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S.

S ASSIGNMENT STD VI Ist SEM 2014-15


Course :- L no-1, 2,3,4,5,7,8,9
Paper Style: Q.1 Choose the correct option (15)
Q.2 Fill in the blanks (10)
Q.3 Match the following (8)
Q.4 True or false (8)
Q.5 Ans in one or two sentences. (Any 12) 12 marks.
Q.6 Ans in brief. (Any 5) 10 marks
Q.7 Answer in detail (Any four) 12 marks
Q.8 Map (5)
Q.1 CHOOSE THE CORRECT OPTION.
L no-5 Earth-our home
1. what is the horizontal line drawn in the middle of the earths surface known as ?
a) Tropic b) Equator c) Tropic of Capricorn d) Tropic of Capricorn
2. What is the horizontal line 23.5 north latitude from the equator known as
a) Tropic of Capricorn b) Equator c) Tropic d) Tropic of Cancer
3. Into how many zones is the earth divided?
a) Four b) two c) three d) five
4. How many oceans are there on the earth?
a) seven b) five c) three d) four
4. Which continent extends upto the South Pole?
a) Africa b) Antarctica c) Australia d) Asia
5. How many continents are there on the earth?
a) Nine b) five c)seven d) four
L no-7
6. In which direction in India is Gujarat situated?
a) South b) North c) West d) East
7. How many kilometres long is the sea coast of gujarat?
a) 1600 b) 1750 c) 2600 d) 1480
8. Which district is situated in the north-west boundary of Gujarat?
a) Valsad b) Banaskantha c) Jamnagar d) Kachchh.
9. Which state in India has the longest coastline?
a) Andhra Pradesh b) Gujarat c) Maharashtra d) Tamil Nadu.
10. What is the rank of Gujarat in area among the states of India?
a) Ninth b) Eighth c) Fourth d) Seventh.
11. How many physiographic divisions are there in Gujarat?
a)Five b) three c) six d) four.
12. Which type of region is most of the Kachchh?
a) Valley b) plain c) desert d) Plateau.
L no-9
13. In which river valley the Harappa and Mohen-jo-daro towns were extended
a.) Ganges b) Indus {sindhu} c) Narmada d) Brahmaputra
14. Approximately how old is the harappan civilization from today ?
a) 3000
b) 5200
c) 2500
d) 4500
15. Which town is considered as an important port of Indus valley civilazition ?
a) Lothal b) Harapan c) Kali bangan d) Mohan jo- daro
16. In which taluka of ahmedabad district is lothal situated ?
a) Mandal b) Dhandhuk c) Dholka d) Sanand
17. In which district dholavera a town of harappan civilization found out from gujarat situated ?
a) kachchh b) Banaskantha c) Junagadh d) Sabarkantha
18. which town planing was ideal among the towns found from Harappan civilization ?
a) Lothal b) Harappan c) Desha
d) Mohen - jo- daro
19. How wide was the roads of Mohen -jo -daros

Harappa town ?
a) 15 feet b) 33 feet c) 28 feet d ) 36 feet
20. What is the dignifying and special characteristic of Indus valley civilization ?
a) public bathroom b ) underground system
c) public buildings d) roads
21. Which art was fully developed in Mohen-jo-daro and Harappa towns ?
a) art of music b) art of making metal utensils
c) art of making wooden articles d) art of making clay utensils.
22. What to do the beautiful toys of clay of Harappa
civilization indicate ?
a) they were lovers of children b) they were lovers of music C) they were lovers of beauty d) they
were lovers of dance
23. How many symbols are there in the longest inscripition found from the residues of Harappan
civilization approximately ?
a 26 b 32 c 22 d41
Q.2 FILL IN THE BLANKS.
L. no-5
1. Manyastronauts have taken photographs of the earth from space.
2, The horizontal imaginary lines drawn on the globe are called latitudes.
3. . The vertical imaginary lines drawn on the globe are called longitudes.
4. The area receiving maximum temperature(heat) and maximum light on the earth is called Tropical zone.
5. The area receiving minimum temperature(heat) and minimum light on the earth is called Frigid zone.
6. The area receiving moderate temperature (heat) and moderate light on the earth is called Temperate zone.
7. The land area on the earth is called continents.
8. The water area on the earth is called oceans.
9. There are a total of seven continents and four oceans on the earth.
10. Antarctica extends upto the south pole of the earth.
L n0-7
11. Gujarat is situated in west direction of India.
12. Dahod district is situated in the eastern boundary of Gujarat.
13. Jamnagar district is situated in the western boundary of Gujarat.
14. Banaskantha district is situated in the northern boundary of Gujarat.
49. Valsad district is situated in the southern boundary of Gujarat.
15. Arabian Sea is the western sea boundary of Gujarat.
16. The sea coast of Gujarat is about 1600 kilometres long.
17. Gujarat has about 1,96,024 sq. km. of geographical area.
18. Tropic of Cancer passes through almost the middle of Gujarat.
19. Most of the area of North Gujarat is a plain region.
20. The Kachchh desert is a Kharopat (salt Pan).
L no-9

21. Many changes have taken place on the earth due to natural calamities like an earthquake.
22.The things which are found during excavation are called residues.
23. Two towns found out during excavation in Sindh and Punjab in 1920-21 A.D are known as the residues
of the first Urban civilization.
24. The towns of Mohen-Jo-Daro and Harappa were found in the Indus (Sindhu) river-side area.
25. The Lothal town is considered as an important port of Indus valley civilization.
26. Lothal is situated in Dholka taluka of Ahmedabad district.
27. The distance between Ahmedabad and Lothal is 85 Kilometres.
28. The bay of Khambhat is near Lothal.
29. The lanes connecting the main roads of Mohen-Jo-Daro and Harappa were approximately 12 to 15 feet
wide.
30. Underground drainage system is the dignifying special characteristic of Indus valley civilization.

31. The underground drainage system of Indus valley civilization was known as Mori.
32. The residues of a large public bathroom are found from Mohen-Jo-Daro town.
33. The food grains found out from the residues of that time give an indication of farming.
34. Several residues of canals for irrigation are found from a place in Afghanistan.
35. The art of making clay utensils was fully developed in the towns of Mohen Jo Daro and Harappa.
36. The game of chess was very popular in Mohen-Jo-Daro and Harappa towns.
37. The script of the longest inscription found out from the residues of Indus valley was written from right
to left side.
L no-8
38. Our life becomes interesting and prosperous because of many diversity.
39. Unity in diversity is the main characteristic of Indian civilization.
40. The constitution of our country indicates to unity in diversity.
41. Diversity of India is considered to be its strength.
42. The imagination of Indian Tricolour (Tiranga) was made during the freedom struggle only.
Q.3 TRUE OR FALSE.
L no.-5
1. Many astronauts have taken photographs of the sun from the space. False
2. Maximum light falls between 23.5* N latitude and 23.5* S latitude on the earth. True
3. Minimum light falls over temperate zone on the earth. False
4. The thick horizontal line drawn on the globe to the north of equator is called Tropic of Capricorn. False
5. The thick horizontal line drawn on the globe to the north of the Tropic of Cancer is called rctic circle.
True
6. The semi-circular area to the north of equator is called Southern Hemisphere. False
7. Antarctica continent is located on the North Pole. False
L no-7
8. Gujarat is situated in the east of India. False
9. Kachchh district is situated in the north-west of Gujarat. True.
10. In India , Gujarat has the shortest sea boundary. False
11. In terms of area, Gujarat is ninth in India. False
12. Total geographical area of Gujarat is about 6% of India. True
13. The land area of Gujarat is divided into five physiographic zones. True
14. Most of the area in Gujarat is hilly. False
15. Land in Kachchh desert is mostly saline. True
16. On full moon day the Kachchh desert appears like a white bed sheet. true
L no-8
17. There is diversity in our unity. False
18. Every Indian has pride for our Nation and respect for our constitution. True.
19. People of only one religion participated in our freedom movement. False
20. During freedom movement communalism and casteism were observed in people of India. False
21. People used the tricolour(Tiranga) against the British rule in entire India. True
22. There are many diversities in people of India. True.
L no-9
23. Major changes take place on the earth due to natural clamities like famine. False
24. The bricks of ancient time were found during excavation of Mohen_Jo_Daro and Harappa towns. True
25. Harappa town is found out found from Rajasthan. False
26. Kalibangan town is found from Rajasthan. True
27. Bay of Kachchh is near Lothal. False
28. Houses of rich people were two-storeyed in the towns of Harappan civilization. True
29. The lanes connecting the streets of Mohen-Jo_Daro and Harappa towns were approximately 9 to 12 feet
wide.True
30. The underground drainage system of Indus valley civilization was known as Canal System. False
31. A pond for storing water for agriculture purpose is found from Dholaveera.

32. Men and women of towns of Harappan civilization wore three clothes. False
Q.4 MATCH THE FOLLOWING.
L no.-5
1. Tropic of Cancer --- Horizontal line to the north of equator.
2. Tropic of Capricorn --- Horizontal line to the south of equator
3. Equator --- Horizontal line passing from the middle of the earth.
L no- 7 BEGINNING OF HUMAN LIFE.
4. Kutch district -- North-west of Gujarat.
5. Bhujiyo and Liliyo --- Hills of Kutch
6. Arasur ---- Hills of Banaskantha
7. Mohen-Jo_Daro ---Punjab region.
8. Harappa
--- Larkhana region of Sindh
9. Kalibangan
---- Rajasthan
10. Dholaveera
--- Kachchh region.
11. Canals for irrigation ---Afghanistan
12. Pond for irrigation --- Dholaveera
13. Bronze idol of a dancer --- Hobby of dance.
L no-1 Q.5 ANSWER IN ONE OR TWO SENTENCES
Q.1How will you prepare the collection book ?
Ans The collection book is prepared by collecting various pictures and articles from different newspapers,
magazines and historical books available in the school library.
Q.2What do you mean by Millenium Gallery
Ans The information along with pictures about the events which took place during the 20th century was
published in December 2000 by almost all the newspapers.
Q.3. What is meant by Tadpatras ?
Ans The articles written on the bark of palm trees during ancient times is known as Tadpatras.
Q.4What is meant by Bhojpatras ?
Ans During ancient times articles were written on a special skin of a tree named as Bhauj. This kind of
writing is known as Bhojpatra.
Q.5What is meant by Archives ?
Ans Archives are the places where stone and copper plates inscriptions are preserved.
Q.6State the main sources of knowing history?
Ans The main sources of knowing history are documents, paintings, ornaments, toys, coins, inscriptions,
copper plates, old buildings, temples, step wells etc.
Q.7What is an inscription?
Ans The writings carved on stones is known as Inscriptions.
Q.8What is Tamrapatra ?
Ans The writings carved on copper plates is known as Tamrapatra.
Q.9How can we know the exact period of archaeological remainders?
Ans We can know the exact period of archaeological remainders by Carbon dating system.
Q10 In which script are the Tadpatras and Bhojpatras of ancient time mainly seen ? Who destroyed these
scripts?
Ans The Tadpatras and Bhojpatras of ancient time are mainly seen in Pandu script. These scripts were
destroyed by insects.
Lno.-2
Q.11 What is a Map?
Ans A small scale representation of the surface of the earth on a flat surface of the paper is called a map.
Q.12. What are the major organs of a map? Which are they?
Ans The major organs of a map are 1) Direction 2) Scale 3) Conventional signs.
Q.13 Give the full form of NATMO.
Ans The full form of NATMO is National Atlas and Thematic Maping Organization.

Q.14 What is the function of NATMO?


Ans NATMO creates the maps, including thematic maps like rainfall distribution of Gujarat.
Q.15 What is the importance of scale in a map?
Ans With the help of a scale in a map we can know the exact distance between any two places.
Q.16 Which are the general information given in every map?
Ans Some general information given in every maps are --- 1) Direction 2) Scale 3) Conventional signs 4)
different colours .
Q.17 How are the maps prepared?
Ans The maps are prepared by using directions, scale, conventional signs and different colours.
Q.,18 How can a large area be shown on a small paper?
Ans A large area can be shown on a small paper with the help of a scale.
L no.-3
Q.19 Why do we call a family the best school?
Ans A family is called the best school because it moulds the person and gives culture.
Q.20 How do a family and a school help the people?
Ans A family and a school help the people to live natural and better life.
Q.21 Which is the first duty of a child?
Ans The first duty of a child is to respect the elders is ones family, follow the customs and traditions and
observe all the rules and regulations.
Q.22 Which is the main duty of a child towards his school?
Ans The main duty of a child is to behave well and follow the rules of the school.
Q.23 When does an Indian citizen gets a right to vote?
Ans An Indian citizen gets a right to vote after completion of 18 years.
Q.24 Why can the foreigners not staying permanently in India, not be called Indian citizens?
Ans The foreigners who are not staying permanently in India, cannot be called Indian citizens because
they have no right to vote, contest in the election, to hold any government position or enjoy any other
rights.
Q.25 What is the effect on the citizenship of a citizen, who commits a serious crime of national betrayal?
Ans If a citizen commits a serious crime of national betrayal, he loses his citizenship.
L no-4
Q.26 Which are the main stages of primitive mans life?
Ans The three main stages of primitive mans life are 1) Old stone age (hunters and gatherers stage) 2)
Middle stone age 3) New stone age (farmers stage).
Q.27 From what do we get the information of initial life of primitive man?
Ans We get the information of initial life of primitive man from his tools and weapons.
Q.28 From which materials did the primitive man make his tools?
Ans The primitive man made tools from stones , bones and wood.
Q.29 For what purpose did the primitive man use his tools?
Ans The primitive man used his tools for cutting and crushing ,hunting, making huts or some other
facilities.
Q.30 Which is the most revolutionary invention of the primitive man?
Ans The invention of wheel is the most revolutionary invention of the primitive man.
Q.31 When did the primitive man use vehicles ? How?
Ans The primitive man used vehicles after the invention of wheel. He started using tamed animals for
running vehicles.
Q.32 Which things were found from the workshop of primitive man?
Ans Big pieces of stones, the weapons left by the primitive man and the weapons which were not well
prepared were the things found from the workshop of the primitive man.
L no.5
ANSWER IN ONE-TWO SENTENCES
33. Which horizontal line divides the globe into two equal parts?
Ans The Equator is the horizontal line which divides the globe into two equal parts.
34. What is Equator?

Ans Equator is the horizontal line which divides the globe into two equal parts.
35. Name the other two dark parallel horizontal lines on the globe.
Ans The other two dark horizontal lines on the globe are Tropic of Cancer in the northern hemisphere and
the Tropic of Capricorn in the southern hemisphere.
36. What is Tropic of Cancer?
Ans. The horizontal imaginary line at 23.5o to the north latitude from the equator is known as Tropic of
Cancer.
37. What is Tropic of Capricorn?
Ans The horizontal imaginary line at 23.5o to the south latitude from the equator is known as Tropic of
Capricorn.
38. What are zones?
Ans The earth is divided into different parts on the basis of temperature and the amount of light received
from the sun. These parts are called zones.
39. How many zones are there? Which are they?
Ans There are three zones. They are Torrid zone, Temperate zone, Frigid zone.
40. What are continents and oceans?
Ans. The land area on the earth is called continents and the area covered by water is known as oceans.
41. Give the names of the continents on the earth?
Ans.Asia, Europe, Africa, North America, South America, Australia and Antarctica.
42. Write names of the oceans on the earth.
Ans The Pacific ocean, The Indian ocean, The Atlantic ocean, The Arctic ocean , The Antarctic ocean.
43. Which continent is extended upto South Pole?
Ans. Antarctica is extended upto South Pole.
L no-7
Ex.ANSWER IN ONE OR TWO SENTENCES.
44. Which neighbouring country is situated on the north-western boundary of Gujarat?
Ans Pakistan is situated on the north-west boundary of Gujarat.
45. Which type of boundaries does Gujarat have?
Ans Gujarat has land boundaries and sea boundaries.
46. Which two gulfs of Gujarat are situated in the Arabian sea?
Ans Gulf of Kutch and Gulf of Khambhat are the two gulfs situated in the Arabian sea.
47. How many kilometres is the north-south length and east-west width of Gujarat?
Ans 1) The north-south length of Gujarat is 590 kms. 2) The east-west width of Gujarat is 500 kms.
48. Into how many zones is the land area of Gujarat divided? Which are they?
Ans The land area of Gujarat is divided into four zones, They are 1) North Gujarat 2) Central Gujarat 3)
South Gujarat 4) Saurashtra and Kutch.
49. Over which districts of Gujarat does Tropic of Cancer pass?
AnsThe Tropic of Cancer passes through the districts of Kutch, Patan, Mehsana and Sabarkantha..
50. Into how many physiographic divisions is Gujarat divided?
Ans Gujarat is divided into five physiographic divisions. They are 1) Plains 2) Mountains 3) Desert 4)
Coastal plains 5) Plateaus.
51. What is meant by relief features?
Ans Different landforms such as mountains, hills, plateaus, sea coasts ,deserts etc are called relief features.
52. Why are the of plains of Gujarat fertile ?
Ans The plains of Gujarat are fertile because the rivers carry alluvial soil which makes the plain fertile.
53. Which plains of Gujarat are very fertile?
Ans The plains of South Gujarat and Central Gujarat are very fertile.
54. From which ports of Gujarat was most of the trade carried out in ancient time?
Ans. Most of the trade in ancient Gujarat was carried out through ports such as Lothal, Khambhat, Ghogha,
Bharuch and Surat.
L no-8
55. Which is the main characteristics of Indian civilization?
Ans Unity in diversity is the main characteristic of Indian civilization.

56. Which are our National symbols?


Ans Our National Symbols are :- 1) Tricolour (Our National Flag) 2) Jana Gana Mana (Our National
anthem) 3) Vande Mataram (Our National song) 4) Ashok Stambh pillars built by King Ashok ( Our
National Epigraph) 5) Lotus (Our National flower) 6) Peacock (Our National bird) 7) tiger (Our National
animal) and Hockey (Our National sport) etc.
57. What should we do to make India more prosperous?
Ans To make India more prosperous we should all work unitedly.
58. All the rivers are different, yet to whom do they meet?
Ans Though all the rivers are different, they finally meet the sea.
59. Which festivals are celebrated by the whole country unitedly?
A. The three national festivals which are celebrated by the whole country unitedly are 1) Republic Day 2)
Independence Day and 3) Gandhi Jayanti.
L no-9
60. What are residues ?
Ans The things like coins, weapons, utensils, ornaments , toys etc which were found during excavation are
called residues.
61. Which are the main towns of Indus Valley civilization?
Ans The main towns of Indus Valley civilization are :- 1) Harappa in Larkhana region of Sindh. 2) MohenJo-Daro of Punjab region 3) Kalibangan in Rajasthan 4) Dholaveera in Kutch district.
62. Which towns of Indus valley civilization found from Gujarat are 1) Rangpur near Limdi in Saurashtra
2) Rozadi near Gondal 3) Deshalpur and Dholaveera in Kutch.
63. Which was the most specific feature of Indus valley civilization?
Ans The most specific feature of Indus valley civilization was well-arranged and well-planned town
planning.
64. What was the dignifying special characteristic of Indus valley civilization?
Ans The dignifying special characteristic of Indus valley civilization was its underground drainage system.
65. From which town the residues of a large bathroom are found?
Ans The residues of a large bathroom was found from the Mohen-Jo-Daro town.
66. How can we say that Lothal was a big port of Indus valley civilization?
Ans We can say that Lothal was a big port of Indus valley civilization because a dockyard was found from
where the international trade was carried on.
L no-1
Q.6 ANSWER IN BRIEF.
1. Where are the samples of Tadpatras and Bhojpatras seen?
Ans 1) The Tadpatras and Bhojpatras of ancient time are seen in temples, viharas and private or
Government museum. 2) From these sources, we get the information about contemporary kings and their
state administration as well as the public life.
Lno.-2
Q.2 How is the word Map derived?
Ans The word Map is derived from the latin word Mappa which means a piece of handkerchief.
Q.3 How is a map useful?
Ans 1) A map is used to know the geographical location of any place.
2) With the help of a map a small and actual picture of an area can be known.
3) A map serves as a guide to tourists, navigators, pilots, engineers, businessmen etc.
Q.4 What is the difference between a physical map and a political map?
ANS 3] a) Physical map shows various landforms like mountains, plateaus, plains, deserts, coastal plains,
rivers, seas, oceans etc.
b) Political map shows rural and urban areas, its names and boundaries of its states and districts.
L no-3
Q.5 Are you a citizen of India? Why?
Ans Yes, I am the citizen of India because I am born and brought up in India I enjoy all the political and
social rights given by the Indian government and perform all the duties for my country.
Q.6 What are our duties as an ideal citizen?

Ans. 1)An ideal citizen must have deep love for the country and behave in such a way that it increases the
pride of the country. 2) He or she must act with other citizen by co-operation and service feeling.
Q.7 How a foreigner staying in India is different from the citizen of India?
Ans An Indian citizen enjoys all the political and social rights by the state government while a foreigner
staying in India is not given such rights.
Q.8 Who is called an Indian citizen?
Ans A person who is born in India , who stays permanently in India, enjoys all political and social rights
given by Indian Government and perform his duty is called Indian citizen.
Q.9 Which are other identity cards with photographs?
Ans Election card (voter identity card), PAN- card (permanent account number), School identity card,
Passport, Driving licence. Etc.
Q.10 In which card are there names of family members? What is its use?
Ans 1) The names of all the family members are registered in ration card. 2) It is used to buy essential
commodities at reasonable price from the fair price shop opened by the government.
L no- 4
Q.11 What did the primitive man eat?
Ans1)The primitive man was a hunter and a preserver of grain. 2) He hunted animals, fish and birds and ate their raw meat. 3)He also collected leaves, fruits and flowers from various
trees. 4) He used them as food.
Q.12 Where did the primitive man prepare the tools of stone?
Ans 1) The tools of stones were very useful for the primitive man. 2)He found out the places from where he could get good quality of stones called as the workshop of the primitive man.
3) Such workshops and residences were found either on the river banks or caves.
Q.13 How do we come to know about the primitive mans knowledge of lighting fire?
Ans The primitive man might have seen the sparks while making stone implements (tools) and due to this sparks he got the knowledge of fire.
Q. 14. In which caves the evidences of primitive mans habitation are found?
Ans The evidence of primitive mans habitation are found 1) in the caves of Bhimbettaka near the river Narmada in Madhya-Pradesh. 2) In the Caves of Vindhya mountains 3) In the
mountainous region of South India.
Q.15 What can be called as the workshop of primitive man? Where these places are seen?
Ans 1)The primitive man used to live at the same place for a long time, which can be called as the workshop of primitive man where he prepared the tools of stones and weapons. 2)
Such places are found either on the bank of a river or caves.
Q.16 What is a plateau? Which part of Gujarat is known as a Plateau?
Ans. 1) The landform which are higher than the sea level and the upper part is flat like plains is called a plateau. 2) In Gujarat Central Kutch and Saurashtra are known as plateau.
L no-9

Q.17 Compare the town planning of today with the ancient town of Harappa.
Ans The town planning of Harappan period was well-planned as compared to the present time which
includes the building for residence purpose, roads and streets, markets, underground drainage system,
public buildings, public bathroom etc.
Q.7 Answer in detail.
Q.1 Write about the coastal boundary of Gujarat?
Ans. 1) The Arabian Sea is situated to the west of Gujarat. 2) The coastal boundary of Gujarat is about 1600
km long. 3) It is the longest sea boundary in India. 4) There are two gulfs in the Arabian sea. They are the
Gulf of Kutch and the Gulf of Khambhat. 5) The international trade was carried out in ancient times
through the ports of Lothal, Khambhat, Ghogha, Bharuch and Surat.
Q.2 Write about the plains of Gujarat.
Ans 1) Most of Gujarat is a plain region. 2) The rivers have deposited much alluvium, so the plain is very
fertile. 3) The plains of South Gujarat and Central Gujarat are more fertile. 4) The best facilities for
agriculture and settlement are easily available in the plains of Gujarat.
Q.3 We are all one. How and why?
Ans Yes, we are all one. 1) India is our country and we are all its citizens. 2) This kind of national integrity
lies in our hearts. 3) The people of the entire nation work with co-operation, leaving behind internal
differences. 4) The people of our country have accepted the National Anthem, National song, National
Epigraph and all other national symbols. 5) Everyone shows respect and pride towards them. Therefore it
can be said that we are all one.

Q4. SHORTNOTE ON CONVENTIONAL SIGNS.


Conventional signs are the signs or symbols well known to all and understand by all.
Conventional sign gives us much information in a very small place in the map.
By conventional signs, we can draw and understand the map very easily.
It is used in the map to represent different features of land either in pictorial form or in the form of English
alphabet.
Though the foreign travellers do not know our language and local directions,
Q.5 Give details of roads and streets of Mohen-Jo-Daro and Harappa.
Ans. 1) The main roads and their connecting small roads and streets of Mohen-Jo_Daro and Harappa were
well-planned. 2) The main roads crossed each other at right angles. 3) The main roads were 33 feet wide. 4)
The roads were cleaned regularly. 5) There was an arrangement of night lamps on the road to provide light
during night.
Q.6 Give a brief introduction of the underground drainage system of Indus valley civilization.
Ans 1) The underground drainage system is a special characteristic of Indus valley civilization. 2) It is
known as Mori. 3) There was an excellent facility in which the dirty water and garbage/waste flow from the
small pipes to big pipes. 4) This dirty water always passes from the upper side while the garbage remains at
the bottom. 5) There were covers provided over the gutters at certain distance, which could be removed for
cleaning the gutters.
Q.7 Write a short note on : Importance of residues.
1) The residues of different things found out during excavation are very important sources for knowing
history. 2) Such residues provide supplementary information to historians for writing history. 3) Historians
make use of these residues and make the history up-to-date and authentic.
Q.9 Map of Gujarat.
Districts Banaskantha, Sabarkantha, Ahmedabad, Gandhinagar, Jamnagar, Junagadh, Rajkot, Porbandar,
Surat, Valsad, Vadodara, Dahod.
Two Gulfs : Gulf of Kutch and Gulf of Khambhat
Arabian sea
Neighbouring States : Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra.