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RINGKASAN

Ari Wisnu Sanjaya K2C 004 141, Analisa Faktor-Faktor Keberlanjutan Perikanan Gill Net
Di Perairan Rawapening Kabupaten Semarang (Aplikasi Pendekatan RAPFISH).
(Pembimbing : Imam Triarso dan Asriyanto)
Keberlanjutan merupakan kata kunci dari pembangunan perikanan di seluruh dunia
umumnya. Namun, keberlanjutan agak sulit untuk dianalisis, khususnya ketika dihadapkan
pada kondisi mengintegrasikan seluruh informasi data baik ekologi, ekonomi dan sosial.
Hingga saat ini, informasi dasar bagi formulasi kebijakan pembangunan keberlanjutan
subsektor perikanan tangkap di Indonesia masih banyak didasarkan pada hasil pengkajian
stock sumberdaya (stock assessment) spesies target. Pendekatan stock assessment ini sangat
membutuhkan informasi yang subtansial, survey independen dan model yang rumit serta
banyak dinilai tidak cukup memadai untuk menilai kelestarian sumberdaya sangat bersifat
multi-dimensi. Oleh karena itu penelitian ini mencoba menggunakan pendekatan lain berupa
metode Rapid Appraisal for Fisheries (RAPFISH).
RAPFISH adalah suatu metode atau pendekatan berbasis statistik Multidimension
Scalling (MDS), yang berdasarkan hasil penelitian di beberapa negara telah diketahui dengan
cepat, mudah dan akurat serta mampu mengukur secara multi-dimensi status keberlanjutan
perikanan tangkap. Penelitian ini dilakukan mulai sepanjang pertengahan Desember 2008
hingga Januari 2009 di Rawapening Kabupaten Semarang. Pemilihan lokasi dan jenis
perikanan tangkap ini dilandasi oleh penurunan jumlah produksi dan banyaknya jumlah alat
tangkap gill net yang beroperasi di daerah tersebut.
Hasil analisis ordinasi RAPFISH menunjukkan status keberlanjutan perikanan gill net
pada setiap dimensi, di Rawapening relatif sama memiliki status cukup berlanjut. Pada setiap
dimensi mendapatkan nilai sebesar ekologi 56, 85; ekonomi 58,01; sosial 63,48; teknologi
72,71; serta hukum dan kelembagaan 68,14. Dalam mengetahui kesalahan acak digunakan
analisis Monte Carlo, berdasarkan analisis Monte Carlo banyak terdapat gangguan pada kedua
alat tangkap tersebut.
Atribut-atribut yang penting dan paling sensitif dalam analisis Rapfish dari dimensi
ekologi yaitu penutupan eceng gondok dan tekanan eksploitasi. Pada dimensi ekonomi yaitu
rata-rata penghasilan terhadap UMR dan transfer keuntungan. Pada dimensi sosial yaitu
tingkat pendidikan, tingkat pengetahuan dan frekuensi konflik. Pada dimensi teknologi yaitu
penanganan ikan dan jenis alat tangkap. Pada dimensi hukum dan kelembagaan yaitu adanya
tokoh masyarakat yang disegani dan adanya aturan adat. Perbaikan status keberlanjutan
perikanan gill net berdasarkan analisis leverage di dalam metode RAPFISH terindikasi
berpengaruh besar di dalam menentukan status keberlanjutan perikanan tangkap tersebut.
Kata Kunci : Keberlanjutan Perikanan ; RAPFISH; multi-demensi; gill net (jaring kerep
dan jaring arang); Rawapening.

SUMMARY
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Ari Wisnu Sanjaya K2C 004 141, An Analysis of Gill Net Fishery Sustainability Factors in
Waters of Rawapening of Semarang Regency
(RAPFISH Approach Application).
(Supervisors : Imam Triarso and Asriyanto)
Sustainability is a key word for fisheries development around the world generally and
expecially of Rawapening resources. Nevertheless there are some difficulties in measuring
sustainability, especially when we have to take into account all aspects of development such as
ecology, economic, and social. At present, the basic information needed to build the
sustainable development guidance in capture fisheries in Indonesia is heavily based on the
result of stock assessment of targeted spesies. This assessment requires substansial
information, independent survey and complicated model. Basides that the stock assessment
study known inappropriative to assess the sustainability of fishery resources since the fishery
resources has a multidimensional characteristic. Therefore, an alternative approach was apllied
by using Rapid Appraisal for Fisheries (RAPFISH) menthod.
RAPFISH is based on multidimensional scalling analysis which is known as a swiftly
and easily menthod and also quite accurate to measure multidimensional sustainability status
of capture fishery as it had been applied some states. The research had been conducted from
mid Desember 2008 until January 2009 in Rawapening of Semarang Regency. Location
choice and fishery catch type based on total degradation of the production and total of gill net
operated in the area at Rawapening.
The Results of RAPFISH ordinate analysis showed the status of the sustainability of
gillnet fisheries in each dimension in Rawapening relatively had the sustainable enough same
status. In each dimension got the value of the ecology 56.85; economics 58.01; social 63.48;
technology 72.71; as well as the law and institutional 68.14. In learning the random mistake
was by used the analysis of Monte Carlo, based on the analysis of Monte Carlo there was often
gotten a disturbance to the two catch device mentioned.
The attributs that was important and most sensitive in the RAPFISH analysis from the
dimension of the ecology that is the closing of eceng gondok and the exploitation pressure. In
the dimension of economics that is income mean against minimum regional salary and the
transfer of the profit. In the social dimension that is the level of education, the level of
knowledge and the frequency of the conflict. In the dimension of technology that is the
handling of the fish and the kind of the catch device. In the dimension of the law and
institutional that is the existence of the public figure who was respected and the existence of
the traditional rule. The improvement of the status of the sustainability of the gill net fisheries
was based on the leverage analysis in the RAPFISH method has indicated a big influense to
determined the status of the sustainability of the catch fisheries.
Keywords : Sustainability ; RAPFISH; multi-dimension; gill net (kerep net and charcoal net);
Rawapening.

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