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LEMBAR KERJA SISWA 1.

2
Mata Pelajaran : Matematika
Kelas/Semester : VII/Satu
Materi Pokok : Diagram Venn, Kardinalitas Himpuanan, dan Himpunan
Bagian.
Nama Anggota : 1. .
4. .
2. .
5. .
3. .
6. .
7. .
INFORMASI :
Kardinalitas Himpunan adalah bilangan yang menyatakan banyaknya anggota dari suatu
himpunan dan dinotasikan dengan n(A).
Contoh : M = {1, 2, 3,4 ,5,6,7,8,9}
Maka n(M) = 9
Misalnya P = {a, i, e, o, u} dan Q = {a, i}, R = {n, o, u}, maka :
Himpunan Q adalah himpunan bagian dari himpunan P, karena setiap anggota Q juga
merupakan anggota Q, ditulis Q P.
Tidak semua anggota R merupakan anggota P, yaitu n ditulis n P. Jadi, himpunan R
bukan merupakan himpunan bagian dari himpunan P, ditulis R P.
Dari uraian-uraian di atas dapat disimpulkan bahwa:
Untuk dua buah himpunan P dan Q maka :
1. Himpunan P merupakan himpunan bagian dari Q, ditulis P Q, jika setiap anggota P
merupakan anggota Q.
2. Himpunan P bukan merupakan himpunan bagian dari himpunan Q, ditulis P Q, jika
setiap anggota P bukan merupakan anggota Q.
Himpunan A merupakan himpunan bagian (subset) dari himpunan B atau B superset dari A
jika dan hanya jika setiap anggota himpunan A merupakan anggota himpunan B,
dilambangkan dengan A B atau B A.
Kegiatan 1.2 :
1 Diketahui anggota himpunan N = {-7, -6, -5, -4, -3, -2, -1}. Maka n(N) adalah?
Jawab :
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2 Perhatikan diagram Venn berikut ini!


a. Berapa n(A), n(B) dan n(S) dari
diagram Venn diatas?
Jawab :
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b. Himpunan mana yang memiliki kardinalitas himpunan lebih banyak dari himpunan
lainnya? Mengapa?
Jawab :
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3 Diketahui anggota himpunan A, B, C dan S adalah sebagai berikut !
S = {1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8,9}
A = {1,2,3,4,5}
B = {1,2,3}
C = {6,7,8}
a. Apakah himpunan A merupakan himpunan bagian dari himpunan S? Mengapa?
Jawab :
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b. Apakah himpunan B merupakan himpunan bagian dari himpunan S? Mengapa?
Jawab :

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c. Apakah himpunan B merupakan himpunan bagian dari himpunan S? Mengapa?
Jawab :
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d. Apakah himpunan B merupakan himpunan bagian dari himpunan A? Mengapa?
Jawab :
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e. Apakah himpunan C merupakan himpunan bagian dari himpunan A? Mengapa?
Jawab :
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f. Apakah himpunan A merupakan himpunan bagian dari himpunan C? Mengapa?
Jawab :
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g. Apakah himpunan B merupakan himpunan bagian dari himpunan A? Mengapa?
Jawab :
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h. Apakah himpunan A merupakan himpunan bagian dari himpunan A? Mengapa?
Jawab :
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i. Apakah himpunan B merupakan himpunan bagian dari himpunan B? Mengapa?
Jawab :
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j. Apa kesimpulan dari jawaban nomor h dan i?
Jawab :
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k. Diketahui himpunan A = { } dan himpunan B = {1,2,3,4}
Apakah himpunan A termasuk himpunan bagian dari himpunan B? Mengapa?
Jawab :
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