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India competed at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, from 5 to 21

August 2016. Indian athletes have appeared in every edition of the Summer Olympics since
1920, although they had their official debut at the 1900 Summer Olympics in Paris.

More than 11,000 athletes from 207 National Olympic Committees, including
first time entrants Kosovo, South Sudan, and the Refugee Olympic Team, took
part.[1][2] With 306 sets of medals, the games featured 28 Olympic sports,
including rugby sevens and golf, which were added to the Olympic program in
2009. These sporting events took place at 33 venues in the host city, and at five
in So Paulo, Belo Horizonte, Salvador, Braslia, and Manaus.
These were the first Summer Olympic Games under the IOC presidency of
Thomas Bach.[2] The host city Rio de Janeiro was announced at the 121st IOC
Session in Copenhagen, Denmark, on 2 October 2009. Rio became the first
South American city to host the Summer Olympics. These were the first games
to be held in a Portuguese-speaking country, the first to be held entirely in the
host country's winter, the first since 1968 to be held in Latin America, and the
first since 2000 to be held in the Southern Hemisphere.[3]
The lead-up to these Games was marked by controversies, including the
instability of the country's federal government; health and safety concerns
surrounding the Zika virus and significant pollution in the Guanabara Bay; and
a doping scandal involving Russia, which has affected the participation of its
athletes in the Games.
The United States topped the medal table for the fifth time in the past six
Summer Olympics, winning the most golds (46) and most medals overall (121).
Great Britain finished second and became the first country in the history of the
modern Olympics to increase its tally of medals in the subsequent games after
being the host nation. China finished third. Host country Brazil won seven gold
medals, its most at any single Summer Olympics, finishing in thirteenth place.
Fiji, Jordan, Kosovo, Puerto Rico, Singapore, Tajikistan, and Vietnam each won
their first gold medals, as did the group of Independent Olympic Athletes (from
Kuwait). The United States won its 1,000th Olympic gold medal in this edition.

Bidding process
Main article: Bids for the 2016 Summer Olympics

A young girl adds her signature in support of Rio de Janeiro's candidacy to host
the 2016 Olympic Games (January 2009).
The bidding process for the 2016 Olympic Games was officially launched on 16
May 2007.[4] The first step for each city was to submit an initial application to
the International Olympic Committee (IOC) by 13 September 2007, confirming
their intention to bid. Completed official bid files, containing answers to a 25question IOC form, were to be submitted by each applicant city by 14 January
2008. Four candidate cities were chosen for the shortlist on 4 June 2008:
Chicago, Madrid, Rio de Janeiro and Tokyo, which hosted the 1964 Summer
Olympics and will host again in 2020. The IOC did not promote Doha to the
candidature phase, despite scoring higher than selected candidate city Rio de
Janeiro, because of their intent of hosting the Olympics in October, outside of
the IOC's sporting calendar. Prague and Baku also failed to make the cut.[5]
Nawal El Moutawakel of Morocco headed the 10-member Evaluation
Commission, having also chaired the evaluation commission for the 2012
Summer Olympics bids. The commission made on-site inspections in the second
quarter of 2009. They issued a comprehensive technical appraisal for IOC
members on 2 September, one month before elections.[6]
Many restrictions are in place designed to prevent bidding cities from
communicating with or influencing directly the 115 voting members. Cities may
not invite any IOC member to visit nor may they send anything that could be
construed as a gift. Nonetheless, bidding cities invest large sums in their PR and
media programs in an attempt to indirectly influence the IOC members by
garnering domestic support, support from sports media and general international
media.
Ultimately, you are communicating with just 115 people and each one has
influencers and pressure groups but you are still speaking to no more than about
1,500 people, perhaps 5,000 in the broadest sense. It is not just about getting ads
out there but it is about a targeted and very carefully planned campaign.
Jon Tibbs, a consultant on the Tokyo bid[7]

The final voting was held on 2 October 2009, in Copenhagen with Madrid and
Rio de Janeiro perceived as favourites to land the games. Chicago and Tokyo
were eliminated after the first and second rounds of voting, respectively, while
Rio de Janeiro took a significant lead over Madrid heading into the final round.
The lead held and Rio de Janeiro was announced as host of 2016 Summer
Olympics.
2016 Summer Olympics bidding results[8]
City
NOC
Round 1
Rio de Janeiro
Brazil
26
Madrid
Spain
28
Tokyo
Japan
22
Chicago
United States
18

Round 2
46
29
20

Round 3
66
32

Development and preparation


On 26 June 2011, it was reported on AroundTheRings.com that Roderlei
Generali, the COO of the Rio de Janeiro Organizing Committee for the Olympic
Games, resigned just one year after taking the job at ROOC. This comes just
five months after CCO Flvio Pestana quit for personal reasons. [9] Pestana
withdrew later during the 2012 Summer Paralympics. Renato Ciuchin was then
appointed as COO.[10]
Venues and infrastructure
Main article: Venues of the 2016 Summer Olympics and Paralympics

Venues of the 2016 Summer Olympics


Events will take place at eighteen existing venues (eight of which require some
redevelopment), nine new venues constructed for the Summer Games, and
seven temporary venues which will be removed following the games.[11]
Each event will be held in one of four geographically segregated Olympic
clusters: Barra, Copacabana, Deodoro, and Maracan. The same was done for
the 2007 Pan American Games.[12][13] Several of the venues will be located at the

Barra Cluster Olympic Park.[11] Athletes could access their venues in shorter
than 10 minutes and about 75 percent could do so in less than 25 minutes. Of
the 34 competition locales, eight have undergone permanent works, seven are
limited, and nine are perpetual legacy venues.[14]
The largest venue at the games in terms of seating capacity is the Maracan
Stadium, officially known as Jornalista Mrio Filho Stadium, which can hold
74,738 spectators and will serve as the official Olympic Stadium, hosting the
opening and closing ceremonies as well as football finals. [11] The second largest
stadium is Estdio Nilton Santos, Botafogo club home field, which can hold
60,000 spectators and will host all track and field events. In addition, five
venues outside Rio de Janeiro will host football events, in the cities of Braslia,
Belo Horizonte, Manaus, Salvador and So Paulo.[11]
The athletes' village is said to be the largest in Olympic history. Fittings will
include about 80,000 chairs, 70,000 tables, 29,000 mattresses, 60,000 clothes
hangers, 6,000 television sets and 10,000 smartphones.[15]
Olympic park
Main article: Barra Olympic Park

Barra Olympic Park


The Barra Olympic Park is a cluster of nine sporting venues in Barra da Tijuca,
in the west zone of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil that will be used for the 2016 Summer
Olympics and the 2016 Summer Paralympics. The site of the Olympic Park was
formerly occupied by the Autdromo Internacional Nelson Piquet, also known
as Jacarepagu.[16]
The nine venues to be used within the Olympic Park are: [17][18] Carioca Arena 1:
basketball (capacity: 16,000); Carioca Arena 2: wrestling, judo (capacity:
10,000); Carioca Arena 3: fencing, taekwondo (capacity: 10,000); Future Arena:
handball (capacity: 12,000); Maria Lenk Aquatics Centre: diving, synchronised
swimming, water polo (capacity: 5,000); Olympic Aquatics Stadium:
swimming, water polo play-offs (capacity: 15,000); Olympic Tennis Centre:
tennis (capacity: 10,000 Main Court); Rio Olympic Arena: gymnastics

(capacity: 12,000); and Rio Olympic Velodrome: track cycling (capacity:


5,000).
Football
Main article: Football at the 2016 Summer Olympics
As well as the Estdio Olmpico Joo Havelange and Maracan and in Rio de
Janeiro, some football games will take place at 5 venues in the cities of So
Paulo, Belo Horizonte, Salvador, Braslia and Manaus.
Urban renovation
Main article: Port of Rio de Janeiro

Museum of Tomorrow, designed by Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava.


Rio's historical downtown is undergoing a large-scale urban waterfront
revitalization project called Porto Maravilha.[19] It covers 5 km2 (1.9 sq mi) in
area. The project aims to redevelop the port area, increasing the city center's
attractiveness and enhancing Rio's competitive position in the global economy.
The urban renovation involves: 700 km (430 mi) of public networks for water
supply, sanitation, drainage, electricity, gas and telecom; 4 km (2.5 mi) of
tunnels; 70 km (43 mi) of roads; 650 km2 (250 sq mi) of sidewalks; 17 km
(11 mi) of bike path; 15,000 trees; three sanitation treatment plants. As part of
this renovation, a new tram will be built and will run from the Santos Dumont
Airport to Rodoviria Novo Rio. It was due to open in April 2016.[20]
The Games require more than 200 kilometres of security fencing. To store
material, Rio 2016 is using two warehouses. A 15,000 square metre warehouse
in Barra da Tijuca in western Rio is being used to assemble and supply the
furniture and fittings for the Olympic Village. A second warehouse of 90,000
square metres, located in Duque de Caxias near the roads that provide access to
the venues, contains all the equipment needed for the sporting events.[15]
Technology

The Rio Olympic Games will have novel robotic technology, created by Mark
Roberts Motion Control, to broaden the reach of photographers at multiple
venues.[21]
Medals

The 2016 Summer Olympics medals


The medal design was unveiled on 15 June 2016; they were produced by the
Casa da Moeda do Brasil. The bronze and silver medals contained 30% recycled
materials, while the gold medals were produced using gold that had been mined
and extracted using means that met a series of sustainability criteria, such as
being extracted without the use of mercury. The medals feature a wreath design,
while the obverse, as is traditional, features Nike, the Greek goddess of victory.
They were accompanied by a wooden carrying box, while medallists also
received a trophy of the Games' emblem.[22][23]
Sustainability

Future Arena, a temporary venue whose modules will be reconstructed into


schools.
As an aspect of its bid, Rio's organizing committee committed to a focus on
sustainability and environmental protection as a theme of these Games, going
on to dub them a "Green Games for a Blue Planet". [24] Organizers intended to, as
legacy projects, introduce a wider array of public transport options, upgrade the
infrastructure of the favelas to provide improved transport and access to
utilities, upgrade Rio's sewer system in order to remediate the level of pollution
in the Guanabara Bay.[24][25] and plant 24 million seedlings to offset the expected
carbon emissions of the Games. However, some of these projects were met with

delays or faced with economic shortfalls, which led some critics to believe that
Rio would not be able to accomplish them.[24][26]
The focus on environmental protection also influenced the implementation of
certain Olympic protocols: the Olympic cauldron was designed to be smaller
than previous iterations in order to reduce emissions, and utilizes a kinetic
sculpture to enhance its appearance in lieu of a larger body of flames. [27] The
bronze and silver medals, as well as ribbons on all medals, incorporate recycled
materials,[22][23] and athletes were not presented with flowers during medal
ceremonies, as had been traditionally done at prior Olympics (although flowers
were still used as part of the staging of medal presentations). Organizers
considered the practice to be wasteful since they were often thrown away, and
"would struggle to survive in the tropical Brazilian climate" if kept. The
podiums were also designed so that their materials could be recycled to make
furniture.[23][28] The Future Arena, host of handball competitions, was designed
as a modular temporary venue whose components can be reconstructed to build
schools.[29]
Portions of the opening ceremony were also dedicated to the issue of climate
change.[30]

Medal table

The medals designed for the Olympics. They were designed to be


environmentally friendly from recycled materials.
Main article: 2016 Summer Olympics medal table
The top ten listed NOCs by number of gold medals are listed below. Host nation
Brazil finished in 13th place with a total of 19 medals (7 gold, 6 silver, and 6
bronze).

To sort this table by nation, total medal count, or any other column, click on the
icon next to the column title.
2016 Summer Olympics medal table
Rank NOC
Gold
1
United States (USA)
46
2
Great Britain (GBR) 27
3
China (CHN)
26
4
Russia (RUS)
19
5
Germany (GER)
17
6
Japan (JPN)
12
7
France (FRA)
10
8
South Korea (KOR)
9
9
Italy (ITA)
8
10
Australia (AUS)
8
1178 Remaining NOCs
125
Total (87 NOCs)
307

Silver
37
23
18
18
10
8
18
3
12
11
149
307

Bronze
38
17
26
19
15
21
14
9
8
10
183
360

Total
121
67
70
56
42
41
42
21
28
29
457
974

Event scheduling

The public cauldron, located outside the Candelria Church.


A number of events, most notably in aquatics, beach volleyball, and track and field, were
scheduled with sessions and matches occurring as late as 22:00 to 00:00 BRT. These
scheduling practices were influenced primarily by United States broadcast rightsholder NBC
(due to the substantial fees NBC has paid for rights to the Olympics, the IOC has sometimes
allowed NBC to have influence on event scheduling to maximize U.S. television ratings
when possible), as well as the main Brazilian rightsholder Rede Globo. As Braslia time is
only one hour ahead of the U.S. Eastern Time Zone, certain marquee events were scheduled
so they could occur during the lucrative U.S. primetime hours (traditionally 20:00 to 23:00
ET, or 21:00 to 00:00 BRT), allowing them to be broadcast live on the U.S. east coast as
opposed to being delayed. This practice was also to the benefit of domestic broadcaster Rede
Globo, which elected to not preempt its widely viewed lineup of primetime telenovelas for
the Games. However, Globo did preempt its telenovelas for the opening ceremony; a
Brazilian television critic noted that Globo very rarely preempts its telenovelas.[66][67][68][69]

Closing ceremony
Main articles: 2016 Summer Olympics closing ceremony and 2016 Summer Olympics
closing ceremony flag bearers

2016 Summer Olympics closing ceremony at Maracan Stadium


The closing ceremony of the 2016 Summer Olympics was held on 21 August 2016 from
20:00 to 22:50 BRT at the Maracan Stadium.[70] As per traditional Olympic protocol, the
ceremony featured cultural presentations from both the current (Brazil) and following (Japan)
host countries, as well as closing remarks by International Olympic Committee (IOC)
president Thomas Bach and the leader of the Games' organizing committee Carlos Arthur
Nuzman, the official handover of the Olympic flag from Rio de Janeiro mayor Eduardo Paes
to Tokyo governor Yuriko Koike, whose city will host the 2020 Summer Olympics, and the
extinguishing of the Olympic flame.[71]
The creative director for the ceremony was Rosa Magalhes.[72] Amid heavy rainfall, the
ceremony began with interpretive dancers representing various landmarks in the host city.
Martinho da Vila then performed a rendition of the classic song "Carinhoso (pt)" by
Pixinguinha. In another segment, introducing the athletes, pop singer Roberta S channeled
Carmen Miranda, the fruit-headdress-wearing, midcentury Hollywood diva who endures as a
beloved camp figure. The Parade of Flags followed shortly after a choir of 27 children,
representing the states of Brazil, sang the Brazilian national anthem.

Broadcasting
Main article: List of 2016 Summer Olympics broadcasters

International Broadcast Centre, at Barra Olympic Park


Olympic Broadcasting Services served as the host broadcaster for these Games; produced
from a total of 52 mobile units, OBS distributed 40,000 hours of television footage and
60,000 hours of digital footage of the Games to its international rightsholders; for the first
time in Olympic history, digital-oriented footage exceeded the amount of television-oriented

footage. The International Broadcast Centre was constructed in the Barra da Tijuca cluster.[73]
NHK and OBS once again filmed portions of the Games, including the opening ceremony
and selected events, in 8K resolution video. Additionally, expanding upon a 180-degree trial
at the 2016 Winter Youth Olympics, 85 hours of video content were originated in 360-degree
virtual reality formats.[74] In the United States, NBC offered 4K content, downconverted from
the 8K footage and with HDR and Dolby Atmos support, to participating television providers.
[75]
Owing to their expertise in domestic broadcasts of the new sports introduced in Rio, NBC
and Sky New Zealand staff handled the production of the golf and rugby sevens events on
behalf of OBS.[73]
In August 2009, the IOC reached a deal to sell domestic broadcast rights to the 2016 Summer
Olympics to Grupo Globo. Replacing Rede Record, the deal covers free-to-air coverage on
Rede Globo, pay TV, and digital rights to the Games. In turn, Globo sub-licensed partial freeto-air rights to Rede Record, along with Rede Bandeirantes. IOC board member Richard
Carrin described the agreement as "unprecedented", touting that "by working with Brazil's
leading media organizations, we are confident that this represents a great deal for Olympic
fans in the region. There will be a huge increase in the amount of Olympic action broadcast,
both during and outside Games time, and Brazilians will have more choice of how, when and
where they follow their Olympic Games."[76]

Marketing
Mascot
Main article: Vinicius and Tom

Vinicius (left), the mascot of the 2016 Summer Olympics, and Tom (right), the mascot of the
2016 Summer Paralympics. The official emblems of the Games can be seen on the mascots'
chests.
The official mascots of the 2016 Summer Olympics and Paralympics were unveiled on 24
November 2014. The Olympic mascot Vinicius, named after musician Vinicius de Moraes,
represents Brazilian wildlife and carries design traits of cats, monkeys, and birds. [77]
According to their fictional backgrounds, the mascots "were both born from the joy of
Brazilians after it was announced that Rio would host the Games." [78] Brand director Beth
Lula stated that the mascots are intended to reflect the diversity of Brazil's culture and people.
[79]
The names of the mascots were determined by a public vote whose results were
announced on 14 December 2014; the names, which reference the co-writers of the song "The
Girl from Ipanema", won over two other sets of names, tallying 44 percent of 323,327 votes.

[80]

At the Olympic wrestling events, coaches were given plush dolls of Vinicius to throw into
the ring when they wished to challenge a referee's call
India Performance
BADMINTON:
# P V Sindhu secured a silver medal after losing to Carolina Marin in the womens singles
final.
# Saina Nehwal failed to progress beyond the league stage in womens singles.
# Kidambi Srikanth lost in the mens singles quarterfinals against Lin Dan.
# Jwala Gutta and Ashwini Ponnappa failed to advance to the knockout stage of womens
doubles.
# Mens doubles pair of Manu Attri and B Sumeeth Reddy also failed to make the knock
out stage.
WRESTLING:
# Sakshi Malik won bronze in womens 58kg freestyle.
# Vinesh Phogat retired after suffering an injury in the quarterfinal of womens 48kg.
# Babita Kumari lost in the pre-quarterfinal round of the womens 53kg freestyle.
# London Olympics bronze medallist Yogeshwar Dutt lost in qualification round of mens
65kg freestyle.
# Sandeep Tomar lost his pre-quarterfinal bout of mens 57kg freestyle.
# In Greco-Roman, both Ravinder Khatri and Hardeep Singh lost in the pre-quarterfinals of
85kg and 98kg, respectively.
# Narsingh Yadav was ruled out from representing India in mens 74kg freestyle category
after he was slapped with a four-year ban by Court of Arbitration for Sports (CAS) for
flunking a dope test after WADA challenged the clean chit given to him by the National AntiDoping Agency (NADA).
GYMNASTICS:
# Dipa Karmakar finished fourth in Vaults final.

TENNIS:
# Mixed Doubles: Sania Mirza and Rohan Bopanna lost the bronze medal playoff to Radek
Stepanek and Lucie Hradecka of Czech Republic.
# Mens doubles: Leander Paes and Rohan Bopanna lost in the first round to Polish duo of
Marcin Matkowski and Lukasz Kubot.
# Womens double: Sania Mirza and Prarthana Thombare lost in the first round to Chinese
pair of Shuai Zhang and Shuai Peng.
SHOOTING:
# 10m Air Rifle (Men): Abhinav Bindra finished 4th in the finals, while Gagan Narang failed
to qualify.
# 10m Air Pistol (Men): Jitu Rai finished eighth in the finals, while Gurpreet Singh failed to
qualify for the finals.
# 50m Pistol (Men): Jitu Rai and Prakash Nanjappa failed to qualify for the finals.
# 50m Rifle Prone: Gagan Narang and Chain Singh failed to qualify for finals.
# Mens Trap: Manavjit Singh Sandhu and Kynan Chenai failed to qualify for finals.
# 25m rapid fire pistol (Men): Gurpreet Singh failed to qualify for finals.
# Skeet: Mairaj Ahmed Khan failed to qualify for finals.
# 10m Air Rifle (Women): Apurvi Chandela and Ayonika Paul failed to qualify for the finals.
# 10m Air Pistol & 25m pistol (Women): Heena Sidhu failed to qualify for both 10m and
25m finals.
ATHLETICS:
# Womens 3000m steeplechase: Lalita Babar finished 10th in finals. But Sudha Singh failed
to qualify for the finals.
# Womens 100m: Dutee Chand failed to qualify for finals.
# Womens 200m: Srabani Nanda failed to qualify for finals.
# Womens 400m: Nirmala Sheoran failed to qualify for finals.
# Womens 800m: Tintu Luka failed to qualify for the semifinals.

# Womens Shot Put: Manpreet Kaur failed to qualify for finals.


# Womens Discus: Seema Punia failed to qualify for finals.
# Womens 20km Walk: Khushbir Kaur finished 54th, while Sapana Punia did not finish the
race.
# Womens 4x400m Relay: Indian team finished seventh in Heat 2 and overall 13th and failed
to qualify for the finals.
# Mens 4x400m Relay: Indian team disqualified.
# Mens Discus Throw: Vikas Gowda failed to qualify for the finals after finishing 28th in the
qualification round.
# Mens 800m Round 1: Jinson Johnson failed to qualify for the finals.
# Mens 400m: Muhammad Anas Yahiya failed to qualify for the finals.
# Mens Long Jump: Ankit Sharma failed to qualify for the finals.
# Mens Triple Jump: Ranjith Maheshwary failed to qualify for the finals.
# Mens 20km race walk: Gurmeet Singh, Manish Singh Rawat and Ganapathi Krishnan
failed to qualify.
# Mens 50km Walk: Sandeep Kumar finished 35th.
# Mens Marathon: Gopi T finished 25th and Kheta Ram 26th.
HOCKEY:
# Men: Lost to Belgium in the quarterfinals.
# Women: Failed to qualify for the quarterfinals after drawing one and losing four of their
league games.
BOXING:
# Vikas Krishan lost in the quarterfinals of 75kg.
# Manoj Kumar lost in the pre-quarterfinals of 64kg.
# Shiva Thapa lost in the opening round of 56kg.
ARCHERY:

# Womens team: Indian team lost in the quarterfinals.


# Womens Individual: Deepika Kumari and Bombayla Devi lost in the pre-quarterfinals,
while Laxmirani Majhi lost in the Round of 64.
# Mens Individual: Atanu Das lost in the pre-quarterfinals.
GOLF:
# Men: SSP Chawrasia finished tied 50th and Anirban Lahiri tied 57th.
# Women: Aditi Ashok finished 41st.
WEIGHTLIFTING:
# Sathish Sivalingam finished 11th in mens 77kg.
# Saikhom Mirabai Chanu failed to complete her event in 48kg category after failing to lift
the weight in all her three attempts in clean & jerk.
TABLE TENNIS:
# All four players Sharath Kamal, Soumyajit Ghosh, Mouma Das and Manika Batra
lost in first round.
ROWING:
# Mens Single Sculls: Dattu Baban Bhokanal finished 13th.
SWIMMING:
# Womens 200m Freestyle: Shivani Kataria finished 28th.
# Mens 200m Butterfly (Heats): Sajan Prakash finished 41st among 43.
JUDO
# Avtar Singh lost in the opening round.