Anda di halaman 1dari 44

DYWIDAG-SYSTEMS INTERNATIONAL

Use of GEWI Micropiles


for Uplift Resistance

DFIMEC, March 15, 2012


Klaus Lanzinger, DSI Munich

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

Content:

The Uplift Problem

What are GEWI (Micro)piles?

Case Study

Durability and Sustainability

Conclusion

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

The Geotechnical Problem Proof of Uplift

t= ?

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

The Geotechnical Problem Proof of Uplift

t= ?

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

The Geotechnical Problem Proof of Uplift

Gd t b G , Stb
Ad w hw t G ,W

Ad Gd

hw

G
t= ?
A

t w G ,W hw / b b w G ,W

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

The Geotechnical Problem Proof of Uplift

w 10kN / m
G ,W 1.0
b 24kN / m
b 0.9

hw
G
A

t= ?
t= 0.86 * hw

Ad Gd
t 10 / 11.6 h w
t 0.86 h w
6

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

The Geotechnical Problem Proof of Uplift

w 10kN / m
G ,W 1.0

hw

b 24kN / m
b 0.9

G
1

A
G

t= 0.86
hw

Ad Gd
t 10 / 11.6 h w

t 0.86 h w
A
7

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

The Geotechnical Problem Proof of Uplift

w 10kN / m
G ,W 1.0

hw

b 24kN / m
b 0.9

G
1

t= 1.00 m

A
G
2

Ad Gd

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

Content:

The Uplift Problem

What are GEWI (Micro)piles?

Case study

Durability and Sustainability

Conclusion

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

What are Micropiles?

Different pile types

Driven piles (steel, concrete, cast iron,)

Bored piles (reinforced concrete)

Micropiles (GEWI-Piles, Hollow bars, ....)

10

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

What are Micropiles?

Development since 1950 (Prof. Lizzi)

Piles for compression and tension

Load transfer via skin friction from grouted


steel element

Borehole dia. up to 300 mm

11

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

What are GEWI-Piles?

Micropiles with a GEWI-bar as load


bearing element

can be loaded with tension, compression


or alternating loads

very flexible and robust solution, because


of the unique thread of the GEWI-bar
12

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

GEWI-Piles

Advantages through GEWI-steel

Robust thread

Screwable in every section

Easy assembly of accessories

High relative rib area (0.075 to 0.080 )


excellent bond / load transfer

13

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

GEWI-Piles

Advantages of entire GEWI-Pile-System

Double corrosion protection protects piles


even in aggressive soils

Optimization of load transfer by use of post


grouting systems

Different steel grades and diameters for economic


solutions

14

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

Available types

BSt500S, GEWI, 20 50 mm

S555/700, GEWI , 635 mm

S670/800, GEWI-Plus, 18 75 mm

15

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

Available types
Ultimate Load [kN]

4000

3,535

GEWI

3500

GEWI Plus

3000

2,540

2500

2,080

2,217

2000
1500

1,170
1,080

770

1000

628

500
0
18

22 25 28

32 35

40 43

50

57.5

63.5

75

Bar Diameter [mm]


16

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

Installation of GEWI-Piles

GEWI-piles are installed in a pre-bored


hole and are grouted in there

GEWI-piles need no prestressing loads


and accordingly no penetration of the
bottom slab

17

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

Installation of GEWI-Piles
1)

2)

3)

4)

1) Drilling
2) Installation
3) Pulling of casing
& Grouting
4) Post-grouting
(if required)

18

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

Content:

The Uplift Problem

What are GEWI- (Micro)piles?

Case Study

Durability and Sustainability

Conclusion

19

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

City-Tunnel Leipzig - General

Consortium City-Tunnel Leipzig Lot B

20

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

Case Study
City Tunnel Leipzig - Station Bayerischer Bahnhof
General:

Construction pit dimensions 200 x 23 m


Open construction method
Diaphragm wall with two anchor levels
Underwater concrete bottom plate

21

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

Case Study
Stage 1: Construction of Diaphragm Wall (North)

Arge Citytunnel Leipzig

22

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

Case Study
Stage 2: Sliding of Portico, Excavation, Anchors + Piles

Arge Citytunnel Leipzig

23

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

Case Study
Stage 3: 2nd Stage of Excavation and Anchors

Arge Citytunnel Leipzig

24

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

Case Study
Stage 4: Final Excavation and piles (under water)

Arge Citytunnel Leipzig

25

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

Arge Citytunnel Leipzig

26

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

Arge Citytunnel Leipzig

27

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

Case Study
Arge Citytunnel Leipzig

28

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

Case Study
Stage 5: Underwater concreting of bottom slab

Arge Citytunnel Leipzig

29

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

Case Study
Stage 6: Dewatering of excavation pit, levelling concrete

Arge Citytunnel Leipzig

30

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

Arge Citytunnel Leipzig

31

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

Arge Citytunnel Leipzig

32

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

Content:

The Uplift Problem

What are GEWI Piles?

Case Study

Durability and Sustainability

Conclusion

33

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

Durability and Sustainability


120 Years Design Life with DCP:
EN 1537: 2001 Ground Anchors
Table 3: Examples for Corrosion Protection Systems
for Permanent Anchors

Double Corrosion Protection DCP (Table 3 No: 1c)

corrugated plastic duct, t = 1.0 mm

min. 5 mm cover of cement grout,


max. 0.1 mm crack width under service load

34

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

GEWI-Piles: Double Corrosion Protection (DCP)


add. reinforcement
end anchorage

corrugated sheathing

cement grout

spacer
coupler

GEWI bar

35

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

GEWI-Piles: Double Corrosion Protection (DCP)


plastic cord,
guarantees grout cover

Protection layer I:

corrugated plastic duct, t = 1.0 mm

Protection layer II:

36

min. 5 mm cover of cement grout

max. 0.1 mm crack width under service load

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

plastic cord,
guarantees grout cover

37

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

38

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

39

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

Content:

The Uplift Problem

What are GEWI Piles?

Case Study

Durability and Sustainability

Conclusion

40

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

Conclusion:

Continous thread over the full length:

Connect to existing or precast structures

Load tests can be done easily

Verify characteristic of soil

Determine actual skin friction

41

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

Conclusion:

Small drill hole diameter:

Use of compact drilling machines

Drilling trough concrete and rocks

Work from very small platform

Less excavated soil

Reduced construction time and cost


42

DFIMEC: GEWI - Piles for Uplift Resistance Klaus Lanzinger

Conclusion:

Various:

No protrusion of slab easy sealing

No prestressing required

More than 30 years experience

Excellent corrosion protection with DCP

43

DYWIDAG-SYSTEMS INTERNATIONAL

GEWI-Piles
The sustainable solution for uplift problem!

Thank you for your attention.