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SULIT

4541/2
Chemistry
Paper 2
MEI
2014
2 jam

NAMA:.................................................... Tingkatan :..............................

SMK BULOH KASAP


PEPERIKSAAN SETENGAH TAHUN 2014
TINGKATAN 4
CHEMISTRY
Paper 2
Dua jam tiga puluh minit
JANGAN BUKA KERTAS SOALAN INI SEHINGGA DIBERITAHU
1. Tuliskan nama dan tingkatan pada ruang
yang disediakan.
2. Jawab semua soalan daripada Bahagian A.
Tuliskan jawapan anda dalam ruang yang
disediakan
3. Jawab satu soalan daripada Bahagian B
dan satu soalan daripada Bahagian
C.Jawapan kepada bahagian B dan
Bahagian C hendaklah ditulis pada kertas
tulis.
4. Anda diminta menjawab dengan lebih
terperinci untuk Bahagian B dan Bahagian
C. Jawapan mestilah jelas dan logik.
Persamaan, gambar rajah, jadual, graf dan
cara lain yang sesuai untuk menjelaskan
jawapan anda boleh digunakan.
5. Anda hendaklah menyerahkan kertas tulis
dan kertas tambahan, jika digunakan
bersama-sama dengan kertas soalan.
6. Penggunaan kalkulator saintifik yang tidak
boleh diprogramkan adalah dibenarkan.

Bahagian

Kertas soalan ini mengandungi 18 halaman


bercetak
[lihat sebelah
SULIT

B
C

Soalan

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Markah
penuh

10
9
11
10
10
10
20
20
Jumlah

Markah
diperoleh

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Section A
[60 marks]
Answer all questions in this section.
The time suggested to complete Section A is 90 minutes.
1. The figure shows the graph of temperature against time for the heating of solid naphthalene.
Rajah dibawah menunjukkan graf suhu melawan masa bagi pemanasan pepejal naftalena.
Temperature/ oC
Z
T2
X

W
0
Time/min
(a) What is the physical state of naphthalene at the region:
Apakah keadaan fizikal bagi naftalena pada kawasan:
XY :
.......................................................................................................................................
YZ :
........................................................................................................................................
[2 marks]
(b) Draw the arrangement of particles at the region WX.
Lukiskan susunan zarah pada kawasan WX.

[1 mark]
(c) T2 is the melting point of naphthalene.
T2 Adalah takat lebur bagi naftalena.
Explain why there is no change in temperature from X to Y.
Terangkan mengapa tiada perubahan suhu dari X ke Y.
...................................................................................................................................................
......
...................................................................................................................................................
......
[2 marks]
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(d)

At which point has naphthalene completed the process of melting?


Pada titik manakah naftalena telah lengkap proses peleburan?
......................................................................................................................................
...............
[1 mark]

(e) The liquid naphthalene is cooled at room temperature. Predict the freezing point of
naphthalene.
Cecair naftalena disejukkan pada suhu bilik. Ramalkan takat beku bagi naftalena.
...............................................................................................................................................
......
[1 mark]
(f) State another substance that can replace naphthalene in this experiment.
Nyatakan satu bahan lain yang boleh menggantikan naftalena dalam eksperimen ini.
...............................................................................................................................................
......
[1 mark]
g) Draw the set up of the apparatus used to determine the melting point of naphthalene in the
laboratory.
Lukiskan susunan radas yang digunakan bagi menentukan takat lebur bagi naftalena dalam
makmal.

[2 marks]

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2.

Table 1 shows the melting points and boiling points of five substances.
Jadual 1 menunjukkan takat lebur dan takat didih bagi lima sebatian.
Substances
Sebatian

Melting point, oC
Takat lebur, oC

Boiling point, oC
Takat didih, oC

Physical state at
room temperature
Keadaan fizikal
pada suhu bilik

P
P

-5
-5

67
67

Liquid
Cecair

Q
Q

-105
-105

-38
-38

R
R

34
34

87
87

S
S

21
21

169
169

T
T

151
151

813
813

Solid
Pepejal

Solid
Pepejal

Table 1 / Jadual 1
(a) State the physical state of Q and S at room temperature?
Nyatakan keadaan fizikal Q dan S pada suhu bilik
Q : .
S : .
[2 marks]
[2 markah]
o
(b) What is the physical state of R at 100 C?
Apakah keadaan fizikal bagi sebatian R pada suhu 100oC?

(c)

...................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
Draw the arrangement of particles of P at room temperature.
Lukiskan susunan zarah-zarah bagi sebatian P pada suhu bilik

[1 mark] / [1 markah]
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(d) The particles of which substance have the highest kinetic energy at room
temperature?
Sebatian zarah-zarah yang manakah mempunyai tenaga kinetik yang paling tinggi
pada suhu bilik?
...................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(e) T has higher melting point than S. Explain why.
T mempunyai takat lebur yang lebih tinggi daripada S. Terangkan mengapa.
...................................................................................................................................
...................................................................................................................................
[2 marks]
[2 markah]
(f)

Sketch the graph of temperature against time when substance R is heated at room
temperature until it reaches 100oC.
Lakarkan graf suhu melawan masa apabila sebatian R dipanaskan pada suhu bilik
sehingga mencapai 100oC.

[2 marks]
[2 markah]

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3.

Below is a list of elements represented by the symbols as shown:


Berikut ialah senarai unsur-unsur yang diwakili oleh simbol-simbol seperti yang
ditunjukkan di bawah.
4

P,

(a) (i)

Q,

R,

12

19

27

13

S,

35

T,

17

39
19

Pick a pair of elements that belongs to the same Group in the Periodic Table.
Pilih pasangan unsur-unsur yang berada pada Kumpulan yang sama dalam
Jadual Berkala

(ii)

............................................................................................................................
Explain your answer.
Terangkan jawapan anda.
............................................................................................................................

..........................................................................................................................
[2 marks]
[2 markah]
(b) State the position of element P in the Periodic Table.
Nyatakan kedudukan unsur P dalam Jadual Berkala.
...................................................................................................................................
[2 marks]
[2 markah]
(c)

(i)

Which element reacts vigorously with cold water?


Unsur yang manakah bertindak balas secara cergas dengan air sejuk?

(ii)

............................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
Write a balanced chemical equation for the reaction.
Tuliskan persamaan kimia yang seimbang bagi tindak balas tersebut.

............................................................................................................................
[2 marks]
[2 markah]
(d) Write the formula of the ion formed by element S.
Tuliskan persamaan ion yang terbentuk bagi unsur S.
...................................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
(e) (i) Which one of the two elements S and T, is more electronegative?
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Yang manakah antara dua unsur S dan T, paling elektronegatif?

(ii)

............................................................................................................................
[1 mark]
[1 markah]
Explain your answer.
Terangkan jawapan anda.
............................................................................................................................
............................................................................................................................
[2 marks]
[2 markah]

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4.

Diagram 4.1 shows a syringe filled with ammonia gas, NH 3 at room temperature
and pressure.
Rajah 4.1 menunjukkan sebuah picagari yang diisi dengan gas amonia, NH3 pada
suhu dan tekanan bilik.
Syringe

Piston

10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90
cm3
Ammonia gas
DIAGRAM 4.1
Rajah 4.1
[Relative atomic mass of N = 14 , H = 1, Molar volume = 24 dm 3 mol-1 at room
temperature and pressure]
(a) Calculate the number of moles of ammonia gas in the syringe.
Hitungkan bilangan mol bagi gas amonia dalam picagari.

[2 marks]
(b) Calculate / Hitungkan
(i) the number of ammonia molecules in the syringe.
bilangan molekul amonia dalam picagari.
[Avogadro Constant = 6.02 x 1023 mol-1 ]

[1 mark]

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(ii) the number of atoms in the syringe.


Bilangan atom-atom di dalam picagari.
[Avogadro Constant = 6.02 x 1023 mol-1 ]

[1 mark]
(b) Diagram 4.2 shows 25 g of copper (II) carbonate, CuCO 3 .
Rajah 4.2 menunjukkan 25 g kuprum (II) karbonat, CuCO 3.
[Relative atomic mass of C = 12, O = 16, Cu = 64]

DIAGRAM 4.2
Rajah 4.2
Calculate / Hitungkan
(i) the relative formula mass of copper (II) carbonate.
jisim formula relative bagi kuprum (II) karbonat. 25 g of copper (II) carbonate

[1 mark]
(ii) the number of moles of copper (II) carbonate.
Bilangan mol bagi kuprum (II) karbonat.

[1 mark]
(iii) the percentage of oxygen by mass in copper (II) carbonate.
peratus bagi oksigen dalam jisim di dalam kuprum (II) karbonat.

[1 mark]

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(c) The empirical formula of a compound is CH2. If the relative molecular


mass of the compound is 84, what is its molecular formula?
Formula empirik bagi satu sebatian ialah CH 2. Jika jisim molekul ralatif
bagi sebatian tersebut adalah 84, apakah formula molekul bagi sebatian
itu?.
[Relative atomic mass of H = 1, C = 12]

[3 marks]

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5.

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[1 mark]

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6. The figure shows part of the Periodic Table of the elements.


Q,R,T,X and Y do not represent the actual symbol of the elements.
Rajah dibawah menunjukkan Jadual Berkala unsur.
Q, R, T, X and Y tidak mewakili simbol sebenar unsur-unsur.
Q
T
W

By using the letters as a symbol, answer the following questions.


Dengan menggunakan huruf sebagai symbol, jawab soalan yang berikut.
a) Choose the element that is a halogen.
Pilih unsur yang mana adalah halogen.
......
.......
[1 mark]
b) i) Which element is chemically unreactive?
Unsur yang manakah adalah tidak reaktif secara kimia?
................................
[1 mark]
ii) Explain your answer.
Terangkan jawapan anda.
..................................
................................
[2 marks]
c) Which element forms an amphoteric oxide?
Unsur yang manakah menghasilkan oksida amforterik?
................
..............
[1 mark]
d) Which element reacts vigorously in water to form alkaline solution?
Unsur yang manakah bertindakbalas dengan cergas dalam air membentuk
larutan beralkali?
.....
[1 mark]

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e) i) Which element has the smallest atomic size?


Unsur manakah mempunyai size atom yang paling kecil.
..................................
[1 mark]
ii) Explain your answer.
Terangkan jawapan anda.
.......................................
.......................................
[2 marks]
f) Write the electron arrangement for an atom of element Q.
Tuliskan susunan elektron bagi atom bagi unsur Q.
.................
.............
[1 mark]
]

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Section B
[20 marks]
The time suggested to answer this section is 30 minutes.

7. (a) The figure show two isotopes of an element X.


Rajah menunjukkan dua isotop bagi unsur X.

(i) State the number of neutrons in both atoms.


Nyatakan bilangan neutron nagi kedua-dua atom.
[2 marks]
(ii) State two similarities and two differences between these two atoms.
Nyatakan dua persamaan dan dua perbezaan bagi kedua-dua atom.
[4 marks]
(b)The figure shows the set up of apparatus for an experiment to determine the
empirical formula of the oxide of metal Y.
Rajah menunjukkan susunan radas bagi eksperimen untuk menentukan
formula empirik bagi oksida Logam Y.
combustion tube

hydrogen flame

dry hydrogen

oxide of metal Y

The results obtained are as follows.


Keputusan yang diperolehi adalah seperti berikut.
Mass of combustion tube + porcelain dish
Jisim tiub pembakaran + piring porcelain

= 53.30 g

Mass of combustion tube + porcelain dish + oxide of metal Y


Jisim tiub pembakaran + piring porcelain + oksida logam Y

= 55.69 g

Mass of combustion tube + porcelain dish + residue


Jisim tiub pembakaran + piring porcelain + baki

= 55.37 g

(i) Based on the above information, determine the empirical formula of oxide
of metal Y.
Berdasarkan maklumat diatas, tentukan fprmula empirik bagi oksida
logam Y.
[Given that the relative atomic mass of O = 16, Y = 207]
[4 marks]

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(ii) Describe the steps that should be taken to ensure that all the air in the
combustion tube has been expelled.
Jelaskan langkah-langkah yang perlu diambil bagi memastikan semua
uara dalam tiub pembakaran telah dikeluakan.
[2 marks]
(iii) The table shows the metals and the method used to determine the
empirical formulae of the metal oxides respectively.
Jadual menunjukkan logam dan kaedah yang digunakan bagi menentukan
formula empirik bagi oksida logam masing-masing.
Metal/logam
Metal Y/logam Y
Magnesium

Method/kaedah
Dry hydrogen gas is flowed through the hot metal oxide.
Gas hidrogen kering dialirkan lelalui oksida logam panas
Magnesium is burnt in the air.
Magnesium tebakar dalam udara.

Explain why there are different methods used.


Terangkan mengapa terdapat kaedah yang berbeza yang digunakan.
[2 marks]
(c) X is a substance which melts at 71oC and boils at 314oC.
X adalah bahan yang melebur pada 71 oC dan mendidih pada 314oC.
Sketch a graph of temperature against time when molten X at 100 oC is
allowed to cool to 60oC
Lakarkan graf bagi suhu melawan masa apabila leburan X pada 100 oC
disejukkan ke 60oC
(ii) Based on the graph in (c)(i), state the physical state of substance X at
71oC and explain the changes in terms of the kinetic energy and the
arrangement of particles.
Berdasarkan kepada graf dalam (c)(i) nyatakan sifat fozikal bagi bajan X
pada dan jelaskan perubahan dari segi tenaga kinetik dan susunan
zarah-zarah.
[6 marks]

(i)

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SECTION C
[20 marks]
The time suggested to answer this section is 30 minutes.
8.

(a)

Name three elements from Group 18 and state one use for each element.
Namakan tiga unsur dari Kumpulan 18 dan nyatakan satu kegunaan bagi
setiap unsur.
[6 marks]

(b)

Explain why the Group 18 elements exist as monoatomic molecules while


the Group 17 elements exist as diatomic molecules.
Terangkan mengapa unsur-unsur Kumpulan 18 wujud sebagi molekul
motoatom manakala unsur-unsur Kumpulan 17 wujud sebagai molekul
dwiatom.
[4 marks]

c) Lithium, sodium and potassium are three elements of Group 1 in the Periodic
Table of element. The elements react with water to form alkaline solution.
Litium, natrium dan kalium merupakan tiga unsur dalam kumpulan 1, Jadual
Berkala Unsur. Ketiga-tiga unsur bertindak balas dengan air menghasilkan larutan
beralkali.
Plan an experiment to determine the reactivity of group 1 elements towards
water.
Rancangkan satu eksperimen untuk menentukan kereaktifan unsur kumpulan 1
terhadap air.
Your explanation should include the following information:
Penerangan anda hendaklah mengandungi maklumat berikut:
-

Materials and apparatus


Bahan dan radas

Procedure
Kaedah

Observation
Pemerhatian

Chemical equation
Persamaan kimia
[10 marks]

END OF QUESTION PAPER


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