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Concrete building element

Weight of reinforcement in kg/m3

Bases
Beams
Capping beams
Columns
Ground beams
Footings
Pile Caps
Plate slabs
Rafts
Retaining walls
Ribbed floor slabs
Slabs one way
Slabs two way
Stairs
Tie beams
Transfer slabs
Walls normal
Walls wind

90-130
250-350
135
200-450
230-330
70-100
110-150
95-135
115
110-150
80-120
75-125
67-135
130-170
130-170
150
70-100
90-150

NOTE: For exposed elements add the following:


Beams +100%; Columns +15%; Walls +50%
Average values for typical concrete frames:
Heavy industrial = 130 kg/m3
Commercial = 100 kg/m3
Institutional = 90 kg/m3

FOR FOUNDATION 50KG PER CUM


FOR SLAB 80KG PER CUM
FOR BEAM 110 KG PER CUM
FOR COLUMN 160KG PER PER CUM
FOR WALL 80 KG PER CUM
FOR SHELVES 80KG PER CUM
FOR STAIR CASE 100 KG PER CUM

The quantity of steel can be calculated by formula:


d*d/162 kg/m. where d=diameter of bar in metre
this formula has been derived by relation
density=mass/volume

However, percentage of steel in rcc structure can be taken


as 0.15% of the gross area of cocrete

The question should be framed thus: "How to calculate


quantity of steel for practical purpose of construction"....
"In a given RCC design" it is simple to arrive at the
quantity by calculating the lenght of each bar & multiply
with the unit weight of given dia.
The thumb rule for calculating steel quantity is 1.5 to 2.0
Kg/Sft....