14
14
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30
31
32
32
34
35
36

VERY HIGH HUMAN DEVELOPMENT


Norway
Australia
Switzerland
Denmark
Netherlands
Germany
Ireland
United States
Canada
New Zealand
Singapore
Hong Kong, China (SAR)
Liechtenstein
Sweden
United Kingdom
Iceland
Korea (Republic of)
Israel
Luxembourg
Japan
Belgium
France
Austria
Finland
Slovenia
Spain
Italy
Czech Republic
Greece
Estonia
Brunei Darussalam
Cyprus
Qatar
Andorra
Slovakia
Poland

0.944
0.935
0.930
0.923
0.922
0.916
0.916
0.915
0.913
0.913
0.912
0.910
0.908
0.907
0.907
0.899
0.898
0.894
0.892
0.891
0.890
0.888
0.885
0.883
0.880
0.876
0.873
0.870
0.865
0.861
0.856
0.850
0.850
0.845
0.844
0.843

37
37
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
50
52
52
52
55
56
57
58
59
60
60
62
63
64
64
66
67
67
69
69
71
72
73
74
75
76
77
78
79
80
81

Lithuania
Malta
Saudi Arabia
Argentina
United Arab Emirates
Chile
Portugal
Hungary
Bahrain
Latvia
Croatia
Kuwait
Montenegro
HIGH HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
Belarus
Russian Federation
Oman
Romania
Uruguay
Bahamas
Kazakhstan
Barbados
Antigua and Barbuda
Bulgaria
Palau
Panama
Malaysia
Mauritius
Seychelles
Trinidad and Tobago
Serbia
Cuba
Lebanon
Costa Rica
Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)
Turkey
Sri Lanka
Mexico
Brazil
Georgia
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Azerbaijan
Grenada
Jordan
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

0.839
0.839
0.837
0.836
0.835
0.832
0.830
0.828
0.824
0.819
0.818
0.816
0.802
0.798
0.798
0.793
0.793
0.793
0.790
0.788
0.785
0.783
0.782
0.780
0.780
0.779
0.777
0.772
0.772
0.771
0.769
0.769
0.766
0.766
0.762
0.761
0.757
0.756
0.755
0.754
0.752
0.751
0.750
0.748
0.747

81
83
84
85
85
85
88
89
90
90
90
93
94
94
96
97
97
99
100
101
101
103
104
105
106
107
108
109
110
110
112
113
114
115
116
116
116
119
120
121
122
123
124
125
126

Ukraine
Algeria
Peru
Albania
Armenia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Ecuador
Saint Lucia
China
Fiji
Mongolia
Thailand
Dominica
Libya
Tunisia
Colombia
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Jamaica
Tonga
Belize
Dominican Republic
Suriname
Maldives
Samoa
MEDIUM HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
Botswana
Moldova (Republic of)
Egypt
Turkmenistan
Gabon
Indonesia
Paraguay
Palestine, State of
Uzbekistan
Philippines
El Salvador
South Africa
Viet Nam
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
Kyrgyzstan
Iraq
Cabo Verde
Micronesia (Federated States of)
Guyana
Nicaragua
Morocco

0.747
0.736
0.734
0.733
0.733
0.733
0.732
0.729
0.727
0.727
0.727
0.726
0.724
0.724
0.721
0.720
0.720
0.719
0.717
0.715
0.715
0.714
0.706
0.702
0.698
0.693
0.690
0.688
0.684
0.684
0.679
0.677
0.675
0.668
0.666
0.666
0.666
0.662
0.655
0.654
0.646
0.640
0.636
0.631
0.628

126
128
129
130
131
132
133
134
134
136
137
138
139
140
141
142
143

Namibia
Guatemala
Tajikistan
India
Honduras
Bhutan
Timor-Leste
Syrian Arab Republic
Vanuatu
Congo
Kiribati
Equatorial Guinea
Zambia
Ghana
Lao People's Democratic Republic
Bangladesh
Cambodia

0.628
0.627
0.624
0.609
0.606
0.605
0.595
0.594
0.594
0.591
0.590
0.587
0.586
0.579
0.575
0.570
0.555

143

Sao Tome and Principe


LOW HUMAN DEVELOPMENT
Kenya
Nepal
Pakistan
Myanmar
Angola
Swaziland
Tanzania (United Republic of)
Nigeria
Cameroon
Madagascar
Zimbabwe
Mauritania
Solomon Islands
Papua New Guinea
Comoros
Yemen
Lesotho
Togo
Haiti
Rwanda
Uganda
Benin
Sudan
Djibouti
South Sudan
Senegal

0.555

145
145
147
148
149
150
151
152
153
154
155
156
156
158
159
160
161
162
163
163
163
166
167
168
169
170

0.548
0.548
0.538
0.536
0.532
0.531
0.521
0.514
0.512
0.510
0.509
0.506
0.506
0.505
0.503
0.498
0.497
0.484
0.483
0.483
0.483
0.480
0.479
0.470
0.467
0.466

171
172
173
174
175
176
177
178
179
180
181
182
183
184
185
186
187
188

Afghanistan
Cte d'Ivoire
Malawi
Ethiopia
Gambia
Congo (Democratic Republic of the)
Liberia
Guinea-Bissau
Mali
Mozambique
Sierra Leone
Guinea
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Chad
Eritrea
Central African Republic
Niger
OTHER COUNTRIES OR TERRITORIES
Korea (Democratic People's Rep. of)
Marshall Islands
Monaco
Nauru
San Marino
Somalia
Tuvalu

0.465
0.462
0.445
0.442
0.441
0.433
0.430
0.420
0.419
0.416
0.413
0.411
0.402
0.400
0.392
0.391
0.350
0.348
..
..
..
..
..
..
..

Human development groups


Very high human development
High human development
Medium human development
Low human development

0.896
0.744
0.630
0.505

Developing countries

0.660

Regions
Arab States
East Asia and the Pacific
Europe and Central Asia
Latin America and the Caribbean
South Asia
Sub-Saharan Africa

0.686
0.710
0.748
0.748
0.607
0.518

Least developed countries


Small island developing states

0.502
0.660

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Dev

0.880

World

0.711

Notes
a. Data refer to 2014 or the most recent year available.
b. Based on Barro and Lee (2013b).
c. For the purpose of calculating the HDI value, expected years of schooling is capped at 18 years.
d. Updated by HDRO based on data from UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2015) and Barro and Lee
e. Based on Barro and Lee (2014).
f. Based on data from the national statistical office.
g. For the purpose of calculating the HDI value, GNI per capita is capped at $75,000.
h. Value from UNDESA (2011).
i. Calculated as the average of mean years of schooling for Austria and Switzerland.
j. Estimated using the purchasing power parity (PPP) rate and projected growth rate of Switzerland.
k. HDRO estimate based on data from World Bank (2015a) and United Nations Statistics Division (2
l. Updated by HDRO based on data from UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2015).
m. Assumes the same adult mean years of schooling as Spain.
n. Estimated using the PPP rate and projected growth rate of Spain.
o. Based on data from UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2011).
p. Based on data on school life expectancy from UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2013).
q. Based on data from United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys
r. Based on cross-country regression.

s. The 2013 HDI value published in the 2014 Human Development Report was based on miscalcula
HDRO and verified and accepted by Cubas National Statistics Office, is $7,222. The corresponding
t.
a cross-country
model
and projected
growth
rates from
ECLAC
u.Based
HDROon
calculations
basedregression
on data from
National
Institute for
Educational
Studies
of (2014).
Brazil (2013).
x. Based on projected growth rates from UNESCWA (2014).
v. Updated by HDRO based on data from UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2015) and a UNICEF Mu
w. Based on data on school life expectancy from UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2012).
y. Based on data from ICF Macro Demographic and Health Surveys for 20052014.
z. Updated by HDRO based on data from UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2015), an ICF Macro De
aa. Updated by HDRO based on data from a UNICEF Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey.
ab. Based on data from Timor-Leste Ministry of Finance (2015).
Definitions

Human Development Index (HDI): A composite index measuring average achievement in three ba
http://hdr.undp.org/en for details on how the HDI is calculated.

Life expectancy at birth: Number of years a newborn infant could expect to live if prevailing patter

Expected years of schooling: Number of years of schooling that a child of school entrance age ca

Mean years of schooling: Average number of years of education received by people ages 25 and
Gross national income (GNI) per capita: Aggregate income of an economy generated by its prod
converted to international dollars using PPP rates, divided by midyear population.
Main data sources

Column 1: HDRO calculations based on data from UNDESA (2015), UNESCO Institute for Statistics
Column 2: UNDESA (2015).

Column 3: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2015).


Column 4: UNESCO Institute for Statistics (2015), Barro and Lee (2014), UNICEF Multiple Indicato
Column 5: World Bank (2015a), IMF (2015) and United Nations Statistics Division (2015).
Column 6: Calculated based on data in columns 1 and 5.

Life expectancy at
birth

Expected years of
schooling

(years)

(years)

2014

2014

81.6
82.4
83.0
80.2
81.6
80.9
80.9
79.1
82.0
81.8
83.0
84.0
80.0
82.2
80.7
82.6
81.9
82.4
81.7
83.5
80.8
82.2
81.4
80.8
80.4
82.6
83.1
78.6
80.9
76.8
78.8
80.2
78.2
81.3
76.3
77.4

17.5
20.2
15.8
18.7
17.9
16.5
18.6
16.5
15.9
19.2
15.4
15.6
15.0
15.8
16.2
19.0
16.9
16.0
13.9
15.3
16.3
16.0
15.7
17.1
16.8
17.3
16.0
16.4
17.6
16.5
14.5
14.0
13.8
13.5
15.1
15.5

Mean years of
schooling
(years)
a

c
f

l
f

2014
12.6
13.0
12.8
12.7
11.9
13.1
12.2
12.9
13.0
12.5
10.6
11.2
11.8
12.1
13.1
10.6
11.9
12.5
11.7
11.5
11.3
11.1
10.8
10.3
11.9
9.6
10.1
12.3
10.3
12.5
8.8
11.6
9.1
9.6
12.2
11.8

d
e

b
e

d
e
e

e
d

d
e

e
e

m
d

73.3
80.6
74.3
76.3
77.0
81.7
80.9
75.2
76.6
74.2
77.3
74.4
76.2

16.4
14.4
16.3
17.9
13.3
15.2
16.3
15.4
14.4
15.2
14.8
14.7
15.2

71.3
70.1
76.8
74.7
77.2
75.4
69.4
75.6
76.1
74.2
72.7
77.6
74.7
74.4
73.1
70.4
74.9
79.4
79.3
79.4
75.4
74.2
75.3
74.9
76.8
74.5
74.9
73.8
70.8
73.4
74.0
75.4

15.7
14.7
13.6
14.2
15.5
12.6
15.0
15.4
14.0
14.4
13.7
13.3
12.7
15.6
13.4
12.3
14.4
13.8
13.8
13.9
15.1
14.2
14.5
13.7
13.1
15.2
13.8
12.9
11.9
15.8
13.5
13.4

12.4
10.3
8.7
9.8
9.5
9.8
8.2
11.6
9.4
11.5
11.0
7.2
11.2
12.0
12.0
8.0
10.8
8.5
10.9
11.4
10.5
9.2
10.6
12.3
9.3
10.0
8.5
9.4
10.9
10.5
11.5
7.9
8.4
8.2
8.9
7.6
10.8
8.5
7.7
12.1
8.4
11.2
8.6
9.9
9.3

d
d
d

d
b
d

e
q
r
d
f

q
l

e
d

q
r
l
r

71.0
74.8
74.6
77.8
74.7
76.5
75.9
75.1
75.8
70.0
69.4
74.4
77.8
71.6
74.8
74.0
72.9
75.7
72.8
70.0
73.5
71.1
76.8
73.4
64.5
71.6
71.1
65.6
64.4
68.9
72.9
72.9
68.4
68.2
73.0
57.4
75.8
68.3
70.6
69.4
73.3
69.1
66.4
74.9
74.0

15.1
14.0
13.1
11.8
12.3
13.6
14.2
12.6
13.1
15.7
14.6
13.5
12.7
14.0
14.6
13.5
13.4
12.4
14.7
13.6
13.1
12.7
13.0
12.9
12.5
11.9
13.5
10.8
12.5
13.0
11.9
13.0
11.5
11.3
12.3
13.6
11.9
13.2
12.5
10.1
13.5
11.7
10.3
11.5
11.6

w
l

l
l
f

11.3
7.6
9.0
9.3
10.9
8.3
7.6
9.3
7.5
9.9
9.3
7.3
7.9
7.3
6.8
7.3
8.6
9.7
10.7
10.5
7.6
7.7
5.8
10.3

8.9
11.2
6.6
9.9
7.8
7.6
7.7
8.9
10.9
8.9
6.5
9.9
7.5
8.2
10.6
6.4
4.7
9.7
8.5
6.0
4.4

e
v

q
b

r
e
q
d
r
e
e

y
z
f

e
r
y
z
b

aa
d

e
r
f
e
e
b

64.8
71.8
69.4
68.0
73.1
69.5
68.2
69.6
71.9
62.3
66.0
57.6
60.1
61.4
66.2
71.6
68.4

11.3
10.7
11.2
11.7
11.1
12.6
11.7
12.3
10.6
11.1
12.3
9.0
13.5
11.5
10.6
10.0
10.9

6.2
5.6
10.4
5.4
5.5
3.0
4.4
6.3
6.8
6.1
7.8
5.5
6.6
7.0
5.0
5.1
4.4

66.5

11.3

4.7

61.6
69.6
66.2
65.9
52.3
49.0
65.0
52.8
55.5
65.1
57.5
63.1
67.9
62.6
63.3
63.8
49.8
59.7
62.8
64.2
58.5
59.6
63.5
62.0
55.7
66.5

11.0
12.4
7.8
8.6
11.4
11.3
9.2
9.0
10.4
10.3
10.9
8.5
9.2
9.9
11.5
9.2
11.1
12.2
8.7
10.3
9.8
11.1
7.0
6.4
7.6
7.9

6.3
3.3
4.7
4.1
4.7
7.1
5.1
5.9
6.0
6.0
7.3
3.8
5.0
4.0
4.6
2.6
5.9
4.5
4.9
3.7
5.4
3.3
3.1
3.8
5.4
2.5

y
e

q
y
e
aa
b
r
y
e

q
e
y

e
y
b
e
y
e
q
e
e
f
e
y
e
z
y
y

e
e
b
q

60.4
51.5
62.8
64.1
60.2
58.7
60.9
55.2
58.0
55.1
50.9
58.8
58.7
56.7
51.6
63.7
50.7
61.4

9.3
8.9
10.8
8.5
8.8
9.8
9.5
9.0
8.4
9.3
8.6
8.7
7.8
10.1
7.4
4.1
7.2
5.4

70.3
..
..
..
..
55.4
..

..
..
..
9.3
..
..
..

..
..
..
..
..
..
..

80.5
75.1
68.6
60.6

16.4
13.6
11.8
9.0

11.8
8.2
6.2
4.5

69.8

11.7

6.8

70.6
74.0
72.3
75.0
68.4
58.5

12.0
12.7
13.6
14.0
11.2
9.6

6.4
7.5
10.0
8.2
5.5
5.2

63.3
70.1

9.3
11.4

4.1
7.9

80.2

15.8

11.5

3.2
4.3
4.3
2.4
2.8
6.0
4.1
2.8
2.0
3.2
3.1
2.4
1.4
2.7
1.9
3.9
4.2
1.5

e
b
e

e
r

y
e
y
y
e

r
q
e

71.5

12.2

7.9

g is capped at 18 years.
2015) and Barro and Lee (2014).

owth rate of Switzerland.


ions Statistics Division (2015).

istics (2013).
ndicator Cluster Surveys for 20052014.

was based on miscalculated GNI per capita in 2011 PPP dollars, as published in the World Bank (2014). A more realistic val
,222. The corresponding 2013 HDI value is 0.759 and the rank is 69th.
om
ECLAC
Studies
of (2014).

2015) and a UNICEF Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey.


istics (2012).

2015), an ICF Macro Demographic and Health Survey and Barro and Lee (2014).
uster Survey.

achievement in three basic dimensions of human developmenta long and healthy life, knowledge and a decent standard

to live if prevailing patterns of age-specific mortality rates at the time of birth stay the same throughout the infants life.

f school entrance age can expect to receive if prevailing patterns of age-specific enrolment rates persist throughout the child

by people ages 25 and older, converted from education attainment levels using official durations of each level.
my generated by its production and its ownership of factors of production, less the incomes paid for the use of factors of prod
lation.

CO Institute for Statistics (2015), United Nations Statistics Division (2015), World Bank (2015a), Barro and Lee (2014) and I

NICEF Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys and ICF Macro Demographic and Health Surveys.
ivision (2015).

Gross national
income (GNI) per
capita

GNI per capita rank


minus HDI rank

(2011 PPP $)

2014

2014

64,992
42,261
56,431
44,025
45,435
43,919
39,568
52,947
42,155
32,689
76,628
53,959
79,851
45,636
39,267
35,182
33,890
30,676
58,711
36,927
41,187
38,056
43,869
38,695
27,852
32,045
33,030
26,660
24,524
25,214
72,570
28,633
123,124
43,978
25,845
23,177

5
17
6
11
9
11
16
3
11
23
-7
-2
-10
-1
9
12
13
16
-11
7
0
4
-5
0
12
7
4
10
14
12
-26
3
-31
-18
5
10

g,j

g
n

24,500
27,930
52,821
22,050
60,868
21,290
25,757
22,916
38,599
22,281
19,409
83,961
14,558
16,676
22,352
34,858
18,108
19,283
21,336
20,867
12,488
20,070
15,596
13,496
18,192
22,762
17,470
23,300
26,090
12,190
7,301
16,509
13,413
15,440
16,159
18,677
9,779
16,056
15,175
7,164
20,805
16,428
10,939
11,365
11,780

7
-1
-27
11
-34
11
-2
3
-20
4
11
-46
27
14
-1
-23
10
7
-3
-1
27
-1
13
18
1
-14
0
-19
-25
20

47
-1
10
4
-2
-12
29
-4
-1
40
-21
-11
14
11
9

8,178
13,054
11,015
9,943
8,124
9,638
10,605
9,765
12,547
7,493
10,729
13,323
9,994
14,911
10,404
12,040
9,937
7,415
5,069
7,614
11,883
15,617
12,328
5,327
16,646
5,223
10,512
13,066
16,367
9,788
7,643
4,699
5,567
7,915
7,349
12,122
5,092
5,760
3,044
14,003
6,094
3,432
6,522
4,457
6,850

25
-1
8
14
22
19
7
14
-7
21
4
-13
4
k,x

-19
1
-9
3
13
32
9
-12
-32
-19
24
-41
23
-12
-28
-42
-9
-3

21
10
-7
-3
-29
15
4
29
-44
-1
21
-4
12
-8

9,418
6,929
2,517
5,497
3,938
7,176
5,363
2,728
2,803
6,012
2,434
21,056
3,734
3,852
4,680
3,191
2,949

-21
-11
27
-4
7
-17
ab

-6

k,x

21
19
-14
21
-84
2
-1
-6
5
7

2,918

2,762
2,311
4,866
4,608
6,822
5,542
2,411
5,341
2,803
1,328
1,615
3,560
1,540
2,463
1,456
3,519
3,306
1,228
1,669
1,458
1,613
1,767
3,809
3,276
2,332
2,188

9
16
-14
-12
-30
-25
8
-24
-1
24
13
-14
16
-1
16
-17
-16
17
4
11
6
0
-27
-22
-9
-8

1,885
3,171
747
1,428
1,507
680
805
1,362
1,583
1,123
1,780
1,096
1,591
758
2,085
1,130
581
908

-7
-24
13
2
-2
11
7
-1
-8
1
-16
0
-13
1
-22
-6
1
-5

..
4,674
..
..
..
..
5,278

..
..
..
..
..
..
..

41,584
13,961
6,353
3,085

9,071

15,722
11,449
12,791
14,242
5,605
3,363

2,387
6,991

37,658

14,301

k (2014). A more realistic value, based on the model developed by

edge and a decent standard of living. See Technical note 1 at

ughout the infants life.

s persist throughout the childs life.

ns of each level.
for the use of factors of production owned by the rest of the world,

, Barro and Lee (2014) and IMF (2015).

Table 6: Multidimensional Poverty Index: developing countries

Year and survey


Country
Afghanistan
Albania
Argentina
Armenia
Azerbaijan
Bangladesh
Barbados
Belarus
Belize
Benin
Bhutan
Bolivia (Plurinational State of)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Brazil
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cambodia
Cameroon
Central African Republic
Chad
China
Colombia
Comoros
Congo
Congo (Democratic Republic of the)
Cte d'Ivoire
Djibouti
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt
Ethiopia
Gabon
Gambia
Georgia
Ghana
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti

20052014

2010/2011 M
2008/2009 D
2005 N
2010 D
2006 D
2011 D
2012 M
2005 M
2011 M
2011/2012 D
2010 M
2008 D
2011/2012 M
2013 N
2010 D
2010 D
2010 D
2011 D
2010 M
2010 M
2012 N
2010 D
2012 D/M
2011/2012 D
2013/2014 D
2011/2012 D
2006 M
2013 D
2013/2014 N
2014 D
2011 D
2012 D
2013 D
2005 M
2011 M
2012 D/M
2006 M
2009 D
2012 D

Honduras
India
Indonesia
Iraq
Jamaica
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya
Kyrgyzstan
Lao People's Democratic Republic
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya
Madagascar
Malawi
Maldives
Mali
Mauritania
Mexico
Moldova (Republic of)
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco
Mozambique
Namibia
Nepal
Nicaragua
Niger
Nigeria
Pakistan
Palestine, State of
Peru
Philippines
Rwanda
Saint Lucia
Sao Tome and Principe
Senegal
Serbia
Sierra Leone
Somalia
South Africa
South Sudan
Sudan
Suriname
Swaziland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
Tanzania (United Republic of)
Thailand
The former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

2011/2012 D
2005/2006 D
2012 D
2011 M
2010 N
2012 D
2010/2011 M
2008/2009 D
2012 D
2011/2012 M
2009 D
2013 D
2007 N
2008/2009 D
2010 D
2009 D
2012/2013 D
2011 M
2012 N
2012 M
2010 M
2013 M
2011 N
2011 D
2013 D
2011 D
2011/2012 D
2012 D
2013 D
2012/2013 D
2010 M
2012 D
2013 D
2010 D
2012 M
2008/2009 D
2014 D
2014 M
2013 D
2006 M
2012 N
2010 M
2010 M
2010 M
2010 M
2009 N
2012 D
2010 D
2005/2006 M
2011 M

Timor-Leste
Togo
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia
Uganda
Ukraine
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Viet Nam
Yemen
Zambia
Zimbabwe

2009/2010 D
2013/2014 D
2006 M
2011/2012 M
2011 D
2012 M
2006 M
2007 M
2010/2011 M
2013 D
2013/2014 D
2014 M

Notes
a. D indicates data from Demographic and Health Surveys, M indicates data from Multiple Indicator Cluster Surv
b. Not all indicators were available for all countries, so caution should be used in cross-country comparisons. Wh
c. The HDRO specifications refer to somewhat modified definitions of deprivations in some indicators compared
d. Based on a methodology from Alkire and Santos 2010.
e. Data refer to the most recent year available during the period specified.
f. Missing indicators on nutrition.
g. Refers to urban areas only.
h. Missing indicator on child mortality.
i. Missing indicator on type of floor.
j. Missing indicator on cooking fuel.
k. Missing indicator on electricity.
l. Missing indicator on school attendance.

Definitions
Multidimensional Poverty Index: Percentage of the population that is multidimensionally poor adjusted by the i
Multidimensional poverty headcount: Percentage of the population with a weighted deprivation score of at lea
Intensity of deprivation of multidimensional poverty: Average percentage of deprivation experienced by peo
Population near multidimensional poverty: Percentage of the population at risk of suffering multiple deprivatio
Population in severe poverty: Percentage of the population in severe multidimensional povertythat is, those
Contribution of deprivation to overall poverty: Percentage of the Multidimensional Poverty Index attributed to
Population below national poverty line: Percentage of the population living below the national poverty line, wh
Population below PPP $1.25 a day: Percentage of the population living below the international poverty line $1.2

Main data sources


Column 1: Refers to the year and the survey whose data were used to calculate the values in columns 2-12.
Columns 2 - 3 and 6-12: HDRO calculations based on data on household deprivations in education, health and li
Columns 4 and 5: Alkire and Robles (2015).
Columns 13 and 14: World Bank (2015a).

Multidimensional poverty index


HDRO specifications

Index
Value
0.293
0.005
0.015
0.002
0.009
0.237
0.004
0.001
0.030
0.343
0.128
0.097
0.006
0.011
0.508
0.442
0.211
0.260
0.424
0.545
0.023
0.032
0.165
0.192
0.369
0.307
0.127
0.025
0.015
0.016
0.537
0.073
0.289
0.008
0.144
0.425
0.495
0.031
0.242

Headcount

h
f,i

2010 specifications

(%)
58.8
1.2
3.7
0.6
2.4
49.5
1.2
0.4
7.4
64.2
29.4
20.6
1.7
2.9
82.8
81.8
46.8
48.2
76.3
86.9
5.2
7.6
34.3
43.0
72.5
59.3
26.9
6.0
3.7
4.2
88.2
16.7
57.2
2.2
30.5
73.8
80.4
7.8
50.2

Index
Value
f

0.353
0.005
0.011
0.001
0.021
0.253
0.003
0.000
0.018
0.307
0.119
0.089
0.002

f,i

0.535
0.454
0.212
0.248
0.430
0.554
0.023
0.022
0.173
0.181
0.401
0.310
0.139
0.020
0.013
0.014
0.564
0.070
0.323
0.003
0.139
0.459
0.462
0.030
0.248

0.098
0.282
0.024
0.052
0.014
0.004
0.004
0.226
0.006
0.186
0.227
0.356
0.005
0.420
0.332
0.008
0.456
0.291
0.024
0.004
0.047
0.002
0.069
0.390
0.205
0.197
0.088
0.584
0.279
0.237
0.007
0.043
0.033
0.352
0.003
0.217
0.278
0.002
0.411
0.500
0.041
0.551
0.290
0.033
0.113
0.028
0.031
0.335
0.004
0.007

h,i

f,l

20.7
55.3
5.9
13.3
3.7
1.2
1.1
48.2
1.8
36.8
49.5
70.1
1.4
77.0
66.7
2.0
78.4
55.6
6.0
1.1
11.1
0.5
15.6
70.2
44.9
41.4
19.4
89.8
50.9
45.6
1.9
10.4
6.3
70.8
0.8
47.5
51.9
0.4
77.5
81.8
10.3
89.3
53.1
7.6
25.9
7.2
7.9
66.4
1.0
1.7

h,i

f,l

0.072
0.283
0.066
0.045
0.008
0.006
0.001
0.229
0.007
0.174
0.156
0.374
0.006
0.357
0.334
0.018
0.457
0.285
0.011
0.003
0.037
0.001
0.067
0.389
0.193
0.217
0.072
0.605
0.303
0.230
0.006
0.043
0.052
0.350
0.003
0.154
0.309
0.001
0.464
0.514
0.044
0.557
0.321
0.024
0.086
0.016
0.054
0.332
0.006
0.002

h,i

f,l

0.322
0.242
0.007
0.006
0.359
0.001
0.013
0.135
0.026
0.200
0.264
0.128

64.3
48.5
1.7
1.5
70.3
0.4
3.5
31.2
6.4
40.0
54.4
28.9

0.360
0.252
0.020
0.004
0.367
0.004
0.008
0.129
0.017

0.281
0.127

ates data from Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys and N indicates data from national surveys (see http://hdr.undp.org for the
uld be used in cross-country comparisons. Where an indicator is missing, weights of available indicators are adjusted to tota
of deprivations in some indicators compared to the 2010 specifications. See Technical note 5 for details.

at is multidimensionally poor adjusted by the intensity of the deprivations. See Technical note 5 for details on how the Multid
on with a weighted deprivation score of at least 33 percent. It is also expressed in thousands of the population in the survey
percentage of deprivation experienced by people in multidimensional poverty.
opulation at risk of suffering multiple deprivationsthat is, those with a deprivation score of 2033 percent.
vere multidimensional povertythat is, those with a deprivation score of 50 percent or more.
e Multidimensional Poverty Index attributed to deprivations in each dimension.
ation living below the national poverty line, which is the poverty line deemed appropriate for a country by its authorities. Nati
living below the international poverty line $1.25 (in purchasing power parity terms) a day.

d to calculate the values in columns 2-12.


sehold deprivations in education, health and living standards from various household surveys listed in column 1 using revise

010 specifications

Headcount
(%)
66.2
1.4
2.9
0.3
5.3
51.3
0.9
0.0
4.6
62.2
27.2
20.5
0.5
84.0
80.8
45.9
46.0
77.6
87.2
5.2
5.4
36.0
39.7
75.1
58.7
29.3
5.1
3.5
3.6
87.3
16.5
60.4
0.8
30.4
75.1
77.5
7.7
49.4

Population in multidimensional poverty

Headcount

(thousands)
17,116
38
1,438
18
210
75,610
3
41
23
6,455
211
2,022
65
5,738
12,875
7,553
6,721
10,187
3,320
10,186
71,939
3,534
247
1,866
50,312
11,772
212
620
588
3,491
78,887
273
1,058
99
7,559
8,456
1,168
61
5,104

Intensity of deprivation

h
f,i

(%)
49.9
38.3
39.1
37.0
38.2
47.8
33.7
34.5
41.2
53.3
43.5
47.0
37.3
40.2
61.3
54.0
45.1
54.1
55.6
62.7
43.3
42.2
48.1
44.7
50.8
51.7
47.3
41.6
39.6
37.4
60.9
43.4
50.5
37.6
47.3
57.6
61.6
40.0
48.1

h
f,i

15.8
53.7
15.5
11.6
2.0
1.7
0.2
47.8
2.0
34.1
35.3
71.2

h,i

1.5

66.9
66.7
5.2
77.7
52.2
2.8
0.8
9.2
0.3
15.4
69.6
42.0
44.2
16.1
89.3
53.2
44.2
1.5
10.5
11.0
69.0
1.0
34.5
56.9
0.2
81.0
81.2
11.1
91.1
57.8
5.9
20.4

f,l

4.4

13.2
65.6
1.6
0.7

1,642
631,999
14,574
4,236
102
85
173
19,190
96
2,447
984
3,010
79
15,774
10,012
6
11,998
2,060
7,272
38
302
3
5,016
17,246
1,034
11,255
1,146
15,408
88,425
83,045
75
3,132
6,221
7,669
2
82
7,556
41
4,724
7,104
5,400
8,877
18,916
40
309
1,519
629
29,842
664
36

h,i

f,l

47.4
51.1
41.3
39.4
38.8
35.3
36.4
47.0
36.9
50.5
45.9
50.8
37.5
54.6
49.8
37.5
58.2
52.4
39.9
38.4
42.5
38.9
44.3
55.6
45.5
47.4
45.6
65.0
54.8
52.0
37.4
41.4
51.9
49.7
34.5
45.5
53.5
40.6
53.0
61.1
39.6
61.7
54.6
43.1
43.5
39.1
39.0
50.4
38.8
38.4

h,i

f,l

68.1
50.1
5.6
1.2
69.9
1.2
2.3
30.1
4.2
56.6
29.7

694
3,394
23
161
24,712
162
935
69
5,796
9,754
8,173
4,222

50.1
49.9
38.0
39.3
51.1
34.5
36.6
43.1
40.7
50.1
48.6
44.1

ee http://hdr.undp.org for the list of national surveys).


ndicators are adjusted to total 100%. See Technical note 5 at http://hdr.undp.org for details.

for details on how the Multidimensional Poverty Index is calculated.


f the population in the survey year.

33 percent.

ountry by its authorities. National estimates are based on population-weighted subgroup estimates from household surveys.

sted in column 1 using revised methodology described in Technical note 5.

Population near
multidimensional poverty

Population in severe
multidimensional poverty

Contribution of deprivation in di

(%)
(%)
16.0
7.2
5.2
3.0
11.5
18.8
0.3
1.1
6.4
16.9
18.0
17.3
3.2
7.2
7.6
12.0
20.4
17.8
15.7
8.8
22.7
10.2
23.1
26.2
18.5
17.9
16.0
20.6
8.4
5.6
6.7
19.9
21.3
4.1
18.7
12.7
10.5
18.8
22.2

h
f,i

(%)
29.8
0.1
0.5
0.1
0.2
21.0
0.0
0.0
1.5
37.7
8.8
7.8
0.0
0.4
63.8
48.2
16.4
27.1
48.5
67.6
1.0
1.8
14.9
12.2
36.7
32.4
11.1
1.0
0.5
0.4
67.0
4.4
31.7
0.1
12.1
49.8
58.4
1.2
20.1

h
f,i

Education
45.6
22.4
38.2
3.4
20.0
28.4
1.5
2.6
36.2
33.1
40.3
21.9
7.8
27.6
39.0
25.0
25.9
24.5
23.8
32.3
30.0
34.3
29.1
10.6
15.6
36.5
36.1
28.4
23.6
45.6
27.4
15.2
32.9
7.4
27.7
36.6
30.5
16.8
24.8

h
f,i

28.6
18.2
8.1
7.4
9.1
1.0
2.3
29.1
10.7
18.5
20.4
21.5
6.3
11.7
24.5
8.5
10.8
16.8
10.1
2.2
19.3
2.0
12.6
14.8
19.3
18.1
14.8
5.9
18.4
14.9
6.2
12.3
8.4
17.9
0.9
21.5
18.1
2.7
14.6
8.3
17.1
8.5
17.9
4.7
20.5
7.4
23.4
21.5
4.4
2.4

h,i

f,l

7.2
27.8
1.1
2.5
0.5
0.1
0.0
15.7
0.1
18.8
18.2
35.4
0.1
48.0
29.8
0.1
55.9
29.9
1.1
0.1
2.3
0.0
4.9
44.1
13.4
18.6
6.9
73.5
30.0
26.5
0.1
2.1
4.2
34.6
0.0
16.4
30.8
0.1
43.9
63.6
1.3
69.6
31.9
2.0
7.4
1.3
1.2
32.1
0.1
0.1

h,i

f,l

36.6
22.7
24.7
50.1
7.7
31.5
4.3
11.2
6.6
37.7
14.8
23.0
31.9
31.6
18.9
27.8
37.9
34.5
31.4
11.0
18.1
22.0
44.8
30.4
11.0
27.3
37.8
35.9
29.8
36.2
13.9
19.4
35.3
23.8
15.8
29.1
43.6
30.7
25.7
33.7
8.4
39.3
30.4
31.0
13.7
54.7
13.4
16.9
19.4
18.5

h,i

f,l

21.4
19.9
0.5
3.2
20.6
0.0
6.2
32.6
8.7
22.4
23.1
29.3

mates from household surveys.

31.5
23.2
0.2
0.2
33.3
0.0
0.1
7.3
1.3
19.4
22.5
7.8

20.0
26.4
2.2
33.7
18.0
19.0
3.7
24.4
35.9
29.5
17.9
10.8

Population living below income poverty


(%)

bution of deprivation in dimension to overall poverty

(%)
Health
19.2
47.1
27.8
87.8
50.7
26.6
95.9
89.7
34.8
24.8
26.3
27.9
79.5
40.7
22.5
26.3
27.7
31.3
26.2
22.5
36.6
24.7
25.9
32.8
31.0
25.8
22.7
39.6
42.4
46.7
25.2
43.8
30.9
67.4
27.1
22.8
27.9
51.2
23.4

National poverty line

h
f,i

Living standards
35.2
30.5
34.0
8.7
29.3
44.9
2.6
7.7
29.0
42.1
33.4
50.2
12.7
31.7
38.5
48.8
46.4
44.2
50.0
45.2
33.4
41.0
45.0
56.6
53.4
37.7
41.2
32.0
34.0
7.8
47.4
40.9
36.2
25.2
45.2
40.6
41.6
32.0
51.8

20042014
f

h
f,i

35.8
14.3
..
32.0
5.3
31.5
..
5.5
..
36.2
12.0
45.0
17.9
8.9
46.7
66.9
17.7
39.9
62.0
46.7
..
30.6
44.8
46.5
63.6
42.7
..
41.1
22.5
25.2
29.6
32.7
48.4
14.8
24.2
55.2
69.3
..
58.5

23.1
32.5
35.1
38.6
59.3
65.0
83.9
32.4
70.5
25.4
33.8
25.6
47.9
24.5
27.7
60.2
22.4
20.3
25.6
66.9
27.7
59.9
21.8
22.3
39.2
28.2
12.6
24.0
29.8
32.3
68.8
29.8
30.2
27.2
65.2
26.5
23.1
40.7
28.5
18.8
61.4
14.3
20.7
37.2
41.0
34.0
52.6
28.2
51.3
57.2

h,i

f,l

40.3
44.8
40.2
11.3
33.0
3.5
11.8
56.4
22.9
36.9
51.4
51.4
20.2
43.9
53.4
11.9
39.7
45.3
43.0
22.1
54.2
18.1
33.4
47.3
49.8
44.5
49.6
40.0
40.4
31.6
17.3
50.8
34.5
49.0
19.0
44.4
33.4
28.7
45.9
47.5
30.2
46.3
48.9
31.8
45.3
11.3
34.0
54.9
29.4
24.3

h,i

f,l

64.5
21.9
11.3
18.9
19.9
14.4
2.9
45.9
37.0
23.2
57.1
63.8
..
75.3
50.7
..
43.6
42.0
52.3
12.7
27.4
11.3
8.9
54.7
28.7
25.2
42.5
48.9
46.0
22.3
25.8
23.9
25.2
44.9
..
61.7
46.7
24.6
52.9
..
53.8
50.6
46.5
..
63.0
35.2
47.2
28.2
12.6
27.1

30.4
28.8
86.1
48.2
30.2
77.5
83.4
24.1
25.7
32.2
29.8
34.5

49.6
44.9
11.7
18.1
51.9
3.5
12.8
51.6
38.4
38.2
52.3
54.8

49.9
58.7
..
15.5
19.5
8.4
16.0
..
17.2
34.8
60.5
72.3

ving below income poverty line


(%)
PPP $1.25 a day
20022012

..
0.5
1.4
1.8
0.3
43.3
..
0.0
..
51.6
2.4
8.0
0.0
3.8
44.5
81.3
10.1
27.6
62.8
36.5
6.3
5.6
46.1
32.8
87.7
35.0
18.8
2.3
4.0
1.7
36.8
6.1
33.6
14.1
28.6
40.9
48.9
..
..

16.5
23.6
16.2
3.9
0.2
0.1
0.1
43.4
5.1
30.3
56.2
83.8
..
87.7
72.2
1.5
50.6
23.4
1.0
0.2
..
0.2
2.57
60.7
23.5
23.7
8.5
40.8
62.0
12.7
0.1
2.9
19.0
63.0
..
43.5
34.1
0.1
56.6
..
9.4
..
19.8
..
39.3
1.7
6.5
43.5
0.3
0.3

34.9
52.5
..
0.7
37.8
0.0
..
..
2.4
9.8
74.3
..