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IonExchangeResinTypes

Ion exchange resin types


Update 29 Dec 2013

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Srongly Acidic Cation Exchange Resins


(SAC)

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Functional groups

Sulphonic acid

SO3 H +

What they do

In sodium form, they remove hardness (essentially calcium and magnesium)


from water and other solutions
In hydrogen form, they remove all cations
They are also used as acidic catalysts

Examples

Amberjet TM 1000 Na
DowexTM Marathon C
Lewatit TM Monoplus S100
AmberliteTM IR120 Na
Lewatit TM S100

Typical total capacity

1.9 to 2.2 eq/L [Na+]

(uniform)
(uniform)
(uniform)
(conventional)
(conventional)

Weakly Acidic Cation Exchange Resins


(WAC)

Functional groups

Carboxylic acid

COOH

What they do

In hydrogen form, they remove preferentially divalent ions (e.g. calcium and
magnesium) from solutions containing alkalinity

Examples

AmberliteTM IRC86
DowexTM MAC3
Lewatit TM CNP80

Typical total capacity

3.7 to 4.5 eq/L [H+]

Strongly Basic Anion Exchange Resins


(SBA)

Functional groups

Quaternary ammonium

N(CH 3)3+ OH

What they do

In hydroxyl form, they remove all anions


In chloride form, they remove nitrate, sulphate and several other ions

Examples

Amberjet TM 4200 Cl
DowexTM Marathon A
Lewatit TM Monoplus M500
AmberliteTM IRA402 Cl
Lewatit TM M500

Typical total capacity

1.0 to 1.5 eq/L [Cl]

(uniform)
(uniform)
(uniform)
(conventional)
(conventional)

Weakly Basic Anion Exchange Resins


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IonExchangeResinTypes

(WBA)
Functional groups

Amines

N(CH 3)2

What they do

After cation exchange, they remove chloride, sulphate, nitrate, and other
anions of strong acids, but they do not remove weak acids (SiO2 and CO2)

Examples

AmberliteTM IRA96
DowexTM Marathon MWA
Lewatit TM Monoplus MP64

Typical total capacity

1.1 to 1.7 eq/L [free base]

Selective and chelating resins


Functional groups

Many different types

What they do

They remove metals, boric acid, perchlorate or other ions selectively

Examples

Function

Resin type

Removes

Triethylammonium

Amberlite PWA5

NO3

Thiol

Ambersep GT74

Hg, Cd etc.

Aminophosphonic

Amberlite IRC747

Ca from brine

Iminodiacetic

Amberlite IRC748
Lewatit TP208

Ni, Cu etc.

Methyl glucamine

Amberlite IRA743
Amberlite PWA10

H3BO3

Bispicolylamine

Dowex M4195

Metals at low pH

Thiourea

Lewatit TP214

Hg, Cd etc.

See details in

Resin structure.

Further reading:
Laboratory photographs of various resins.
Structure of the matrix and functional groups of ion exchange resins.
Resin properties
Selectivity
Selectivity tables for cation and anion exchange resins.
Ion exchange capacity

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Amberjet, Amberlite, Ambersep, and Dowex are trademarks of the Dow Chemical Company.
Lewatit is a trademark of Lanxess.

Franois de Dardel

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