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Abortion is the termination of a pregnancy by loss or destruction

of a fetus before birth. It may be spontaneous in the latter and an act

with ethical and legal ramification.
Abortion is also considered as a mortal sin, a dangerous crime in
humanity. Then if we accept the reasoning that unwantedness is a
valid excuse for abortion, we should be killed also. In this research you
will find out and learned all about abortion we will give you all the
information and data gathered about it, like the kinds of abortion, and
some ways to control and stop abortion.1
Statement of the Problems
1. What are the kinds of abortion?
2. What are the reasons of the people in aborting ones life?
3. What are the possible effects of aborting of aborting ones life?
4. How do this abortion be prevented and stopped?
Knowing all the facts about abortion as one of the most common
issue in our country nowadays was very essential not only for us but
also for the life given by our Almighty God as one of the most precious
blessings he shed to us.

1 p. 60.

Control Hogue Abortion Lexicon Universal Encyclopedia (1994) Lexicon Publication Incorporation New Year N.Y Volume

We should not ignore this kind of immoral doings because these poor
children someday may be one of those hopes of our country.
Even though, they were products of irresponsible doings of their
parents, they have the right to be born, experience what we have
experienced in the couples of years, and feel the real essence of life.
Definition of Terms
1. Abortion - the removal of an embryo from the uterus.
2. Embryo - a human product of conception up to about the second
of growth of fetus.
3. Cervix a neck-line structure found in the human body.
4. Amniotic Cairty the cairty filled with fluid that enclosed by the
amnion and
surrounds the fetus.
5. Destrictive a restriction one a piece of real stake for certain
6. Gestational the net of period of carrying young in the womb or

Kinds of Abortion

A. Spontaneous Abortion

Geddes and Grosset. Websters Universal Dictiony and Thresaures (2008) David Dale House Vol. 1 pp.58-62

A kind of abortion that occurs without medical or other
interventions are
known as spontaneous abortion or miscarriages. Probably about
As a general rule chance of miscarriages is highest for women older
than 35 or
younger than 17 years old; couples who have difficulty in achieving
pregnancy: and a women who have at least two miscarriagesAlthough
the causes of miscarriages are not completely understood, it is likely
that many are caused by non-inherited genetic defects of embryo. The
most common defects are abnormal chromosomes numbers of
resulting from faulty cell division. The occurrence number of resulting
chromosomes does not increase the chance that following pregnancy
will terminate in miscarriages. The rare cases, however, miscarriage
may be caused by microscope examination of the cells from the fetus
and the parents. In case the inherited chromosals defects the doctor
may be able to predict how likely it has that the same defects will
cause sulesequent abortion. About case they inherited chromosal
effects, the doctor about 90% of miscarriages occur during the first
trimester (first three months or 12 weeks of pregnancy).
B. Induced Abortion

In an Induced Abortion, drugs or instruments are used to stop the
normal cause of pregnancy. Since most common to women can be
brought by safety through pregnancy even with serious medical
problems, few abortions used to be performed to protect the mothers
There era four main techniques for performing abortion. The first
two methods are described even safer than childbirth which now has a
natural mortality rate approximately 8 per 100,000 live births. The
other two are less
safe. Regardless of techniques, abortion was performed by unqualified
person and also considered as very dangerous
C. Menstrual Extraction
This technique which is also called endometrial or vacuum
aspiration, is used for most abortion performed during the first
trimester. It is done by sectioning out the lining of the uterus through a
thin often flexible tube inserted through a thin opening of the cervix. It
is used after a woman has just missed a period or anytime there after
up to about the eight week period of pregnancy. It can be performed
safely in the doctors office and has a very low rate of mortality.
An abortion inducing drug known as RU 486 or mifepreston,
causes the uterus to shed its lining and expel a fertilized egg. The

hormone-like substance prostaglandin is usually administered with RU
486 to increase its effectiveness. RU 486 can be used only until
about 47th day after the last menstrual period and can have serious
side effects for some women.
D. Dilation and Evacation (DAE) and Dilation and Curettage (DAC)
This is a common procedure for late first trimester or early trimester
abortion. It is also called vacuum viction curritage. In this method
too, section is used to remove the fetus to placenta. However, the
cervix uses dried type seaweed under an anaesthesia using a suction
tube that is rigid rather than flexible and stronger suction is used than
in menstrual extraction. Another way of dilating the cervix is the use of
a type of dried seaweed called laminaria, which expands a its absorb
moisture. Some doctors use to hollow spoon shaped knife, a curette is
used to ensure that all the placental tissue is removed by scraping the
uterine walls. If instead of suction, curettes are used to through out the
procedure, this method is called dilation and curettage (DAC). Before
the 12 week, D and E is preferred over D and C because it does not
require general anaesthesia causes loss of discomfort and expensive.
E. Prostaglandin or Saline Administration
Labor may be induced by injecting prostaglandin or a saline solution
through the uterine wall and into the amniotic sac holding the fetus.

This procedure is common for the second trimester abortions. These
substances induce labor and delivery of non-available and vomiting but
are safer than saline solution. The natural mortality rate for second
trimester abortions performed by this method is approximately 20 per
100,000 abortions.
The presence of a 15 weeks fetus requires skills and cares to
perform a dilation and extraction safely. The fetal parts are removed
transcerviously with special forceps. The cervix is usually dilated prier
to the procedure. The artificial dilators are often preceded with the
insertion of laminaria, which absorbs water and swells. Forceful dilation
of the cervix can result in damage to the cervix. An alternative to this
method is the use of vaginal suppositories of prostaglandin (PGE2)
which causes contraction and is an effective agent. It may also cause
nausea, vomiting and elevated temperature. 3 Labor pains are felt
unless regional analgesia is used.

III. Causes and Reason of Abortion

Different people identify themselves in different ways according to
how they identify themselves; they see a different purpose in life. For

American Encyclopedia, co. 1829, vol. I pp. 43 - 45

instance, the vast majority of people identify themselves as the body.
They believed I am this body, I am matter. Thats my identity. And
what do they feel is the purpose of their existence.
Now this is isnt just philosophy in the sense that it has very









materialistic viewpoint, serve as the springboard of various social

problems. Let us just take one social question abortion. It is one very
obvious external activity with for searching social conquests and which
has so much to do with real life. Abortion is actually as offshoots life.
Abortion is actually purpose life in a particular way.
IV. Effects of Abortion
A. Man and Women
In Physical, women undergoing induced abortion suffer from






infections, bleeding, fevers,

chronic abdominal pain, gastro-intestinal disturbances, vomiting and
sensitisation. The most common major effects include infection,
excessive bleeding, embolism, ripping or perforation of the uterus,
anaesthesia complications, convulsions, haemorrhage, cervical injury,
and endotoxic shock. Abortion of a first pregnancy interrupts the
growth and hormonal changes which enable the breast to produce

milk; this leaves the breast at a high risk of cancer. The millions of
induced abortions occurring around the world has accounted for the
mysterious jump in the breast cancer rate.
In Emotional, many women suffer from Post Abortion Syndrome
which at its worst can lead to suicide. It is understood to be a type of
post-traumatic stress disorder and often involves postnatal depression,
suicidal behaviour, drug and alcohol abuse, eating disorders, family
breakdown and child neglect or abuse. The biggest effect from abortion
for most women would have to be regret. Some women at present do
not believe they made the right decision. This will impact on them
greatly as they will continue living their lives thinking about what it
would be like if they had kept that baby. They also feel guilt as they
have killed an innocents life.
Many women and teenagers are unable to cope with having a baby,
who is physically or mentally disabled or who is the result of rape. They
are much traumatized as it is, but to become pregnant to that incident
is very worse. To think that you are carrying a child as a result of being
raped is an absolutely
horrifying feeling. It is hard enough for teenagers to look after a baby,
let alone a baby that requires a full attention and has special needs.
Usually you want to try and forget about what happened but having

the baby would just bring back far too many terrible memories.
Without being able to have an abortion as a result of rape, would mean
that many women might have to bring up a baby who was conceived
by a very destructive act.
B. Society
For most societies, past or present there is no single source from
which one can reliably infer a single dominant attitude toward abortion.
On the contrary, there usually is a complex mix of indications that
reveals a diversity of views. These indicators include extend of
womens recourse to abortion, social and legal responses to the
practices and the stated views of concerned specialist to the theologies
legal thinkers and physicians. To these can be added, for modern
societies, the results of public opinion surveys and the position
adopted by relevant professional associations and by organized
interests groups.
Abortion was prevented in the world of ancient Greece and Rome.
Some commentators believe that is specific prescription in the
Hippocratic Oath may have been typical of the prevailing attitudes at
that time. Both Plate and Aristotle discussed abortion approvingly as a
useful means of population control. In the histories of Greece and
Rome, this abortion has been eliminated. Under Roman law,

regulation of abortion primarily reflected family rule by the husband,
who on the hand.4
V. Ways to Prevent and Stop Abortion
A. How to Prevent Abortion
One of the best ways to prevent abortions is education. Most people
considering abortion are poorly informed and are unaware of fatal
development, nor the physical and psychological repercussions of
abortions. They are scared and confused, and believe it when they are
told abortion will solve their problem.
Preventing unwanted pregnancies is always the best way to prevent
abortions. While it is often believed that increasing contraceptive use
can decrease abortions. The number 1 reason for getting an abortion
is contraceptive failure.

How to Stop Abortion

One of the oldest ways is often referred to as natural family

planning. It includes not only the rhythm method, which predicts when
you will ovulate each month by counting days, and then abstaining
from sex during ovulation, but two other birth control methods as well.
The basal body temperature method is included in this group of

Abortion. Encyclopedia of Knowledge. United States of America Grolier Inc. Vol. I pp. 53-54

techniques. This one predicts ovulation by body temperatures, because
they rise during ovulation.
The cervical mucus or secretion method is another means of how to
stop pregnancy. This involves looking at the mucus or secretions from
the cervix. During ovulation, the secretions become clear, thinner and
wetter so that the sperm can make its way up the fallopian tube. The
rhythm, temperature and cervical mucus methods all involve
abstinence several days a month during ovulation.
There are several methods of birth control that stop pregnancy by
stopping the sperm from getting to the place where it can be fertilized.
These include the male condom, spermicides, sponge, diaphragm,
female condom, cervical cap, and IUD device. Of all of these, the IUD is
the most effective at 99%.
Withdrawal is the guys natural method of how to stop pregnancy. It
is not incredibly effective because sometimes men cannot withdraw in
time and because there can be sperm in pre-ejaculation fluid as well.
The percentage of withdrawal and the other natural ways of conception
having success is only 80%.
Some womens approach to how to stop pregnancy is to use herbs
to bring on an abortion. This technique has a high percentage rate of
failure and some plants are toxic so care has to be taken about which

herb to use and how much of it. The herbs cause contractions and
widen the cervix.
Hormonal birth control is what most people call taking the pill. It can
actually be in daily pill form, or as an injection, patch, or vaginal ring.
All of these deliver synthetic estrogens and /or progesterone which
prevents ovulation. Hormonal birth control can be up to 99% effective
when used correctly.
The morning after pill is a means of contraception taken after
unprotected sex and not during. It is not really one pill, but two pills,
that have to be taken twelve hours apart. They work in the same way
as the daily pill by preventing ovulation and making the mucus in the
vagina thicker so the sperm cant swim.
If none of these means of how to stop pregnancy have worked,
there are two more to consider: surgical abortion and the abortion pill.
There are several different methods of surgical abortion, depending on
how many weeks have passed during the pregnancy. The abortion pill
is around 90% effective. It prevents the fetus from getting
progesterone, which it needs in order to live. The abortion pill is
considered to be a medical abortion and not a surgical abortion.


There are no two ways of looking at it. Our religions state clearly
that abortion is nothing short of murder. It is condemned God Almighty
himself, and no matter how much people scream about the freedom of
choice, it will never justify the loss of an innocent life. The Abortion
procedure is one of the many proofs of how extreme the so called prochoice movement is. The Presidents veto of the ban of this gruesome
procedure not only contradicts the votes of both houses congress and
the convictions of 71% of the American people, but it proves how
dangerous the prochoice mentality is. They, who put choice above life
at one stage, will find it hard not to do the same at later stages. 5 A
very fine line is crossed when someone decides it is natural to kill an
unborn child and no one is safe on the other side of that threshold. 6


Abortion, 1994 Funk and Wagnalls Corporation pp. 11-25

Priests for Life Blasts Clinton on Veto, Father Frank Pavone, International Director of Priests for Life
pp. 43-54

Abortion. Encyclopedia of Knowledge. United States of America Grolier
Inc. Vol. I pp.
Abortion, Funk and Wagnalls Corporation (1994) pp. 11-25
Abortion: A Particular Social Problem, Cyril c. Means, Jr. pp. 7-11
American Encyclopedia, co. 1829, Vol. I pp. 43 45
Bernard Johnston and William D. Hadsey Gollier Encyclopedia Vol. pp.
Control Hogue Abortion Lexicon Universal Encyclopedia (1994)
Publication Incorporation New Year N.Y Volume 1 p. 60.
Geddes and Grosset. Websters Universal Dictiony and Thresaures
(2008) David Dale
House Vol. 1 pp.58-62
Priests for Life Blasts Clinton on Veto, Father Frank Pavone,
International Director
of Priests for Life pp. 43-54

Internet sources: