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GeotechnicalFiniteElementAnalysis

PracticalApplications
RudolphP.Frizzi,PE,GE,D.GE

Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications


Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

PiledRaftConcept

MAT

COMPRESSION
ELEMENTS(TYP)

SOIL

StructuralFEMModel
SOILSTRUCTUREINTERACTION

GeotechnicalFEMModel
Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications
Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

PiledRaftConcept
Ptotal

Ptotal =Ppile +Psoil


MAT

Ppile /Psoil =f(kpile /ksoil)


Psoil
Ppile

Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications


Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

DesignApproach
Vaidya,S.A.andFrizzi,R.P.(2010)."DeepFoundationElementSupportedMatDesignand
ConstructioninanUrbanSetting." Proc 35thConf onDeepFoundations,Hollywood,
California.TheDeepFoundationsInstitute,Hawthorne,NewJersey.

CALCULATEINITIALk
Basedonconventionalgeotechnicalanalysis

STRUCTURALANALYSIS
MODELSTHEMAT
Input:AppliedLoads and Initial Soilk
Output:ContactPressure()and BendingMomentDistribution

GEOTECHNICALSETTLEMENTANALYSIS
MODELSSOILBEHAVIOR
Input:SoilPropertiesandMatContactPressureDistribution
Output:SoilSettlements(s)

BACKCALCULATEk
k= /s
Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications
Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

StiffnessParameters

Ref:Sabatini,et.al.(2002)
Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications
Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

StiffnessParameters

Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications


Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

StiffnessParameters

Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications


Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications


Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

IterativeProcedure
1. LanganreceiveswallloadsfromSE
2. LanganrunsGEFEMwithwallloadsandobtains
Settlementcontours,pileloads,settlementsatpilelocations
bearingstressesandsettlementsatsubgradeunderraft
3. Langancalculates
Pilesprings(pileload,settlements),areasprings(bearingstressesover
settlements),orusesareaspringsbasedonexperiencewithpreviousruns
4. LanganprovidesSEwith
Settlementcontours,pileloads,settlementsatpilelocations
Pilesprings
Areasprings
5. SErunsSEFEMandprovidesLanganwith
Settlementsatpilelocations,
Pileloads
WallLoads

Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications


Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

ConvergenceProcedureSteps

Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications


Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

ConvergenceProcedureSteps

Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications


Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

ConvergenceProcedureSteps

Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications


Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

ConvergenceProcedureSteps

Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications


Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

ConvergenceProcedureSteps

Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications


Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

RefinementUnderFinalWallLoading

Positivechangeindicates
SEspileloadishigherthan
Langans

PositivechangeindicatesSEs
settlementsarehigherthan
Langans
Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications
Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

RefinementUnderFinalWallLoading

Positivechangeindicates
SEspileloadishigherthan
Langans

PositivechangeindicatesSEs
settlementsarehigherthan
Langans
Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications
Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

RefinementUnderFinalWallLoading

Positivechangeindicates
SEspileloadishigherthan
Langans

PositivechangeindicatesSEs
settlementsarehigherthan
Langans
Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications
Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

RefinementUnderFinalWallLoading

Positivechangeindicates
SEspileloadishigherthan
Langans

PositivechangeindicatesSEs
settlementsarehigherthan
Langans
Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications
Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

SettlementContoursasWallLoadChanged
83

86
112

108
107

88

92
110

88

94

105

109

104

102

100

109

107

106

84

90

93

Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications


Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

ConvergedSettlementContours
LANGAN

SE

88

94

83

95

104

109
100

97
107

102

106

100

93

93

Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications


Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

20m

40m

60m

80m

100m

Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications


Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

120m 140m

ConvergedPileLoads
LANGAN

SE

29

26

30

28

34

34

33

35

Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications


Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications


Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

Summary
Convergencewasachievedfor
settlements(~5mm),pileloads
(~2MN)andwallloads(5%)
Convergingwithin5mm
requiredalotofiterationsand
areasubdivisions
Intheend235pilesprings
wereusedalongwitharea
springsfor16areas

Opportunitiesfor
optimization:
Eliminateelements
Shorterelements

Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications


Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications


Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications


Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

MaterialModels
MohrCoulombModel

Simulate soil behavior based on:


1. Youngs Modulus (E)
2. Poissons Ratio ()
3. Cohesion (c)
4. Friction Angle ()
5. Unit Weight ()

Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications


Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

SubsurfaceMaterialsandParameters

Case 1 Worst Case Piezometric Head within Stratum 5


Case 2 General Phreatic Surface
Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications
Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

ModelGeometryandAnalysis
BaseHeaveMagnitude

Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications


Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

WorstCase
PiezometricHead

Phreatic
SurfaceCase

Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications


Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

ModelGeometryandAnalysis
FactorofSafetyagainstBaseHeave

*
Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications
Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

WorstCase
PiezometricHead

Phreatic
SurfaceCase

Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications


Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

FullscalePilotTest

Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications


Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

FullscalePilotTest

Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications


Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

FullscalePilotTest

Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications


Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

FullscalePilotTest

Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications


Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications


Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications


Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications


Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications


Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications


Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services

ThankYou!
Questions/Discussion

Geotechnical Finite Element Analysis Practical Applications


Rudolph P. Frizzi, PE, GE, D.GE
2012 Langan Engineering and Environmental Services