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Baluchistan Crisis

Future of Democracy in Pakistan


Women Empowerment

Terrorism And The Role Of Pakistan

Energy Crisis in Pakistan

Water Crisis

Failure of Democracy in Pakistan


Foreign Policy of Pakistan

Art critics and reviewers

Alleviation of poverty

Foreign direct investment (F.D.I) in Pakistan

Global warming

Personalization of Pakistani politics

Formal and casual dressing codes



Socio-economic challenges faced by Pakistan

Islam versus the west

International crisis in terrorism

Humour in Urdu literature

Higher science education in the developing countries

The search of truth

Nuclear weapons are not only a great peril but great hope

Austerity, As a solution go all our economic problems

Economic prosperity of a nation is directly proportional to the level of literacy in it

National Integration

Risk of Soviet syndrome for Pakistan

Higher economic problem at Pakistan and how to meet them

Devolution of power in Pakistan

Art and morality

Need for serious planning in technical education in Pakistan

Is the world ready of the Gene age?

Public office is a public trust

Piety at public expense

The greatest of evil and the worst of crime is poverty

The struggle to raises a nations living standard is fought first and foremost in the class

Pakistan is rich in natural resources but very poor in their management

Pleasure of idleness

What are the hurdles in our way to becoming a truly independent state?

A Critical Analysis of Education Systems in Pakistan

Democracy is a culture rather than a process


Role & Power of Media in modern World

Social Networking

Causes of Abysmal state of disaster preparedness and

management in Pakistan
1) Introduction to disaster
2) Historical events
3) Disaster in Pakistan
a) History of disasters in Pakistan
b) Government initiatives towards disasters
c) Structure of disaster management in Pakistan
4) Role of National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA)
5) Causes of Abysmal state of disaster preparedness and management in Pakistan
a) Ineffective policies of NDMA
b) Health issues
c) Lack of resources
d) Food crises
e) Lack of management
f) Outdated machinery
g) Untrained staff
h) Lack of information
i) Mismanagement of the findings
j) Unawareness among civilians to tackle any disaster
k) Irresponsibility of the authorities concerned
l) Rescue constraints

6) Role model countries which has improved their efforts to prepare for disaster
7) Repercussions
a) Huge human death toll due to late rescue operations
b) Infrastructural loss
c) Outbreak of diseases
d) Displacement ( IDPS)
e) Economical issues
f) Rise in militancy and crime
g) Psychological and health issues
8) Recommendations:
a) Preparedness and proactive measures should be improved
b) Make effective planning's to mitigate the sufferings of people.
c) Accountability and responsibility of the department
d) Prompt response from government machinery
e) Transform NDMA
f) Trained staff
g) Health facilities
h) Shelter for IDPs
9) Conclusion
Disaster means any sudden catastrophe which leads to massive destruction in the shape of
human and infrastructural loss. Disaster can be divided into two forms: natural (earthquake,
floods, thunderstorms, torrential rains, and much more) and man-made. Either its natural or
man-made, the destruction is unpredictable. No country claims that it has developed a full
fledged management process to counter disaster. The developed countries are diligently
working on the management of disasters so that whenever any disaster happens they can
mitigate the suffering of the public.
The word disaster is not new; it is old as the dawn of the humans. Since the creation of
mankind, many disasters have been occurring and inflicting huge loss for humans. Many
civilizations have disseminated and exterminated because of huge devastated natural
disasters. For example, Chinese civilization, the civilization of Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa of
Indian sub-continent, the Famine, and Plague in the Europe has eliminated millions of
people in a few days. In the recent past of 21st century, the world has faced devastated
disasters like 2004 Tsunami and earthquake, the Kashmir earthquake in 2005, Haiti
earthquake, and much more.
Since the inception of Pakistan, it has witnessed many natural disasters. Pakistan is one of
the most prone to disaster countries due to its geographical location. The spate of floods,
torrential rains, high temperature, unpredictable monsoon season, earthquakes, and so on
is very common in Pakistan since last decade. Owing to rise in global temperature, its side
effects are directly seen in Pakistan.
The government of Pakistan has taken many initiatives to tackle the disasters either its
natural or man-made. National Disaster Management Authority is the leading Federal
Agency which controls and looks after the matters related to disasters. It is directly under
the Disaster Management Commission of Pakistan, which is the right arm of the executive
and was established by the Prime Minister of Pakistan. Similarly, all the provinces have their

own disaster management departments which are further divided into district level
NDMA is the core leading agency which works on disaster management. It has been working
for many years, but it is failed to provide the fruitful results. Unfortunately, in Pakistan, the
concept of preemptive and prevention is being ignored by the department concerned. For
any disaster, there is no proper system to forecast, although any disaster cannot be
prognosticated but prevention is a prerequisite. Whenever a disaster occurs, NDMA fails to
provide effective initiatives. The process of prevention and mitigation takes a lot of time
which results in a huge loss.
Since the establishment of NDMA, there is no such work happened to revitalize it or to
refurbish its policies. It is working on the same old unproductive policies which are not in a
favor of public. People sitting at the helm of affairs are less interested in making new
NDMA, as an independent agency and the most crucial Federal department, has unequipped
staff which creates hurdles in mitigation process. Lack of outdated machinery and other
basic resources are the constraints to provide effective results after a disaster. Whenever
Pakistan faces a disaster, loss of human toll exceeds due to the incompetency of the
department concerned.
It has observed that, whenever a disaster happens in any area of the earth, food crises
erupts soon after the disaster. Aftermaths of any disaster are unexpected, tragic, and
heinous but the foremost task of the NDMA is to mitigate the suffering of the affected
people. Food crises give a way to other heinous issues. NDMA is unsuccessful to address the
food crises and it's always dependent on foreign funds for mitigation process.
Moreover, the lack of management further aggravates the condition. People after a disaster
seek help from the government and non-governmental agencies. There is no proper
management from NDMA and other provincial agencies. All provinces start a blame game
after any disaster no one takes initiatives and responsibilities. Irresponsible attitude of the
department concerned, increase the risk of damages both life and property.
The most important issue which arises after or before a disaster is the lack of information
and sharing process. The agencies and other information related departments do not
contact each other; they have ineffective information sharing which results in huge damage
and creates more problems for all affected people. The outdated machinery and
incompetent staff is a constraint to rescue operations.
Over and above, the general public is unaware of self-mitigation process. They do not have
any idea how to prevent and counter any disaster. In a case of emergency, they do not have
proper guidance. There is no training for civilians in the schools, colleges, offices, or any
welfare training programs.
Every disaster has its impacts either huge or small. In Pakistan, no government agency
devises proper planning as pro-active measures to counter any disaster. They are failed in
preemptive measures, but they are also unsuccessful to provide any assistance after any
incident. The mitigation process is also very weak and slow which is a great hurdle in rescue
operations. Owing to less budgeting, incompetent staff, outdated machinery, and other
issues pave a way to more destruction.
Furthermore, the outbreak of any disease is very frequent. In Pakistan, NDMA and related
agencies are incapable of providing basic health facilities to diminish the side effects of the
disaster and to control diseases. Malaria, diarrhea, gastro, fever and so many contagious

diseases start eruption which further make difficulties for the agencies to work properly.
Indeed, the far most task of any government is to mitigate the sufferings of affected people
and after that to provide shelter to internally displaced peoples is a crucial task for them. In
Pakistan, it is very complicated to provide shelter to IDPs, because, after 11 years has
passed, the affected people of the Kashmir earthquake 2005, still living on the roads and
other slum areas.
The loss in a shape of life or infrastructural give rise to economic issues. Due to the
ineffectiveness of the agencies, the damages which are incurred by disaster further expand.
Any loss of humanity and infrastructural directly linked to the economic crises. Pakistan
since its inception has been confronting with many challenges; the disasters further
deteriorate its economy every now and then.
The catastrophic incidents have a great impact on human's psychology. People who are
directly affected by disasters either natural or man-made, they have a huge impact of all
incidents in their minds which are very difficult for any department to counter. The agencies
have less medical facilities; they don't have much medical staff, and other resources to ease
down the sufferings of people.
The great repercussion after a disaster is the rise of crime and militancy. Owing to
deprivation people start indulging in the malpractices. Pakistan has been facing terrorism
and militancy for last many years, such incidents support the militant groups to easily prey
depressed people to become part of their organization. These deprive people are very
dangerous for the security and progress of the country.
In the past, Pakistan has faced many disasters in the shape of earthquake, torrential rains,
floods, extreme rise in temperature, outbreak of diseases, and so on. With the advancement
in the field of technology, Pakistan still has not developed a proper mechanism to dwindle
the adverse effects disasters. Any disaster can be counter through different process like the
first step is to take proactive measures and prevention is the need of the hour.
The second thing is to mitigate, which means to quick response towards the incident. By
providing them all means to rescue the affected people, and to facilitate all basic
requirements. After mitigation, the third important phase is to rehabilitate the displaced
people. It is the responsibility of the government to provide all necessities to the depressed
people in a quick way.
Above all mentioned task can be accomplished through proper effective plannings. The
government should devise such long and short term plans to counter the disaster and any
other incidents. The government should allocate proper budget to the disaster management
agencies and reinvigorate the old policies of the department concerned. The most critical
issues are that no one takes the responsibility. Accountability of the departments is a
Whenever any incidents occur, Pakistan army's Special Forces come forward to help the
people. The government should train and equip staff in its agencies related to disaster
management so that rescue process runs without any hindrance.
The repercussion of any disaster perpetuates for decades, it is better to counter and prevent
or fewer damages. To make NDMA and other provincial disaster management agencies, it is
necessary to counter check them. Provide them the latest techniques and equipment which
helps in the rescue process. The government should make a separate subject in school and
college level which is based on disaster management techniques so that people can also
come forward to help in a time of need.

Last but not the least; it is the duty of the government to protect its citizens from all
adversities. Instead of establishing new departments, allocate a sufficient budget to NDMA,
NGO's, and other departments which play an important role to curtail the calamities which
are inflicted upon us by nature. Ineffective policies should be changed into effective
management policies to counter disaster. Nothing is impossible; the only thing which is
required in Pakistan is the sincerity and the fairness of the people sitting at the helm of
affairs. Any disaster can be counter via proper planning and effective policies.