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14PHDIT001: BIOMEDICAL SIGNAL PROCESSING AND APPLIC

ATIONS
Classification of signals, Introduction to Biomedic
al Signals - Examples of Biomedical
signals - ECG, EEG, EMG etc - , Difficulties in bio
medical signal acquisition, Computer
Aided Diagnosis. Origin of bio potentials ECG, EEG
- Review of linear systems - Fourier
Transform and Time Frequency Analysis (Wavelet) of
biomedical signals.
Concurrent, coupled and correlated processes - illu
stration with case studies - Adaptive and
optimal filtering , Detection of biomedical signals
in noise - removal of artifacts of one signal
embedded in another- Maternal-Fetal ECG , Muscle-co
ntraction interference, signal
averaging method and Independent component Analysi
s.
Cardio vascular applications : Basic ECG - Electric
al Activity of the heart, ECG data acquisition, ECG
parameters & their estimation - QRS detection techn
iques, Arrhythmia types and analysis , Data
Compression: Lossless & Lossy methods ,wavelet tran
sform method, Heart Rate Variability - Time
Domain measures , Heart Rhythm representation , Spe
ctral analysis of heart rate variability.
Neurological Applications: The electroencephalogram
- EEG rhythms & waveform,
characteristics , Origin of EEG, Event detection o
f EEG, and disorders - Epilepsy, sleep
disorders, Evoked potentials- Auditory evoked poten
tial, Somatosensary Evoked potential,
Visual evoked potential, Event related potential, M
odeling EEG- parametric and
nonparametric methods , EEG segmentation , Joint Ti

me-Frequency analysis and correlation


analysis of EEG channels , coherence analysis of EE
G channels.
References:
1.
Rangayyan, Biomedical Signal Analysis, Wiley 2002
.
2.
D.C.Reddy, Biomedical Signal Processing: Principle
s and techniques , Tata
McGraw Hill, New Delhi, 2005
3.
Willis J Tompkins, Biomedical Digital Signal Proces
sing, Prentice Hall, 1993
4.
Bruce, Biomedical Signal Processing & Signal Model
ing, Wiley, 2001
5.
Srnmo, Bioelectrical Signal Processing in Cardiac
& Neurological Applications,
Elsevier
6.
Semmlow, Biosignal and Biomedical Image Processing
, Marcel Dekker, 2004
7.
Enderle, Introduction to Biomedical Engineering,
2/e, Elsevier, 2005
14PHDIT002: BIOMEDICAL IMAGE PROCESSING & APPLICATI
ONS
Image Pre-processing
Pixel brightness transformations, geometric transfo
rmations, local preprocessing.
Segmentation Algorithms
Thresholding, edge based segmentation, region based
segmentation, matching, Hough

transforms, supervised and unsupervised evaluation


Advanced Segmentation Algorithms
Mean shift segmentation, active contour models, geo
metric deformable models, level
sets and geodesic active contours, graph cut segmen
tation
Shape representation
Region identification, B-spline representation, reg
ion based shape representation,
convex hull.
Image Understanding
Image understanding control strategies hierarchical
, bottom up control, model based
control, combined control, point distribution model
s, fitting models to data, active
appearance models, classification based segmentatio
n, semantic image segmentation
and understanding.
3D Vision
Shape from texture, shape from motion, 3D objects a
nd models, volumetric
representation and modeling, surface modeling, visu
alizing 3D views from 2D views.
Morphological Operations
Dilation, erosion, skeletons and object marking, mo
rphological reconstruction,
morphological segmentation and water sheds.
Texture
Statistical texture description, co-occurrence matr
ices, texture description wavelet
approaches.
Reference Books
1.
Milan Sonka, Vaclav Hlavac, Roger Boyle, Image Proc
essing, Analysis, and Machine

Vision, third edition, Cengage Learning, 2013


2.
Geoff Doughertry, Digital Image Processing for Medi
cal Applications, Cambridge
university Press, 2010 (only part-III ch-9, 10, 11,
12)
3.
S.Jayaraman, S Esakkirajan, T.Veerakumar, Digital I
mage Processing, Tata Mc Graw
Hill, 2011