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Faktor-Faktor yang Berhubungan dengan Perilaku Keinginan Berhenti Merokok pada

Pengunjung Laki-Laki Perokok Aktif di Puskesmas Kecamatan Kebon Jeruk Bulan Juli
2016
Anis Adilah Izzati Binti Azizan, Maria Anastasia Darmawan, Asty Selevani
Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Kristen Krida Wacana
Abstrak
Menurut data World Health Organization (WHO), Indonesia merupakan negara ketiga dengan
jumlah perokok terbesar di dunia setelah Cina dan India. Di Indonesia, terdapat sekitar 63 juta
perokok yang sulit untuk berhenti merokok. Penelitian ini menggunakan desain deskriptif analitik
dengan pendekatan cross-sectional untuk menguji faktor-faktor yang berhubungan dengan perilaku
berhenti merokok pada pengunjung laki-laki perokok aktif di Puskesmas Kecamatan Kebon Jeruk, bulan
Juli 2016. Sampel menggunakan teknik non probability sampling yaitu consecutive sampling

dengan sumber data primer pada 120 orang menggunakan uji kuesioner. Pada Uji Chi-Square
didapatkan nilai p= 0,047 antara pendidikan terhadap perilaku keinginan berhenti merokok, pada
uji Chi-Square didapatkan nilai p= 0,000 antara pengetahuan terhadap perilaku keinginan berhenti
merokok dan pada uji Chi-Square didapatkan nilai 0,000 antara dukungan keluarga terhadap perilaku
keinginan berhenti merokok. Tidak didapatkan adanya hubungan yang bermakna antara umur, pekerjaan,
pendapatan, lama merokok, dan jumlah batang rokok sehari terhadap perilaku keinginan berhenti
merokok.
Kata Kunci: Berhenti Merokok, Laki-Laki, Perokok Aktif.

Abstract
Based on World Health Organization (WHO), Indonesia is the third most highest smokers next
after China and india. In Indonesia, there are about 63 million smokers have problem to stop
smoking. This study used descriptive analytical design method with cross-sectional approached
to test the factors related with smoking cessation on active smokers male visitor who is an
active smokers in Puskesmas Kecamatan Kebun Jeruk on July 2016. Respectively, primary data
from a questionnaire fo 120 respondents is gathered by consecutive sampling of non-probability
sampling is used as the sampling technique. Chi-square analysis is use to test the null hypothesis
with significant level of 0.05% with confidence level of 95% using SPSS v16 programme. The
statistical analysis showed there are significant relation between (1) education on smoking
cessation (p=0,047), (2) knowledge on smoking cessation ( p = 0,000) and (3) family support on
smoking cessation (p=0,00).
Keywords: Smoking cessation, male, active smoker
Factors related with smoking cessation on active smokers male visitors in Puskesmas
Kecamatan Kebun Jeruk, July 2016
Anis Adilah Izzati Binti Azizan, Maria Anastasia Darmawan, Asty Selevani
Faculty of Medicine Krida Wacana Christian University
3

Abstract
Milk consumption in Indonesian society is still relatively low compared to other countries in ASEAN. It is
formed by knowledge, attitude and behaviour, which are influenced by factors such age, gender, grade
level, parents education level, the working mother, and the number of children in the household, stunting
state. This study used a descriptive design with cross-sectional approach to knowledge, attitude, and
behavior regarding drinking milk at primary school students on SDN Wijaya Kusuma 01 Pagi Kecamatan
Grogol Petamburan on October 2015. The samples are 110 respondents of primary school students, using
stratified probability stratified random sampling method. The primary data source from the 110 students
with questionnaire tests. Using Kruskal Wallis test, p value = 0.031 between the number of children on
behavior regarding drinking milk. Using Chi-Square test p value = 0.032 between the knowledge with
attitudes about drinking milk. There were no significant correlation between age, gender, grade level,
parents education level, the working mother, and the number of children in the household, stunting state
with knowledge and attitude. There were no significant of age, gender, grade level, education level of
parents, and the working mother with behavior. There were no significant association between knowledge
with behavior, stunting state and attitude with behavior.
Keywords: Drinking milk, Knowledge, Attitude, Behaviour, Elementary students.