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ERGONOMI

(Human Factor)
ETIKA MUSLIMA H, ST, MT
ETIKA_MUSLIMA H@YA HO O.CO M

ERGONOMI ???
5W+1H

What
Why
Who
When
Where
How

What Is Ergonomics?
Kondisi tempat
Kerja
(workplace
condition)
Penyesuaian

terhadap

Pekerjaan
(Job Demands)

Kemampuan
Pekerja
(capabilities of
the working
population)

What are Human Factors?


Hum an Factors ( ergonomics) involves
helping people to work m ore efficiently
Where ?
through design of their :
Work
environment

Tools ( products)

Work process
Work environm ent
Organizational structure
Tools
(Products)

Work
Process

What ?

How ?

Ergonomics Defined

Bahasa Yunani
: Ergon = work, Nomos = law
Ergonomics
: Study of Work Laws

Istilah lain Ergonomi


Human Engineering, Human Factors
Engineering

What Is Ergonomics?
Ergon work Nomos
laws of
Ergonomi adalah
aturan (tata cara)
kerja yang
mempertimbangkan
batasan kemampuan
manusia
Ergonomics is the laws of work that
define the limits to human capability.

What Is Ergonomics?
Ergonomics is the science of
improving employee performance
and well-being in relation to the
job tasks,
equipment, and
the environment.
Ergonomics is
a continuous improvement effort to
design the workplace for what
people do well, and design
against what people dont do well.

What Is Ergonomics?
Ergonomics is fitting the job to the person.

2 . Why is Ergonomic ?
Setiap

aktivitas atau pekerjaan yang


dilakukan, apabila t idak dilakukan
secara ergonom is akan m enyebabkan:

Ketidaknyamanan Musculo Skeletal Sindrom /


Occupational Related Deases / Occ Deases
High cost
Kecelakaan
Perform ansi dan produktivitas
menurun
Penerapan ergonomi disegala bidang
adalah suatu keharusan

3 . Where is Ergonomic
applied ?
Penerapan Ergonom i :
Di rumah
Di jalan
Di tempat kerja
Di mana saja

4 . When is Ergonomic applied ?

Kapan saj a semaksimal mungkin


Pada saat bekerja
Pada saat beraktivitas
Atau pada saat beristirahat

5 . Who must apply Ergonomic ?


Siapapun yang mengharapkan
kenyamanan, keselamatan dan
produktivitas kerja.

How is Ergonomic applied ?


Penerapan harus tepat dan benar
agar tepat sasaran dan bermanfaat

Ergonomics

Human

Machine

Work Environment

Utmost Goal: Humanization of Work


Design with E & E: Ease and Efficiency

The Basics of Ergonomics

Definisi Ergonomic

Ergonomic design is the application of human factors,


information to the design of tools, machines, systems,
tasks, jobs and environment for productive, safe,
comfortable and efective human function (Manuaba,1998).
Ergonomics is the ability to apply information
regarding human characters, capacities and limitation
to the design of human task, machines system , living
spaces and environment so that people can live, work
and play safely, comfortable and efficiently ( Annis &
McConville, 1996)
Ergonomi adalah ilmu, seni dan penerapan teknologi
untuk menyerasikan atau menyeimbangkan antara
fasilitas dengan kemampuan dan keterbatasan
manusia sehingga kualitas hidup bisa lebih baik .

Applications of Ergonomics

Occupational Ergonomics

Optimize worker well- being


Optimize productivity
Minimize workplace stress factors
Minimize medical/workers
compensation costs

Increase Company Profitability