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OCONNOR

SUTTON CRONIN
9 Prussia Street, Dublin 7
Tel: 868 2000 Fax: 868 2100
E-mail: ocsc@ocsc.ie
Web Address www.ocsc.ie

Contract
EN 1994-1-1 Eurocode Training

Job ref.
E204

Part of Structure
Example 1

Calc. Sheet no.

Drawing ref.

Members
ref.

Calculations by
PJD

Checked by

Date
2009

CALCULATIONS

COMMENTS

Design of a composite beam


The beam shown is a 457UB191 98 supporting a 130mm deep insitu C30/37
slab cast on comflor CF60 deck. The connection is made by 1 number 19mm
diameter 95mm tall studs in each trough. Transverse resistance is provided by
A252 mesh.

2500
2500

5000

130 pp Comflor CF 60 Deck and composite slab


60

A252 Mesh

70
300

Floor details
Span
Beam spacing
Slab depth
Profile Metal Decking
Depth of concrete
Decking profile height
Shear Connectors
Diameter
Height
As welded height
Ultimate tensile strength
Concrete (C30/37)
Characteristic cylinder strength
Characteristic cube strength
E
Concrete Volume
Reinforcement
Reinforcing bar diameter
Spacing of bars
Area per width
Yield strength

L
b
hs
0.9mm
hc
hp

= 5m
= 2.5m
= 130mm
CF6O
= 70mm
= 60mm

d
hsc

= 19mm
= 100mm
= 95mm
= 450N/mm2

fcc
fck
fck.cube
Ecm

fy

= 30N/mm2
= 37N/mm2
= 31kN/mm2
= 0.097m3/m2
= 8mm
= 200mm
= 252mm2/m
= 500N/mm2

OCONNOR
SUTTON CRONIN
9 Prussia Street, Dublin 7
Tel: 868 2000 Fax: 868 2100
E-mail: ocsc@ocsc.ie
Web Address www.ocsc.ie

Contract
EN 1994-1-1 Eurocode Training

Job ref.
E204

Part of Structure
Example 1

Calc. Sheet no.

Drawing ref.

Members
ref.

Calculations by
PJD

Checked by

Date
2009

CALCULATIONS

COMMENTS

Design of a composite beam


ACTIONS
Construction Stage
Permanent Actions
Slab (0.097m3/m2 @26kN/m3)
Decking
Total
Allowance for beam self-weight

gk,1
gk,2

BS EN 1991-1-1
Table A.1

=2.52kN/m2
=0.10kN/m2
=2.62kN/m2
=1.0kn/m2

Variable Actions
Provision of qcc, qca:
For composite beam design
qcc= 0
qca= 0.75kN/m2
Construction load qk,1 = qca,k = 0.75kN/m2

BS EN 1991-1-6
NA.2.13

Composite Stage
Permanent Actions
Slab (0.097kN/m2 @ 25Kn/m3)
Decking
Total
Allowance for beam
Ceiling and services

gk,1

Variable Actions
Imposed Floor Load

BS EN 1991-1-1

=2.43kN/m2
=0.10kN/m2
=2.53kN/m2
=1.0kN/m2
=0.75kn/m2
=5.0kN/m2

Partial Factors for Actions

BS EN 1990

Table

G = 1.35
Q = 1.50
= 0.925

Permanent actions
Variable actions
Reduction factor

NA.A1.2(B)

DESIGN VALUES OF COMBINED ACTIONS


Construction stage, at ULS
Fd = G g k , 2 + G g k ,1 + Q q k ,1 b (shouldn't actually be ?? )

= 0.925 1.35 1.0 + [0.925 1.35(2.53 + 0.75) + 1.5 5.0] 2.5 = 30.24kN / m

DESIGN BENDING & SHEAR FORCES


Construction
M Ed =

VEd =

( )

Fd L2 (12.24kN / m ) 5m 2 = 38.25kNm
=
8
8

Fd L (12.24kN / m )(5m )
=
= 30.5kN
2
2
2

OCONNOR
SUTTON CRONIN
9 Prussia Street, Dublin 7
Tel: 868 2000 Fax: 868 2100
E-mail: ocsc@ocsc.ie
Web Address www.ocsc.ie

Contract
EN 1994-1-1 Eurocode Training

Job ref.
E204

Part of Structure
Example 1

Calc. Sheet no.

Drawing ref.

Members
ref.

Calculations by
PJD

Checked by

Date
2009

CALCULATIONS

Design of a composite beam

Composite

M Ed ,comp =
V Ed ,comp =

COMMENTS

( )

Fd L2 (30.24 ) 5 2
=
= 94.5kN
8
8

Fd L (30.25)(5)
=
= 75.6kN
2
2

DESIGN RESISTANCE OF CROSS SECTION FOR COMPOSITE


STAGE
Top flange restrained against slab laterally therefore only verify cross sectional
resistances

Vertical Shear resistance


Shear buckling
Does not need to be verified
Plastic resistance to vertical shear
Resistance of steel structure
FL
V Ed =
= 75.6kN
2
Verify

V Ed
Vc , Rd

BS EN 1993-1-1
6.2.6(2)
Eq(6.17)

1. 0

Design plastic shear resistance ( V pl . Rd )

Vc , Rd = V pl ,a , Rd =

Av

fy
3

M0

B 4 = 457UB191 98
Av = A 2bt f + t f (t w + 2 r )

Av = 125 10 2 (2 192.8 19.6 ) + 19.6(11.4 + (2 10 2 )) = 5565.52mm 2

BSEN 1993-1-1

h w t w

6.2.6(2)

1.0(467.2 2 19.6 ) 11.4


4879.2mm 2
fy
V pl ,a , Rd = Av

M0

355
= 5565.52

1.0

10 3 = 1140.70kN

OCONNOR
SUTTON CRONIN
9 Prussia Street, Dublin 7
Tel: 868 2000 Fax: 868 2100
E-mail: ocsc@ocsc.ie
Web Address www.ocsc.ie

Contract
EN 1994-1-1 Eurocode Training

Job ref.
E204

Part of Structure
Example 1

Calc. Sheet no.

Drawing ref.

Members
ref.

Calculations by
PJD

Checked by

Date
2009

CALCULATIONS

COMMENTS

Design of a composite beam

Max design shear for composite stage = V Ed = 75.6kN


V Ed

V pl ,a , Rd

75.6
= 0.0663 1.0
1140.71

Resistance to Bending
As

V pl ,a , Rd
2

6.2.2.4(1)

1140.705
= 570.35kN VEd
2

One shear connector per trough (nr =1)


M Rd = M pl .a.Rd + (M plRd M pl ,a , Rd )
where

Eq(6.1)

Nc
N c, f

Nc
= = 0.48
N c, f

M pl ,a , Rd = 570.35kNm
M pl , Rd = N pl ,a
where xc =

x
ha
+ hs c
2
2

N pl ,a
N c, f

hc

N pl ,a = Tensile resistance of steel member


N c, f = Compressive resistance of concrete flange

)(

N pl ,a = N y , An = (355) 125 10 2 10 3 = 4437.5kN


N c, Rd = 0.85 f cd beff hc = 0.85(20 )(1.25) 10 3 (70 ) 10 3 = 1487.5kN
f cd =

30
= 20
1. 5

At midspan the effective width of concrete flange is:


For n r = 1
beff = bo + be1 + be2
For n r = 1

beff = bo + be1 + be2

n r = 1, bo = 0
n r = 2, b1 = 80mm (spacing of shear connectors)
L
5
bei = e = = 0.625m
8 8

OCONNOR
SUTTON CRONIN
9 Prussia Street, Dublin 7
Tel: 868 2000 Fax: 868 2100
E-mail: ocsc@ocsc.ie
Web Address www.ocsc.ie

Contract
EN 1994-1-1 Eurocode Training

Job ref.
E204

Part of Structure
Example 1

Calc. Sheet no.

Drawing ref.

Members
ref.

Calculations by
PJD

Checked by

Date
2009

CALCULATIONS

COMMENTS

Design of a composite beam

Hence for n r = 1 = 0 + 2(0.625) = 1.25m


n r = 2 = .08 + 2(0.625) = 1.33m
then N pl ,a = 4437.58kN
N c , Rd = 1487.5kN
xc =

4437.5
70 = 208.8mm
1487.5

M pl , Rd = 4437.5

467.2
208.8
+ 130
= 2076.75kNm
2
2

Therefore design resistance moment of composite section is:


M Rd = M pl ,a , Rd + (M pl , Rd M pl ,a , Rd )

Nc
N cf

= 570.55 + (2076.75 570.35) 0.48 = 1293.422kNm


The design bending moment is:

M Ed
94.5
=
= 0.073 1.0
M Rd 1293.4
Resistance moment of composite section is adequate
Longitudinal Shear Resistance of Slab

Asf f yd
sf

+ (A pe f yp.d )

Refer
6.6.6.4(4)

Eq(6.25)

VEd h f
cot

Neglect the steel decking


V Ed = Design of longitudinal shear stress in slab

f yd = Design yield strength of mesh


f yd =

fy

M0

500
= 434.8n / mm 2
1.15

h f = 70mm

f = BS EN 1992-1-1 as angle of compression struts

6.2.4(4)

To prevent crushing of compression struts in the flange, Eurocode limits f to


5

to

OCONNOR
SUTTON CRONIN
9 Prussia Street, Dublin 7
Tel: 868 2000 Fax: 868 2100
E-mail: ocsc@ocsc.ie
Web Address www.ocsc.ie

Contract
EN 1994-1-1 Eurocode Training

Job ref.
E204

Part of Structure
Example 1

Calc. Sheet no.

Drawing ref.

Members
ref.

Calculations by
PJD

Checked by

Date
2009

CALCULATIONS

COMMENTS

Design of a composite beam

1.0 cot f 2.0, 45 f 26.5

To minimise the amount of reinforcement f = 26.5


Required area of tensile steel ( At )
At

VEd h f
f yd cot

Longitudinal shear stress:

Fd
hf
L 5
= = = 2.5m
2 2
N
Fd = c =
2

V Ed =

Refer to Design Shear Connectors (pg 14)


Then nc = n Prd
span
5m
# Ribs =
=
= 8 studs
2 spacing 2 0.3
For nr = 1, n = 8

nc = (8)(62.6kN ) = 500.8kN
For n r = 1, Fd =

500.8kN
= 250.4kN
2

For n r = 1, VEd =

Fd
250.4 10 3
=
= 1.43n / mm 2
h f x
70 2500

For n r = 1,

VEd h f
f yd cot f

1.43(70 )
= 0.138mm 2 / mm
434.8(cot 26.5)

For n r = 1, At 138mm 2 / m
Provide A252 mesh
At = 252mm 2 / m

138mm 2 / m

Design Resistance of Shear Connectors = (PRd )

PRd =

0.8 f u d

OCONNOR
SUTTON CRONIN
9 Prussia Street, Dublin 7
Tel: 868 2000 Fax: 868 2100
E-mail: ocsc@ocsc.ie
Web Address www.ocsc.ie

Contract
EN 1994-1-1 Eurocode Training

Job ref.
E204

Part of Structure
Example 1

Calc. Sheet no.

Drawing ref.

Members
ref.

Calculations by
PJD

Checked by

Date
2009

CALCULATIONS

COMMENTS

Design of a composite beam


where

hsc
d

= 1.0 as

4=

100
4
19

PRd =

0.8(450 )( ) 19 2 4
10 3 = 81.7 kN
1.25

PRd =

1.29 1.0 19 2 30 31 10 3
10 3 = 73.7 kN
1.25

6.6.3.1(1)
Eq0.18

PRd ,solid = 73.7kN


Shear Connectors in Profiled Decking
6.6.4.2(1)
Eq(6.23)

k t = 0.85
Design resistance per connector

PRd = k t Prd , solid = 73.7 0.85 = 62.6kN


Per rib = n r PRd = (1.0 )(62.6 ) = 62.6kN
Crushing of concrete flange
Verify

V Ed v fcd sin f cos f

V = 0.6 1

BSEN 1992-1-1
6.2.4(4)
Eq 6.22

f ck
= 0.528,
250

f ck = 30

f = 26.5
f cd = cc

f ck

= 0.85

30
= 17 n / mm 2
1. 5

vf cd sin f cos f = 3.584n / mm 2


VEd = 1.43 < 3.584n / mm 2
Crushing resistance is adequate

OCONNOR
SUTTON CRONIN
9 Prussia Street, Dublin 7
Tel: 868 2000 Fax: 868 2100
E-mail: ocsc@ocsc.ie
Web Address www.ocsc.ie

Contract
EN 1994-1-1 Eurocode Training

Job ref.
E204

Part of Structure
Example 1

Calc. Sheet no.

Drawing ref.

Members
ref.

Calculations by
PJD

Checked by

Date
2009

CALCULATIONS

COMMENTS

Design of a composite beam


Verification at SLS

due to P. loads during construction

ga =

5 g1 L4
384 EI y

g1 = 2.5mg k ,1 + g k , 2 = 2.5m 2.53kN / m 2 + 1.0 = 7.325kN / m


=

(5)(7.325 10 3 )(54)

)(

384 205 10 9 45730 10 8

) 10

= 0.635mm

Permanent actions on composite beam

Wg =

5 g L4
384 EI

g = 2.5,0.75kN / m 2 = 1.875kN / m

= 0.162mm
Variable actions on composite beam

Wg =

5 g L4
384 EI

q = 5.0kN / m 2 2.5m = 12.5kN / m

= 1.085mm
Total Deflection

Wtotal = 0.635 + 0.162 + 1.085 = 1.882mm


Max =

span 5000
=
= 20
250
250