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Assalamualaikum dan Salam Sejahtera

Pertama Sekali Ingin Saya Mengucapkan Ribuan Terima Kasih Kepada Anda Yang Telah Menyokong Buku Rujukan
Peperiksaan MUET Ini Dengan Membelinya.
Diharapkan Buku Rujukan Ini Dapat Membantu Anda Didalam Menduduki Ujian MUET Yang Akan Datang. Pada Masa Kini
Bahasa Inggeris Adalah Bahasa Perantaraan Yang Paling Penting Bagi Setiap
Individu Sama Ada Mahu Melanjutkan
Pelajaran Atau Dalam Kerjaya. Bahasa Inggeris Juga Merupakan Bahasa Utama Yang Digunakan Oleh Semua Negara Bagi
Tujuan Tertentu.

Mengikut Kajian Yang Dijalankan Ke Atas Penuntut Institusi Tempatan, Didapati Masih Ramai Penuntut Yang Tidak Dapat
Menguasai Bahasa Inggeris Pada Tahap Yang Membanggakan Walaupun Mereka Telah Diberikan Pendedahan Tentang
Bahasa Ini Dari Awal Persekolahan Lagi.
Oleh Yang Demikian Di Harapkan Ujian MUET Yang Sedia Ada Ini Dikekalkan Bagi Meningkatkan Lagi Penguasaan Bahasa
Inggeris Dikalangan rakyat Malaysia Mahu Pun Generasi Yang Akan Datang. Akhir Kata Dari Saya Kepada Mereka Yang
Telah Mendapatkan Buku Rujukan Peperiksaan MUET Ini Diharapkan Anda Lulus Cemerlang Dengan Jayanya dan
Diharapkan Juga Buku Rujukan Ini Dapat Membantu Anda..

Sekian, Terima Kasih

MUET Mula Dilaksanakan Pada Pertengahan Tahun 1999. MUET Merupakan Satu Ujian Bagi Pelajar-pelajar Yang Ingin
Meneruskan Pengajian Ke Institusi Tempatan. Ujian Ini Mampu Menguji sejauh Mana Pelajar-pelajar Mampu
Berkomunikasi Di Dalam Bahasa Inggeris.

Majlis Peperiksaan Malaysia Telah Diamanahkan Untuk Mengendali Ujian Ini Dari Tahun 1999 Hingga Sekarang. Dari Tahun
2000 Hingga 2011 MUET Dijalankan Sebanyak Dua Kali Setahun. Pada Tahun 1999 MUET Hanya Dijalankan Sekali Sahaja
Kerana Ketika Itu MUET Baru Diperkenalkan. Walau Bagaimanapun Pada Tahun 2012 MUET Telah Dijalankan Sebanyak
Tiga Kali Setahun Iaitu Pada Bulan Mac, Julai Dan Oktober.
Sebelum Ini Jika Calon Hendak Mendaftar Peperiksaan MUET, Mereka Perlu Menggunakan Borang Dan Hantar Kepada
Pejabat Pelajaran Daerah. Walau Bagaimanapun Pada Tahun 2011 MUET Telah Melangkah Kehadapan Dengan
Menggunakan Pendaftaran Secara Online Dimana Segala-galanya Menggunakan Teknologi Terkini.
MUET Dibahagikan Kepada 4 Komponen Iaitu Listening, Speaking, Reading Dan Juga Writing. Walau Bagaimanapun Ujian
Speaking Akan Dijalankan Secara Berasingan. Manakala Listening, Reading Dan Writing Akan Dijalankan Secara Serentak.
Calon Diingatkan Bahawa Semua Komponen Ujian MUET Perlu Diduduki Kerana Jika Salah Satu Tidak Diambil Maka Anda
Tidak Akan Mendapat Keputusan Keseluruhan.

PERKARA PERKARA
BAB 1

STRUKTUR MALAYSIA UNIVERSITY ENGLISH TEST

BAB 2

LISTENING PAPER (800/1)


2

- TEKNIK MENJAWAB

- PENERANGAN SPEAKING PAPER

- TEKNIK MENJAWAB

- PERJALANAN UJIAN SPEAKING PAPER

10

- PENERANGAN READING PAPER

13

- TEKNIK MENJAWAB

13
14 - 41

WRITING PAPER (800/4)


- PENERANGAN WRITING PAPER

42

- TEKNIK MENJAWAB

42

- CONTOH SOALAN

BAB 6

11 - 12

READING PAPER (800/3)

- CONTOH SOALAN

BAB 5

3-8

SPEAKING PAPER (800/2)

- CONTOH SOALAN

BAB 4

- PENERANGAN LISTENING PAPER

- CONTOH SOALAN

BAB 3

MUKA SURAT

TIP PEPERIKSAAN

43 - 44

45

Paper(800/1)

Paper(800/2)

Listening

Speaking

Writing

Reading

Paper(800/4)

Paper(800/3)

Gambarajah 1 : Struktur Ujian MUET

Ujian Mendengar Bertujuan Menguji Kemahiran Para Pelajar Dalam Mendengar Dan Kepekaan Pelajar Di Dalam Bahasa
Inggeris. Ujian Ini Mengambil masa Selama 30 Minit bagi Setiap Individu. Ujian Ini Mempunyai 20 Soalan.
Semua Calon Akan Mendengar Petikan Daripada CD Yang Dipasang Ketika Peperiksaan Dijalankan. Calon Akan Menjawab
Soalan Daripada Petikan Didalam CD Dan Juga Pada Kertas Soalan Yang Dibekalkan.

Anda Digalakkan Membaca Soalan Terlebih Dahulu Sebelum Teks Rakaman Dimainkan Selama 1 Minit. Teknik-teknik Yang
Perlu Diambil :

1.
2.
3.

Membaca Soalan Bagi Mendapatkan Gambaran Tentang Topik Yang Akan Didengarkan. Apabila Rakaman Dimainkan
Kali Kedua, Anda Dinasihati Mencatat Isi-isi Penting bagi Soalan-soalan Yang Telah Dibaca.
Sila Memahami Teks Yang Didengarkan Pada Anda Bagi Memahami Maksud Teks tersebut.
Anda Dinasihatkan Menulis Isi-isi Penting Dengan Perkataan Pendek Bagi Menjimatkan Masa Dan Bagi Mengelakkan
Anda Terlepas Isi-isi Penting Yang Lain.

Tip Persediaan
1.
2.

Anda Digalakkan Mendengar Sistem Komunikasi Di Dalam Bahasa Inggeris.


Anda Juga digalakkan Membeli Koleksi-koleksi Soalan-soalan MUET Terutamanya Bagi Subjek Listening.

PART 1 (8 marks):
For questions 1 to 3, write your answer in NOT MORE THAN THREE WORDS.
1.

The Financial Literacy Campaign is conducted through


_______________________________________________________________________________________________

The two mottos used in the Financial Literacy Campaign are:


2. _______________________________________________________________________________________________
3.

_______________________________________________________________________________________________

For questions 4 to 6, write your answer in NOT MORE THAN FIVE WORDS.
Training Program
STAGE 1
4 Working in the ___________________________________________________________________________________
STAGE 2
5 Picking up skills ___________________________________________________________________________________

STAGE 3
Participating in the ________________________________________ Program.

For questions 7 and 8, circle the correct answer.

7.

The most important skill the trainee gained from the workshop was the ability to:
A) Plan the budget
C) Work as a team
B) Build public relations

8.

The speaker became a trainee by applying through:


A) An E-mail to the bank
C) A university
B) The banks website

PART ll (6 marks):
For questions 9 to 12, circle the correct answer.
9.

About 30% of Malaysian children are likely to get allergies because


A) It is difficult to control a childs food intake
B) Parents are not aware of preventive measures
C) They are exposed to changes in the environment

10. Allergies can be treated


A) And can be cured
B) But can reappear
C) If detected early
11. Mothers are encouraged to breast feed in order to
A) Exclude cows milk in the diet
B) Reduce the likelihood of eczema
C) Delay the introduction of solid food

12. The speakers main intention is to inform the audience about


A) The symptoms of allergies
B) The treatment of allergies
C) How to prevent allergies
For questions 13 and 14, choose one letter A to F from the box below to complete each sentence.
A milk formula
D house pets
B solid food
E cigarette smoke
C dust mites
F family genetics
13 According to the speaker, respiratory allergies are likely to be caused
by _________________
14 Parents can control causes of allergies except _______________

PART lll (6 marks):


For questions 15 to 20, write your answer in NOT MORE THAN FIVE WORDS.
15. The cooking competition is being held to
_______________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________
16. The winner will be given shopping vouchers and
_______________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________

17. The settlement in the Bujang Valley is older than


_______________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________
18. The jetty and iron furnaces show that people in the Bujang Valley
_______________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________

19. School officials solved behavioral problems on the school bus by putting in a
_______________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________
20. An unexpected result of the experiment was that the students
_______________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________

Ujian Speaking Bertujuan Menguji Kecekapan Calon Di dalam Pertuturan Bahasa Inggeris. Ujian Ini Mengambil Masa 30
Minit Setiap Kumpulan. Setiap Kumpulan Dibahagikan Kepada 4 Orang Calon Iaitu Candidates A,B,C dan D. Anda
Diingatkan Supaya Berinteraksi Dengan Pertuturan Daripada Mendengar Sahaja.

Pertuturan Anda Juga Hendaklah Mempunyai Isi-isi Bagi Setiap Tajuk Yang Diberi. Bagi Calon Sekolah, IPTA dan IPTS Anda
Boleh Melakukan Latihan Secara Berkumpulan Dari Sekolah Atau Pun Pusat Pengajian Anda. Manakala Calon Persendirian
Pula Saya Berharap E-book Ini Dapat Membantu Anda.

Anda hendaklah Mempraktikkan Dahulu Cara Ujian Yang Telah Ditetapkan Sebelum Ujian Sebenar Dijalankan. Cari Rakan rakan Untuk Membuat Latihan Bagi Persediaan Mengahadapai Ujian Sebenar.
Bagi Tips Tambahan Anda Digalakkan Apabila Memasuki Bilik Peperiksaan Agar Memberi Ucap Selamat Kepada Pemeriksa
Yang Sedia Ada. Ini Akan Membuat Anda Akan Lebih Yakin Dan Tidak Berasa Gementar Serta Dapat Mengurangkan
Tekanan Kepada Anda Sendiri.

Peringatan!!!
1.
2.

Apabila Task B Dilaksanakan Calon Dinasihati Tidak Mendiamkan Diri Ketika Perbincangan Dilakukan Ini Kerana
Peratusan Markah Banyak Diberi Ketika Task B.
Sila Kenal pasti Tajuk Perbincangan Yang Diberi Dan Catitkan Secara Ringkas Isi-isi Penting Bagi Tajuk Yang Diberi
Untuk Memudahkan Anda Bersoal Jawab Di dalam Kumpulan.

Rujuk Gambarajah-Gambaraja Dibawah Bagi Memahami Cara Ujian Speaking Dijalankan :

SPEAKING
TASK A
(Individu)

TASK B
(kumpulan)

PERSEDIAAN
(2 minit)

PERSEDIAAN
(2 minit)

PEMBENTANGAN
(2 minit)

PEMBENTANGAN
(10 minit)

Gambarajah 2 : Perjalanan Ujian Speaking Paper

CALON A

CALON C

CALON B

CALON D

PEMERIKSA

KETUA PEMERIKSA

KEDUDUKAN CALON PEPERIKSAAN

Gambarajah 3 : Kedudukan Calon Ketika Ujian Speaking Paper

10

INSTRUCTIONS TO CANDIDATES:
This test consists of two tasks, Task A and Task B.
Task A is carried our first followed by Task B
NOTE: You are given one minute to read the instructions and the task given.

Task A: Individual Presentation (2 minutes)


You have two minutes to prepare your response.
You have two minutes to present your views.
NOTE: Listen to the others while they are making their presentations and take down notes for the group interaction in Task B.

Situation
The 1 Malaysia concept campaign was launched by the Prime Minister in 2008. The aim of the campaign was to foster
racial unity amongst the multi-ethnic rakyat of Malaysia through a variety of activities. As a member of the committee,
you have to suggest activities to support the campaign.
Candidate A You suggest having a cultural show. Give reasons to support your suggestion
Candidate B You suggest having an exhibition of handicrafts from different ethnic groups. Give reasons to support your
suggestion.
Candidate C You suggest having open house during festivals. Give reasons to support your suggestion.
Candidate D You suggest having a Malaysian food festival. Give reasons to support your suggestion.

11

Task B: Group Interaction (10 minutes)


You have two minutes to prepare for the discussion.
You are given ten minutes for the discussion.
You may maintain or change your views presented in Task A.
NOTE: In your discussion, you may support or oppose the other candidates views.
At the end of the discussion, try to come to a group decision.

Situation
The Wildlife and National Parks Department (Perhilitan) has confirmed that wildlife trafficking has escalated in recent
months. How do you think the government could help to reduce wildlife trafficking?
TASK B: Discuss which one of the following is the best way the government could help to reduce wildlife trafficking:

i.
ii.
iii.
iv.

12

Impose harsh penalties on the offender


Reduce consumer demand for wildlife
Create awareness on wildlife extinction
Crack down on poaching

Ujian Membaca Bertujuan Menguji Kemahiran Calon Membaca Teks Dan Memahami Soalan Secara Pemahaman.
Ujian Membaca Merupakan Ujian Berbentuk Objektif A,B,C Dan D. Anda Digalakkan Membaca Dan Memahami Petikan
Yang Diberi Bagi Memudahkan Anda Menjawab Soalan.
Sila Tandakan Isi-isi Penting Yang Berkaitan Dengan Soalan. Soalan Reading Mempunyai 45 Soalan. Anda Perlu Menjawab
Selama 45 Minit.

Jika Anda Menghadapi Masalah Memahami Petikan Sila Guna Keadaan Seperti Berikut:
1.

2.

Cuba Perhatikan Sekitar Perkataan Yang Tidak Difahami Ini Kerana Petikan Berikutnya Menggambarkan Perkataannya
Yang Anda Tidak Fahami.
Baca Soalan Sebelum Anda Menanda Jawapan Dan Diingatkan Supaya Berhati-Hati Memilih Jawapan Kerana
Kebanyakkannya Hampir Serupa.

13

Questions 1 to 7 are based on the following passage.

1.

RM 100 billion Trade Surplus is Second Highest Ever


Kuala Lumpur: Malaysia chalked up its 10th consecutive year of trade surplus and the amount of RM100.53 billion was
the second highest ever on record.

2.

The International Trade and Industry Minister reported that export growth in 2007 emanated from both traditional
and emerging markets such as China, Australia, United Arab Emirates and Indonesia. Collectively, these markets
accounted for RM101.28 billion or 16.7% of Malaysias total exports. The 14.5% decline in Malaysias exports to the
US in 2007 was offset, in part, by strong growth in aggregate exports to emerging markets.

3.

The development is attributed to intensive promotional activities undertaken in new and emerging markets as part of
Malaysias market diversification initiative. This initiative caused double-digit growth in Malaysias exports to markets
such as Poland, which grew by 73.3%, Qatar by 47.3% and Iran by 31.4%.

14

4.

From a regional perspective, North-East Asia Was Malaysias largest regional export market, accounting for 29.1% of
total exports. That was followed by ASEAN with a 25.7% share, North America with 16.2% and European Union with
12.9%.
Malaysias Total Trade by Region
North East Asia

ASEAN
300

400

250

300

200

200

RM bil

150

RM bil

100

100

50
0
'03

'04

'05

'06

'07

'03

North America

'04

'05

'06

'07

European Union
150

200
150

100

100

RM bil

RM bil
50

50
0

0
'03

'04

'05

'06

'07

'03

'04

'05

'06

'07

15

1.

(Questions)
Malaysia has recorded a trade surplus for the last ten years.
A) True
B) False
C) Not stated

2.

For the year 2007, Malaysias total exports were valued at RM 100.53 billion.
A) True
B) False
C) Not stated

3.

In 2007, Malaysia showed an increase in exports to all the four regions.


A) True
B) False
C) Not stated

4.

Both China and Australia are Malaysias traditional markets.


A) True
B) False
C) Not stated

16

5.

There had been a gradual decline in exports to North America since 2003.
A) True
B) False
C) Not stated

6.

In 2007, North East Asia was Malaysias top export market.


A) True
B) False
C) Not stated

7.

Malaysia earned more than twice from exports to Poland than exports to Iran.
A) True
B) False
C) Not stated

17

Questions 8 to 14 are based on the following passage.

1.

Ethical Issues in Advertising


A variety of ethical criticisms have been leveled against advertising. Because the issues are complex, it is impossible in
this chapter to treat each criticism in great detail. The purpose of this discussion is merely to introduce the basic
issues. The following criticisms are illustrative rather than exhaustive.

2.

Advertising is Untruthful and Deceptive. The majority of American consumers think that advertising often is
untruthful. As mentioned earlier in the regulatory discussion, deception occurs when an advertisement falsely
represents a product and consumers believe the false representation to be true. Is advertising deceptive according to
this general definition? Some advertising is deceptive-the existence of governmental regulation and industry selfregulation attests to this fact.

3.

It would be nave, however, to assume that most advertising is deceptive. The advertising industry is not much
different from other institutions in a pluralistic society. Lying, cheating, and outright fraud are universal, occurring at
the highest levels of government and in the most basic human relationship. Advertising is not without sin, but neither
does it hold a monopoly on it.

4.

Advertising is Manipulative. The criticism of manipulation asserts that advertising has the power to influence people
to behave atypically, or to do things they would not do if they were not exposed to advertising. Taken to the extreme,
this suggests that advertising is capable of moving people against their own free wills.

18

5.

In general, the contention that advertising manipulates is without substance. Undeniably, advertising does attempt to
persuade consumers to purchase particular products and brands. But persuasion and manipulation are not the same
thing. Persuasion is a legitimate from of human interaction that all individuals and institutions in society perform.

6.

Advertising is Offensive and in Bad Taste. Advertising critics contend that many advertisements are insulting to
human intelligence, vulgar, and generally offensive to the tastes of many consumers. Several grounds exist for this
criticism: (1) sexual explicitness or innuendo in all forms of advertisements, (2) television commercials that advertise
unpleasant products (hemorrhoid treatments, diarrhea products, etc.) and (3) repetitious usage of the same
advertisements.

7.

Undeniably, much advertising is disgusting and offensive. Yet, the same can be said for all forms of mass media
presentations. For example, many network television program verge on the idiotic, and theatre movies are often
filled with inordinate amounts of sex and violence. This certainly is not to excuse advertising for its excesses, but a
balanced view demands that critical evaluations of advertising be conducted in a broader context of popular culture
and other forms of mass media presentations.

19

8.

The fact that there is a need for regulations proves that some advertising is untrue.
A) True
B) False
C) Not stated

9.

The writer argues that advertising is manipulative.


A) True
B) False
C) Not stated

10. Advertisements tend to be offensive because of the influence of popular culture.


A) True
B) False
C) Not stated
11. Advertising is not without sin, but neither does it hold a monopoly on it (line 14 and 15). This is mean that
A) Many advertising companies are not ethical
B) Advertising is not the only industry that is untruthful and deceptive
C) It is difficult to control the advertising industry because there are so many players

20

12. The writer is of the opinion that advertising


A) Encourage people to behave unethically
B) Influence people to interact with others
C) Persuades people to by the particular products
13. The writer thinks that the criticism that advertising is offensive and in bad taste is
A) Unfair
B) Unproven
C) Unbelievable
14. The writer develops his ideas through
A) Analysis
B) Description
C) Argumentation

21

Questions 15 to 21 are based on the following passage.


1.

A 15-second scene for a Chinese movie, Bodyguards and Assassins, is being shot not on location but on an elaborate set
built on the outskirts of Shanghai. As big as 10 football fields, this full-scale replica of a section of the former British colony
took a year to build, cast $5 million a fifth of the films budget and includes the facades of about 200 shops.

2.

It also symbolizes a massive investment in the future of Chinese cinema. Grand historical sets are a staple of Chinese
epics. But in the past, most of those films were shot with international money for an international audience. Bodyguards
and Assassins represents a new model of Chinese filmmaking. It has 100 per cent Chinese financing half private and half
public and is being shot primarily for a Chinese audience. In the past, the size of the mainland Chinese market alone
would not have supported such a big-budget film. But in the last couple of years the Chinese market has exploded, and
for the first time films are being produced for just that audience. Foreign sales are no longer the biggest slice the pie in
terms of recoup. The majority of the investment, if not all, can be recouped with the projected revenue of Chinese market
alone.

3.

Compared with Hollywood or even Bollywood, the Chinese film industry is still in its infancy. Private companies have been
allowed to film independently only since 2002, private-equity players began to invest in the industry just in 2007. But with
a domestic box office that ballooned from $117 million five years ago to $630 million in 2008, it is becoming easier for
Chinese films to attract private domestic capital. They got a boost from international blockbusters as well as acclaimed
local films. Total box-office revenues for 2009 reached $800 million. That is still a long way from the $9.8 million U.S. box
office earned in 2008 but mainland China so far has only 4100 movie screen, compared with 38 834 in the United States.

22

4.

The race is now on. New movie theaters are opening every week, increasingly in smaller cities. Dadi Cinemas Co., a
Hong Kong-based firm that started building cinemas on the mainland less than three years ago, will have 300 screens
by the end of the year; Dadis chairman, John Sham, says companys objective is to build 1500 screens within the next
five years. Dadis strategy has been to concentrate on second-tier cities, where there are often no movie theaters,
and to keep ticket prices at a quarter to a third of those for cinemas in larger cities.

5.

Five years ago, Chinese filmmakers had to go to Hong Kong producers to finance their films, since those people
controlled the distribution pipeline outside China, where a big-budget film would have to shoe to recoup its money.
Through they are still looking to Hong Kong firms for their expertise, Chinese production house are increasingly in the
drivers seat.

6.

But for all the rising box-office revenues, Chinese cinema has yet to mine a key stream of potential rich: spin-offs. In
Hollywood, box-office receipts account for just 30 per cent of a films revenues. With the rest coming from television
right, DVD sales, and merchandising. Residual income outside box-office receipts is very low in China no more than
20 per cent because television is still a monopoly, they is no video-on-demand platform, and DVD piracy is still a
very big issue, say Sham, There is a lot of room for residual income to grow. China proved with its Olympic mascots
that it can fully capitalize on merchandising. It wont be long before filmmakers figure out how to turn their work into
millions of sword-fighting action figures.

23

15. Grand historical sets are a staple of Chinese epics (line 7). This implies that
A) The Chinese are proud of their culture
B) The Chinese enjoy watching historical movies
C) The Chinese love movies with spectacular settings

16. The biggest slice of the pie (line 14) in paragraph 2 refers to
A) The highest earnings
B) The largest investors
C) The biggest budget movies
17. The current strategy of movie producers is to
A) Invest heavily in epic movies
B) Target movie-goers in china
C) Attract foreign investors

18. Which of the following statements is not true of paragraph 3?


A) There are almost ten times more cinemas in the United States compared to China.
B) Earnings from Chinese movies peaked at $800 million in 2009.
C) Moviemaking as a lucrative industry is not new in China

24

19. The race is now on (line 27). This refers to


A) Building more cinemas
B) Producing more big budget films
C) Selling more movie tickets at lower price
20. The Chinese movie producers no longer need Hong Kong counterparts. Why?
A) They have distribution channels outside China.
B) They do not need Hong Kong expertise.
C) They can earn enough within China.
21. The main idea of paragraph 6 is
A) Revenue from spin-offs is expected to overtake box-office revenues
B) Chinas movie industry is capable of making money from spin-offs
C) Chinas film makers should emulate Olympic organizers in marketing spin-offs

25

Questions 22 to 29 are based on the following passage.


1.

As befits an industrialized country, Britains public-health problems are those of wealth rather than poverty. But
beneath headlines about fat, cigarettes and a national epidemic of drunkenness, two diseases that were believed
vanquished decades ago are re-emerging. Both are linked to immigration.

2.

On December 29th, the Department of Health confirmed what doctors have long suspected: rickets seems to be on
the rise. The disease-thought to have been eradicated in the 1950s-stunt growth and deforms the skeleton,
characteristically causing bowed legs and worse.

3.

The other disease is tuberculosis, dimly remembered as an affliction of slum-dwellers and glamorous Victorian poets.
Antibiotics and a national-screening program had all but wiped out the disease. Yet cases have been increasing since
the mid-1980s. in 2000, 6323 were reported in Britain (excluding Scotland), or 11.7 for each 100 000 people; by 2006
that had risen to 8112, or 114.6 per 100 000, and the true number is thought to be higher.

4.

Migration is involved in the resurgence of both conditions, though in different ways. Rickets is usually caused by a
lack of vitamin D, which is needed to absorb calcium to build bones. Most vitamin D is made when skin is exposed to
sunlight. Not much sunshine is needed-around 15 minutes a day in summer-but obtaining it in Britain, with grey
climate, house-bound children and officially warnings about skin cancer, can be tricky. Skin color matters too: darkskinned people require more sun. What scant data there are suggest that up to 1 in 100 children from ethnic
minorities may suffer from rickets.

26

5.

Whereas migrants from sunny countries may develop rickets after arriving in Britain, tuberculosis is a disease that
often comes with them. Rates of infection are lowest among natives and highest among immigrants from Africa,
where the disease is common in part because of the spread of AIDS, whose suffers are particularly susceptible to
infection. Tuberculosis is most common in the poorer areas of Britains cities, which tend to have high immigrant
populations and where poverty and deprivation erode resistance to the disease. Newham, a poor east London
borough that is home to many immigrant families, has around 100 infections per 100 000 people, the highest rate in
the country and comparable to Chinas figure.

6.

In theory, rickets is easy to cure: officially advice is to get more sunshine and, for pregnant women and young
children, to take vitamin D supplements (though only around a fifth of mother heed it). Tuberculosis is harder of
stamp out. Vaccinations which used to be universal, have been re-introduced for children in high-risk areas.
Immigrants from countries with the disease are offered screening when they arrive, although Chris Griffiths, a
tuberculosis expert at Queen Mary, University of London, reckons the system is too leaky to catch all of them. Often
those most at risk are hardest to reach. One drug-resistant strain has been circulating in Camden and Islington for five
years, especially among homeless people and ex-prisoners. This has prompted suggestions that suffers be detained in
secure hospitals-a Victorian response to a Victorian disease.

27

22. The word vanquished (line 3) has the same meaning as the following except
A) confirmed (line 5)
B) eradicated (line 7)
C) wiped out (line 1)

23. A child suffering from rickets is likely to


A) have shorts legs
B) be fair in complexion
C) grow at a much slower rate
24. Which of the following questions is answered by paragraph 4?
A) How can immigrants avoid getting rickets?
B) Why do immigrants develop rickets in Britain?
C) What is the link between dark-skinned immigrants and rickets?

25. Which of the following ideas is not found in paragraph 5?


A) Tuberculosis is related to poverty.
B) There is a link between tuberculosis and AIDS.
C) The rate of infection of tuberculosis in London is the same as that in China.

28

26. One drug-resistant strain has been circulating for five years, (lines 40 and 41) The writer cities this example to
support the idea that
A) it is difficult to contain tuberculosis
B) tuberculosis is more rampant among the homeless
C) tuberculosis sufferers need to be confined in hospitals
27. What is true about rickets and tuberculosis?
A) They can be easily cured.
B) They are migrant-related diseases.
C) They were eradicated in the 1950s.
28. The gist of the passage is
A) the spread of diseases among immigrants
B) the increase in cases of rickets and tuberculosis
C) the re-emergence of diseases that were believed to have been stamped out
29. The ideas in the passage are developed mainly through
A) cause and effect
B) problem and solution
C) compare and contrast

29

Questions 30 to 37 are based on the following passage.


1.

On a crisp autumn morning, the dew just rising from the fields, dozens of children streamed into the two-room school
in this small, poor village, their hair freshly oiled, used rice sacks tucked under their arms for lack of chairs to sit on.
One teacher showed up 90 minutes late. A second was a no show. The senior-most teacher, the only one with a
teaching degree, was believed to be on official government duty. When they get older, theyll say, We came every
day, and we learned nothing.

2.

Sixty years after independence, with 40 per cent of its population under 18, India is confronting the perils of its
failure to educate its citizens, notably the poor. More Indian children are in school than ever before, but the quality of
public schools has sunk spectacularly low levels, as government schools has become reverses of children at the very
bottom of the Indian social ladder.

3.

India has long had a legacy of weak schooling for the masses of its young, even as it has promoted high quality
government-financed universities. But if in the past, a largely poor and agrarian nation could afford to leave millions
of its people illiterate, that is no longer the case. Not only has the roaring economy hit a shortage of skilled labour,
but the nations many new roads, phones and television sets have fueled new ambitions for economic advancement
among its peopleand new expectations for schools to help them achieve it.

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4.

That they remain ill-equipped to do so is clearly illustrated by an annual survey, conducted by Pratham, the
organization for which Ghosh works. The latest survey, carried out across 16000 villages in 2007 found that while
many more children were sitting in class than before, vast numbers of them could not read, write or perform basic
arithmetic, to say nothing of those who were not in school at all.

5.

Education experts and officials debate the reasons for the failure. On the one hand, some argue, the children of
illiterate parents are less likely to get help at home, more likely to be malnourished or in poor health, and therefore
have a harder time learning. Others blame longstanding neglect and insufficient public investment in education,
along with a lack of motivation among teachers to pay special attention to poor, outcaste children.

6.

Arguments aside, India is engaged in an epic experiment to uplift its schools. Along the way lie many hurdles, and
Ghosh, on his visits to villages like this one, encounters them all. Either the aides who have been hired to draw more
village children into school complain that they have a not received money to buy educational materials, or the school
has stopped serving lunch even though sacks of rice are piled in the classroom, or a parent agrees to enroll his son in
school, but knows that he will soon send the child away to work.

7.

Or worst of all, from Ghoshs perspective, all these stick-thin, bright-eyed children trickle into school every morning
and take back so little. Theyre coming with some hope of getting something. Ghosh muttered. Its our fault we
cant give them anything.

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8.

Even here, the kind of place from which millions of uneducated men and women have traditionally migrated to cities
for work, and appetite for education has begun to set in, an educated person would not only be more likely to find a
good job, parents here reasoned, but also less likely to be cheated in a bad one, I want my children to do something,
to advance themselves, is how Mohammed Alam Ansari put it. To do that they must study.

9.

Education in the new India has become a crucial marker of inequality. Among the poorest 20 per cent of the
population, half are illiterate and barely two per cent graduate from high school, according to government data. By
contrast, among the richest 20 per cent of the population, nearly half are high school graduates and only two per
cent are illiterate.

10. The link between getting your children prepared and being part of this big changing India is certainly there in
everyones minds,: said Rukmini Banerji, the research director of Pratham. The question is: whats the best way to
get there, how much to do, what to do? As a country I think we are trying to figure this out.
11. If we wait another 5 or 10 years, she added, you are going to lose millions of children.
(Adapted from Herald Tribune, January 17, 2008)

32

(Question)
30. Paragraph 1 draws attention on the
A) poverty of the villagers
B) over-crowded classroom
C) lack of facilities in the school
D) eagerness of children to attend school
31. In paragraph 3, the writer develops his ideas through
A) cause an effect
B) problem and solution
C) compare and contrast
D) example and illustration
32. that is no longer the case. (line 18) This implies that
A) the young today need to be educated
B) weak schooling should no longer be an Indian legacy
C) in an agricultural society the young will remain illiterate
D) the poor still cannot afford to send their children to school

33

33. Which of the following are reasons for new ambitions for economic advancement (line 20)?
I The growing economy
II Schooling of the masses
III A shortage of skilled labor
IV High quality tertiary education
A)
B)
C)
D)

I and II
I and III
II and IV
III and IV

34. In paragraph 5, the writer mentions reasons for the childrens failure to learn. Which of the following is not
mentioned as a reason?
A) The health of the children is poor.
B) The children need to help out at home.
C) Teachers neglect children who are poor.
D) Illiterate parents are unable to help their children.

34

35. According to the writer, which of the following is the greatest obstacle to educating the young?
A) Child labor
B) School lunches not provided
C) A lack of educational materials
D) Children not learning much in school
36. Education in the new India has become a crucial marker of inequality. (line 50) This means that India today,
A) education divides the rich from the poor
B) there is an awareness of the importance of education
C) the lack of education has prevented the poor from securing good jobs
D) while 20 per cent of the poor are illiterate, only two per cent of the rich are illiterate
37. The purpose of the article is to
A) criticize
B) entertain
C) motivate action
D) provide solutions

35

Questions 38 to 45 are based on the following passage.


1.

Man has changed the landscape and the atmosphere. It would be odd if the seas, which he has for centuries used for
food, fro transport, for dumping rubbish and, more recently, for recreation, had not also been affected. Man has
brought about a hotter atmosphere and warmer seas.

2.

Melting sea ice affects ecosystems and currents. It does not affect sea levels, because floating ice is already displacing
water of a weight equal to its own. But melting glaciers and ice sheets on land are bringing quantities of fresh water
into the sea, whose level has been rising at an average of nearly 2 millimeters a year for over 40 years, and the pace is
getting faster. Recent studies suggest that the sea level may well rise by a total of 80 century, though the figure could
plausibly be as much as 2 meters.

3.

The burning over the past 100 years or so of fossil fuels that took half a billion years to form has suddenly, in
geological terms, released an enormous amount of carbon dioxide (CO2) into the atmosphere. About a third of this
CO2 is taken up by the sea, where it forms carbonic acid. The plants and animals that have evolved over time to thrive
in slightly alkaline surface waters their pH is around 8.3 are now having to adapt to a 30 per cent increase in the
acidity of their surroundings. Some will no doubt flourish, but if the trend continues, as it will for at least some
decades, clams, mussels, conches and all creature that grow shells made of calcium carbonate will struggle. So will
corals, especially those whose skeletons are composed of aragonite, a particularly unstable form of calcium
carbonate.

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4.

Mans interference does not stop with CO2. Knowingly and deliberately, he throws plenty of rubbish and toxic waste
into the sea. Inadvertently, he also lets flame retardants, bunker oil and heavy metals seep into the mighty ocean,
and often invasive species too. Much of the harm done by such pollutants is invisible to the eye: it shows up only in
the analysis of dead polar bears or in tuna served in New York sushi bars.

5.

Increasingly, though, swimmers, sailors and even those who monitor the sea with the help of satellites are
encountering highly visible algal blooms known as red tides, which have increased in frequency, number and size in
recent years, notably since man-made nitrogen fertilizers came into widespread use in the 1950s. When rainwater
contaminated with these fertilizers and other nutrients reaches the sea, an explosion of toxic algae and bacteria take
place, killing fish, absorbing almost all the oxygen and leaving a microbial-dominated ecosystem.

6.

Each of these phenomena would be bad enough on its own, but all appear to be linked, usually synergistically.
Slaughter one species in the food web and you set off chain of alterations above or below. Thus, the near extinction
of sea otters in the northern Pacific led to a proliferation of sea urchins, which then laid waste an entire kelp forest
that had hitherto sustained its own ecosystem.

7.

Whereas, misfortunes that came singly might not prove fatal, those that come in combination often prove
overwhelming. The few coral reefs that remain pristine seem able to cope with the warming and acidification that
none can escape, but most of the reefs that have also suffered overfishing or pollution have succumbed to bleaching
or even death. Biodiversity comes with interdependence, and the shocks administered by mankind in recent decades
have been so numerous and so severe that the natural balance or marine life is disturbed.

37

8.

Are these changes reversible? Most scientists believe that fisheries, for instance, could be restored to health with the
right policies, properly enforced. But many of the changes are speeding up, not slowing down. Some, such as the
acidification of the seas, will continue for years to come simply because of events already in train or past. And some,
such as the melting of the Arctic ice cap, may be close to the point at which an abrupt, and perhaps irreversible,
series of happenings is set in motion.

9.

It is clear, in any event, that man must change his way. A world of 6.7 billion souls, set to become 9 billion by 2050,
cannot afford to treat the sea as an infinite resource.
(Adapted from
The Economist, December 30, 2008)

38

(Questions)
38. The main message in paragraph 1 is
A) man responsible for a hotter climate and warmer seas
B) man has exploited the sea just as he did with the landscape and atmosphere
C) the destruction of sea is worse than that of the landscape and atmosphere
D) like the landscape and the atmosphere, the sea also suffers from mans interference
39. The rise in sea level cannot be credited to the melting of
A) sea ice
B) glaciers
C) arctic ice cap
D) ice sheets on land
40. The trend (line 18) refers to
A) increasing acidity in the sea
B) declining number of shell creatures
C) the continued burning of fossil fuels
D) adapting of marine and plant life to the surroundings

39

41. How would you describe the writers tone in paragraph 4?


A) Condescending
B) Commanding
C) Convincing
D) Critical
42. Artificial fertilizers washed into the sea will lead to
I
increase of red tides
II growth of microbes
III absorption of oxygen
IV evolution of new marine species) II, III and IV

A)
B)
C)
D)

I, II and III
I, II and IV
I, III and IV
II, III and IV

43. The writer cites the example of sea otters and sea urchins (lines 38 and 39) to support the idea that
A) when the population of sea otters decreases, the numbers of sea urchins multiply
B) the individual marine species can maintain its own balances in the food web
C) the increasing sea urchins will destroy the kelp forest
D) the ecosystem of marine creatures can be threatened

40

44. In paragraph 7, the writer is of the opinion that


A) fisheries can be restored to health if man changes his ways
B) it will be difficult to stop the changes to the marine ecosystem
C) the implementation of right policies will slow down the acidification of the seas
D) the melting of the arctic ice cap will speed up the changes to the marine ecosystem
45. The passage is mainly about
A) how to reverse the damage done to the sea
B) how man has slowly destroyed the sea
C) the effects of a warmer sea
D) the pollution of the sea

41

Ujian Menulis Bertujuan Menguji Kemahiran Calon Dalam Merangka Atau Menulis Sesuatu Jurnal Didalam Bahasa
Inggeris.
Untuk Menghadapi Ujian Ini Calon Digalakkan Membaca Jurnal Atau Artikel Didalam Bahasa Inggeris. Ini Kerana
Kebanyakkan Soalan Meminta Pendapat Atau Pandangan Calon.

Didalam Writing Anda Perlu Bijak Dalam Memikirkan Teknik Pembahagian Masa Untuk Menjawab Soalan 1 Dan Soalan 2.
Ini Kerana Kedua-dua Soalan Perlu Dijawab Dalam Masa 90 Minit.

Untuk Soalan 1 Anda Digalakkan Mencari Bahan Bacaan Di Akhbar Atau Jurnal Berkaitan Dengan Graf, Carta Dan
Sebagainya Bagi membantu Anda Menjawab Soalan Ini.

42

Question 1
You are advised to spend about 40 minutes on this task.
A survey was carried out on employers and job applicants of qualities expected at the workplace. The results of the survey
are shown in the table below. Using only the information given, describe the results of the survey. You should write 150 to
200 words. (40 marks)
Table: Employers Expectations and Applicants Perceptions of Qualities
Required at the Workplace
Qualities

Ranking of qualities employers


look for in job applicants

Ranking of qualities applicants believe


employers look for

Communication skills
Diligence
Team-work skills
Computer literacy
Personality
Work ethics
Qualification
Motivation
Experience
Respect for authority

1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

5
6
7
3
4
8
1
9
2
10

Note: 1 highest; 10 lowest

43

Question 2
You are advised to spend about 50 minutes on this task.
People commit crime for selfish reasons. Discuss. You should write at least 350 words.
( 60 marks)

44

Untuk Menghadapi Peperiksaan Anda Perlu Bersiap Dari Segi Mental


Dan Juga fizikal.
Selain Itu Anda Juga Perlu Rehat Yang Cukup
Menyiapkan Segala Kelengkapan Peperiksaan Untuk Hari Esok.
Untuk Menaikkan Keyakinan Anda Menghadapi Ujian MUET Anda
Digalakkan Membaca Dan Berkomunikasi Dalam Bahasa Inggeris.
Anda Juga Digalakkan Melihat Koleksi-koleksi Soalan Yang Lepas Bagi
Memudahkan Anda Menjawab Soalan.

45

Sekali Lagi Saya Mengucapkan Ribuan Terima Kasih Kepada Anda Yang membeli Nuku
Rujukan Peperiksaan MUET Ini. Diharap Isi Kandungan Buku Ini Dapat
Dimanfaatkan Oleh Anda Dan Sekaligus Membantu Anda Lulus
Cemerlang Dalam Ujian Ini.
SEKIAN.

Tiada istilah gagal, yang ada hanya


kejayaan atau belajar lagi.

46