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Fuel cells and Hydrogen

Technologies in Japan

16 September 2016
Overseas Environmental Cooperation Center, Japan (OECC)
Shigeo Aoki
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Contents:
About OECC
Case Study:
Fuel cells and hydrogen technologies in Japan
from Toshibas experience around hydrogen technology

OECC is a non-governmental & non-profit organization


with the support of the MOEJ.

Established in 1990 as non-governmental and


non-profit organization with government support
Providing service for protecting environment of
developing countries (DCs)
Conducting research and capacity building on
environmental issues
Providing technical support to DCs on climate
change related subjects such as GHG reduction,
in particular, puts its highest interest on JCM
In above context, OECC is seeking opportunity of
contribution to Hydrogen Energy Society

JCM Development cooperation activities by the OECC


Program of the Ministry of the Environment, Japan (MOEJ)

Conduct technology needs assessment:

Conduct market survey on low carbon technology


and product to reduce CO2, and design available financial scheme.
Provides technology diagnosis by experts: In cooperation with energy management solution
companies, 1) conduct energy diagnosis for hotels, shopping malls and factories, and 2) provide
recommendation for possible improvements. Also 3) Estimate total investment cost of technology
including O&M.
Encourage match-making between technology owners and local enterprises: e g.
Hearing to the project ideas and support finding the best matching solution depending on the needs.
Provide Joint Crediting Mechanism consulting: e.g. 1) Disseminate the information on the
registered methodology and the public input on the website. 2) Analyze the implementing studies to
consolidate the JCM to be a leading carbon market mechanism globally. 3) Support preparing for the
Financing Programmes for JCM Model projects.
Approach

Technology and
Corporate surveys

Formation support of JCM


projects

Workshop and Japan


study tour

JCM
Project

Case study;

Fuel cells and hydrogen technologies in Japan


1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Toshibas history around hydrogen technology


Toshiba Core technologies
Ene-Farm
Pure H2 FC
system

History of Stationary Fuel Cell in Toshiba


Toshiba FCP has developed residential PEFC systems every year since FY2000
and realized commercialization in FY2012.
1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Millennium PJ
700W Residential
First Model

FC Vending
Machine

FY2000

Introductory support subsidy

NEF/IBEC Verification NEF Large Scale Demo Prg


NEF LSDP
First model

FY2002

FY2005

NEF LSDP
Final model

FY2007

Initial
Commercial
model

FY2009

2nd
Commercial
model

FY2012

3rd
Commercial
model

New Model
In FY2016

FY2014

28 years experiments of PAFC development in Toshiba


1980

1990

50kW Pilot plant


NEDO 1MW Plant

2000

TEPCO 11MW Plant


Onsite NEDO 1MW Plant
Onsite 200kW PC25C
(Total 280 units delivery in the world

2016 Toshiba Corporation

Toshiba Core Technologies


Product

Feature
Water tank

Water tank

700W, 3.5kW and 100kW Class for Commercial


Power generation efficiency 50-55%
Total efficiency (95%)

Ene-Farm
FC

Pure H2 FC
FC

Top ShareCumulative sales 60k units


Power generation efficiency 39%
World No1 total efficiency (95%)
All type of gas (city gas, propane gas and natural gas) can be used

Off-grid autonomous system


Anywhere easy set-up and get stable power & hot water
H2 storage assures long term RE storage

SOEC and
H2Power storage system

Reduce H2 production cost by 30% with SOEC* technology.


Worlds No1 conversion efficiency to electricity (80%).

Hydrogen

Only one technology controlling 3 power cells; P, BESS and H2


(Electrolysis & Fuel Cell) based on power demand profiles and
weather focusting
Enable autonomous operation

under development

*SOEC: Solid Oxide Electrolysis Cell

2016 Toshiba Corporation

Ene-Farm

Highly efficient, residential-use cogeneration system

No transmission loss of power occurs from the generation of power where it is used.

The heat emitted from power generation is efficiently used for hot water supply and heating.
Fuel cell: Creates hydrogen from natural
gas or LPG for power generation.
Blower

Hot water storage tank:


Store water boiled by waste heat.

Features and Sales of Toshiba ENE FARM

The ENE FARM systems have the worlds highest performance


The highest level of combined efficiency in the world: 95%
Industry-longest cell stack life: 80,000 hours
Equipped with a stand-alone function for continuous operation even when the power supply is cut off.
Supports different fuels (LNG, LPG and pipelined natural gas) and cold districts (outdoor temperature of -20).
2016 Toshiba Corporation

Trend of delivery volume by Toshiba ENE-FARM


Total volume to be 70,000 units in Oct. 2015
Total volume to be 50,000 units in Sep. 2014

Significant volume increase since initial Commercialization in


FY2009 with subsidy
50,000 / 70,000 units delivery achieved in 2014 and in 2015

ENE-FARM accumulated
volume target
by Japanese Strategic
Energy Plan in 2014
FY2020 140M Units
FY2030 530M Units

2016 Toshiba Corporation

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How we have been expanding our business chance

Various options or applications

can offer the wider business opportunity


and oversea business with ENE-FARM.
1. Grid Independent Options
Three kinds of GI options related to
function and price.
ENE-FARM
as the core product

2. Condominium installation
Two types application, balcony type and
piping space type,

3. Oversea Business
EU can be the most promising market for
CHP under the collaboration with BDR
group.

Signing Ceremony
(April 2014)

Balcony type option

Piping space type option

EU FC Unit for InnoGen


2016 Toshiba Corporation

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Pure H2 FC

12

Pure Hydrogen fuel cell


High generating efficiency Fuel cell
Power generation efficiency 5, Gross 9
PEM based on Ene-Farm technology

1MW

700W H2 Fuel Cell System


Fuel

Pure Hydrogen

Electrical Output

700W AC

Electrical Efficiency

55%LHV

Heat Recovery Eff.

40%LHV

System Configuration
Size, Weight

FC Unit / Tank Unit


323Wx492Dx1342H, 90kg

100kW
(2017)
3.5kW
(2016 released)

700W12sets
=8.4kW in TSBs H2
energy R&D center

700W
(2015 released)

700W
in H2 refueling st. Tokyo*
* Sponsored by Iwatani Co.

2016 Toshiba Corporation

13

Pure Hydrogen fuel cell system vs. ENE FARM


Pure Hydrogen Fuel Cell

Ene-Farm

Pure Hydrogen

Natural gasG

Gross. Efficiency

LHV

LHV

Startup

min.

Less than min.

80k hrs

80k hrs

Fuel
Power output
Electrical Efficiency

Design life time

Outer appearance

Tank Unit

FC Unit

FC Unit

Tank Unit

2016 Toshiba Corporation

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System

15

The Hydrogen Energy Supply System


Boost up quality of local community life, even in natural disaster
Clean regional energy supply system using only RE and water

Off-grid autonomous system, maintain energy supply even in disaster


Anywhere, easy set-up and get stable power and hot water every day
without fossil fuel despite weather and day/night
H2 energy storage tech. assures long term RE storage

Stable
Electricity

Unstable
Renewable
Energy

Hot water

Perfect CO2 free system


2016 Toshiba Corporation

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Shelter Model

Requirements

Application for power supply for the shelter of Kawasaki Marien


Enable to supply elec. and hot water for 300 evacuees and 7days

System specifications

PV

H2 storage

H2 power storage
20% up in case of good weather

Hot water supply

75/

Output power

Max.

Alignment
H2 gas tanks

This specifications could be


applicable* for power
supply towards less than
100 abode local community
Water
reserve
tank

(assuming elec. consumption 50W


per one house)
*Practical designing will be required
for evaluating precise specification

Electrolyzer
Fuel cell

Li-ion battery
2016 Toshiba Corporation

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Mobile Model
Exterior

3,260mm

2,155mm

7,440mm

Specification
Items
H2 production Design rated
H2 storage

Type
Capacity

Power output

Max.

Power storage Max.


Packaging
Required input
Min.
power

Specifications
1Nm3/h
Low pressure metal
hydride absorption (Not
gaseous)
250Nm3
19.9kW
Fuel cell: 9.9kW
Li-ion battery: 10kW
422kWh
Hydrogen: 400kWh
Li-ion battery: 22kWh
4t truck X 2
12kW PV

Usage examples
Autonomous power supply for about 200
abode community (assuming elec. consumption
50W per one house ***

Tourism development
Long term buck-up generator with no need
for fuel towards important facilities

*Divide average personal electricity consumption in Africa: 548kWh by


365days, 12hrs
http://www.enecho.meti.go.jp/about/whitepaper/2013html/2-2-3.html

**Practical designing will be required for evaluating precise specification.

2016 Toshiba Corporation

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system operating overview


Stable PowerDirect supply to the Load
Short-term FluctuationAbsorb with Battery

Electricity
Battery

Hot Water
H2
Electrolyzer

H2O

H2 Tank

H2

Fuel Cell

Water Tank

H2O

Excess PowerAbsorb and store in form of Hydrogen

system turns intermittent RE into stable power through a year


2016 Toshiba Corporation

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The practical examples


Shelter model
Kawasaki Marien

Island model
Huis Ten Bosch

(Supply power & hot water


for 300 refugees, 1 week)

(Supply power for a hotel


through a year)

(Supply power for logistic


center for 3days)

In operation
From March 2016

In operation
From April 2016

In operation
From April 2015

Mobile shelter model

Shelter model
Yokohama Port Authority

(Supply power & hot water for


300 refugees, 1 week)

Container package concept


The Other
A shelter model will be installed at a railway station in 2016.
Released in April 2016
2016 Toshiba Corporation

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Thank you
for
kind attention!
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