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REVISION QUESTIONS

AIR LAW

REVISION QUESTIONS CHAPTER 6


1.

Which document contains the ICAO rules of the Air?


a.
b.
c.
d.

2.

If you are flying over the Atlantic at 30W (right in the middle), what rules of the air apply?

a.
b.
c.
d.
3.

Yes
No

Who is the PIC?


a.
b.
c.
d.

6.

The rules that are applied by the Egyptian Aviation Authority


The UK rules of the air in accordance with the ANO
ICAO rules
If Egypt is an ICAO contracting state, then IFR applies at all times

Are you permitted to fly IFR in VMC


a.
b.

5.

None, it is international waters


The ICAO rules without exception
The rules of the air applied by the state of registration
Instrument Flight Rules

If you are flying in an aeroplane registered in the UK, and you are flying over Egypt, which rules
of the air apply?
a.
b.
c.
d.

4.

JAR OPS 1
ICAO Annex 2
ICAO Annex 6
ICAO Annex 11

The Commander
The Pilot who for the time being is in charge of the controls of the aeroplane
The Pilot appointed as captain of the crew
A pilot who is responsible for the operation and safety ofthe aeroplane during flight time

To which aircraft do the ICAO rules of the air apply?


a.
b.
c.
d.

All aircraft
Aircraft bearing an ICAO contracting state registration mark
Aircraft with MTM >5700Kg flying for commercial air transport
All aircraft flying over the high seas

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REVISION QUESTIONS

AIR LAW

7.

When an aircraft is flying, under what flight rules must the flight be conducted?
a.
b.
c.
d.

8.

A scheduled flight is planned to be flown from London to Cairo. The aircraft has a MTM of265
OOOkg. It has 4 engines and 265 passengers on board. Who is responsible for compliance with
the rules of the air for the various states to be overflown where the local rules are at variance with
ICAO rules?
a.
b.
c.
d.

9.

Never
Only to keep clear of cloud and remain in visual contact with the ground
Only where the operator has given permission
During take off and landing

How would you describe your vertical displacement if you were flying below the lowest useable
flight level?
a.
b.
c.
d.

11.

The Commander
The Operator
The 'local' ATC
ICAO

When may you fly over a town at a height from which it would not be possible to land safely in
the event of an emergency arising?
a.
b.
c.
d.

10.

IFR in IMC and VFR in VMC


At the commander's discretion
In accordance with A TC instructions
Either IFR or VFR

Dangerous
As a height with respect to the surface
As a sub flight level
As an altitude with respect to mean sea level

If you have the right of way, you are still responsible for avoiding collisions. Is this true or false?
With the right of way what else must you do?

a.
b.
c.
d.

True. Maintain track, speed and altitude


False. You must not do anything to confuse the other aeroplane
True. Maintain speed and heading and not fly over or under the other aeroplane unless
you are well clear and only then with a good look out.
False. Observe the other aircraft and if he doesn't alter course then you must take
avoiding action.

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12.

If a balloon is approaching head on to Concorde, who has the right of way?


a.
b.
c.
d.

13.

Yes
No, the one that has the other on its left has the right of way
Yes, unless the other is an aeroplane towing something
It depends who has the priority. This case is only applicable if they are the same type
of aircraft

You are approaching a turning point on a cross country navex where you are required to turn to
port. There is another aeroplane ahead of you and you are quite quickly overtaking him. There
isn't time to pass him on the right and then make the required left tum. What should you do?
a.
b.
c.
d.

15.

Concorde of course!
The balloon because it is not powered
The balloon because aeroplanes give way to balloons
Neither (they are both 'aircraft')

When two aircraft are converging at approx. the same level, the one that has the other on its right
is required to give way. Is this correct?
a.
b.
c.
d.

14.

REVISION QUESTIONS

Ignore the requirements of the navex and delay the left tum until well clear of the other
aeroplane
Quickly climb to 1000 ft above the other aircraft and then overtake him and make the
tum at the right point then descent to the original level
Overtake on the left and file a report when you land
Tum left early and avoid the other aeroplane

It is high summer and the Europa airship is approaching Oxford to moor up before the race day

at Silverstone. The airship is on a straight in approach at 2miles but at 1000ft. You are in a
Warrior at 600 ft turning base leg. Who has the right of way?
a.
b.
c.
d.
16.

You do because you are at a lower altitude


The airship does because he is on a straight in approach
The airship does because you are in an aeroplane
You do because the airship can adjust his speed or hover if required

Is the higher aeroplane always compelled to give way to the lower aeroplane if both are
approaching to land?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Yes, the rules are quite clear - the one at the lower altitude has the right of way
It depends what you mean by approaching to land. If the lower one was at a range of
greater than 4 nm he would be long final with no priority.
No, if the higher aeroplane is in an emergency, he has priority over every thing esle
No. The lower aircraft is obliged to give way only if he is aware that the higher
aeroplane is in an emergency

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AIR LAW

17.

When are navigation lights required to be shown?


a.
b.
c.
d.

18.

c.
d.

Yes, switch the nav lights on to indicate that the aeroplane is manned
No, a clear call of 'clear prop' should be enough
If the aeroplane has an anti-collision light that should be switched on
On apron yes, elsewhere on the movement area no

If you are flying under simulated IMC (your visibility from the flight deck is artificially reduced)
you must have a safety pilot on board. What is he/she required to be able to see?
a.
b.
c.
d.

21.

The crew is in attendance and they are about to start engines


The aeroplane has temporarily stopped in that position and will shortly restart engines
and move to the apron
The idiot has left the lights on and the batteries will probably run down
The lights have been left on to mark the extremities of the aeroplane as a warning to
others

It is broad day light and you are about to start engines. Do you need to switch any lights on?

a.
b.
c.
d.
20.

From sunset to sunrise or when specified by the authority


When moving on the movement area of an aerodrome or flying at night
When the pilot in command thinks it sensible to switch them on by day or by night
At night or when specified by the authority

You see an aircraft stationary (without engines running) on the movement area of an aerodrome
with its navigation lights on. What does this mean?
a.
b.

19.

REVISION QUESTIONS

Ahead and to either side of the aeroplane


The instruments
All around the aeroplane
All around the aeroplane, but if not possible then a competent observer must be carried
who has adequate vision in the impaired sector and a means of communication to the
safety pilot

You have just taken off from an aerodrome for which there is not an ATZ operating. Which
direction are you required to tum prior to depart.ure?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Left
Right
There is no set direction of tum
The direction that will put you on track to your destination

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22.

You are flying along W12D, an advisory route between Inverness and Wick. Are you required
to file a flight plan?
a.
b.
c.
d.

23.

b.
d.
e.

Yes, the flight is a controlled flight and subject to an ATC clearance so all changes are
to be reported
No, you can wait for a convenient time to report
No but you must report within 10 minutes
No, inadvertent deviation is excusable!

Are changes to a VFR flight plan subject to the same requirements to report changes as for IFR
flight plans?
a.
b.
c.
d.

26.

Yes because you will be crossing an FIR boundary


Yes because you will cross an international boundary
Yes because the flight will involve an over-sea flight of more than 40km
No

Are all changes to a flight plan are to be reported to the ATSU as soon as practicable?
a.

25.

Yes, it is controlled airspace


Yes, but only if you wish to take advantage of the advisory radar service
Yes if you are flying under IFR
No

You intend flying from Oxford to Dublin VFR at 3000ft. Are you required to file a flight plan?
a.
b.
c.
d.

24.

REVISION QUESTIONS

No, you are only required to report significant changes to VFR flight plans
Yes, if the flight is to be operated as a controlled flight
Yes but only after a clearance has been received
No, the requirement is to report only if practicable

Once an arrival report has been received for any flight that a flight plan was submitted, what
happens then?
a.
b.
c.
d.

The
The
The
The

aerodrome of departure is informed of the safe arrival


destination alternates are informed
operator is informed by A TC
flight plan is closed

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REVISION QUESTIONS

AIR LAW

27.

It is five minutes past seven o'clock in the evening at Oxford on the 5th January 2000. What is

the correct time for airmenlairwomen?


a.
b.
c.
d.
28.

You receive an ATC clearance that is not as you expected. Can you request another clearance?
a.
b.
c.
d.

29.

No it doesn't really matter


No, only speed changes exceeding +/-5% are to be reported
Yes all speed changes are to be reported
Yes speed changes of +/- 5% are to be reported

Ifa controlled VFR flight is unable to maintain VMC which of the following courses of action
is available to the pilot?
a.
b.
c.
d.

31.

No, but you may be able to get an amended clearance


Yes, providing the original clearance is unsatisfactory
Yes, you have the right to demand the clearance in accordance the flight plan you
submitted
No, that's it take it or leave it

In the flight plan, for the portion of the flight between Dinard and Nice, you had given a speed
of280 kts TAS. Once en route you find that your TAS is actually 295 kts. Should you tell ATC?
a.
b.
c.
d.

30.

7.05 pm
1905Z
1905 hrs
1905UTC

Leave controlled airspace and continue to the destination keeping clear of all controlled
airspace
File an IFR flight plan
File a Special VFR flight plan
Advise ATC what the flight visibility is and let them make the decision

When is a controlled flight required to make position reports?


a.
b.
c.
d.

When the aeroplane is over a mandatory reporting point


When crossing an international boundary
When crossing the coast line of a state
When not advised by ATC to cease position reports

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REVISION QUESTIONS

AIR LAW

32.

You are flying in VMC and you suffer a communications failure. What are you required to do?
a.
b.
c.
d.

33.

If you are flying in IMC and you suffer a communications failure, which of the following is a
correct course of action?
a.
b.
c.
d.

34.

d.

Pretend that nothing has happened and just do as the hi-jacker wants
Squawk 7700 and let ATC sort it out
Impress upon the hi-jacker that for the safety of all on board you must continue to
communicate with A TC and comply with the rules of the air
Make false position reports so that ATC get the message that something is wrong

Is the interception of civilian aircraft permitted?


a.
b.
c.
d.

36.

Fly a triangular pattern for ten minutes making all turns to the right then continue to the
destination
Proceed in accordance with the flight plan as filed
Proceed in accordance with the current flight plan (the flight plan as cleared by ATC and
any re-clearances subsequently obtained)
Tum around and go home

If an aircraft is being unlawfully interfered with, what should the pilot attempt to do?

a.
b.
c.

35.

Land immediately
Continue to fly in VMC and land at the nearest suitable aerodrome
Tum round and head back to the aerodrome of departure
Fly a triangular pattern making all turns to the left for ten minutes and then proceed to
the destination

Yes, each state has the sovereign right to intercept and identify aircraft flying over its
territory
No, its too dangerous
Yes providing its only for practice and the commander of the civilian aeroplane agrees
before hand
Yes providing there is an agreement between the states to allow interception of each
others aeroplanes

What is the basic presumption about VFR flight?


a.
b.
c.
d.

That the pilot holds the correct rating to allow the aeroplane to be flown under VFR
That the flight will be flown in Visual Meteorological Conditions
That the flight will only take place in class G airspace (outside CAS)
That the flight will not take place above FL 180

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REVISION QUESTIONS

AIR LAW

37.

You are about to take off from an aerodrome within a control zone. What cloud ceiling and flight
visibility limitations apply to VFR flight in this situation?
a.
b.
c.
d.

38.

In the UK, VFR is not permitted at night. Is this a national rule that would require notification
of a 'difference' in accordance with article 38 of the Chicago Convention?
a.
b.
c.
d.

39.

FL200
FL290
FL195
FL245

Are VFR flights allowed to fly at supersonic speeds?


a.
b.
c.
d.

41.

No, but the rules under which flight at night is permitted must be specified
Yes. The UK AlP would contain details of the notified difference
No, as a member of the JAA, the UK does not have to comply with ICAO SARPS
Yes because annex 2 to the Chicago Convention says VFR may be prescribed by the
A TS authority

Without special permission, what is the highest flight level that VFR flight may be authorised
outside of controlled airspace?
a.
b.
c.
d.

40.

Ceiling more than 1500ft and visibility more than 5km


Ceiling 1500ft or higher and visibility more than 5km
Ceiling at least 1500ft and visibility not less than 5km
Ceiling not less than 1500 ft or visibility 5km or better

No way
Yes, no problem. The pilot is still required to keep a good look out!
Yes, but only when specially authorised
Yes, but only in controlled airspace

In controlled airspace where Reduced Vertical Separation Minima (RVSM) is applied, what is
the highest FL that VFR flight is permitted at?
a.
b.
c.
d.

FL200
Even with special authorisation, not above FL 290
FL245
FL285

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AIR LAW

42.

Except for take off and landing, what is the lowest that an aeroplane flying VFR may fly over a
town or city?
a.
b.
c.
d.

43.

500 ft
1000m
1000ft above the highest obstacle within 600m radius of the aeroplane
1500ft above the highest obstacle within 5 nm of the estimated position of the aeroplane

You are flying VFR in class G airspace (the open FIR), what is the lowest you are permitted to
fly when well away from towns etc .. ?
a.
b.
c.
d.

44.

REVISION QUESTIONS

The minimum safe altitude (obstacle height on QNH plus 500ft)


500 ft
no limit
1000ft above the highest obstacle within 600m radius of the aeroplane

If you are flying VFR from Marseilles to Nice above the transition altitude (3000ft) and heading

085 0 true, and the minimum flight altitude is 4500ft, what is the lowest correct flight level you
should be flying at?
a.
b.
c.
d.
45.

You are flying from Oxford to Northolt (in the northern part of the London CTR - class A
airspace) at 3000ft. Are you permitted to fly in the London CTR under VFR?
a.
b.
c.
d.

46.

FL55
You do not have enough information to make a decision (what is the variation, and what
is the drift)
FL45
If you are VFR you can fly at whatever altitude you wish

No - VFR is proscribed in class A airspace


Yes, in accordance with a Special VFR clearance
Yes providing Oxford ATC has given you clearance to enter the CTR
Yes providing you are being monitored by the military radar at Northolt

You filed a VFR flight plan for the flight from Marseilles to Nice but are unable to maintain good
VMC. What do you do?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Tell ATC what changes you want to the current flight plan and continue as re-cleared
Cancel the VFR flight plan and file IFR
Wait until you are no longer VMC and squawk 7700
Tum around and return to Marseilles

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47.

What is the VMC criteria in class B airspace above FLI00?


a.
b.
c.
d.

48.

d.

The Operator
The Commander
The ATC centre for the route
The authority of the state being over flown

You are approaching to land at Catania (Sicily) .. Mt.Etna(c 11 OOOft) is 28km to the west of the
aerodrome, does this dictate what the minimum altitude is for the approach?
a.
b.
c.
d.

SI.

The aeroplane suitably equipped and the pilot to have a night rating
The aeroplane suitably equipped and the pilot to have an IMC rating
The pilot to have an instrument rating or IMC rating and the aeroplane to have a full
airways communications and navigation equipment fit
An ATPL(A) licence

Who is responsible for deciding what the minimum flight altitude for IFR operations is?
a.
b.
c.
d.

so.

Flight visibility 8km or more, clear of cloud


Flight visibility 8km or more, 1000ft vertically and IS00m horizontally clear of cloud
Flight visibility Skm or more, 1000ft vertically and IS00m horizontally clear of cloud
Flight visibility 8km or more, 1000m vertically and IS00ft horizontally clear of cloud

What is required to fly IFR?


a.
b.
c.

49.

REVISION QUESTIONS

Yes, the minimum altitude is 2000ft above the highest obstacle


No, because it is more than 8km (Snm) from the aerodrome
It depends where the aeroplane is because the minimum altitude is based on the highest
obstacle within 8km of the aeroplane position
Yes, but because the aeroplane is approaching to land, minimum altitude is not important

You are still flying from Marseilles to Nice but now under IFR. Suddenly you pop out of the
cloud and there is the Cote d' Azure bathed in sunshine below you. Can you cancel IFR and
continue VFR again?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Yes, but don't expect any sympathy if you run into cloud again
No, you must complete the flight under'IFR
Yes, but only if you are sure that you can maintain VMC for a reasonable period
No, because you will shortly be entering CAS. IFR is mandatory in CAS.

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52.

You are tracking 165 0 mag with no drift. What is the next available IFR flight level above
FL370?
a.
b.
c.
d.

53.

d.

No, but you can relay the message if ATC doesn't acknowledge
Yes, but only after you get his permission to do so
Yes, you have the right to declare distress for him
No, you can only declare a state of urgency for someone else

You see an aeroplane join the visual circuit and then repeatedly switch on and off his landing
lights. What does it mean?
a.
b.
c.
d.

56.

No
Yes
Yes, but only in areas designated by the authority as areas where a flight plan is to be
submitted
Yes, but only in the Upper Information Region (UIR)

You are flying in formation (Ugh!) with your mate Fred. Fred suddenly calls "Pan Pan, Pan Pan,
Pan Pan, engine on fire attempting an emergency landing in a field just north of Woodstock".
You realise that he should, of course, have made a Mayday call because he is grave an imminent
danger and needs immediate assistance. Can you upgrade his Pan Pan message to a Mayday?
a.
b.
c.
d.

55.

FL390
FL410
FL400
It depends whether or not RVSM is being applied in the area

You are flying IFR outside of controlled airspace. Are you required to maintain a radio watch?
a.
b.
c.

54.

REVISION QUESTIONS

He has an intermittent fault in his lights


He has a problem and needs to land but is otherwise OK
He has a communications problem as well as a more serious problem and requires help
He has never been to this aerodrome before and is unsure of the correct procedures

If you are intercepted by a military aircraft over foreign territory, on what frequency should you
attempt to speak to the military pilot?

a.
b.
c.
d.

The ATC frequency in use


243 Mhz (the military distress and calling frequency)
121.500MHz (the VHF distress and calling frequency)
No specific frequency. Try the lot until you get contact

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REVISION QUESTIONS

AIR LAW

57.

If the interceptor directs you to land at a military aerodrome, but the ATC centre tells you to land
at the nearby international aerodrome, with whom do you comply?
a.
b.
c.
d.

58.

You are flying along VFR in super VMC and suddenly you see a series of red and green 'star
burst' pyrotechnics being fired in your from the ground. What does this mean?
a.
b.
c.
d.

59.

Land immediately this is a military aerodrome and you have violated the MATZ
Give way to the other aeroplane that has just joined the circuit behind you
Go away. The aerodrome is unsafe for use
Climb to 1500 ft and hold in the overhead until given a green to land

You decide to abandon the cup of tea, but how do indicate to the tower that you understand the
light signal and will comply?
a.
b.
c.
d.

61.

Somebody on the ground is trying to attract you attention. Descend and try and see what
the problem is
It is probably a fireworks display. It may be prudent to tum away
It is probably a military live firing area and they are obviously not aware that you are
there
It is a military live firing area and they are warning you to go away

You are flying VFR non radio in good VMC and you see an aerodrome below you. Its time for
a cup of tea so you carry out a visual join to land. On the down wind leg you see a flashing red
light pointed at you from the ATC tower. What do they want you to do?
a.
b.
c.
d.

60.

Common-sense dictates that you comply with the instruction from the man with his
finger on the trigger!
You must comply with ATC instructions, but make them fully aware that their
instructions conflict with the signals from the interceptor
Land at which ever is the nearest aerodrome and sort it out on the ground
If you are not in communications with the interceptor, tell A TC to sort out the confliction
and in the mean time go into a holding pattern

Fly by the tower and rock your wings


Fly directly towards the tower flashing your landing lights
Rock your wings and depart
Switch on the navigation lights for ten seconds

If you were on the ground (in day light and non radio) and the tower shined a flashing a white
light at you, what would it mean and how would you acknowledge?
a.
b.
c.
d.

Return to the starting point; waggle the rudder


Taxi clear of the landing area; flash your landing lights
Beware other aeroplanes are taxiing; move the ailerons
Give-away to the tractor towing the aeroplane ahead; stop

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62.

What does a white cross with a line under it on a runway, mean?


a.
b.
c.
d.

63.

The locals are not very friendly


Take offs and landing are not necessarily in the same direction
A right hand circuit is in force
Glider flying is in progress

You are taxiing towards a marshaller and he put out his arms horizontally with palms face down,
and then he moves his arms up and down several times. What is he indicating?
a.
b.
c.
d.

65.

The runway is closed but it is regularly inspected


It is the place where banners are dropped
It means that the runway is not to be used for instrument approaches
It means that there are no designated holding points for this runway

What do two red balls hanging from the signal mast indicate?
a.
b.
c.
d.

64.

REVISION QUESTIONS

This is where I want you to stop


Slow down
You are clear to start shutting down engines
Keep coming forward

As you taxi out of the parking bay, you see the marshaller raise his right arm bent at the elbow
with the palm towards you. (Like a red indian saying "How") What does this mean?
a.
b.
c.
d.

You have left a passenger behind, come back


All clear, have a nice day!
Move on to the next marshaller
Stop at you convenience whilst I reconnect the nosewheel steering

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REVISION QUESTIONS

ANSWERS TO REVISION QUESTIONS FOR CHAPTER 6

26

51

76

27

52

77

28

53

78

29

54

79

30

55

80

31

56

81

32

57

82

33

58

83

34

59

84

10

35

60

85

11

36

61

86

12

37

62

87

13

38

63

88

14

39

64

89

15

40

65

90

16

41

66

91

17

42

67

92

18

43

68

93

19

44

69

94

20

45

70

95

21

46

71

96

22

47

72.

97

23

48

73

98

24

49

74

99

25

50

75

100

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