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BIOCHEMICAL ENGINEERING

BASIC BIOCHEMISTRY - Reviewer


Lipids
Simple Lipids
Fats
Oils
Triglycerols

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Catalytic
Dehydrogenation
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Waxes
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Complex Lipids
Glycolipids
Sphingolipid
Galactolipid
Lipoprotein

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Derived Lipids
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Vitamins
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Vitamin A
Vitamin K
Koagulation/
Koagulationsvita
min
Vitamin D
phylloquinone
menaquinone
Ergocalciferol/
cholecalciferol
Hormones

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a hormone foundation such that its main purpose is to help


maintain normal levels of calcium and phosphorus in the
blood.
Other name for Vitamin K1
Other name for Vitamin K2
Other name for Vitamin D

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Steroids
Sterol
Cholesterol

are organic compounds that contain hydrocarbons which are


the foundation for the structure and function of living cells.
These are the esters of fatty acids with alcohols
These are esters of fatty acids with glycerol.
are fats in the liquid state
are the products of a reaction in which three OH groups of
glycerol are esterified with fatty acids.
In this process, some or all of the double bonds of the
polyunsaturated oils can be reduced which will allow them to
be solids at room temperature.
are esters formed from long-chain carboxylic acids and longalcohols
These lipids are the esters of fatty acids with alcohols having
addition groups as phosphates, nitrogenous base,
carbohydrates, proteins, etc
are lipids that have a covalently attached carbohydrate
Lipids that consists of a mono/oligosaccharide
Lipids that consists of a mono/disaccharide
a biochemical assembly
that
contains
both proteins and lipids
These lipids are obtained by the hydrolysis of simple and
complex lipids.
any of a group of organic compounds that are essential for
normal growth and nutrition and are required in small
quantities in the diet because they cannot be synthesized by
the body
which is also known as retinol, serves its main purpose in
contributing to vision
plays a key role in allowing blood to clot properly
The Vitamin K came from a German word _____ for clotting.

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which are organic compounds synthesized in glands and


delivered by the bloodstream to certain tissues in order to
stimulate or inhibit a desired process
a type of hormone which are usually recognized by their
tetracyclic skeleton, consisting of three fused six-membered
and one five-membered ring
a combination of a steroid and an alcohol.
a lipid molecule
and
is biosynthesized by
all
animal cells because it is an essential structural component
of all animal cell membranes that is required to maintain
both membrane structural integrity and fluidity.

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