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INFANCY

Developmental Psychologists study a persons biological, emotional cognitive,


personal and social development across the life span, from infancy through late
adulthood.

PRENATAL PERIOD
How did you begin?
(*Insert Video of Fertilization)
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-TXkZ_sjyUk
(Another slides for this Photo)

You begin as a single cell about the size of a grain of sand. This Single cell cell
marks the beginning of the prenatal.

THE PRENATAL PERIOD STAGES


1. Germinal Stage
- first stage of our development
- Refers to the week period following conception.
How Conception Occurs?
Conceptin or fertilization occurs if one of the millions of sperm penetrates the
ovums outer membrane.

2. Embryonic Stage
-Spans the 2-8 weeks that follow conception
- Cells divide and begin to differentiate into bone, muscle, and body organs

3. Fetal Stage
(*Insert photo)
- Begins to months after conception and last until birth
- Fetus develops vital organs.

PLACENTA AND TERATOGENS


Placenta

- an organ that connects the blood supply of the


mother to that oxygen of the fetus.

Teratogens
- any agent that can harm a developing fetus.

Example of teratogen baby:

INFANCY
- lasts from birth until approximately the age up to 1. During infancy, a great
deal of initial learning occurs.

INFANCY DEVELOPMENT
* Brain Growth
- At birth, Infants have all, or most, of the brain cells they will ever have
- Connections between these cells are incomplete or connections have to be built.
* Sensory Development
1. Faces- an infants can visually distinguish his or her mothers face from a
strangers or an animal.
2. Hearing - Infants have developed the ability to make all the sounds that are
necessary to learn the language in which they are raised.
3. Touch- have well developed sense of touch and will turn their head when tighly
touched on the cheek.
- And also the key to brain development
4. Smell and Taste- Infants could discriminate odor and taste.
* Depth Perception
- By the age of 6 months, infants have developed depth perception.
- One method researchers have used to study babies and depth perception is through using a
"visual cliff."
VISUAL CLIFF

* Motor

Development
- Refers to the stages if motor skills that all infants pass through as they acquire the
muscular control necessary for making coordinated movements.
* Emotional Development
-Refers to the influence and interaction of genetic factors, brain changes, cognitive
factors , feelings and etc.
Why did the differences show up so early?
TEMPERAMENT- refers to those aspects of an individual's personality
1. Genetic Influence
- develop distinct temperaments very early, and these temparements occur largely because of
genetic factor rather than learning experience.
2. Environmental Influence
- As infants become more aware of their

response to a wider variety of contexts.


(*On other slide)

environment, smiling occurs in