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COMANDO DA AERONUTICA

ACADEMIA DA FORA AREA


CONCURSO DE ADMISSO 2003

05 -

I-

11 DE NOVEMBRO DE 2002.
CADERNO DE QUESTES DA PROVA DE LNGUA

Observe the reported speeches below.

II-

INGLESA

III-

CDIGO 11
TRANSCREVA O NMERO DO CDIGO DA PROVA PARA O SEU CARTO DE
RESPOSTAS

IV-

PREENCHA OS DADOS ABAIXO:

According to the reported speeches above, mark the correct alternative.

NOME DA CANDIDATA:___________________________________________________

a)
b)
c)
d)

NO DE INSCRIO:_______________________________________________________
ASSINATURA:___________________________________________________________

Directions: Read the following text and answer the questions from number 01 to
number 04, according to it.

In 1954, Jacques Fesch, the 24-year-old son of a wealthy Belgian banker,


killed a policeman during an armed robbery in Paris. Cocky and arrogant
throughout his trial he ______ to prison and executed by guillotine three years
later. Now he's being recommended for sainthood.
How can a notorious killer ______ a saint? It helps to have a powerful
advocate in the church. Paris Archbishop Jean-Marie Lustiger based his appeal
on Lesch's devotion to Christianity, including his jailhouse conversion to
Catholicism. He said that sanctifying Fesch, despite the viciousness of his crime,
would provide "great hope for those who despise themselves, who consider
themselves irremediably lost." This was precisely the reason that the Paris police
union denounced the suggestion: "It teaches delinquents that (no matter what
they do) they can always redeem themselves."

The Lone Gunman

06 -

07 -

(
(

a)
b)
c)
d)
02 -

he was arrested soon after the President was shot.


there was another person involved in the plot.
he wasnt legally judged since he was killed.
he bought a rifle to fire the Presidents motorcade.

The excerpt from the last paragraph: Countless theories have been put forward,
some of them discounting Oswalds role altogether means that
a) according to some theories, Lee Oswald didn't take part in the Presidents
assassination.
b) theories believe that Lee Oswald had a partner in the assassination.
c) many theories havent been considered good explanations for the case.
d) in all the theories, Lee Oswald is considered innocent.

04 -

According to the text, mark the best alternative to define Lee Harvey Oswald.
a) An ordinary man unfairly arrested for a crime that he had never committed.
b) A bloody murderer who didnt mind about his country and citizenship.
c) A stateless killer who was misunderstood by both the American and Russian
governments.
d) A troubled man who didnt agree with his countrys politics.

Observe these phrases excerpted from the text:

I-

...the 24-year-old son of a wealthy Belgian banker, ...

II-

...that the Paris police union denounced the suggestion...

III-

...that they can always redeem themselves.

a) All of them are relative clauses, that is to say they have adjectival function.
b) In phrases number II and III, the word THAT can be replaced by WHY and
WHO, respectively.
c) Phrases number I and III identify nouns previously mentioned in the
sentences.
d) Number I is a nonrestrictive phrase unnecessary for the meaning of the
sentence.
08 -

One of these options below doesnt contain a correct passive construction. Mark
it.
a) People suppose that they are suffering a terrorist attack in New York They
are supposed to be suffering a terrorist attack in New York.
b) Nobody ever beat him at cards. He was never beaten at cards.
c) They are building a new landmark for tourists. A new landmark has been
built for tourists.
d) People said that he was jealous of his brothers good looks. He was said to
be jealous of his brothers good looks.

All the statements are true.


Only one statement is true.
Two statements are true.
All the statements are false.

Concerning all the theories and uncertainty by which Kennedys assassination is


surrounded, one of the main facts that make it impossible to affirm Lee Oswalds
guilt is that
a)
b)
c)
d)

03 -

) No one knows for sure if Lee Oswald schemed the assassination of


Kennedy by himself, or together with any accomplice, or he was just a
victim used to hide a governments secret plot.
) Lee Oswald left his country after being judged and punished by the Marines
because he had renounced his American citizenship.
) As Lee Oswalds license to remain in Russia was denied, he tried to
commit suicide, having, at last, the permission to stay there as a citizen of
no country.

has been sentenced / to become


had been sentenced / became
is sentenced / becomes
was sentenced / become

Concerning these phrases in the text, its correct to say that

Read the statements below and mark if they are T (true) or F (false) according to
the text.
(

The correct verbs to complete the gaps in the text are respectively:
a)
b)
c)
d)

(Adapted from Speak Up issue 149 1999)


01 -

Only one of them is correct.


Only two of them are correct.
Only three of them are correct.
All of them are correct.

Directions: Read the following text and answer the questions 06 and 07,
according to it.

ATENO! ESTA PROVA CONTM 40 QUESTES.

Whichever way you look at it, Lee Harvey Oswald is the central character in the
assassination of President Kennedy. Whether he was the lone gunman or a member of
a hit squad or a total innocent caught up in a government conspiracy is something that
we will probably never know. But, whatever the truth may be, its inevitable that Oswald
will have a part to play in it.
Oswald was born in 1939 and had a troubled childhood. He left school when he
was 16 and joined the Marines at 17. Getting disciplined and court martialed, Oswald
was released from active duty after three years of service. It was then that Oswald made
his supposed defection to Russia. He arrived in Moscow in October 1959, complaining
loudly about the American system and renouncing his citizenship. The Russians werent
as welcoming as he had expected, however, and when they refused to extend his visa,
he was distraught. He reacted by cutting his wrists in his Moscow hotel room.
Eventually, Oswald was allowed to stay, though only as a stateless person.
In May 1962 Oswald arrived in Fort Worth, Texas. Then he moved to Dallas. Yet,
Oswald remained troubled, again angry about his countrys politics. He also bought
himself a rifle.
On November 22, 1963, a gunman from the Texas School Book Depository
where Oswald had got a job is believed to have fired shots into President Kennedys
motorcade, killing Kennedy. Oswald was arrested a little over an hour later. Two days
later, as police were moving him from the city jail, Jack Ruby stepped out of the crowd
and shot Oswald dead. Without a trial it will always be impossible to know if Oswald had
been responsible for the Kennedy assassination.
Countless theories have been put forward, some of them discounting Oswalds
role altogether. No doubt the speculation will continue, but its unlikely that well ever
know for sure what Oswald really did and whether he did it alone.

Direct Speech: Where have I put my glasses?


Reported Speech: She wondered where she had put her glasses.
Direct Speech: Youd better listen to the elderly.
Reported Speech: He affirmed I would better listen to the elderly.
Direct Speech: Well have a sunny day next Sunday. (said on Friday)
Reported Speech: The weatherman said we will have a sunny day next
Sunday. (said on Friday)
Direct Speech: If I knew your parents, Id invite them over.
Reported Speech: He said if he had known my parents, he would have
invited them over.

09 -

Mark the correct alternative to complete the gaps:


III III IV Va)
b)
c)
d)

A massive bomb ________ in front of a nine-story federal office building in


Oklahoma city.
Did you ________ St. Petersburg while you were in Russia?
How did the robbery ________ ? Was the man really ________?
No one knows how the suspect managed to ________ from the police.
Trust me. I wont ________ our secret!
went off / call on / come about / arrested / get away / give away
appeared / call up / turn out / got rid / give up / let on
exploded / hang up / do over / taken away / leave out / set out
blew up / look up / become of / got over / escape / think of

AFA 2003 FEMININO


10 -

Observe the question tags below and mark the correct alternative.
III III IV Va)
b)
c)
d)

11 -

12 -

16 -

Youd better be silent, hadnt you?


Nothing was done, wasnt it?
Lets leave for Paris, isnt it?
Settle down, will you?
Somebody rang the door bell, didnt they?
Only two sentences are correct.
Only three sentences are correct.
All the sentences are incorrect.
All the sentences are correct.

We can deduce from the text that:


a) Its an outrage that a large number of women miscarries during the first three
months into their pregnancy.
b) Human reproduction is a process of life chosen without any plan that
demands sexual cells.
c) Natural processes of life gather up our thoughts by trying very hard to
produce fetuses.
d) When a womans gestation is about 140 days, the potential eggs in her
ovaries deliberately start dying.

17 -

Read the following sentences:

Mark the alternative in which the use of DO(ES) / DID is inadequate.

I-

a)
b)
c)
d)

II III IV -

They eat dogs in China, dont they? Yes, they do eat dogs in China.
Who did try to burglarize the house last night?
Nobody does very well in their Chemistry test.
With whom did she go?

Trying to produce effective fetuses, eggs and embryos are lost because
their attempts to survive are feeble.
Male and female get rid of too many cells at a representative dimension.
About 70% of fertilized eggs keep failing in their attempt to place the uterus.
In fact older pregnant women miscarries a large number of fertilized eggs
because of the prejudice against them.

Mark the item that completes the following passage with the appropriate missing
articles when required.

According to the text,

For ____ amateur athlete, winning in ____ Olympics is ____ great achievement.
____ games are not easy to win, whether _____ athlete competes in ____
Summer or in _____ Winter.

a)
b)
c)
d)

a)
b)
c)
d)
13 -

PROVA DE LNGUA INGLESA - CDIGO 11

the / a / a / / an / /
an / the / a / The / an / the / the
the / an / the / The / the / /
/ the / / / / the / the

18 -

a)
b)
c)
d)

Even before birth, humans are endowed with copious, even profligate, amounts
of gametes. The underlined words in the text mean:
a)
b)
c)
d)

All the sentences below are grammatically correct, except


Can you repeat the name of whos been invited?
Whoever wins will go on to play in Barcelona in the final.
Ill never forget the day on which I saw you for the first time.
Sallys two sons joined the Air Force, what made her quite proud.

All the statements are true.


Three of the statements are false.
Two of the statements are true.
Only one statement is false.

Provided / abundant
Developed / enough
Blended / considerable
Shaped / plentiful

Read the text below and answer questions from 19 to 22 :


VIRGO ( 24 / 08 23 / 09 )

14 -

Observe the sentences below and mark the correct alternative.


III III IV -

a)
b)
c)
d)
15 -

If I see a flying saucer, I would probably faint.


I wish I had followed your advice, but I didnt. Now its too late.
I even get angry if he watches girls on television.
Had I known you were in town I would have invited you to have dinner with
me.
Only sentences II, III and IV are correct.
Only sentences II and III are correct.
Only sentences I, II and III are correct,
Only sentences I, III and IV are correct.

Read the sentences below and mark the alternative containing the ideas
expressed by each sentence, respectively.
III III IV a)
b)
c)
d)

We camped there since it was too dark to go on.


It froze hard that night, so there was ice everywhere next day.
Even though you dont like him you can still be polite.
As soon as he left university he was hired by a renowned industry.
reason / result / concession / time
time / concession / reason / comparison
result / reason / cause / time
time / result / cause / comparison

Characteristics
Their basic impulses are to be of service to analyze, to criticize and to discriminate.
Theyre terribly fussy and like things to be perfect and places to be tidy. As perfectionists
themselves, they dont suffer fools gladly, but theyre modest and conscientious. They
tend to suppress their emotions and worry about things.
Birthstone _ Sardoniyx Ruling Mercury
Jupiter promises a good start this year, but you should take this opportunity to give
yourself a good domestic base before taking advantage of everything this unpredictable
year has to offer. If you want to broaden your career horizons and enter a more creative
field, this is a good time for you. Keep a watchful eye on finances.
(Adapted from Daily News and Speak Up)
19 -

a)
b)
c)
d)
20 -

Directions: Read the following text and answer the questions from number 16 to
number 18, according to it.

21 -

is a pronoun and refers to the object of the verb.


qualifies the pronoun and the subject as the same.
as a reflexive means that the subject of the sentence is alone.
is a pronoun which follows a noun to emphasize it.

Considering each underlined word from the 2nd paragraph as C (Count Noun) or
NC (Noncount Noun), how can you classify them in the text?
a)
b)
c)
d)

22 -

clumsy
inattentive
careful
valiant

The word themselves in the first paragraph


a)
b)
c)
d)

Natures Choice
Human reproduction is a random process requiring an excess of gamete and
embryo production. In the fragile biological endeavour to produce a viable fetus, eggs
and embryos are lost every day on a scale that staggers the imagination. Even before
birth, humans are endowed with copious, even profligate, amounts of gametes: at about
the twentieth week of gestation a female fetus has as many as seven million potential
eggs in her ovaries, but these begin to die off naturally through a process called atresia.
At birth there are only about two million of these incipient eggs left, and at puberty
between 300.000 and 400.000. These astounding numbers represent about one egg
lost per woman every four minutes. Of course, males also lose sperm cells at
phenomenal rates; roughly 1000-plus sperm per second are produced from puberty
onwards and millions of sperm either go to waste after ejaculation or remain in the
testes until they die. The reason for this apparent excess is that humans are a relatively
infertile species compared with most other mammals.
On top of this at least thirty per cent of all fertilized eggs are miscarried before
they implant in the uterus. Beyond these early spontaneous abortions, about fifteen per
cent of all clinically recognized pregnancies end in miscarriage, or fetal resorption in
some cases. For women over thirty five, rates increase to twenty per cent and are even
higher among older women.
The majority of these miscarriages occur during the first three months of a
pregnancy, the same period during which most elective abortions are carried out. Many
of the early spontaneous abortions occur either because of chromosomal abnormalities,
or inadequate hormonal support the embryo would therefore never survive the gestation
period.
(Adapted from Speak Up )

They are terribly fussy and like things to be tidy.


The synonym of the underlined word is:

base C / career NC / field - NC


base NC / career C / field C
base C / career C / field C
base NC / career NC / field NC

Keep a watchful eye on finances.


Which set of words below follows the same rule of comparative of superiority as
the underlined word?
a)
b)
c)
d)

cautious / simple / far


careful / high / ill
narrow / alone / loud
certain / aware / complex

AFA 2003 FEMININO


23 -

Considering the correct grammatical use of pronouns in the sentences below,


mark the option which contains the right affirmative.
I.
II.
III.
IV.
V.
VI.
a)
b)
c)
d)

24 -

PROVA DE LNGUA INGLESA - CDIGO 11


30 -

Theres somebody at the door. Tell them Im out.


She loved the picture because reminded her of home.
One should never take advice.
The bridge wasnt strong enough to drive over it.
Whos that over there? Its John Brown.
That woman, Ill be glad when she goes back home
Four of the statements are correct.
Four of the statements are incorrect.
Three of the statements are correct.
Only one statement is incorrect.

The correct forms to fill in the blanks are


a)
b)
c)
d)

According to the Possessive Case rules applied in the sentences below, mark the
only option in which the justification in parentheses is incorrect.
31 -

32 -

II.

III.
IV.
V.
VI.

a)
b)
c)
d)
26 -

drake / mare / vixen / ram


colt / sow / friar / gander
bitch / doe / filly / boar
shepherd / monk / stag / bachelor

Mark the option which contains the right affirmative according to the plural of
nouns:
a)
b)
c)
d)

28 -

Only statements II, III, IV and their justifications are correct.


All the statements and their justifications are correct.
Only statement VI and its justification is correct.
Only statements I, IV and their justifications are correct.

The sentence which isnt in the subjunctive form is


a)
b)
c)
d)

33 -

had asked begun


asks began
asked begin
was asking - begins

If they had arrived on time we could have avoided the accident.


I hope she concerns that.
Be aware and call me when the doctors get in.
We wish they had come to the cerimony.

All the sentences below are correct, except


a) How about doing it in the previous week?
b) All students were going to school but because of the thunderstorm they
couldnt.
c) They are leaving the country today.
d) She must be here in five days.

Directions: Read the following poem and answer the questions 34 and 35,
according to it.
Britains Most Popular Love Poem How Do I Love Thee?
How do I love thee? Let me
count the ways

Mark the item in which three of the four words are female.
a)
b)
c)
d)

27 -

I look forward to going home next month.


(To is a preposition, not part of an infinitive form, so a gerund follows.)
I stood there wondering what to do next.
(Special expression normally followed by ing. Stand + expression of place
+ ing)
He admitted stealing the money.
(A common verb that is followed by gerund.)
Learning a second language is difficult.
(A gerund phrase is frequently used as the subject of a sentence.)
He was surprised to see Tim at the meeting.
(Surprise is a common adjective followed by infinitive.)
I need to borrow some money.
(Usually an infinitive follows need.)

will/ will /wont / will


is going to / wont / wont / will
ll / isnt going to / will not / am going to
isnt going to / wont / will / will

The
sentence
The
President______________________that
the
meeting______________at seven oclock sharp. may be completed correctly
with the verbs below, respectively:
a)
b)
c)
d)

Read the statements below and then mark the letter that contains the correct
affirmative about them:
I.

Aline: You know, my nephew Johnny____________take a course in Sweden the


following semester. Perhaps he __________have time to spend his vacation with
us because the college where he studies_____________allow him to stay
out more than a week. So, how about going there, make him a surprise, see new
places and people?
Jennifer: Thats great!
I______________provide my passport right away and
buy some appropriate clothes.

a) You can buy it at the chemists. (you can use a possessive without a following
noun, if the meaning is clear. )
b) The PMs secretary is trying to advise the government environmental
matters. ( s can be used after initials. )
c) Whats Karens brothers name? ( you cant use s after two nouns in the
same structure.)
d) Brenda got to work 15 minutes late but lost an hours pay, ( you can use s
with period of time.)
25 -

crisis / lice / datum / media (All the words are in the plural)
cactus / vertebrae / date / fungi (Three words are in the plural)
fungus / crises / louse / radii (One word is in the plural)
oasis / radius / memoranda / pence (Two words are in the plural)

I love thee to the depth and


breadth and height
My soul can reach, when
feelings out of sight
For the ends of Being and
ideal Grace
I love thee to the level of
everydays
Most quite need, by sun and
candlelight.

After reading the sentences, mark the option that fills them.
I. __________ of these notepads did they choose?
II. __________ appliances are those?

I love thee freely, as men


strive for Right;
I love thee purely, as they
turn from Praise.

III. __________ were they coming from when their parents asked them?
IV. __________ had been done to solve that situation?

I love thee with


the passion out to
use

V. __________do you think is going to be called by the police?


a)
b)
c)
d)
29 -

Which / Whose / Where / What / Who


What / Which / When / What / Whose
Who / What / When / Where / Whose
What / Which / Where / Whose / What

Which sentence is in the Causative Form?


a)
b)
c)
d)

I didnt wash the car and neither my brother.


Nobody would dare to enter my house.
She had a lot of roses bought for her party.
Everybody enjoyed listening to his songs.

In my old griefs, with my


childhoods faith.
I love thee with a love I
seemed to lose
With my best saints, - I love
thee with the breath,
Smiles, tears, of all my life! and if God choose,
I shall but love thee better
after death.
Elizabeth BarrettBrowning
( C. 1850 )
( From Speak Up issue #135 )

AFA 2003 FEMININO


34 -

conjunction, adverb, preposition, preposition, adverb.


preposition, preposition, adverb, conjunction, preposition.
adverb, adverb, adverb, preposition, conjunction.
conjunction, conjunction, conjunction, adverb, adverb.

We may also find in the poem a total of twelve verbs where


a)
b)
c)
d)

four of them are irregular, six are regular and two are modals.
six of them are irregular, two are modals and four are regular.
two of them are modals, five are irregular and five are regular.
four are modals, four are regular and four are irregular.

Directions: Read the following lyrics and answer the questions 36 and 37,
according to it.
LONDON, LONDON
Im wandering round and round nowhere to go
Im lonely in London and London is lovely so
I cross the streets without fear
Everybody keeps the way clear

Directions: Read the following text and answer the questions from number 38 to
number 40, according to it.

Considering the verses:


I love thee to the level of everydays and
I love thee purely as they turn from Praise,
the underlined words are, respectively
a)
b)
c)
d)

35 -

PROVA DE LNGUA INGLESA - CDIGO 11

Shyness
Shyness is a nearly universal human trait. Almost everyone has bouts of it, and
half of college students surveyed describe themselves as shy. But at some life juncture,
according to a national survey, one out of eight people become so timid that they suffer
from social phobia. During certain kinds of encounters, the heart races, palms sweat, the
mouth goes dry, words vanish, thoughts become cluttered and an urge to escape takes
over.
Life experiences can mold the brain to become more or less shy over time.
Psychologists note that the brain seems to attack a fear marker (place, time,
background music, etc.) of a traumatic situation. So, for example, when a child gets a
tongue-lashing from a teacher, the student will feel nervous the next few times he or
she steps into the classroom. But sometimes the brain is too good at making those
associations and the anxiety is triggered by any classroom or teacher. The children may
stop inviting friends over, speak only to certain people or refuse to go to school. By
avoiding the very situations they need to learn social skills, these children diminish their
ability to cope.
Social phobia hit Steve Fox so hard in high school that girls made a sport of
saying hello just to watch him turn beet-red.He refused to speak in class and never
dated. His father sent him to a doctor, and a combination of medication and therapy
helped him to recover. Recently Fox gave a speech in front of 1700 people, and he is
married to one of the cheerleaders who used to tease him.
Bernardo J. Carducci, director of The Shyness Research Institute at Indiana
University Southeast, is convinced that shifting the focus away from the self is the most
therapeutic thing a shy person can do.

I know, I know no one here to say hello

( From Readers Digest, March 2000 ).

I know they keep the way clear


I am lonely in London without fear

38 -

Im wandering round and round

Shyness is a nearly universal human trait. The underlined word means


a)
b)
c)
d)

here nowhere to go
While my eyes

feeling
characteristic
disease
genetic heritage

Go looking for flying saucers in the sky


Oh Sunday, Monday, autumn pass by me

39 -

Almost everyone has bouts of it... The sentence means that almost everyone
has

And people hurry on so peacefully


a)
b)
c)
d)

A group approaches a policeman


He seems so pleased to please them
Its good at least to live and I agree
He seems so pleased at least
And its so good to live in peace

40 -

ability to deal with shy ones.


attack of it.
skill to get along with shy people.
shy people in the family.

From the paragraph: But sometimes the brain is too good at making those
associations and the anxiety is triggered by any classroom or teacher. we may
conclude that

And Sunday, Monday, years and I agree


While my eyes
Go looking for flying saucers in the sky
I choose no face to look at, choose no way
I just happen to be here and its OK
Green grass, blue eyes, grey sky, God bless
Silent pain and happiness
I came around to say yes, and I say
While my eyes
Go looking for flying saucers in the sky.
(VELOSO, Caetano. In: Caetano Veloso, Philips, 1971.)
Caetano Veloso, as other intelectuals and Brazilian artists, was forced to leave
the country due to some disagreement with the Brazilian military government. The
song London, London was written during the period in which Caetano Veloso
lived in London as a political refugee from 1969 to 1972.
36 -

Comparing the Brazilian society and the British one at that age, Caetano Veloso
expresses in his song how his feelings were about both while living in London.
Mark the option which shows it.
a)
b)
c)
d)

37 -

Im wandering round and round.


I choose no face to look at, choose no way.
Its good at least to live and I agree.
I am lonely in London without fear.

The sentence, Go looking for flying saucers in the sky. means that he
a)
b)
c)
d)

went to London in order to find flying saucers.


checked how many flying saucers there were in the sky.
wandered doing nothing.
seemed to see flying saucers while walking.

a) Any teacher can make anyone feels shy making those associations.
b) Our brain is able to keep safely all of our anxiety and nervousness.
c) Anxiety is caused by any classroom or teacher since the brain is able to make
associations.
d) The brain is so good at making associations that anxiety is related to any
classroom or teacher.