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BASIC INFORMATION ABOUT SPECIAL

STEEL MAKING

STEEL

Steel is an alloy consisting mostly of Iron, with carbon content up to


and 2 % In general this is known as Carbon Steel which other than carbon
is alloyed with Manganese & Silicon to satisfy the quality parameter of
the customers. When metal like chromium, Nickel, Molybdenum, Manganese,
Vanadium and Silicon etc are added in the steel beyond certain limits to
achieve the definite physical properties required for its use, it is
known as alloy steel.
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EAF(ELECTRIC ARC FURNACE)

An electric arc furnace (EAF) is a furnace that heats charged material


by means of an electric arc. The furnaces range in size from small units
of approximately one ton capacity (used in foundries for producing cast
iron products) up to about 400 ton units used for secondary steelmaking.
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LRF(LADLE REFINING FURNACE)

Ladle Refining Furnaces are used to raise the temperature and adjust the
chemical composition of molten metal. Without LRFs, higher tap
temperatures are normally required from steel making furnaces due to
heat losses during refining with conventional ladles.
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AOD(ARGON OXYGEN DECARBURIZATION)

Argon oxygen decarburization (AOD) is a process primarily used


in stainless steel making and other high grade alloys with oxidizable
elements such as chromium and aluminum. After initial melting the metal
is then transferred to an AOD vessel where it will be subjected to three
steps of refining. decarburization, reduction, and desulphurization.
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VD(VACUUM DEGASSING)

Subjecting the liquid Steel to a vacuum level if 1mm for removing the
undesirable constituents & removing/reducing Gases like Nitrogen,
Hydrogen, and Oxygen. Subjecting the liquid Steel to a vacuum level if
1mm for removing the undesirable constituents & removing/reducing Gases
like Nitrogen, Hydrogen, and Oxygen.
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ALLOY STEEL GRADES


SN

GRADE

TYPE

38MnSiVS6

30MnVS6

Medium Carbon Steel Crank Shaft


with V,S & N2
Ball Joints & Inserts
Medium Carbon Steel Housing Shaft & Socket
with V,Si & N2

C70S6

SAE 11V41

SAE 1137V

D25M6

MT-15

High Carbon Steel


with V,S & N2

APPLICATION

Fracture Splitable
Connecting Rod for Car
& Trucks
Medium Carbon Steel Yoke
with V,S & N2
Medium Carbon Steel Yoke
with V,S & N2
Low Carbon Steel
Transmission Components
with V,Nb, Si & N2
Low Carbon Steel
Chain Link
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with Nb, Mo & N2

ENGINE PARTS GRADE


CONROD Steel Grades
SCM 420 H
S35C
C70S6
42Cr4Mo2
CRANKSHAFT Steel
Grades
S48C
38MnSiV5/6
S48CS1V ( under
development)
41Cr4/SCM435
PISTON PIN Steel Grades
15Cr3
17Cr3
15CrNi6
EN 353
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ROCKER ARM Steel Grades


SCr 420H

SOME OTHER AUTO GRADES


Rack & Pinion Systems
Grades
SCM 415H
SCM 420 HV
S45C H&T

Steel

Shock Absorber & Strut


Springs : Sup7NV/SAE 9254
Piston Rod : Bright Carbon
Steel
Front Axle Beam : 40Cr4C
Hydraulic Power System
Steering Steels
Sector Shaft : SAE 8627H
Rack Piston : 20MnCr5/41Cr4M
Worm Shaft : EN18C (modified)
Stub Axle Steel Grade
40Cr4B, 20MnCr5(B)
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CV Joint assemblies Steel


Grades
Tulips & Cups : SAE 1050/XC45
Drive Shaft
: 15B41/
38B3/Ck45

PHOTOGRAPHS OF UT TESTING MACHINE

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BRIGHT BAR MACHINE

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EQUIPMENTS USED IN STEEL MAKING


Wagon Tippler

Power Plant

Ingot Casting

EAF

Rolling Mill

Mini Blast Furnace

Vacuum Degassing

DRI-Kiln

Continuous Casting

Drawing MachineBright Bar Unit


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