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Water Balance Tool

This tool is designed to assist land developers or their consultants undertake a preliminary estimate of a development's
drinking and non-drinking water demand. It is a simplified and updated version of the our previous Water Balance Tool.
To run it, simply save a copy to your hard drive. The tool consists of the following active tabs:

Input. Please enter the information about your proposed land development in the relevant yellow cells and leave other
cells blank. Numeric data should be entered as numbers only, i.e. 70 for 70% and 1450.5 for 1,450.5 m. Please note that
orange cells are calculated automatically but can be manually overwritten.

Assumptions. Assumptions are average figures, set by default for Perth metropolitan area. If you have more precise or
location specific figures, or would like to run the tool for a regional development, you can change the assumptions
manually. Such changes will be automatically flagged by a "Value changed!" note next to the value. If you change an
assumption, please ensure that the unit of measure (eg: kL/Person/year, no. of residents etc) remains consistent.

Water Balance Results. Drinking, non-drinking and total water demand is shown for each relevant use category
(Residential, Schools, Commercial and Industrial, Public Open Space and Miscellaneous). Potential supply from rainwater
and greywater recycling systems for residential non-drinking water use is also shown. Once the output table is populated,
use the "Click here to populate charts" button for visual representation of the output.
By downloading this tool, you accept the following conditions:
1. As the tool is unlocked, editing and formatting (other than overriding assumptions) may affect the tool functionality.
2. The tool is intended to be used for indicative purposes only and is not a substitute for professional advice.
3. The Water Corporation does not accept any liability arising from the use of this tool.
Water Corporation

Input
Please enter numeric data as numbers only, i.e. for 70% enter 70, for 1,450.5 m enter 1450.5

Name of developer
Name of development
Date of entry
Location of development
Total development area (m)

1. Residential
Household type
Traditional
Terrace
Cottage
Apartment
Lifestyle/semi-rural

No. of Lots

Households per lot

Average Area per lot (m)

Irrigated area per lot (m)

Total Area (m )

Irrigated area (m)

Percentage of lots with rainwater tanks (%)


Percentage of lots with greywater recycling systems (%)
Total residential area (m)
Total irrigated area (m)

0
0

2. Schools
No. of Students

No. of Staff

School 1
School 2
School 3
Total school area (m)
Total Irrigated area (m)

0
0

3. Commercial and industrial


Industry type
Hotel
Shopping centre
Hospital
Nursing home
Light industrial
Commercial laundry
Aquatic centre
Municipal building
Office building

Unit
Room
m GLA
Bed
Bed
m GLA
Entity
Entity
m GLA
m GLA

No. of units

Total Area (m)

Irrigated area (m)

Industry type
Other

Unit
Entity

No. of units

Total Area (m)

Irrigated area (m)

Total commercial and industrial area (m)


Total commercial and industrial irrigated area (m)

0
0

4. Public Open Space (POS)


Area (m)

Amenities (kL/year)

Active POS
Other Irrigated POS
Street scaping
Non-irrigated POS
Total POS area (m)
Total irrigated POS area (m)

0
0

5. Miscellaneous
Misc. type

Total demand (kL/year)

Comments

Total other area (m)

Area Summary
Residential (m)
Schools (m)
Commercial and industrial (m)
Public open space (m)
Miscellaneous (m)
Total development area (m)

0
0
0
0
0
0
Area Gap - if any (m2)

Total annual demand (kL/year)

Assumptions
1. Residential
Value

Unit

Comments

Water use
Indoor water use
Pool, spa and handwatering (outdoor except irrigation)
Irrigation

56
5
0.46

kL/person/year
kL/person/year
kL/m2/year

2.7
1.7
1.8
1.5
2.7

No. of residents
No. of residents
No. of residents
No. of residents
No. of residents

Indoors
Drinking water indoors
Non-drinking water indoors

82
18

%
%

Outdoors
Drinking water outdoors
Non-drinking water outdoors

11
89

%
%

55

kL/tank/year

36

kL/person/year

Number of residents by household type


Traditional
Terrace
Cottage
Apartment
Lifestyle/semi-rural
Demand by water type

Rainwater supply
Residential rainwater tank yield (2kL, plumbed)
Greywater supply
Greywater produced

2. Schools
Value

Unit

Comments

Water consumption
Water use indoors, drinking, outside taps
Water use for irrigation

5
0.83

kL/person/year
kL/m/year

Demand by water type


Drinking water indoors
Non-drinking water indoors

70
30

%
%

Drinking water irrigation


Non-drinking water irrigation

0
100

%
%

3. Commercial and industrial


Value

Unit

Average total water consumption by industry type


Hotel
Drinking water demand
Non-drinking water demand

150
60
40

kL/room/year
%
%

Shopping centre
Drinking water demand
Non-drinking water demand

1
60
40

kL/m GLA /year


%
%

Hospital
Drinking water demand
Non-drinking water demand

220
90
10

kL/bed/year
%
%

Nursing home
Drinking water demand
Non-drinking water demand

120
90
10

kL/bed/year
%
%

Light industrial
Drinking water demand
Non-drinking water demand

1
60
40

kL/m GLA /year


%
%

Commercial laundry
Drinking water demand
Non-drinking water demand

45,000
5
95

kL/entity/year
%
%

Aquatic centre
Drinking water demand
Non-drinking water demand

14,600
80
20

kL/entity/year
%
%

Municipal building
Drinking water demand
Non-drinking water demand

1
50
50

kL/m GLA/year
%
%

Office building
Drinking water demand
Non-drinking water demand

1
60
40

kL/m GLA/year
%
%

Other
Drinking water demand

60

Comments

Non-drinking water demand

40

4. Public open space (POS)


Value

Unit

Comments

Average water consumption


Active POS
Other irrigated POS
Verges / street scapes

1.3
0.6
0.65

kL/m/year
kL/m/year
kL/m/year

Demand by water type


Drinking water
Non-drinking water

1
99

%
%

5. Miscellaneous
Value

Unit

Demand by water type


Drinking water
Non-drinking water

60
40

%
%

Comments

Water Balance Results


Name of developer
Name of development
Date of entry
Location of development
Total development area (m)

DEMAND (kL/year)

REQUIRED SUPPLY (kL/year)

Residential indoor
Residential outdoor
Residential total

0
0
0

Drinking water
0
0
0

Non-drinking water
0
0
0

School irrigation
School non-irrigation
School total

0
0
0

0
0
0

0
0
0

Commercial and industrial

Public open space

Miscellaneous

Development total

0 kL

0 kL

0 kL

kL / person / year

#DIV/0!

Potential residential
non-drinking water sources (kL/year)

Rainwater
0

Greywater
0

Other sources
0