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The action spectrum of photosynthesis shows the ability of green plants to

A use light for photolysis


B absorb all wavelengths of light in photosynthesis
C absorb different wavelengths of light in photosynthesis
D use light of different wavelengths for photosynthesis.
Four stages in the process of phagocytosis are shown below.
1 Lysosomes fuse with vacuole
2 Bacterium becomes enclosed in vacuole
3 Bacterium is digested by enzymes
4 Breakdown products pass into cytoplasm
In which sequence do these stages occur?
A 1, 2, 3 ,4
B 2, 1, 3, 4
C 2, 3, 1, 4
D 1, 2, 4, 3
Which line in the table below provides correct information on control of body temperature in
mammals?
Monitoring centre
A
B
C
D

skin
skin
hypothalamus
hypothalamus

Form of communication

Effector organ

hormonal
nervous
hormonal
Nervous

In humans, vitamin D plays an essential role in the absorption of


A amino acids
B lipids
C iron

liver
brain
liver
skin
D calcium.

The list below shows processes which affect plants.


1 Leaf abscission
2 Fruit formation
3 Photoperiodism
Which processes involve indole acetic acid (IAA)?
A 1 and 3 only
B 2 and 3 only
C 1, 2 and 4 only
Which of the following is the main component of bacterial cell walls?
A Cellulose
B Phospholipid
C Polysaccharide

4 Apical dominance
D 3 and 4 only
D Peptidoglycan

The organelles in the list below can be found in a range of cells.


1 Endoplasmic reticulum
2 Golgi apparatus
3 Mitochondria
4 Ribosomes
Which of these organelles would be found in both eukaryotic and prokaryotic cells?
A 4 only
B 1 and 4 only
C 1, 3 and 4 only
D 1, 2, 3 and 4
Which of the following occurs during S phase of the cell cycle?
A The cytoplasm divides.
B The DNA replicates.
C Two identical nuclei are formed.
D The nuclear membrane forms.
Fatty acids and glycerol are joined in a triglyceride by
A hydrogen bonds
B peptide bonds
C ester linkages

D glycosidic linkages

The diagram below represents the molecules involved in an enzyme reaction.

Which line in the table correctly identifies the molecules?


A

X
Competitive inhibitor

Y
enzyme

Z
non-competitive inhibitor

Competitive inhibitor

substrate

non-competitive inhibitor

non-competitive
inhibitor
non-competitive
inhibitor

enzyme

Competitive inhibitor

substrate

Competitive inhibitor

Which of the following describes the structure of cytosine?


A A purine base with a single-ring structure
B A purine base with a double-ring structure
C A pyrimidine base with a single-ring structure
D A pyrimidine base with a double-ring structure
The following micro-organisms are involved in nitrate formation in ecosystems.
1 Cyanobacteria
2 Nitrosomonas
3 Nitrobacter
4 Rhizobium
Which line in the table matches correctly the micro-organisms and their roles?
A
B
C
D

Nitrogen fixation
1 and 3
2 and 3
2 and 4
1 and 4

Nitrification
2 and 4
1 and 4
1 and 3
2 and 3

Which of the following pairs of human cells have the same number of chromosomes?
A Liver cell and sperm cell
B Kidney cell and sperm cell
C Kidney cell and liver cell
D Liver cell and egg cell
Which part of the brain controls breathing and heart rate?
A Cerebellum
B Cerebrum
C Hypothalamus

D Medulla

Which line in the table below correctly identifies the human bodys responses to a decrease in
body temperature?
Blood vessels to the skin
Blood flow to the skin
A
dilate
increases
B
constrict
increases
C
dilate
decreases
D
constrict
decreases