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ABSTRAK

PEMBUATAN BIODIESEL DARI MIKROALGA CHLORELLA SP


(TINJAUAN PENGARUH TEMPERATUR PADA ESTERIFIKASI DAN
KONSENTRASI KATALIS KOH PADA TRANSESTERIFIKASI)
(Sari Rhamadani, 2015, 44 Halaman, 6 Tabel, 11 Gambar, 4 Lampiran)

Biodiesel
merupakansalahsatuenergialternatif
yang
dianggapmampumenjawahpermasalahankelangkaanbahanbakarminyak. Biodiesel
dapatdisintesisdariminyaknabatimelaluireaksiesterifikasidantransesterifikasi.
Sumberminyaknabati yang potensialadalahmikroalga yang memilikiproduktifitas
yang
lebihtinggipersatuanluaslahan
yang
digunakanjikadibandingkandengantanamandarat.MikroalgajenisChlorella
spdiketahuimengandungkomponen
lipid
cukuptinggiyaitu2832%.Langkahpenelitianinimeliputiekstraksi
lipid
mikroalgadengan
nheksana.Setelahdidapat lipid alga makadilakukansntesis biodiesel yaitu, proses
esterifikasidenganbantuankatalis H2SO4, metanoldanvariasitemperatur 55, 60, 65
dan 70oC selama 1 jam pemanasan, kemudiandilakukanpengecekan %FFA pada
FAME.Dilanjutkantransesterifikasidenganbantuanvariasikonsentrasikatalis KOH
1%, 1,5%, 2% dan 2,5%, pelarutmetanoldantemperatur55oC selama 1 jam
pemanasan.Dari proses esterifikasidantransesterifikasi, nilaikalortertinggiyaitu
10.526,2 cal/gr dantitiknyalatertinggiyaitu 167oC. Dari hasil penelitian didapat
bahwa mikroalgachlorella sp dapat digunakan untuk bahanbakupembuatanproduk
biodiesel.

Kata kunci : Biodiesel, Chlorella sp, KOH

ABSTRACT
HOW TO MAKE BIODIESEL FROM MICROALGAE CHLORELLA SP
(REVIEW THE EFFECT OF TEMPERATURE ESTERIFICATION AND
CONCENTRATION OF KOH TRANSESTERIFICATION)

(Sari Rhamadani, 2015, 44 Pages, 5 Tables, 11Pictures, 4 Enclosures)

Biodiesel is one of the alternative energy which expected to provide a


solution towards our dependence of fossil fuel. Biodiesel could be synthesized
from vegetable oil through esterification and transesterification process. One of
the most potential sources of vegetable oil microalgae which is more productive
than a land-based plant. One of the species of microalgae which is Chlorella sp is
known for containing high lipid content from 28 to 32 %. The steps of the
research including extraction of microalgae oil using n-hexane, esterification and
transesterification. After having obtained the oil microalgae, the synthesis process
is then performed biodiesel are ectraction with H2SO4 catalyst,methanol and
temperature variations 55, 60, 65 and 70 C, then willbe checked %FFA on
FAME. Continued transesterification with of variations concentrations of catalyst
KOH 1%, 1.5%, 2% and 2.5%, methanol and 55 oC temperature. Of esterification
and transesterification process, ie 10526.2 highest calorific value cal / g and the
highest flash point is 167oC. The result is that the microalgae Chlorella sp can be
used as raw material for the manufacture of biodiesel products.
Key words: Biodiesel, Chlorella sp,Potassium Hydroxide