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PENGENALAN SISTEM

PERSINYALAN KERETA API DI


INDONESIA

Dewayana Agung Nugroho


Representative of:

DEFINISI DAN PERSYARATAN UMUM SISTEM PERSINYALAN

Definisi
Sistem Persinyalan adalah suatu sarana untuk menjaga
keselamatan dan mengatur operasi kereta api yang efisien
dan efektif dengan jalan membagi ruang dan waktu

Persyaratan umum sistem persinyalan adalah :


Fail Safe
Kehandalan yang tinggi dan memberikan aspek yang tidak
meragukan
Susunan penempatan menurut urutan yang baku

JENIS JENIS PERSINYALAN


Sistem Persinyalan Mekanik

Sistem Persinyalan Mekanik tanpa Blok


Sistem Persinyalan Mekanik dengan Blok

Sistem Persinyalan Elektrik

Sistem
Sistem
Sistem
Sistem

Persinyalan
Persinyalan
Persinyalan
Persinyalan

Relay
Hybrid
Electronic
Electronic Modern

Sistem Persinyalan Mekanik Tanpa Blok

Hendel Krian

Sistem Persinyalan Mekanik Tanpa Blok

Sinyal Krian

Sistem Persinyalan Mekanik Dengan Blok

Perkakas handel S&H dengan hubungan blok

Sistem Persinyalan Mekanik Dengan Blok

Sinyal Mekanik

Sistem Persinyalan Mekanik Dengan Blok

Wesel terlayan terpusat

Sistem Persinyalan Elektrik


Secara umum sistem persinyalan elektrik dapat dikelompokkan menjadi:
Peralatan-peralatan dalam :
Sistem Interlocking
Local Control Panel
Peralatan-peralatan luar :
Sinyal sinyal dengan aspek hijau, kuning, merah, putih
Motor wesel (Point Machine)
Pendeteksi bakal pelanting (Track Circuit, Axle Counter) dan
peralatan antara muka (Interface)
Peralatan-peralatan pendukung:
Sistem Catu Daya
Sistem Telekomunikasi

Ilustrasi Peralatan Utama Sistem Persinyalan Elektrik

Sinyal Keluar

Komponen komponen wesel:


Mekanisme
penggerak

Sayap

Jarum

Rel paksa

Lidah

Rel lantak

Stang penggerak
& kontrol

Motor wesel
Stang penggerak
& kontrol

Track Circuit (sirkit sepur)

Plat penyambung penyekat listrik


(insulated rail joint)

Kotak kabel penghubung catudaya


(box junction )

Axle Counter (penghitung gandar)

KOSONG

DETEKTOR GANDAR

DETEKTOR GANDAR

Kotak

CB Terminal

MASUKAN KE SISTEM
PENGUCILAN PERSINYALAN
INDIKASI KOSONG

CB

UNIT
EVALUASI
Location Case

Kabel

Axle Counter (penghitung gandar)

Sistem Interlocking Len-02

Computer Based Interlocking


telah terpasang dan beroperasi di st.Gumilir sejak 2012

CBTC (Communications Based Train Control)


Maximum Line
Speed

Limit of Movement Authority


Brakin
g
Profile

Transponders

Data Radio Network

Position/Movement
Authority

Trackside
Processors

Interlocking Interface

SISTEM PERSINYALAN CBTC

Employee Profile
Jumlah Karyawan

Marketing
Finance 5%
2%

423 Orang

Logistic
6%

Admin
8%
Engineer 31%

Installation
48%

Engineer Profile
Teknik
Mesin dll.
10%

0-5 thn
25%

>10 thn
35%

5-10 thn
40%

Teknik
Elektro &
Telekom
52%

Teknik
Fisika
(Kontrol)
38%

PENGALAMAN KERJA

ASAL PROGRAM STUDI S1

Pemegang Gelar Profesi Insinyur (Ir.) dari PII : 97%


Pemegang Sertifikat Insinyur Profesional (IPP & IPM) dari PII : 60%
Pemegang SKA LPJK Subklasifikasi 406 (Teknik SinTelKA) : 20%
Anggota IRSE (Associate, AMIRSE, MIRSE, FIRSE) : 82%
Pemegang Lisensi IRSE : 6 Orang (Kategori Principle Designer - 1 & Designer 5)

Sistem CTC

Axle Counter in Equipment Room

Sistem Interloking

Axle Counter in Outdoor


Local Interface Video

Local Interface Mozaic Panel

Sinyal LED

Sistem Catudaya

LBD
Visual Control Panel

Telecommunication Rack in Station

Static Inverter KRL


VVVF Inverter KRL

CTS Semarang

Design & Engineering

We have proven experience in designing of railway substation, traction, telecommunication,


SCADA and signaling system. Especially for signalling, we have long experience of providing
circuit design and data preparation for various interlocking system such as SSI, VPI, Westrace,
MIS-801, LIS-02 (Len Interlocking System 2nd Generation)

Manufacturing

Our manufacturing capability is supported by 3000 m2 assembly floor equipped with proven
tools and skilled manpower to produce cubicles, electronic modules and mechanical parts.

Installation

With twenty years over experience in wayside and onboard installation of railway systems, we
can provide installation work for various equipment of railway systems based on customer
specification.

Testing

Testing activity is important part of V cycle that used as main reference of process modeling for
safety critical sectors including railway. Integration test, hardware & data function test using
standard tools or simulator and done by experienced tester are what we provided for you.

Commissioning

As the gate to enter operation state, commissioning activity will make sure that all of the
functions are ready to be brought in to service and give revenue to the company. We will make
sure that the activity will done smoothly for brownfield as well as greenfield project.

Maintenance

Maintaining the good functionality of equipment of railway systems is the key point on
maintaining the high level of railway service. We are glad to be your partner in maintaining of
engagement of your loyal customer and maintaining high revenue of your company.

Training

Knowledgeable operation and maintenance teams will increase the company value. Our
experienced trainers are ready to bring your company to the higher level.

Institution of Railway Signal Engineers


Institution of Railway Signal Engineers atau disingkat IRSE didirikan tahun
1912 di London, Inggris.
Jumlah Anggota Aktif pada tahun 2014 adalah 5.197 orang yang mewadahi
praktisi bidang :
Train Control Systems
Railway Communication & Data Management
Railway Systems Engineering

Cabang-cabang IRSE :

Asia-Pasifik (Australasia, Hongkong, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapura)


Eropa (Inggris, Perancis, Irlandia, Belanda, Swis)
Amerika Utara
Amerika Selatan

IRSE Licensing Scheme dikenalkan sejak 1994.


IRSE Indonesia Section resmi didirikan pada April 2013.

Tujuan dan Sasaran Berdirinya IRSE


Tujuan : Untuk mempromosikan standar profesionalisme yang tinggi di
antara insinyur; dan untuk mendukung pengembangan teknologi kontrol
kereta untuk kepentingan publik
Sasaran :
Mendorong penelitian dan pengembangan pembelajaran untuk
memajukan ilmu pengetahuan dan teknologi bidang Train Control
dan Railway Communication
Mempromosikan standar tinggi dan kesadaran profesional di antara
semua yang bekerja di Industri Sinyal dan Telekomunikasi KA.

Typical Career Route Map

IRSE Examination
IRSE menyediakan diklat/mengakreditasi lembaga diklat yang
menyediakan modul-modul pembelajaran untuk persiapan IRSE exam.
Minimal ujian untuk 4 modul harus diselesaikan dengan baik.
Modul-modul IRSE Exam:
Module 1: Safety of Railway Signalling and Communications (Compulsory
module)
Module 2: Signalling the layout
Module 3: Signalling principles
Module 4: Communications principles
Module 5: Signalling & Control Equipment, Applications Engineering
Module 6: Communications Equipment, Applications Engineering
Module 7: Systems, Management & Engineering

Modul-modul pembelajaran untuk persiapan IRSE Exam dapat dijadikan


referensi untuk pembuatan syllabus kurikulum bidang Persinyalan dan
Telekomunikasi Perkeretaapian di Indonesia

Kategori Lisensi IRSE


Signalling (1)
Code
1.1.160
1.1.500v1

Categories
Signalling Design Verifier
Signalling Design Assistant

1.1.510

Signalling Designer

1.1.550

Signalling Principles Designer

1.2.100

Assistant Signalling Installer

1.2.105

Point Fitter

1.2.110

Signalling Installer

1.2.115

Locking Fitter (Mechanical or electrical)

1.8.100

Signalling Team Leader (Installation)

1.4.100

Assistant Signalling Maintainer

1.4.110

Signalling Maintainer

Kategori Lisensi IRSE


Signalling (2)
Code

Categories

1.4.160

Maintenance Tester (S)

1.4.230

Combined Signalling Maintainer & Fault Finder

1.8.100

Signalling Team Leader (Maintenance)

1.3.150

Test Assistant

1.3.155X

Signalling Verification Tester - Operational Environment

1.3.155Y

Signalling Verification Tester - Non Operational Environment

1.3.170

Signalling Functional Tester

1.3.180

Signalling Principles Tester

1.3.190

Tester in Charge (S)

1.3.260

Signalling Electronic Systems Tester

Kategori Lisensi IRSE


Telecomm
Code

Categories

2.1.105

Assistant Telecoms Designer

2.1.115

Telecoms Designer

2.2.110

Telecoms Installer

2.4.105

Basic Telecoms Maintainer

2.4.106

Basics Telecoms Maintainer & Fault Finder

2.4.115

Telecoms Maintainer and Fault Finder

2.4.160

Telecoms Maintenance Tester and Failure Investigator

2.4.220

Telecoms Network Management Engineer

2.8.140

Telecoms Team Manager

2.3.155

Telecoms Tester

2.3.265

Telecoms Systems Tester

Kategori Lisensi IRSE


Signalling & Telecomm (1)
Code

Categories

6.5.100

Information Manager

7.8.110A

Engineering Manager (Maintenance)

7.8.110B

Engineering Manager (Installation)

7.8.110C

Engineering Manager (Testing)

7.8.110E

Engineering Manager (Design)

7.8.110Fv1

Engineering Manager Project Engineering

7.8.110M

Engineering Manager (Engineering Studies)

7.8.230Av1

Senior Engineering Manager (Maintenance)

7.8.230B

Senior Engineering Manager (Installation)

7.8.230C

Senior Engineering Manager (Testing)

7.8.230E

Senior Engineering Manager (Design)

Kategori Lisensi IRSE


Signalling & Telecomm (2)
Code

Categories

7.8.230F

Senior Engineering Manager (Project Engineering)

7.8.230M

Senior Engineering Manager (Engineering Studies)

7.8.230N

Senior Engineering Manager Strategic Engineering

6.2.115

Factory Installer (S&T)

6.4.230

Technical Investigator

6.4.235

Lead Technical Investigator

Power Supplies
Code
4.2.110

Categories
Electrical Traction - Distribution Technician