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# Equations

Algebra

Importance

Topics

Simple eqs
Cubic eqn (Fermat's Theorem)
Special Equations
Polynomials
Maxima Minima
Functions & Graphs
Logarithms
Inequalities
Modulus

## 23. The sum of the numerator and

denominator of a fraction is 11. If 1 is added
to the numerator and 2 is subtracted from
denominator, it becomes 2/3. Find the
fraction.
a) 4/9
c) 3/8

b) 5/3
d) 2/9

## A certain number of tennis balls

were purchased for Rs 450. Five
more balls could have been
purchased in the same amount if
each ball was cheaper by Rs 15. The
number of balls purchased was?

a) 20
c) 30

b) 10
d) 15

e) 33

01

## Three friends, returning from a movie, stopped to

eat at a restaurant. After dinner, they paid their bill
and noticed a bowl of mints at the front counter.
Sita took one-third of the mints, but returned four
because she had a momentary pang of guilt. Fatima
then took one-fourth of what was left but returned
three for similar reason. Eswari then took half of
the remainder but threw two back into the bowl.
The bowl had only 17 mints left when the raid was
over. How many mints were originally in the bowl?
a. 38 b. 31 c. 41 d. None of these

08

## A shop stores x kg of rice. The first customer

buys half this amount plus half a kg of rice.
The second customer buys half the remaining
amount plus half a kg of rice. Then the third
customer also buys half the remaining
amount plus half a kg of rice. Thereafter, no
rice is left in the shop. Which of
the following best describes the value of x?
(1)2 x 6
(3) 9 x 12

(2) 5 x 8
(4) 11 x 14

07

## Ten years ago, the ages of the members of

a joint family of eight people added up to
231 years. Three years later, one member
died at the age of 60 years and a child was
born during the same year. After another
three years, one more member died, again
at 60, and a child was born during the same
year. The current average age of this eightmember joint family is nearest to
(1) 22.6 years (2) 22.1 years
(3) 21 years (4) 25 years

97

## A man earns x% on the first Rs. 2,000 and

y% on the rest of his income. If he earns
Rs. 700 from income of Rs. 4,000 and Rs.
900 from if his income is Rs. 5,000, find
x%.
a. 20% b. 15% c. 25% d. None of these

02

## Davji Shop sells samosas in boxes of

different sizes. The samosas are priced at
Rs. 2 per samosa up to 200 samosas. For
every additional 20 samosas, the price of
the whole lot goes down by 10 paise per
samosa. What should be the maximum size
of the box that would maximise the
revenue?

05

04

04

## Total number of integer pairs (x,y)

satisfying the equation x + y =xy
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)

0
1
2
None

04

## The number of solutions of the equation

2x + y = 40 where both x and y are positive
integers and x y is:
(1) 7 (2) 13 (3) 14 (4) 18 (5) 20

03

## How many even integers n, where

100 < n < 200, are divisible neither
by seven nor by nine?

a) 40
c) 39

b) 37
d) 38

03

## How many even integers n, where

100 < n < 200, are divisible neither
by seven nor by nine?

a) 40
c) 39

b) 37
d) 38

c) Even numbers divisible by 7: 112, 126, 140, 154, 168, 182, 196.= (7).
Even numbers divisible by 9: 108, 126, 144, 162, 180, 198 = (6). We see
that 126 is common, hence there are 12 numbers. Total number of even
numbers between 100 < x < 200 are 51. Hence required number = 51-12 =
39.

03

## How many three digit positive

integers, with digits x, y and z in the
hundred's, ten's and unit's place
respectively, exist such that
x < y, z < y and x 0?
a) 245
c) 240

b) 285
d) 320

07

## Suppose you have a currency,

named Miso, in three denominations:
1 Miso, 10 Misos and 50 Misos. In how
many ways can you pay a bill of
107 Misos?
(1) 17
(3) 18
(5) 19

(2) 16
(4) 15

## solve the equation

x3 5x2 + 8x - 4 = 0.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)

x
x
x
x

=
=
=
=

2, 3 or 9
2, 3 or 4
3, 3 or 4
1, 2

## solve the equation

x3 3x2 + 3x - 1 = 0.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)

x
x
x
x

=
=
=
=

2, 3 or 9
3 or 4
3
1

## solve the equation

x3 4x2 9x + 36 = 0.
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)

x
x
x
x

=
=
=
=

2, 3 or 9
2, 3 or 4
3, 3 or 4
1, 3 or 4

## Find the roots of expression

x3 5x2 2x + 24 = 0?
(1)
(2)
(3)
(4)

x
x
x
x

=
=
=
=

2, 3 or 9
2, 3 or 4
2, 3 or 4
1, 3 or 4

03

## The number of roots common

between the two equations
x3 + 3x2 + 4x + 5 = 0 and
x3 + 2x2 + 7x + 3 = 0 is
Fermat's Last Theorem

1. 0
3. 2

2. 1
4. 3

## Find value of k, if the above two

equations have a common root.
x3 + kx2 + x + 3 = 0 and
x3 + 2x2 + kx + 2 = 0 is
Fermat's Last Theorem

1. -5
3. 2

2. -1
4. 3

## In both coefficient of x^3 is 1. 1st cubic ends in +3 and 2nd in +2. So

any common factors can only be (x+1) or (x-1) giving roots -1 or 1
If x=1 is a common root 1+k+1+3=0 and 1+2+k+2=0 Both give k=-5
If x=-1 is a common root -1+k-1+3=0 and -1+2-k+2=0 These dont
give the same k
So answer is k=-5 giving a common root of x=1

## Find the minimum value where a, b, c

are three positive integers
(b + c)/a + (c + a)/b + (a + b)/c

a) 6
b) 8
c) 3
d) 4

## If x and y are +ve real integers and

x2y3 = 108, least value of x + y =?
a) 3
b) 8
c) 5
d) 7

a. 12
b. 20
c. 12.5
d. 13.3

## If a, b, c and d are four positive real

numbers such that abcd = 1, what is
the minimum value of
(1 + a)(1 + b)(1 + c)(1 + d)?

a. 4
b. 1
c. 16
d. 18

02
3

94
2

## x,y,z are 3 distinct real positive numbers, then find

value of:

x2(y+z)+y2(x+z)+z2(y+x)
xyz
a)
b)
c)
d)

Greater than 4
Greater than 5
Greater than 6
None of these

## Consider a sequence where the nth term,

tn = n/(n+2), n = 1, 2, .

(1) 2/495
(3) 12/55

(2) 2/477
(4) 1/1485

## t3 = 3/5, t4 = 4/6, t5 = 5/7, t52 = 52/54, t53 = 53/55.

Then t3 x t4 x x t53 = 3/5 x 4/6 x 5/7 x x 52/54
x 53/55. Break up into two series = 3/5 x 5/7 x x
53/55 x 4/6 x 6/8 x x 52/54 = 3/55 x 4/54 = 2/495.

00

If a1 = 1 and an + 1 = 2an + 5,
n = 1, 2 ..., then a100 is equal to
a. (5 299 6)
b. (5 299 + 6)
c. (6 299 + 5)
d. (6 299 5)

## If a1 = 1 and an+1 - 3an + 2 = 4n

for every positive integer n, then
a100 equals? CAT 2005

1. 399 200
3. 3100 - 200

2. 399 + 200
4. 3100 + 200

(1) 2008 1/2008
(3) 2007 1/2008

(4)2008 1/2007

(1) 9/19
(3) 11/9

(2) 10/19
(4) 11/21