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# Current and Current Density:

Source quantity

Lecture -13

I J.dS
S

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## Convection current density

Conduction current density
Displacement current density

J = v u

J = E

Will be
discussed later

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## Dr. Navneet Gupta

Equation of Continuity
I out

dQin
J .dS
dt

.J 0
v 0 e

v
.J
t

## Steady electric currents are

divergenceless or solenoidal

## Power Dissipation and Joules Law

Power P (in watts) is defined as the rate of change of energy W (in
joules) or force times velocity

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Lecture 14

J n1 J n 2

J t1 1

J t 2 2

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Find:

## (a) Current density between the plates

(b) Electric Field intensities in both dielectrics, and
(c) Surface charge densities on the plates and at the interface.

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## BITS Pilani, Pilani Campus

Resistance calculation

Homogeneous material of a
uniform cross section

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## BITS Pilani, Pilani Campus

Resistance Calculation

## If the capacitance between two conductors is known, the resistance (or

conductance) can be obtained directly from the / ratio without recomputation
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Example:
Coaxial Cable

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Example:

Lecture -15

## A metal bar of conductivity is bend from a flat 90 o

sector of inner radius a , outer radius b, and thickness t as
shown in Figure . Show that a) the resistance of the bar
between the vertical curved surface at r = a and r = b is
and (b) the resistance between the two horizontal surfaces
at z = 0 and z = t is
b
a
R
t
2 ln

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BITS Pilani
Pilani Campus

## Topic: Static Magnetic Field

Fundamental Postulates of
Magnetostatics in Free Space

## A magnetostatic field is produced by a constant current flow.

1. Divergence of B
2. Curl of B

B .d S

B.dS 0
c

.B 0

## Gausss Law for

magnetic fields
It is not possible to have isolated magnetic poles
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B 0 J

## Amperes Circuital Law

Amperes circuital law states that the line integral of H around a closed
path is the same as the net current enclosed by the path.
Magnetostatic Field is not conservative
BITS Pilani, Pilani Campus

## Maxwells Equation for Static electric field

and steady magnetic field

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potential

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H Vm if J = 0

Scalar
magnetic
potential
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## BITS Pilani, Pilani Campus

Significance of A
Its line integral around any closed path equals the total
magnetic flux passing through the area enclosed by the
path.

## Biot-Savart Law and Amperes Circuital Law

Biot-Savarts Law:

I dl a R
dH
4 R 2

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Idl R

4 R 3

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## Example: Circular loop of

current:
Calculate the magnetic field on the axis of a circular current
carrying loop.

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Ib 2

2 b z
2

2 3/2

az

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## Boundary conditions for

magnetostatic field

Normal component:

## The normal component of B is continuous across an interface

The normal component of H is discontinuous by the ratio 2/1.

Tangential component:

Ht1 Ht2 = K
If the surface current density is zero. Ht1 = Ht2

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