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Geometry: Unit 3 Deductive Reasoning

Practice Deductive Reasoning


Name: _______________________________

Pages 60-64
Date: ___________________

Period: _________

Use the statements in the box below.


If Winnie reads the book by Friday, then she will write the report on Saturday.
If Winnie writes the report on Saturday, then she will turn it in on Monday.
1. Assume that Winnies reads the book by Friday. What conclusion can you make? Why?

2. Suppose that Winnie does not turn the report in on Monday. What conclusion can you make?

Assume the following are true:


* If David does not buy popcorn, then he did not shop.
* If Ashley buys pizza, then she will have some left over.
* If the store is open, then Ashley and David will shop.
* If Ashley shops, then she will buy pizza.
* The store is open.
3. Did Ashley buy popcorn?
4. Did Ashley have pizza left over?
5. Did David eat part of Ashleys pizza?
6. Did David buy popcorn?

Order the statements in the two problems below. Then state the conclusion.
7. Given: m4 60o

________

a. If m7 120o , then m6 60o .

________

b. m4 60o .

________

c. If m1 120o , then m7 120o .

________

d. If m6 60o , then m5 120o .

________

e. If m4 60o , then m1 120o .

Conclusion: _____________________________________

Geometry: Unit 3 Deductive Reasoning


Determine if each example is using deductive or inductive reasoning.

8. If it is Friday, then Kendras family has pizza for dinner.


Today is Friday, therefore, Kendras family will have pizza for
dinner.

INDUCTIVE

DEDUCTIVE

9. For the past three Wednesdays the cafeteria has served


macaroni and cheese for lunch. Julie concludes that the
cafeteria will serve macaroni and cheese for lunch this
Wednesdayhooray.

INDUCTIVE

DEDUCTIVE

10. If you live in Texas and are 16, then you must take drivers
education to get your license. Marcus lives in Texas, is 16 years
old, and has his drivers license. Therefore, Marcus took drivers
education.

INDUCTIVE

DEDUCTIVE

11. The Berkner Rams scored over 75 points for their first ten basketball games. The newspaper predicts
that they will score more than 75 points tonight. Which form of reasoning is this conclusion based on?
(A) Deductive reasoning, because the conclusion is based on logic.
(B) Deductive reasoning, because the conclusion is based on a pattern.
(C) Inductive reasoning, because the conclusion is based on logic.
(D) Inductive reasoning, because the conclusion is based on a pattern.

When Alice meets the Pigeon in Wonderland, the Pigeon thinks she is a serpent. The Pigeon reasons that
serpents eat eggs, and Alice confirms that she has eaten eggs.
12. Write Serpents eat eggs as a conditional statement.
13. Is the Pigeons conclusion that Alice is a serpent valid? Justify your reasoning.

14. If Cassie goes to the skate park, Hanna and Amy will go. If Hanna or Amy goes to the skate park, then
Mark will go. If Marc goes to the skate park, then Dallas will go. If only two of the five people went to the
skate park, who were they?
(A) Hanna and Amy
(B) Cassie and Dallas
(C) Dallas and Marc
(D) Amy and Marc

15. Describe a time in your life when you had to use deductive reasoning.