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BAB III HASIL DAN PEMBAHASAN

3.1 Hasil Pengamatan


3.1.1 Tempe

Baha
n

Ulanga
n
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

TE
MP
E

9
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19

Berat
cawan
(a
gram)
10,247
3
18,509
5
11,7754
11,4431
11,5541
23,209
0
11,7145
22,5411
10,935
6
10,091
8
12,143
2
17,370
1
17,830
1
11,8718
12,095
6
18,436
0
22,958
4
22,851
2

Berat
cawan +
sampel
(b gram)

Berat
sampel
awal
(g)

Berat cawan
+ sampel
akhir (c
gram)

Berat
sampel
akhir (g)

Berat
air (g)

12,2463

1,9990

10,9663

0,7190

1,2800

20,5045

1,9950

19,2338

0,7243

1,2707

13,7654
13,4782
13,5865

1,9900
2,0351
2,0324

12,5027
12,1734
12,3166

0,7273
0,7303
0,7625

1,2627
1,3048
1,2699

25,2358

2,0268

23,9119

0,7029

1,3239

13,9172
24,6758

2,2027
2,1347

12,4912
23,3499

0,7767
0,8088

1,4260
1,3259

12,9391

2,0035

11,6812

0,7456

1,2579

12,1077

2,0159

10,9028

0,8110

1,2049

14,2064

2,0632

12,9740

0,8308

1,2324

19,4407

2,0706

18,1928

0,8227

1,2479

19,8346

2,0045

18,6366

0,8065

1,1980

13,9101

2,0383

12,6695

0,7977

1,2406

14,0974

2,0018

12,9214

0,8258

1,1760

20,8179

2,3819

19,2365

0,8005

1,5814

25,3303

2,3719

23,7835

0,8251

1,5468

25,2644

2,4132

23,6771

0,8259

1,5873

3.1.2 Tepung Kedelai

Baha
n

Ulang
an

krus (g)

krus+bah
an (g)

Berat
Bahan
(g)

Tepu
ng
Kede
lai

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

13,66
14,228
13,386
13,516
13,925
23,009
22,01
19,474
21,278
11,289
13,468
13,667
14,35
13,947
14,085

15,6615
16,2286
15,3868
15,5174
15,9268
25,0165
24,0193
21,4772
23,2825
13,3271
15,5726
15,7365
16,2812
16,1044
15,9622

2,0020
2,0005
2,0006
2,0017
2,0022
2,0075
2,0095
2,0032
2,0045
2,0377
2,1047
2,0696
1,9309
2,1577
1,877

Krus+baha
n setelah
Pengabuan
(g)
13,7527
14,3209
13,4798
13,6096
14,0204
23,1026
22,1045
19,5683
21,3734
11,3687
13,5455
13,7476
14,4464
14,0468
14,1739

Berat
sampel
akhir (g)
0,0932
0,0928
0,0936
0,0939
0,0958
0,0936
0,0947
0,0943
0,0954
0,0793
0,0776
0,0807
0,0961
0,1001
0,0887

Berat
abu (g)
1,9088
1,9077
1,907
1,9078
1,9064
1,9139
1,9148
1,9089
1,9091
1,9584
2,0271
1,9889
1,8348
2,0576
1,7883

3.2 Hasil Perhitungan

Ulangan
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18

Kadar
Abu
(%;Bb)

Kadar
Abu
(%,bk)

0,83414
0,74636
0,74218
1,10263
1,05519
0,97563
0,80528
0,95252
1,16395
17,4741
0
26,0773
3
2,40048
4,92594
0,93163
1,18891
7,51710
7,71003
2,58621

2,38326
2,13244
2,12051
3,15037
3,01482
2,78752
2,30081
2,72149
3,32558

Ratarata
3.2.1 Tempe

49,926
74,5067
6,85852
14,0741
2,66179
3,39689
21,4774
22,0286
7,38916

Rata-rata Rata-rata

SD (Bb)

SD (Bk)

RSD
(%;BB)

RSD
(%;BK)

0,77423

2,21207

0,05193

0,14837

6,70744

6,70744

1,04448

2,98424

0,06417

0,18335

6,14382

6,14382

0,97392

2,78263

0,18029

0,51511

18,51181 18,51181

15,3173
0

43,7637
3

11,98487

34,2424
8

78,2440

78,2440

2,34883

6,71093

2,23555

6,38729

95,1774

95,1774

5,93778

16,9650
8

2,90415

8,29756

48,9096
7

48,90967

8,29570

42,2823
6

4,39942

12,5697
8

2,90349

42,28236

3.2.2 Tepung Kedelai

Ulanga
n
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
Total

Kadar
Abu
(%;Bb)

Kadar
Abu
(%,bk)

4,6553
4
4,6388
4

4,7909
3
4,7739
4
4,8148
6
4,8276
3
4,9240
9
4,7983
1
4,8498
7
4,8445
7

4,6786
4,6910
1
4,7847
4
4,6625
2
4,7126
2
4,7074
7
4,7592
9
3,8916
4
3,6869
9
3,8993
4,9769
5
4,6392
4,7256
3

4,8979
4,0049
8
3,7943
7
4,0128
7
5,1219
4,7743
1
4,8632
6

Ratarata

Ratarata

SD (Bb) SD (Bk)

RSD
(%;BB)

RSD
(%;BK)

4,6575
9

4,7909
3

0,01997

0,02055

0,42883

0,42904

4,7127
5

4,8276
3

0,06395

0,06581

1,35686

1,36315

4,7264
6

4,8498
7

0,02855

0,02938

0,60406

0,60584

3,8259
8

4,0049
8

0,12043

0,12394

3,14772

3,09461

4,7805
9

5,1219
0

0,17546

0,18057

3,67022

3,52541

4,5406
8

4,7190
6

0,08167

0,08405

1,84154

1,80361

LAMPIRAN PERHITUNGAN
1. Bahan : Tempe
Berat setelah pengabuan
Rumus : berat krus+berat bahan setelah pengabuan berat krus

Ulangan 1

=13,8125 13,6795
= 0,133

Ulangan 2

= 15,1868 15,0596
= 0,1272

Ulangan 3

= 13,9673 13,925
= 0,0423

2.

Kadar abu dalam basis basah (bb)


Kadar abu (g/100 g bahan basah) =

Ulangan 1

0,133
1,7693

x 100

= 7,51710

Ulangan 2

0,1272
1,6498

x 100

= 7,71003

Ulangan 3

0,0423
1,6356

= 2,58621

x 100

[(W 1W 2)]
W

x 100

Rata-rata kadar abu basis basah (bb)


=

7,51710+7,71003+ 2,58621
3

= 5,93778
3.

Kadar abu dalam basis kering (bk)


Kadar abu (g/100 g bahan kering) =

Ulangan 1

7,51710
[ 10065] x 100

7,51710
x 100
35

= 21,47742

Ulangan 2

7,71003
[ 10065] x 100

7,71003
35

x 100

= 22,02864

Ulangan 3

2,58621
[ 10065]

2,58621
35

x 100

x 100

= 7,389163
Rata-rata kadar abu basis kering (bk)
=

21,47742+22,02864 +7,389163
3

= 16,96508
4.

Standar Deviasi basis basah (bb)


SD

( xrata 2 x )2
n1

kadar abu(bb)
[100,kadar air (bb)]

x 100

(7,517105,93778)2+(7,710035,93778)2 +(2,586215,93778)2
31

= 2,90415
5.

Standar Deviasi basis kering (bk)


SD

=
(21,4774216,96508)2+(22,0286416,96508)2 +(7,38916316,96508)2
31

= 8,29756
6.

Perhitungan RSD/CV basis basah (bb)


CV

SD
rata2 x

2,90415
5,93778

x 100

x 100

= 48,90967
7.

Perhitungan RSD/CV basis kering (bk)


CV

8,29756
16,96508

= 48,90967

x 100